Collected Courses of the Hague Academy of International Law

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Système et fonctions des traités internationaux (Volume 50)

(26,640 words)

Author(s): Kraus, Herbert
Kraus, Herbert Keywords: Law of treaties | Mots clefs: Droit des traités | ABSTRACT Regarding the first part of the topic which he addresses, namely the system of treaties, Herbert Kraus writes that we find ourselves in the presence of innumerable differences of opinion and that we can say that each author who has dealt with this issue has more or less presented his own system, which is more or less fragmented. Regarding the second part of the subject addressed by the author – the functions of international t…

La terminaison et la dissolution des traités (Volume 22)

(26,354 words)

Author(s): D. Mc Nair, Arnold
D. Mc Nair, Arnold Keywords: Dissolution | Law of treaties | Denunciation | Mots clefs: Dissolution | Droit des traités | Dénonciation | ABSTRACT Arnold Mc Nair explains in the introduction to his course that We, Englishmen, emphasis more importance to the practice and jurisprudence of international tribunals in comparison to the opinions of the authors of general treaties. The author therefore focuses as much as possible on the study of practice and jurisprudence. First, the author deals with the termination of treati…

Obligations Arising for States without or against Their Will (Volume 241)

(66,030 words)

Author(s): Tomuschat, Christian
Tomuschat, Christian Keywords: Obligations of the state | Law of treaties | Public international law | Legal principles | Mots clefs: Obligations des états | Droit des traités | Droit international public | Principes généraux du droit | ABSTRACT According to Christian Tomuschat, Professor at the University of Bonn, the place to be assigned to the will of States is crucial for the understanding of the international legal order. But though the will of States plays a considerable role in the appearance of obligations that are the States…

Custom and Treaty in the Law of the Sea (Volume 205)

(29,074 words)

Author(s): Bernhardt, Rudolf
Bernhardt, Rudolf Keywords: International customary law | Law of the sea | Law of treaties | International law | Mots clefs: Droit coutumier international | Droit de la mer | Droit des traités | Droit international | ABSTRACT Rudolf Bernhardt, Director of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law in Heidelberg, notes that the combined play of custom and treaty, in the Law of the Sea, requires the consideration of general and theoretical elements and requires an attempt to link these general considerat…

L’inviolabilité des traités (Volume 32)

(33,543 words)

Author(s): Baron Michel de Taube, Le
Baron Michel de Taube, Le Keywords: Law of treaties | Mots clefs: Droit des traités | ABSTRACT Michel de Taube intends to analyze in this course the historical development of the legal axiom of the Inviolability of Treaties - pacta sunt servanda - through the centuries until 1930. He thus successively deals with the ancient East and religion of treaties, the law of treaties in the international community of the Mediterranean world, the inviolability of treaties in the Middle Ages, modern Europe and the rebus sic…

The 1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties — 40 Years After (Volume 344)

(69,393 words)

Author(s): E. Villiger, Mark
E. Villiger, Mark Keywords: Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (Vienna, 23 May 1969) | Legal history | International customary law | Law of treaties | Public international law | Mots clefs: Convention de Vienne sur le droit des traités (Vienne, 23 mai 1969) | Histoire du droit | Droit coutumier international | Droit des traités | Droit international public | ABSTRACT The 1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, regulating treaties between States, lies at the heart of international law. This course analyses how the Convention has been applied by …

Le développement et les fonctions des traités multilatéraux (Volume 92)

(39,322 words)

Author(s): Lachs, Manfred
Lachs, Manfred Keywords: Multilateral treaties | Law of treaties | Mots clefs: Traités multilatéraux | Droit des traités | ABSTRACT In his course, Manfred Lachs analyzes the circumstances in which the changes made by multilateral treaties in the institutions inherited from bilateral treaties have taken place, both in substance and in form. Indeed, the author notes that these two elements are integrally linked to each other. The contradiction between these two elements, or their harmonious cooperation, ultimately de…

Parties to Treaties — The Right of Participation (Volume 135)

(36,397 words)

Author(s): I. Lukashuk, I.
I. Lukashuk, I. Keywords: Participating interest | Law of treaties | Mots clefs: Participation | Droit des traités | ABSTRACT I.I. Lukashuk points out that in the introduction to his course that the peculiarity of subjects of public international law not only possesses rights and duties under international law, but also plays an active role in the development of international law. In the first part, the author presents the different categories of parties to the treaties (States, composite States, international orga…

La formation des traités dans la pratique internationale contemporaine (Volume 74)

(26,292 words)

Author(s): Balladore Palljeri, G.
Balladore Palljeri, G. Keywords: Law of treaties | Mots clefs: Droit des traités | ABSTRACT G. Balladore Pallieri begins his course with a presentation of the recent transformations of traditional principles on the formation of treaties. In this context, he particularly examines the old rule of conformity of international law with domestic law with regard to the competence of bodies and modern trends in the opposite direction. The second part of the course is devoted to new processes of treaty formation. The a…

L’application et l’interprétation des traités d’après la jurisprudence britannique D’après la jurisprudence britannique (Volume 43)

(17,994 words)

Author(s): D. Mc Nair, Arnold
D. Mc Nair, Arnold Keywords: Great Britain | Law of treaties | Case-law | Mots clefs: Grande-Bretagne | Droit des traités | Jurisprudence | ABSTRACT Arnold Mc Nair begins his course on the Application and Interpretation of Treaties According to British Jurisprudence by a speech on the existing relationships between treaties and English domestic law, and the role which the Parliament plays thereupon. He then studies the rules of interpretation, termination and dissolution of treaties, the effects of treaties toward third…

Liberté des voies de communication Relations internationales (Volume 2)

(134,048 words)

Author(s): Dupuis, Charles
Dupuis, Charles Keywords: Communications | International relations | Law of treaties | Intervention | State responsibility | Sanctions | Mots clefs: Communications | Relations internationales | Droit des traités | Intervention et non-intervention | Responsabilité des Etats | Sanctions | ABSTRACT The issue of the Freedom of Communication Paths, emphasizes Charles Dupuis in the introduction to his course, is one of the issues in which the opposition, not to say the antagonism, of nationalism and internationalism, the sovereignty of State…

Treaties and Custom (Volume 129)

(29,058 words)

Author(s): R. Baxter, R.
R. Baxter, R. Keywords: International customary law | Public international law | Law of treaties | Mots clefs: Droit coutumier international | Droit international public | Droit des traités | ABSTRACT The objective that R. Baxter assigns to his course is to describe how the treaties, whether bilateral or multilateral, serve as evidence of the state of customary international law. First, he examines multilateral treaties as declaratory of customary international law, multilateral treaties as constitutive of customary internati…

Le facteur temps et les traités (Volume 154)

(27,662 words)

Author(s): Eulalio Do Nascimento e Silva, Geraldo
Eulalio Do Nascimento e Silva, Geraldo Keywords: Time | Law of treaties | Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (Vienna, 23 May 1969) | Mots clefs: Temps | Droit des traités | Convention de Vienne sur le droit des traités (Vienne, 23 mai 1969) | ABSTRACT Geraldo Eulalio Do Nascimento E Silva, Ambassador of Brazil, deals with three topics on which the time factor has the greatest influence: entry into force of the treaty; successive treaties dealing with the same matter; and the inter-temporal law of treaties, including the problem of non-retro-activity. Le cours de Geraldo Eulalio Do…

The Interaction between Customary International Law and Treaties (Volume 322)

(72,359 words)

Author(s): Dinstein, Yoram
Dinstein, Yoram Keywords: Treaties | International customary law | Law of treaties | Mots clefs: Traités | Droit coutumier international | Droit des traités | ABSTRACT Yoram Dinstein, Professor emeritus of the University of Tel Aviv, reminds us that Article 38 of the Statute of the International Court of Justice prescribes three strata – often referred to as "sources" – of international law. This study is confined to the interaction between two of those strata, namely treaties and customs, and does not deal with the gene…

Les instruments internationaux a caractère collectif (Volume 69)

(33,340 words)

Keywords: Law of treaties | Mots clefs: Droit des traités | ABSTRACT Wilfred Jenks writes in 1939 that the international Community is today threatened with complete disintegration. The collective instrument, the author continues, would seem to be the main means for an extensive reconstruction of the international order. In a final chapter created after the beginning of the Second World War, the author states that the solutions needed at the end of the war must be prepared from a technical point of view. La Communauté internationale est menacée aujourd'hui d'une désintégration …

Historical Development Of International Law Contemporary Problems Of Treaty Law (Volume 88)

(29,659 words)

Author(s): T. Oliver, Covey
T. Oliver, Covey Keywords: International law | Legal history | Law of treaties | Mots clefs: Droit international | Histoire du droit | Droit des traités | ABSTRACT Covey T. Oliver begins his course on the Contemporary Problems of the Treaty Law with a presentation of the treaties and the law of treaties in public international law as it appeared in 1955. He then studies the contemporary problems of the treaty law in relation to national law and international law. He then examines the effects of the treaties on developments…

Territorial Entities Other than Independent States in the Law of Treaties (Volume 125)

(33,941 words)

Author(s): J. Lissitzyn, Oliver
J. Lissitzyn, Oliver Keywords: Federal states | Law of treaties | Law on conclusion of international treaties | Colonies | Non-self-governing territories | Autonomous territories | Mots clefs: Etats fédéraux | Droit des traités | Droit de conclure des traités | ABSTRACT Oliver Lissitzyn devotes his course to the establishment in the law of treaties the territorial entities other than independent states: members of composite States, dependent States, colonial territories, mandated territories, and some other entities with a form of inter…

La structure de l’ordre juridique international Règles générales et règles conventionnelles (Volume 161)

(47,222 words)

Author(s): Barile, Giuseppe
Barile, Giuseppe Keywords: Public international law | Law of treaties | Mots clefs: Droit international public | Droit des traités | ABSTRACT Giuseppe Barile proposes in this course to give a plausible description of what is the law of international community. He says that it is necessary to try to discover the truth by allowing himself to be transported and guided solely by the logic inherent in the multiform experiences offered by the part of reality in which the phenomenon, that interests him, has its roots. The a…

L’interprétation des traités (Volume 24)

(50,474 words)

Author(s): Ehrlich, Ludwik
Ehrlich, Ludwik Keywords: Law of treaties | Interpretation | Mots clefs: Droit des traités | Interprétation | ABSTRACT After some methodological observations, Ludwik Ehrlich begins his course with a history of the issue. He presents some basic questions related to terminology, the legal nature of interpretation, and the rules for the interpretation of treaties. He then studies the essential assumptions of interpretation, and then addresses the issue of the search for willingness in the text and the issue of the search for the willingness outside the text. Après quelques observatio…