Collected Courses of the Hague Academy of International Law

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La guerre civile et le droit international (Volume 63)

(42,344 words)

Author(s): Wehberg, Hans
Wehberg, Hans Keywords: Civil waInternational humanitarian law | Mots clefs: Guerres civiles | Droit humanitaire international | ABSTRACT Hans Wehberg starts his study on Civil War and International Law by presenting the historical evolution of the problems of international law relating to civil war, particularly relating to the American War of Independence, the struggles of the Spanish colonies of South America for their freedom, the Polish revolution in Russia, or the Greek war of independence. The authors cont…

Le droit international humanitaire applicable aux conflits armés non internationaux (Volume 292)

(49,360 words)

Author(s): Momtaz, Djamchid
Momtaz, Djamchid Keywords: Non-international armed conflicts | International humanitarian law | Mots clefs: Conflits armés non internationaux | Droit humanitaire international | ABSTRACT Djamchid Momtaz, Professor at the University of Teheran, reminds us that with the end of the cold war, non-international armed conflicts of ethnic or religious origin have become widespread. These are conflicts with an enemy that is less abstract: he is known and one bears a grudge against him because he belongs to a certain social gr…

The Law of War and the National Jurisdiction since 1945 (Volume 100)

(49,926 words)

Author(s): V. A. Röling, B.
V. A. Röling, B. Keywords: Laws of war | Judicial competence | International criminal law | International humanitarian law | Mots clefs: Droit de la guerre | Compétence étatique | Droit pénal international | Droit humanitaire international | ABSTRACT B.V.A. Roeling's course discusses the relationship between the law of war and the repression of war criminals during the post-war period. The author successively examines the right and duty to punish war criminals, the jurisdiction of the court and some excuses or mitigating circumstance…

The Implementation and Enforcement of the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and of the Two Additional Protocols of 1978 (Volume 164)

(19,492 words)

Author(s): Draper, G.I.A.D.
Draper, G.I.A.D. Keywords: International humanitarian law | Geneva Conventions (1949) | Protocols | Enforcement | Mots clefs: Droit humanitaire international | ABSTRACT G.I.A.D. Draper dedicates this course to the Implementation and Application of the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and to the Additional Protocols of 1978. In the chapter dealing with the implementation of these instruments, the author speaks about protective power, dissemination and instruction, legal advisors in armed forces, use of qualified persons, im…

Problèmes relatifs a la protection de la personne humaine par le droit international dans les conflits armés ne présentant pas un caractère international (Volume 137)

(38,274 words)

Author(s): Wilhelm, René-Jean
Wilhelm, René-Jean Keywords: Non-international armed conflicts | Human rights | International humanitarian law | Mots clefs: Conflits armés non internationaux | Droits de l homme | Droit humanitaire international | ABSTRACT Rene-Jean Wilhelm considers three kinds of factors when dealing with the protection of the human person in non-international armed conflicts: the numerous internal conflicts that have occurred since 1949 and the application that has been made of article 3 of the Geneva Conventions in these situations, the …

The Different Types of Armed Conflicts According to the Geneva Conventions and Protocols (Volume )

(15,870 words)

Author(s): Schindler, Dietrich
Schindler, Dietrich Keywords: Armed conflicts | International humanitarian law | National liberation waGeneva Conventions (1949) | Protocols | Mots clefs: Conflits armés | Droit humanitaire international | Guerres de libération nationale | ABSTRACT The Course of Dietrich Schindler, Professor at the University of Zurich, deals with four types of armed conflict distinguished by 1949 Geneva Conventions and two 1977 protocols: international armed conflicts, wars of national liberation, non-international armed conflicts under Articl…

L’évolution du droit international humanitaire (Volume 99)

(33,826 words)

Author(s): Henri Coursier, M.
Henri Coursier, M. Keywords: International humanitarian law | Geneva Conventions (1949) | Mots clefs: Droit humanitaire international | ABSTRACT Henri Coursier understands by international humanitarian law all the principles, customs, and rules that currently oblige nations toward themselves and toward other nations in order to take into account, at all times, the respect resulting from the human being. The author successively examines the evolution of international humanitarian law with regard to the following fi…

Les règles du droit international concernant la guerre civile (Volume 114)

(37,575 words)

Author(s): Pinto, Roger
Pinto, Roger Keywords: Civil waLaws of war | International humanitarian law | Mots clefs: Guerres civiles | Droit de la guerre | Droit humanitaire international | ABSTRACT Contemporary international law, according to Roger Pinto, while not prohibiting the civil war, affirms the illegality of international war. Despite the de facto interferences between civil wars and international wars, the legal status of these two types of armed conflict is therefore distinct if not always different. The first task of the lawyer is ther…

L’extension du statut de combattant à la lumière du protocole I de Genève de 1977 (Volume 164)

(30,777 words)

Author(s): E. Nahlik, Stanisław
E. Nahlik, Stanisław Keywords: Combatants and non-combatants | International humanitarian law | Prisoners of war | Geneva Conventions (1949) | Protocols | Mots clefs: Combattants et non-combattants | Droit humanitaire international | Prisonniers de guerre | Conventions de Genève | Protocoles | ABSTRACT Among the problems faced in attempting to regulate the law of war, the fate of people in power of the enemy, prisoners of war, has been a subject of an interesting development. In the past, the prisoners were killed. Then, they were sent t…

International Humanitarian Law : Theory, Practice, Context (Volume 338)

(132,725 words)

Author(s): Thürer, Daniel
Thürer, Daniel Keywords: International humanitarian law | Mots clefs: Droit humanitaire international | ABSTRACT Daniel Thurer, Professor at the University of Zurich, dedicates his course to international humanitarian law or "law of armed conflict" or "law of war". He studies the ways by which international law tries to "humanize" organized violence. But Daniel Thurer`s ambitions are not limited to the battlefield. In his study, he explores the complexity of the ways and means that the law uses to regulate th…

Wars of National Liberation in the Geneva Conventions and Protocols (Volume 165)

(33,450 words)

Author(s): Abi-Saab, Georges
Abi-Saab, Georges Keywords: National liberation waInternational humanitarian law | Geneva Conventions (1949) | Protocols | Mots clefs: Guerres de libération nationale | Droit humanitaire international | ABSTRACT Georges Ali-Saab’s course aims to describe and evaluate, in relation to the issue of liberation wars, the results of the most recent efforts to reaffirm and develop international humanitarian law applicable to armed conflicts. This effort led to the adoption, in 1977, of two additional protocols to the 1949 Geneva…

The Geneva Conventions of 1949 (Volume 114)

(39,189 words)

Author(s): I. A. D. Draper, G.
I. A. D. Draper, G. Keywords: Geneva Conventions (1949) | International humanitarian law | Mots clefs: Genève | Droit humanitaire international | Conventions | ABSTRACT G.A.I.D. Draper points out in his course of 1965 that the Geneva Conventions are the most recent and comprehensive developments in the humanist legal tradition as it emerged in the previous hundred years. The author first presents the general principles and common articles of the conventions. He then focuses on internal conflicts, the status of prisoners…

La protection internationale des réfugiés et des personnes déplacées dans les conflits armés (Volume 306)

(59,853 words)

Author(s): Oriol, Casanovas
Oriol, Casanovas Keywords: Refugees | Armed conflicts | International humanitarian law | Internally displaced persons | Mots clefs: Réfugiés | Conflits armés | Droit humanitaire international | Personnes déplacées dans leur propre pays | ABSTRACT In his course, Professor Oriol Casanovas undertakes a tripartite analysis of the international protection of refugees and displaced persons in armed conflicts. In the first part, Professor Casanovas presents the different elements of the international regulation for protection while depl…