Collected Courses of the Hague Academy of International Law


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The Law of International Payments (Volume 79)

(80,244 words)

Author(s): Hug, Walther
Hug, Walther Keywords: Régime des paiements | International law | Exchange control | Monitoring | Mots clefs: Paiements | Droit international | Devises | Contrôle | ABSTRACT The objective of Walther Hug's course is to critically examine various new rules concerning international payments and to consider their effects on private legal relations. The new law on international payments must serve certain economic objectives as a starting point. In the first part, the author presents the bases of the Law of International Payme…

La pétition en droit international (Volume 40)

(39,725 words)

Author(s): Feinberg, Nathan
Feinberg, Nathan Keywords: Right of petition | International law | Mots clefs: Droit de pétition | Droit international | ABSTRACT Nathan Feinberg studies about the Petition in International Law, which, in 1932, is a field little explored or even completely neglected by legal science. After some introductory remarks on petitions in domestic law, the author deals with the practice followed by international Conferences and Congress. The author examines the procedure established by the permanent institutions of the int…

La validité et la nullité des actes juridiques internationaux (Volume 74)

(26,030 words)

Keywords: Nullity | International law | Mots clefs: Nullités | Droit international | ABSTRACT After an introduction devoted to general considerations on the validity and invalidity of international legal acts, the author presents the different categories of irregular international legal acts. He focuses on the relative invalidity, absolute invalidity, unlawful acts, and originally valid acts annulled by way of compensation, and acts created by a previous legal regime and annulled by a subsequent legal regime.…

International Law and the Behavior of Nations (Volume 114)

(41,380 words)

Author(s): Henkin, Louis
Henkin, Louis Keywords: International law | Mots clefs: Droit international | ABSTRACT In this course, Louis Henkin focuses on the assertion that sovereign nations would act as if there were no law, each doing what it considers right. This claim is largely unfounded in fact, but little effort was made for its substantiation or refutation. First, the author examines how nations behave. He next examines the contemporary influences of law compliance, and draws the consequences of the Suez case and the Cuban quarantine. Louis Henkin d'intéresse dans ce cours à l'affirmation selon …

The Impact of Science on International Law (Volume 119)

(25,753 words)

Author(s): M. W. Mouton, DR.
M. W. Mouton, DR. Keywords: Science | International law | Technology | Mots clefs: Sciences | Droit international | Technologie | ABSTRACT M.W. Mouton begins his course on the Impact of Science on Private International Law by presenting the new dimensions and new domains of the issue (including the Polar Regions, the soil, seabed and its subsoil, air, and space). He focuses on new sources of energy, international rules on new devices (especially in telecommunications), the question of research, pollution, and questions about food, work, and health. M.W. Mouton commence son cours s…

L’individu et le droit international (Volume 90)

(39,790 words)

Author(s): Sperduti, Giuseppe
Sperduti, Giuseppe Keywords: Individuals | International law | Mots clefs: Individus | Droit international | ABSTRACT Giuseppe Sperduti begins his course by recalling some general knowledge about international society and its legal order necessary for the examination of the problems relating to the condition of individuals in international law. He then examines the alleged impossibilities and logical necessities of classifying individuals as recipients of international norms. He also presents the principle of t…

La médiation et la conciliation internationales (Volume 1)

(4,656 words)

Author(s): De La Barra, Fr.
De La Barra, Fr. Keywords: Alternative dispute resolution | International law | Mots clefs: Médiation | Droit international | Conciliation | ABSTRACT Fr. de la Barre presents his course on International Mediation and Conciliation in two stages. In the first part, the author presents the causes of conflicts between the States: law of conservation and law of nations, law of ambition, differences in the interpretation of conventions, absence or imprecision of a rule of law of nations or an international custom. In the s…

Implementation of International Protection of Human Rights (Volume 110)

(54,050 words)

Author(s): Golsong, H.
Golsong, H. Keywords: Human rights | International law | Mots clefs: Droits de l'homme | Droit international | ABSTRACT Heribert Golsong asks, in the introduction to his study, whether the current situation in 1963, in which international law in its traditional form - even when it refers to the protection of individuals - does not set out from its basic principle of the law concerning exclusively to inter-State relations, ignoring the rights and duties of individuals, and corresponding to the main objective of int…

Examen de quelques règles du droit international dans le domaine des communications et du transit (Volume 40)

(47,948 words)

Author(s): Hostie, Jean
Hostie, Jean Keywords: Communications | International law | Mots clefs: Communications | Droit international | ABSTRACT Jean Hostie, in the introduction to this course, says that international law has become so complex that it is increasingly difficult, if not impossible, for a single mind to synthesize it. The author points out a number of areas in which some specialists are trying to draw general conclusions from their studies. A critical comparison of the partial syntheses by general subject matter experts w…

Francisco Suarez (1548-1617) (Les théologiens espagnols du XVIe siècle et l’école moderne du droit international) (Volume 43)

(55,619 words)

Author(s): Barcia Trelles, Camilo
Barcia Trelles, Camilo Keywords: Francisco Suárez (1548-1617) | International law | Documents | Mots clefs: Suarez (F.) | Droit international | Documents | ABSTRACT Camilo Barcia Trelles begins his course on the contribution of Francisco Suarez to the Modern School of International law with a general presentation of Suarez and international law. He then studies the vision of the law of nations which Suarez had. He also focuses on the position of Suarez on war, particularly within the framework of the notion of just war…

L’Organisation des États américains et le droit international (Volume 355)

(79,588 words)

Author(s): Arrighi, Jean-Michel
Arrighi, Jean-Michel Keywords: Organization of American States | Public international law | International law | Institutional law | Institutions and organs | Legal co-operation | Democracy | History | Mots clefs: Organisation des Etats américains | Droit international public | Droit international | Droit institutionnel | Institutions et organes | Coopération juridique | Démocratie | Histoire | ABSTRACT The Organization of American States (OAS), created in 1948, is just a link in a long chain of inter-American institutions that emerged from the first Am…

À quelles conditions l’universalité du droit international est-elle possible? Conférence inaugurale, session de droit international public, 2011 (Volume 355)

(10,787 words)

Author(s): Chemillier-Gendreau, Monique
Chemillier-Gendreau, Monique Keywords: Public international law | International law | Universalism | Mots clefs: Droit international public | Droit international | Universalisme | ABSTRACT To reflect on the universality of international law, it is necessary to ask whether its application extends to the entire society concerned, no subject is excluded, and its objectives are achieved for the benefit of all. If the concept of sovereignty appears as a guarantee of the independence and recognition of a group, it is also a …

La crise de l’organisation internationale a la fin du Moyen Age (Volume 44)

(42,057 words)

Author(s): Zimmermann, Michel
Zimmermann, Michel Keywords: Middle Ages | International law | Legal history | Mots clefs: Moyen-âge | Droit international | Histoire du droit | ABSTRACT For the majority of internationalists of the second half of the XIX century and at the beginning of the XX century, there is no doubt that the law of nations did not exist in the Middle Ages and that it made its appearance only after the Peace of Westphalia in 1648, writes Michel Zimmermann. On the contrary, for the great French writers of the first half of the XIX ce…

La responsabilité internationale de l’individu (Volume 280)

(109,701 words)

Author(s): Abellán Honrubia, Victoria
Abellán Honrubia, Victoria Keywords: Individuals | International responsibility | International law | Mots clefs: Individus | Responsabilité internationale | Droit international | ABSTRACT The object of the course of Victoria Abellán Honrubia, Professor at the University of Barcelona, is to study the international responsibility of the individual according to public international law. Professor Abellán Honrubia proposes to clarify up to what point the standards for international responsibility of the individual can be…

Règles générales du droit de la paix (Volume 66)

(93,667 words)

Author(s): François, J.-P.-A.
François, J.-P.-A. Keywords: Peace | International law | Mots clefs: Paix | Droit international | ABSTRACT J.-P.-A. Francois begins his course on the General Rules of the Law of Peace with a presentation of the evolution of the community of international law from the law of Ancient nations to the League of Nations. The author then studies the proper character of the law of nations by focusing on the school of natural law on one hand and on the positivist school on the other hand. The author then addresses the i…

Co-existence and Co-Ordination of Mechanisms of International Protection of Human Rights (at Global and Regional Levels) (Volume 202)

(169,605 words)

Author(s): A. Cançado Trindade, A.
A. Cançado Trindade, A. Keywords: Human rights | Protection | International law | Mots clefs: Droits de l'homme | Protection | Droit international | ABSTRACT Mr. Cancado Trindade, Legal Adviser to the Brazilian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, describes the constant and considerable development of international protection of human rights, whether at the international level or at the regional level. The development has revealed the problems of cohabitation between the different systems. The subject of the course is the coexi…

L’apport de Byzance au développement du droit international occidental (Volume 67)

(35,131 words)

Author(s): Baron Michel De Taube, Le
Baron Michel De Taube, Le Keywords: International law | Legal history | Mots clefs: Droit international | Histoire du droit | ABSTRACT As a starting point of his investigations on the historical role of Byzantium in the development of European International Law, Michael de Taube formulates a critical observation which will not be denied by any historian, he declares: people have a very faint historical memory. And Byzantium has fallen into oblivion. In order to come out of it, the author starts by presenting Byzantiu…

Les servitudes internationales (Volume 22)

(27,298 words)

Author(s): Crusen, G.
Crusen, G. Keywords: Servitudes | International law | Mots clefs: Servitudes | Droit international | ABSTRACT Georg Crussen explains that international servitudes are conventional and perpetual restrictions on the territorial sovereignty of states, which represent a permanent real right. The purpose of Crussen’s study is to examine whether the analogous application of the concept of servitude in international relations is consistent with positive law of the people and to examine whether it is necessary to achie…

International Law and International Relations (Volume 285)

(89,846 words)

Author(s): Slaughter, Anne-Marie
Slaughter, Anne-Marie Keywords: International law | International relations | Nongovernmental organizations | Mots clefs: Droit international | Relations internationales | Organisations non-gouvernementales | ABSTRACT Anne-Marie Slaughter, Professor at Harvard University, devotes her course to the relation between international law and international relations. In the first part Professor Slaughter examines the principal theories concerning international relations. Professor Slaughter examines in particular what interna…

Questions juridiques soulevées par l’évolution de la science atomique (Volume 91)

(57,586 words)

Author(s): E. Charlier, R.
E. Charlier, R. Keywords: Nuclear energy | International law | Mots clefs: Energie nucléaire | Droit international | ABSTRACT Can and should atomic law be autonomous? asks R.E. Charlier in the introduction to his course. Or will the questions it raises, the solutions it calls for, have nothing specifically atomic about it? And are they revolutionary? "A new world of thinking has become necessary if we want to survive" (Einstein), is it also true about law? Some authors believe that every new fact calls for a new l…
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