Collected Courses of the Hague Academy of International Law

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Les maitres de l’école italienne du droit international au XIXe siècle (Volume 46)

(40,455 words)

Author(s): Catellani, Enrico
Catellani, Enrico Keywords: Italy | International law | Legal history | Mots clefs: Italie | Droit international | Histoire du droit | ABSTRACT During the earlier period of the French Revolution and during the later period of the Napoleonic Empire, not only philosophical and legal studies flourish in Italy as in other European countries, but also the studies related to human rights and their protection as well as the studies related to the internal organization of States and the best rules for the coexistence of State…

Le développement historique du droit international De l’anarchie internationale a une communauté internationale organisée (Volume 41)

(34,539 words)

Author(s): LE FUR, Louis-Erasme
LE FUR, Louis-Erasme Keywords: Legal history | Public international law | Mots clefs: Histoire du droit | Droit international public | ABSTRACT The history of the international organization essentially consists of retracing a passage of international anarchy to an organized international community which, since 1919, has taken the concrete existence under the form of the League of Nations, notes Louis-Erasme Lefur in the introduction to his course. In the first part, he presents the prohibition of resorting to the force between States, and then a new international law of peace. L'hist…

L’apport de Byzance au développement du droit international occidental (Volume 67)

(35,131 words)

Author(s): Baron Michel De Taube, Le
Baron Michel De Taube, Le Keywords: International law | Legal history | Mots clefs: Droit international | Histoire du droit | ABSTRACT As a starting point of his investigations on the historical role of Byzantium in the development of European International Law, Michael de Taube formulates a critical observation which will not be denied by any historian, he declares: people have a very faint historical memory. And Byzantium has fallen into oblivion. In order to come out of it, the author starts by presenting Byzantiu…

The 1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties — 40 Years After (Volume 344)

(69,393 words)

Author(s): E. Villiger, Mark
E. Villiger, Mark Keywords: Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (Vienna, 23 May 1969) | Legal history | International customary law | Law of treaties | Public international law | Mots clefs: Convention de Vienne sur le droit des traités (Vienne, 23 mai 1969) | Histoire du droit | Droit coutumier international | Droit des traités | Droit international public | ABSTRACT The 1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, regulating treaties between States, lies at the heart of international law. This course analyses how the Convention has been applied by …

Le droit de société interhumaine et le « jus gentium » Essai sur les origines et le développement des notions jusqu'à Grotius (Volume )

(38,166 words)

Author(s): Moreau-Reibel, Jean
Moreau-Reibel, Jean Keywords: Public international law | Legal history | Hugo Grotius (1583-1645) | Mots clefs: Droit international public | Histoire du droit | Grotius (H.) | ABSTRACT The objective of Jean Moreau-Reibel’s course is to study the two concepts or rather two groups of concepts: the concept of jus gentium and jus humanae societatis, which can be deduced from a long elaboration. After a preamble devoted to the advent of these concepts on the International Forum of Carneades in Cicero, the author shows the devel…

Droit international et communautés fédérales dans la Grèce des Cités (Vème-IIIème siècles avant J. C.) (Volume 90)

(64,943 words)

Author(s): Ténékidès, Georges
Ténékidès, Georges Keywords: Greece | Federalism | International law | Legal history | Mots clefs: Grèce | Fédéralisme | Droit international | Histoire du droit | ABSTRACT After some preliminary remarks aimed to demonstrate that there was indeed a Hellenic international law, Georges Tenekides presents the polis and the de facto relations between Cities. He then focuses on interstate legal institutions, and examines the federal communities: he presents the problem of the integration of Greek cities in the theoretical field…

Four-Step Analysis of Private International Law (Volume 315)

(44,790 words)

Author(s): Dogauchi, Masato
Dogauchi, Masato Keywords: Japan | Private international law | Legal history | Choice of law | Mots clefs: Japon | Droit international privé | Histoire du droit | Choix de la loi applicable | ABSTRACT The course of Masato Dogauchi, Professor at Waseda University in Tokyo, has two objectives. One is to provide a brief introduction to choice-of-law rules in Japan. The other is to present a four-step analysis in choice-of-law rules. This method of analysis is considered applicable not only to Japanese rules but also to rules on choi…

Jean Bodin Sa place parmi les fondateurs du droit international (Volume 50)

(67,067 words)

Author(s): Gardot, André
Gardot, André Keywords: Public international law | Legal history | Jean Bodin (1530-1596) | Mots clefs: Droit international public | Histoire du droit | ABSTRACT Andre Gardot states in the introduction of the course that the considerable role of Bodin in the history of legal thinking, if it is better known than formerly, is, however, still insufficiently known. Jean Bodin, continues the author, is far from occupying the place which the author deserves among the lawyers of the Renaissance period and of all times. Andre G…

La crise de l’organisation internationale a la fin du Moyen Age (Volume 44)

(42,057 words)

Author(s): Zimmermann, Michel
Zimmermann, Michel Keywords: Middle Ages | International law | Legal history | Mots clefs: Moyen-âge | Droit international | Histoire du droit | ABSTRACT For the majority of internationalists of the second half of the XIX century and at the beginning of the XX century, there is no doubt that the law of nations did not exist in the Middle Ages and that it made its appearance only after the Peace of Westphalia in 1648, writes Michel Zimmermann. On the contrary, for the great French writers of the first half of the XIX ce…

L’influence de la Réforme sur le developpement du droit international (Volume 6)

(28,838 words)

Author(s): Boegner, Marc
Boegner, Marc Keywords: Legal history | International law | Reform | Development of international law | Mots clefs: Histoire du droit | Droit international | Réforme | Développement du droit international | ABSTRACT In this study, Marc Boegner intends to explore the ways in which such a considerable religious movement has influenced the development of international law, and what effects it has had in the history of law of nations. The author thus successively focuses on the relations of the reform with law of nations, natural l…

L'histoire des principes fondamentaux du droit international privé a partir du Moyen Age Spécialement dans l'Europe occidentale (Volume 49)

(55,363 words)

Author(s): Meijers, E.-M
Meijers, E.-M Keywords: Legal principles | Private international law | Legal history | Mots clefs: Principes de droit | Droit international privé | Histoire du droit | ABSTRACT In this course, E.-M. Meijers proposes to explain how and why the principles of private international law are formed and succeed each other from the Middle Ages until the formation of modern codes. After a study of the regime of the kind of laws, the author studies the conflicts of custom in Western Europe in the Middle Ages, the Italian theory of S…

Introduction a l’histoire du droit international (Volume 1)

(7,707 words)

Author(s): Baron S. Korff, le
Baron S. Korff, le Keywords: International law | Legal history | Mots clefs: Droit international | Histoire du droit | ABSTRACT The Introduction to the History of International Law constitutes the introduction to the course given by Baron Korff in 1923. Death prevented him from giving his course a definitive form. The author first focuses on the ancient world, then on Greece and ancient Rome, and finally on the Middle Ages. Cette introduction à l'histoire du droit international constitue l'introduction du cours donné par le Baron Korf en 1923. La mort l'a empêché d…

Le Droit Des Gens Dans L’Espagne Du Xviiièmè Siècle (Volume 81)

(48,875 words)

Author(s): Herrero, Alejandro
Herrero, Alejandro Keywords: Spain | Public international law | Legal history | Mots clefs: Espagne | Droit international public | Histoire du droit | ABSTRACT After a general presentation of Spain's international law practice in the 18th century, Alejandro Herrero presents some authors and their works. He focuses on the concept of Jus Gentium among the 18th century Spanish authors. He presents a debate on the domination or instead on the freedom of the sea. The author discusses the subsequent developments on the issue of maritime warfare. Après une présentation générale de la pro…

Le développement historique du droit international privé (Volume 29)

(44,453 words)

Author(s): Gutzwiller, Max
Gutzwiller, Max Keywords: Private international law | Legal history | Mots clefs: Droit international privé | Histoire du droit | ABSTRACT Max Gutzwiller presents the field of his study with a question: if a person or something belonging to a given legal order is involved in another order, which is the one whose law is to be applied? The primary two chapters of the course are devoted to the origins and the scientific period. The other chapters are devoted to the further development of private international legal law…

Fernando Vazquez de Menchaca (1512-1569) L’école espagnole du droit international du XVIe siècle (Volume 67)

(35,765 words)

Author(s): Barcia Trelles, Camilo
Barcia Trelles, Camilo Keywords: Spain | International law | Doctrines | Legal history | Fernando Vazquez de Menchaca (1512-1569) | Mots clefs: Espagne | Droit international | Doctrines | Histoire du droit | ABSTRACT In his course, Camillo Barcia Trelles intends to study the international ideas of Fernando Vasquez de Menchaca, regarding which writes the author, there is a curious contradiction, in the sense that he was once most famous by his name and most neglected in his substance. After a presentation of the life and work of …

The Development of International Law as a Science (Volume 105)

(32,528 words)

Author(s): Ehrlich, Ludwik
Ehrlich, Ludwik Keywords: International law | Legal history | Mots clefs: Droit international | Histoire du droit | ABSTRACT Ludwik Ehrlich explains that the science of international law is a positive science, which means that it deals with facts and not with inferences drawn from a priori accepted principle. The phenomena studied by the science of international law are the facts related to the establishment and application of the rules of international law. The author presents the science of international law by …

Historical Development Of International Law Contemporary Problems Of Treaty Law (Volume 88)

(29,659 words)

Author(s): T. Oliver, Covey
T. Oliver, Covey Keywords: International law | Legal history | Law of treaties | Mots clefs: Droit international | Histoire du droit | Droit des traités | ABSTRACT Covey T. Oliver begins his course on the Contemporary Problems of the Treaty Law with a presentation of the treaties and the law of treaties in public international law as it appeared in 1955. He then studies the contemporary problems of the treaty law in relation to national law and international law. He then examines the effects of the treaties on developments…

Études sur le développement historique du droit international dans l’Europe orientale (Volume 11)

(78,154 words)

Author(s): Le Baron Michel, Taube
Taube, le Baron Michel Keywords: Eastern Europe | International law | Legal history | Mots clefs: Europe orientale | Droit international | Histoire du droit | ABSTRACT Michel Taube defines Eastern Europe, in the introduction to his course, as the Greco-Slavic world in contrast to the Roman-Germanic world, Byzantium, with the group of secondary states which came under de facto or de jure, the States of the Caucasus, the states of the Balkans, Russia, and its neighbors. The author begins with a presentation of Byzantium and…

Le développement historique du droit international depuis le congrès de Vienne (Volume 2)

(54,163 words)

Author(s): Nippold, O.
Nippold, O. Keywords: Public international law | Legal history | Mots clefs: Droit international public | …