Collected Courses of the Hague Academy of International Law


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Duties of States Regarding the Civil Rights of Aliens (Volume 161)

(48,026 words)

Author(s): B. Lillich, Richard
B. Lillich, Richard Keywords: Aliens | Human rights | Mots clefs: Etrangers | Droits de l homme | ABSTRACT Richard Illich, Professor at the University of Virginia School of Law, points out in the introduction to his course that the treatment of aliens has undergone significant changes over the centuries, both in theory and in practice. The author examines the current situation (at the time of writing his course) of aliens with regard to international law by showing the main challenges. He presents the recent codif…

Implementation of International Protection of Human Rights (Volume 110)

(54,050 words)

Author(s): Golsong, H.
Golsong, H. Keywords: Human rights | International law | Mots clefs: Droits de l'homme | Droit international | ABSTRACT Heribert Golsong asks, in the introduction to his study, whether the current situation in 1963, in which international law in its traditional form - even when it refers to the protection of individuals - does not set out from its basic principle of the law concerning exclusively to inter-State relations, ignoring the rights and duties of individuals, and corresponding to the main objective of int…

Co-existence and Co-Ordination of Mechanisms of International Protection of Human Rights (at Global and Regional Levels) (Volume 202)

(169,605 words)

Author(s): A. Cançado Trindade, A.
A. Cançado Trindade, A. Keywords: Human rights | Protection | International law | Mots clefs: Droits de l'homme | Protection | Droit international | ABSTRACT Mr. Cancado Trindade, Legal Adviser to the Brazilian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, describes the constant and considerable development of international protection of human rights, whether at the international level or at the regional level. The development has revealed the problems of cohabitation between the different systems. The subject of the course is the coexi…

Problèmes relatifs à la protection de la personne humaine par le droit international dans les conflits armés ne présentant pas un caractère international (Volume 137)

(38,307 words)

Author(s): Wilhelm, René-Jean
Wilhelm, René-Jean Keywords: Non-international armed conflicts | Human rights | International humanitarian law | Mots clefs: Conflits armés non internationaux | Droits de l homme | Droit humanitaire international | ABSTRACT Rene-Jean Wilhelm considers three kinds of factors when dealing with the protection of the human person in non-international armed conflicts: the numerous internal conflicts that have occurred since 1949 and the application that has been made of article 3 of the Geneva Conventions in these situations, the …

L’évolution de la réglementation de la guerre à la lumière de la sauvegarde des droits de l’homme (Volume 137)

(36,576 words)

Author(s): Migliazza, Alessandro
Migliazza, Alessandro Keywords: Human rights | Laws of war | Use of force | International relations | International humanitarian law | Mots clefs: Droits de l homme | Droit de la guerre | Force | Relations internationales | ABSTRACT Alessandro Migliazza states that from the beginning of civilization, men faithful to the spirit of humanity have multiplied their efforts to prevent war and to regulate armed conflict. The efforts have laid the foundations of people’s rights: jus ad bellum and jus in bello are the first and perhaps the most important chapters in the science of int…

Le droit international des droits de l’homme (Volume 140)

(28,563 words)

Author(s): Vasak, Karel
Vasak, Karel Keywords: Human rights | Mots clefs: Droits de l'homme | ABSTRACT Karel Vasak notes that the Universal Declaration is the source of inspiration and the source of law for modern international human rights law. However, not all the problems have been solved, and there are already some questions about the delimitation of the subject. For this reason, the author devotes his first chapter to a study of the content and delimitation of international human rights law. He examines the international human…

Human Rights and Domestic Jurisdiction (Article 2, § 7, of the Charter) (Volume 124)

(28,032 words)

Author(s): Ermacora, Felix
Ermacora, Felix Keywords: United Nations | Charter | Human rights | Jurisdiction | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Charte | Droits de l homme | Juridiction | ABSTRACT The course of Felix Ermacora is based on a problem of crucial significance related to the relations between national law and international law, and more particularly, to the law of international organizations. The author, in the first instance, focuses on domestic jurisdiction in general. He then studies the general aspects of human rights in connection with dome…

Le droit international à l’épreuve du terrorisme (Volume 321)

(108,228 words)

Author(s): Klein, Pierre
Klein, Pierre Keywords: United Nations | Terrorism | International peace and security | International politics | Use of force | International relations | Human rights | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Terrorisme | Sécurité internationale | Politique internationale | Force | Relations internationales | Droits de l'homme | ABSTRACT Pierre Klein, Professor at the Université libre de Bruxelles, begins his course by identifying the very notion of terrorism to report on the impact of terrorism on international law. He then takes a step backward and plac…

A Transcivilizational Perspective on International Law (Volume 342)

(128,337 words)

Author(s): Yasuaki, Onuma
Yasuaki, Onuma Keywords: International law | Legal history | Legitimacy | International customary law | Sovereignty | Human rights | Mots clefs: ABSTRACT The twenty-first century will witness conflicts which may destabilize the international order. These conflicts are likely to arise between emerging Asian States such as China and India whose material power is growing, and the Western nations who wield significant ideational power. A West-centric international society will change to a multi-polar and multi-civilizatio…

La troisième génération des droits de l'homme (Volume 184)

(5,819 words)

Author(s): Uribe Vargas, Diego
Uribe Vargas, Diego Keywords: Human rights | International law and domestic law | Mots clefs: Droits de l'homme | Droit international et droit interne | ABSTRACT Diego Uribe Vargas, Colombian Ambassador to Paris, proposes in his lecture the elaboration of an international pact enshrining the rights of the third generation. Diego Uribe Vargas, Ambassadeur de Colombie à Paris, propose dans sa conférence l'élaboration d'un pacte international consacrant les droits de la troisième génération. [p357] Uribe Vargas, Diego LA TROISIÈME GÉNÉRATION DES DROITS DE L’HOMME Diego URIBE VARGAS1…

Human Rights and Non-intervention in the Helsinki Final Act (Volume 157)

(55,941 words)

Author(s): Arangio-Ruiz, Gaetano
Arangio-Ruiz, Gaetano Keywords: European security | Human rights | Intervention | Acte final d'Helsinki | Mots clefs: Sécurité européenne | Droits de l homme | Intervention et non-intervention | Acte final de la Conférence sur la sécurité et la coopération en Europe (Helsinki, 1 août 1975) | ABSTRACT Gaetano Arangio-Ruiz, Professor at the University of Rome, focuses on a dispute that has arisen since the conclusion of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe, on the impact of the non-intervention principle on international rules f…

L’adoption internationale des mineurs et les droits de l’enfant (Volume 376)

(124,531 words)

Author(s): Susana Najurieta, María
Susana Najurieta, María Keywords: MinoChildren | Family law | Adoption | Private international law | Convention on Protection of Children and Cooperation in respect of Intercountry Adoption (The Hague, 29 May 1993) | Children's rights | Human rights | Mots clefs: ABSTRACT This course aims to understand what the law can offer, through family law, comparative law, and private international law, for the well-being of children and the respect of their fundamental rights. Thus, this course is divided into a chapter-by-chapter study of the fu…

The African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights A Legal Analysis (Volume 194)

(102,700 words)

Author(s): G. Bello, Emmanuel
G. Bello, Emmanuel Keywords: Africa | Human rights | African Charter on Human and People's Rights (Banjul, 27 June 1981) | Mots clefs: Afrique | Droits de l homme | Charte africaine des droits de l homme et des peuples | ABSTRACT Emmanuel G. Bello, Legal Advisor at the Ministry of Justice in Harare, devotes his course to legal analysis of the African Charter on Human Rights and Peoples’ Rights, which was concluded in 1981. Emmanuel Bello notes that the charter reflects the will of OAU members in their effort to distinguish themselves fr…

Le principe de l’égalité juridique dans les rapports internationaux (Volume 42)

(52,075 words)

Author(s): Brown SCOTT, James
Brown SCOTT, James Keywords: Human rights | International relations | Mots clefs: Droits de l'homme | Relations internationales | ABSTRACT Although James Brown Scott’s course deals with a specific subject of legal equality in international relations, it is in fact actually presented in two forms. The first form of the course is an overview of the concept of legal equality, and the second form is the application of the principle to three concrete situations, which concern exclusively America. The author successively…

The Human Rights of Undocumented Migrants (Volume 369)

(42,906 words)

Author(s): Ortiz Ahlf, Loretta
Ortiz Ahlf, Loretta Keywords: Illegal immigrants | Immigration | Migration | Human rights | International law | Mots clefs: ABSTRACT After a short introduction explaining the actual state of undocumented migrants in the world, the course starts defining what an undocumented migrant in an irregular situation is. The main international human rights laws that apply are studied next by a text per text approach. The most frequently violated human rights in the case of migrants are then analyzed. Finally, a study display…

The International Protection of Human Rights (Volume 70)

(37,365 words)

Author(s): Lauterpacht, M.A., LL.D., H.
Lauterpacht, M.A., LL.D., H. Keywords: Human rights | Mots clefs: Droits de l homme | ABSTRACT H. Lauterpacht begins his course on The International Protection of Human Rights with a presentation of fundamental rights as conceived by the United Nations Charter. The author focuses on the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, including its formation, its functioning, and its role. He then examines the issue of the international declaration of human rights, including the problems related to its application and its content. H. Lauterpacht commence son cours sur la protection…

Le droit international privé et le principe de non-discrimination (Volume 353)

(67,167 words)

Author(s): Meeusen, Johan
Meeusen, Johan Keywords: Equality | Human rights | Conflict of laws | Private international law | Mots clefs: ABSTRACT The impact of the nondiscrimination principle has been experienced in private international law after the Second World War. In this course, Johan Meeusen attempts to draw a contemporary view on the interaction between private international law and nondiscrimination, taking into account a specific perspective of the European Union and the Europeanization of private international law and to focus on…

The Evolution Of International Water Law (Volume 331)

(88,093 words)

Author(s): Brown Weiss, Edith
Brown Weiss, Edith Keywords: International watercourses | Water | Shared natural resources | Conventions | Convention on the Law of the Non-Navigational Uses of International Watercourses (New York, 21 May 1997) | International dispute settlement | Human rights | International trade | World Trade Organization | General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade | International trade | Mots clefs: Cours d'eau internationaux | Eau | Ressources naturelles partagées | conventions | Convention sur le droit relatif aux utilisations des cours d'eau internationaux à des fins autres q…

Protection internationale des droits de l’homme et activités des sociétés transnationales (Volume 385)

(158,922 words)

Author(s): Marrella, Fabrizio
Marrella, Fabrizio Keywords: Multinational enterprises | Human rights | Corporate responsibility ABSTRACT This course aims to understand how the international protection of human rights relates to the activities of transnational corporations in violation of these rights. The course begins by addressing the obligations to respect, protect and fulfill human rights. Since these obligations are state obligations, questions of jurisdiction and competence must be addressed. However, as corporations are now part o…

Public Policy : Common Principles in the American States (Volume 379)

(132,858 words)

Author(s): Fresnedo De Aguirre, Cecilia
Fresnedo De Aguirre, Cecilia Keywords: Public policy | Private international law | America | Human rights | Ius cogens | American Convention on Human Rights (San José, 22 November 1969) | Mots clefs: ABSTRACT This course aims at demonstrating the existence of some fundamental principles that belong not only to some American States individually considered but that are shared by several, though not all, of them. It starts by developing the main concepts like national and international public policy and the scope of public policy t…
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