Collected Courses of the Hague Academy of International Law

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Problèmes relatifs a la protection de la personne humaine par le droit international dans les conflits armés ne présentant pas un caractère international (Volume 137)

(38,271 words)

Author(s): Wilhelm, René-Jean
Wilhelm, René-Jean Keywords: Non-international armed conflicts | Human rights | International humanitarian law | Mots clefs: Conflits armés non internationaux | Droits de l homme | Droit humanitaire international | ABSTRACT Rene-Jean Wilhelm considers three kinds of factors when dealing with the protection of the human person in non-international armed conflicts: the numerous internal conflicts that have occurred since 1949 and the application that has been made of article 3 of the Geneva Conventions in these situations, the …

L’évolution de la réglementation de la guerre a la lumière de la sauvegarde des droits de l’homme (Volume 137)

(36,546 words)

Author(s): Migliazza, Alessandro
Migliazza, Alessandro Keywords: Human rights | Laws of war | Use of force | International relations | International humanitarian law | Mots clefs: Droits de l homme | Droit de la guerre | Force | Relations internationales | ABSTRACT Alessandro Migliazza states that from the beginning of civilization, men faithful to the spirit of humanity have multiplied their efforts to prevent war and to regulate armed conflict. The efforts have laid the foundations of people`s rights: jus ad bellum and jus in bello are the first and perhaps the mo…

International Humanitarian Law : Theory, Practice, Context (Volume 338)

(132,725 words)

Author(s): Thürer, Daniel
Thürer, Daniel Keywords: International humanitarian law | Mots clefs: Droit humanitaire international | ABSTRACT Daniel Thurer, Professor at the University of Zurich, dedicates his course to international humanitarian law or "law of armed conflict" or "law of war". He studies the ways by which international law tries to "humanize" organized violence. But Daniel Thurer`s ambitions are not limited to the battlefield. In his study, he explores the complexity of the ways and means that the law uses to regulate th…

The Different Types of Armed Conflicts According to the Geneva Conventions and Protocols (Volume )

(15,865 words)

Author(s): Schindler, Dietrich
Schindler, Dietrich Keywords: Armed conflicts | International humanitarian law | National liberation waGeneva Conventions (1949) | Protocols | Mots clefs: Conflits armés | Droit humanitaire international | Guerres de libération nationale | ABSTRACT The Course of Dietrich Schindler, Professor at the University of Zurich, deals with four types of armed conflict distinguished by 1949 Geneva Conventions and two 1977 protocols: international armed conflicts, wars of national liberation, non-international armed conflicts under Articl…

L’évolution du droit international humanitaire (Volume 99)

(33,825 words)

Author(s): Henri Coursier, M.
Henri Coursier, M. Keywords: International humanitarian law | Geneva Conventions (1949) | Mots clefs: Droit humanitaire international | ABSTRACT Henri Coursier understands by international humanitarian law all the principles, customs, and rules that currently oblige nations toward themselves and toward other nations in order to take into account, at all times, the respect resulting from the human being. The author successively examines the evolution of international humanitarian law with regard to the following fi…

Les règles du droit international concernant la guerre civile (Volume 114)

(37,575 words)

Author(s): Pinto, Roger
Pinto, Roger Keywords: Civil waLaws of war | International humanitarian law | Mots clefs: Guerres civiles | Droit de la guerre | Droit humanitaire international | ABSTRACT Contemporary international law, according to Roger Pinto, while not prohibiting the civil war, affirms the illegality of international war. Despite the de facto interferences between civil wars and international wars, the legal status of these two types of armed conflict is therefore distinct if not always different. The first task of the lawyer is ther…

The Juridical Aspects of the Organisation of the International Red Cross (Volume 82)

(36,179 words)

Author(s): Ruegger, Paul
Ruegger, Paul Keywords: International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement | International humanitarian law | Mots clefs: Mouvement international de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge | ABSTRACT Paul Ruegger assigned in this course the task of outlining the legal bases of the International Organization of the Red Cross. After an introduction to the universal awareness of the values of the Red Cross, the author presents the organizational evolution and the respective responsibilities of the various branches of the organiz…

L’Organisation internationale de la Croix-Rouge (Volume 1)

(20,586 words)

Author(s): Borel, Eugène
Borel, Eugène Keywords: International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement | International humanitarian law | Mots clefs: Mouvement international de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge | ABSTRACT Eugene Borel presents the International Organization of the Red Cross in two parts: a historical part (origin of the Red Cross and the Geneva Convention, national societies and international conferences of the Red Cross, League of Nations) and a legal part (former Red Cross, 1863 resolutions, international conferences, International Committee, League of Societies of the Red Cross). Eug…

Évolution du droit de la guerre maritime et aérienne (Volume 68)

(41,049 words)

Author(s): Sandiford, Roberto
Sandiford, Roberto Keywords: Aerial warfare | Laws of war | Naval warfare | International humanitarian law | Mots clefs: Guerre aérienne | Droit de la guerre | Guerre maritime | ABSTRACT Roberto Sandiford, in the introduction of the course, explains that war gives rise to legal relationships between belligerents, on one hand, and between belligerents and States who do not take part in the war on the other hand, relationships which can have land, sea, or air as field. The author studies these relationships by starting with a p…

L’Organisation de la Croix-Rouge internationale sous ses aspects juridiques (Volume 82)

(36,942 words)

Author(s): Ruegger, Paul
Ruegger, Paul Keywords: International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement | International humanitarian law | Mots clefs: Mouvement international de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge | ABSTRACT Paul Ruegger assigned in this course the task of outlining the legal bases of the International Organization of the Red Cross. After an introduction to the universal awareness of the values of the Red Cross, the author presents the organizational evolution and the respective responsibilities of the various branches of the organiz…

Responsibility of States for Unlawful Acts of Their Armed Forces (Volume 88)

(57,093 words)

Author(s): V. Freeman, Alwyn
V. Freeman, Alwyn Keywords: Armed forces | State responsibility | Cultural heritage | Occupation | International humanitarian law | Mots clefs: Forces armées | Responsabilité des Etats | ABSTRACT Alwyn V. Freeman begins his course on the responsibility of the States for the unlawful acts committed by their armed forces by a description and analysis of the general principles of responsibility. He then examines the issue of responsibility for military activities. He then focuses on the acts of individuals soldiers in time of …

L’extension du statut de combattant à la lumière du protocole I de Genève de 1977 (Volume 164)

(30,769 words)

Author(s): E. Nahlik, Stanisław
E. Nahlik, Stanisław Keywords: Combatants and non-combatants | International humanitarian law | Prisoners of war | Geneva Conventions (1949) | Protocols | Mots clefs: Combattants et non-combattants | Droit humanitaire international | Prisonniers de guerre | Conventions de Genève | Protocoles | ABSTRACT Among the problems faced in attempting to regulate the law of war, the fate of people in power of the enemy, prisoners of war, has been a subject of an interesting development. In the past, the prisoners were killed. Then, they were sent t…

Le droit humanitaire applicable aux conflits armés en mer (Volume 242)

(71,304 words)

Author(s): Ronzitti, Natalino
Ronzitti, Natalino Keywords: Naval warfare | International humanitarian law | Mots clefs: Guerre maritime | Droit humanitaire | ABSTRACT In this course, Natalino Ronzitti, Professor at the University of Pisa, draws up a very complete picture of humanitarian law applicable to maritime armed conflicts. In his introduction, Professor Ronzitti presents the sources of law applicable to armed conflicts at sea and the autonomous status of naval conflicts compared to war on land or in the air. The author then focuses on t…

The Evolution and Present Status of the Laws of War (Volume 92)

(42,573 words)

Author(s): A. Marin, Miguel
A. Marin, Miguel Keywords: Laws of war | International humanitarian law | Mots clefs: Droit de la guerre | ABSTRACT The aim of Miguel Marin's course is to study the status of the laws of war as it has been introduced in 1957, which implies that war is a fact and the laws of war have been a major concern of humanity throughout history. After tracing the historical evolution of the laws of war, the author focuses on development of the laws of war prior to and during the First World War, of the laws of war between the…

La protection des personnes en cas de catastrophe (Volume 368)

(61,944 words)

Author(s): Gab Park, Ki
Gab Park, Ki Keywords: DisasteNatural disasteInternational crises | Humanitarian assistance | Armed conflicts | Victims | International protection | International humanitarian law | Responsibility to protect | Mots clefs: ABSTRACT Catastrophe, otherwise known as calamity, is a phenomenon with negative and serious effects. In this course, Ki Gab-Park takes stock of the state of the rules concerning the protection of catastrophe victims in times of peace. He deals with the typology of catastrophe, i.e. natural catastrophes, ma…

Le droit international humanitaire applicable aux conflits armés non internationaux (Volume 292)

(49,360 words)

Author(s): Momtaz, Djamchid
Momtaz, Djamchid Keywords: Non-international armed conflicts | International humanitarian law | Mots clefs: Conflits armés non internationaux | Droit humanitaire international | ABSTRACT Djamchid Momtaz, Professor at the University of Teheran, reminds us that with the end of the cold war, non-international armed conflicts of ethnic or religious origin have become widespread. These are conflicts with an enemy that is less abstract: he is known and one bears a grudge against him because he belongs to a certain social gr…

The Geneva Conventions of 1949 (Volume 114)

(39,189 words)

Author(s): I. A. D. Draper, G.
I. A. D. Draper, G. Keywords: Geneva Conventions (1949) | International humanitarian law | Mots clefs: Genève | Droit humanitaire international | Conventions | ABSTRACT G.A.I.D. Draper points out in his course of 1965 that the Geneva Conventions are the most recent and comprehensive developments in the humanist legal tradition as it emerged in the previous hundred years. The author first presents the general principles and common articles of the conventions. He then focuses on internal conflicts, the status of prisoners…

La protection internationale des réfugiés et des personnes déplacées dans les conflits armés (Volume 306)

(59,853 words)

Author(s): Oriol, Casanovas
Oriol, Casanovas Keywords: Refugees | Armed conflicts | International humanitarian law | Internally displaced persons | Mots clefs: Réfugiés | Conflits armés | Droit humanitaire international | Personnes déplacées dans leur propre pays | ABSTRACT In his course, Professor Oriol Casanovas undertakes a tripartite analysis of the international protection of refugees and displaced persons in armed conflicts. In the first part, Professor Casanovas presents the different elements of the international regulation for protection while depl…

La Croix-Rouge et les Conventions de Genève (Volume 76)

(36,848 words)

Author(s): S. Pictet, Jean
S. Pictet, Jean Keywords: International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement | Geneva Conventions (1949) | International humanitarian law | Mots clefs: Mouvement international de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge | ABSTRACT In this course, Jean S. Pictet studies, as a whole, all the legal problems related to the Red Cross and the Geneva Conventions, by focusing on the critical aspects. In a general section, the author describes the Red Cross and the Geneva Conventions. In the special section, the author focuses on improving …

The Law of War and the National Jurisdiction since 1945 (Volume 100)

(49,920 words)

Author(s): V. A. Röling, B.
V. A. Röling, B. Keywords: Laws of war | Judicial competence | International criminal law | International humanitarian law | Mots clefs: Droit de la guerre | Compétence étatique | Droit pénal international | Droit humanitaire international | ABSTRACT B.V.A. Roeling's course discusses the relationship between the law of war and the repression of war criminals during the post-war period. The author successively examines the right and duty to punish war criminals, the jurisdiction of the court and some excuses or mitigating circumstance…
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