Collected Courses of the Hague Academy of International Law

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L’Organisation de la Croix-Rouge internationale sous ses aspects juridiques (Volume 82)

(36,978 words)

Author(s): Ruegger, Paul
Ruegger, Paul Keywords: International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement | International humanitarian law | Mots clefs: Mouvement international de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge | ABSTRACT Paul Ruegger assigned in this course the task of outlining the legal bases of the International Organization of the Red Cross. After an introduction to the universal awareness of the values of the Red Cross, the author presents the organizational evolution and the respective responsibilities of the various branches of the organiz…

L’Organisation internationale de la Croix-Rouge (Volume 1)

(20,617 words)

Author(s): Borel, Eugène
Borel, Eugène Keywords: International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement | International humanitarian law | Mots clefs: Mouvement international de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge | ABSTRACT Eugene Borel presents the International Organization of the Red Cross in two parts: a historical part (origin of the Red Cross and the Geneva Convention, national societies and international conferences of the Red Cross, League of Nations) and a legal part (former Red Cross, 1863 resolutions, international conferences, International Committee, League of Societies of the Red Cross). Eug…

The Different Types of Armed Conflicts According to the Geneva Conventions and Protocols (Volume )

(15,870 words)

Author(s): Schindler, Dietrich
Schindler, Dietrich Keywords: Armed conflicts | International humanitarian law | National liberation waGeneva Conventions (1949) | Protocols | Mots clefs: Conflits armés | Droit humanitaire international | Guerres de libération nationale | ABSTRACT The Course of Dietrich Schindler, Professor at the University of Zurich, deals with four types of armed conflict distinguished by 1949 Geneva Conventions and two 1977 protocols: international armed conflicts, wars of national liberation, non-international armed conflicts under Articl…

L’évolution du droit international humanitaire (Volume 99)

(33,871 words)

Author(s): Henri Coursier, M.
Henri Coursier, M. Keywords: International humanitarian law | Geneva Conventions (1949) | Mots clefs: Droit humanitaire international | ABSTRACT Henri Coursier understands by international humanitarian law all the principles, customs, and rules that currently oblige nations toward themselves and toward other nations in order to take into account, at all times, the respect resulting from the human being. The author successively examines the evolution of international humanitarian law with regard to the following fi…

Les règles du droit international concernant la guerre civile (Volume 114)

(37,607 words)

Author(s): Pinto, Roger
Pinto, Roger Keywords: Civil waLaws of war | International humanitarian law | Mots clefs: Guerres civiles | Droit de la guerre | Droit humanitaire international | ABSTRACT Contemporary international law, according to Roger Pinto, while not prohibiting the civil war, affirms the illegality of international war. Despite the de facto interferences between civil wars and international wars, the legal status of these two types of armed conflict is therefore distinct if not always different. The first task of the lawyer is ther…

The Juridical Aspects of the Organisation of the International Red Cross (Volume 82)

(36,179 words)

Author(s): Ruegger, Paul
Ruegger, Paul Keywords: International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement | International humanitarian law | Mots clefs: Mouvement international de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge | ABSTRACT Paul Ruegger assigned in this course the task of outlining the legal bases of the International Organization of the Red Cross. After an introduction to the universal awareness of the values of the Red Cross, the author presents the organizational evolution and the respective responsibilities of the various branches of the organiz…

Problèmes relatifs à la protection de la personne humaine par le droit international dans les conflits armés ne présentant pas un caractère international (Volume 137)

(38,307 words)

Author(s): Wilhelm, René-Jean
Wilhelm, René-Jean Keywords: Non-international armed conflicts | Human rights | International humanitarian law | Mots clefs: Conflits armés non internationaux | Droits de l homme | Droit humanitaire international | ABSTRACT Rene-Jean Wilhelm considers three kinds of factors when dealing with the protection of the human person in non-international armed conflicts: the numerous internal conflicts that have occurred since 1949 and the application that has been made of article 3 of the Geneva Conventions in these situations, the …

L’évolution de la réglementation de la guerre à la lumière de la sauvegarde des droits de l’homme (Volume 137)

(36,576 words)

Author(s): Migliazza, Alessandro
Migliazza, Alessandro Keywords: Human rights | Laws of war | Use of force | International relations | International humanitarian law | Mots clefs: Droits de l homme | Droit de la guerre | Force | Relations internationales | ABSTRACT Alessandro Migliazza states that from the beginning of civilization, men faithful to the spirit of humanity have multiplied their efforts to prevent war and to regulate armed conflict. The efforts have laid the foundations of people’s rights: jus ad bellum and jus in bello are the first and perhaps the most important chapters in the science of int…

International Humanitarian Law : Theory, Practice, Context (Volume 338)

(132,725 words)

Author(s): Thürer, Daniel
Thürer, Daniel Keywords: International humanitarian law | Mots clefs: Droit humanitaire international | ABSTRACT Daniel Thurer, Professor at the University of Zurich, dedicates his course to international humanitarian law or "law of armed conflict" or "law of war". He studies the ways by which international law tries to "humanize" organized violence. But Daniel Thurer`s ambitions are not limited to the battlefield. In his study, he explores the complexity of the ways and means that the law uses to regulate th…

Évolution du droit de la guerre maritime et aérienne (Volume 68)

(41,019 words)

Author(s): Sandiford, Roberto
Sandiford, Roberto Keywords: Aerial warfare | Laws of war | Naval warfare | International humanitarian law | Mots clefs: Guerre aérienne | Droit de la guerre | Guerre maritime | ABSTRACT Roberto Sandiford, in the introduction of the course, explains that war gives rise to legal relationships between belligerents, on one hand, and between belligerents and States who do not take part in the war on the other hand, relationships which can have land, sea, or air as field. The author studies these relationships by starting with a p…

Responsibility of States for Unlawful Acts of Their Armed Forces (Volume 88)

(57,093 words)

Author(s): V. Freeman, Alwyn
V. Freeman, Alwyn Keywords: Armed forces | State responsibility | Cultural heritage | Occupation | International humanitarian law | Mots clefs: Forces armées | Responsabilité des Etats | ABSTRACT Alwyn V. Freeman begins his course on the responsibility of the States for the unlawful acts committed by their armed forces by a description and analysis of the general principles of responsibility. He then examines the issue of responsibility for military activities. He then focuses on the acts of individuals soldiers in time of …

L’extension du statut de combattant à la lumière du protocole I de Genève de 1977 (Volume 164)

(30,798 words)

Author(s): E. Nahlik, Stanisław
E. Nahlik, Stanisław Keywords: Combatants and non-combatants | International humanitarian law | Prisoners of war | Geneva Conventions (1949) | Protocols | Mots clefs: Combattants et non-combattants | Droit humanitaire international | Prisonniers de guerre | Conventions de Genève | Protocoles | ABSTRACT Among the problems faced in attempting to regulate the law of war, the fate of people in power of the enemy, prisoners of war, has been a subject of an interesting development. In the past, the prisoners were killed. Then, they were sent t…

La protection des personnes en cas de catastrophe (Volume 368)

(61,846 words)

Author(s): Gab Park, Ki
Gab Park, Ki Keywords: DisasteNatural disasteInternational crises | Humanitarian assistance | Armed conflicts | Victims | International protection | International humanitarian law | Responsibility to protect | Mots clefs: ABSTRACT The notion of disaster, in the context of this course, is taken in a broad sense, taking the definitions proposed by the Institute of International Law and by the Research Centre for International Law in The Hague. The course is divided into two themes of study, disasters in peacetime and disasters…

Le droit humanitaire applicable aux conflits armés en mer (Volume 242)

(71,304 words)

Author(s): Ronzitti, Natalino
Ronzitti, Natalino Keywords: Naval warfare | International humanitarian law | Mots clefs: Guerre maritime | Droit humanitaire | ABSTRACT In this course, Natalino Ronzitti, Professor at the University of Pisa, draws up a very complete picture of humanitarian law applicable to maritime armed conflicts. In his introduction, Professor Ronzitti presents the sources of law applicable to armed conflicts at sea and the autonomous status of naval conflicts compared to war on land or in the air. The author then focuses on t…

The Evolution and Present Status of the Laws of War (Volume 92)

(42,575 words)

Author(s): A. Marin, Miguel
A. Marin, Miguel Keywords: Laws of war | International humanitarian law | Mots clefs: Droit de la guerre | ABSTRACT The aim of Miguel Marin's course is to study the status of the laws of war as it has been introduced in 1957, which implies that war is a fact and the laws of war have been a major concern of humanity throughout history. After tracing the historical evolution of the laws of war, the author focuses on development of the laws of war prior to and during the First World War, of the laws of war between the…

Le droit de la guerre dans l’œuvre des capitaines français du XVIe siècle (Volume 72)

(49,847 words)

Author(s): Gardot, André
Gardot, André Keywords: France | Laws of war | International humanitarian law | Mots clefs: France | Droit de la guerre | ABSTRACT Andre Gardot devotes his study to the law of war as understood by French captains of the 16th century. After an initial presentation of these people and their works, the author focuses on the issues that arise before the war, next on the issues that arise during hostilities, and of course on the issues that arise after hostilities. The last chapter focuses on the establishment of filiations and relations between the fundamental ideas of the sponsors. André Gardot …

Effets pour l’individu des régimes de protection de droit international (Volume 391)

(70,740 words)

Author(s): Swinarski, Christophe
Swinarski, Christophe Keywords: Human rights | International humanitarian law | International protection | Individuals ABSTRACT In this course, Christophe Swinarski begins by examining the meaning of the term “individual” and shows how the concept of individual’s protection be profiled from now on to accommodate the legal world hitherto reserved to the States? The author presents an overview of the synergies between international humanitarian law and international human rights law and discusses the concept of …

La Croix-Rouge et les Conventions de Genève (Volume 76)

(36,837 words)

Author(s): S. Pictet, Jean
S. Pictet, Jean Keywords: International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement | Geneva Conventions (1949) | International humanitarian law | Mots clefs: Mouvement international de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge | ABSTRACT In this course, Jean S. Pictet studies, as a whole, all the legal problems related to the Red Cross and the Geneva Conventions, by focusing on the critical aspects. In a general section, the author describes the Red Cross and the Geneva Conventions. In the special section, the author focuses on improving …

The Implementation and Enforcement of the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and of the Two Additional Protocols of 1978 (Volume 164)

(19,492 words)

Author(s): Draper, G.I.A.D.
Draper, G.I.A.D. Keywords: International humanitarian law | Geneva Conventions (1949) | Protocols | Enforcement | Mots clefs: Droit humanitaire international | ABSTRACT G.I.A.D. Draper dedicates this course to the Implementation and Application of the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and to the Additional Protocols of 1978. In the chapter dealing with the implementation of these instruments, the author speaks about protective power, dissemination and instruction, legal advisors in armed forces, use of qualified persons, im…

Les bases éthiques pour le droit et la société : perspectives de la Commission indépendante sur les questions humanitaires internationales (Volume 193)

(3,919 words)

Author(s): Aga Khan, Sadruddin
Aga Khan, Sadruddin Keywords: International Humanitarian Fact-Finding Commission | International humanitarian law | Mots clefs: Commission indépendante sur les questions humanitaires internationales | ABSTRACT Sadruddin Aga Khan, Chairman of the Independent Commission on International Humanitarian Issues, recalls in this lecture on the ethical foundations for law and society that the role of the commission for which he is the chairman to recall the basic elements of an ethics whose spiritual significance is that evoked…
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