Collected Courses of the Hague Academy of International Law

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The Reasonable Expectations of the Parties as a Guide to the Choice of Law in Contract and in Tort (Volume 251)

(49,320 words)

Author(s): E. Nygh, Peter
E. Nygh, Peter Keywords: Australia | Law of contracts | Choice of law | Private international law | Contracts | Tort | Mots clefs: Australie | Droit des obligations | Choix de la loi applicable | Droit international privé | Contrats | Quasi-contrats et quasi-délits | ABSTRACT This course by Peter E. Nygh, Professor at Bond University on Australia's Gold Coast, addresses the role played by the "reasonable expectations of the parties" in conflicts regarding laws of contract and tort. The reasonable expectations of the parties include first of …

La loi applicable aux contrats: Problèmes choisis (Volume 158)

(32,128 words)

Author(s): Giuliano, Mario
Giuliano, Mario Keywords: Contracts | Private international law | Law of contracts | Mots clefs: Contrats | Droit international privé | Droit des obligations | ABSTRACT Mario Giulano addresses the subject of his course in the context of a Comparative Law approach to the main problems raised by conflicts of law on matters relating to contracts. After a study of the principle and theoretical justification of the autonomy law, the author focuses on the question of the implementation of the autonomy law. He then examines the…

Les règles matérielles internationales (Volume 322)

(82,161 words)

Author(s): Loquin, Éric
Loquin, Éric Keywords: International commercial law | Material law | Lex mercatoria | Law of contracts | United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (Vienna, 11 April 1980) | Mots clefs: Droit commercial international | Droit matériel | Lex mercatoria | Droit des obligations | Convention des Nations Unies sur les contrats de vente internationale de marchandises (Vienne, 11 avril 1980) | ABSTRACT The rules of private international law seek to attain unity and universality, according to Professor Éric Loquin, Professor of private in…

The Antagonism between Legal Security and the Search for Justice in the Field of Contracts (Volume 142)

(24,986 words)

Author(s): Vischer, F.
Vischer, F. Keywords: Contracts | Private international law | Law of contracts | Mots clefs: Contrats | Droit international privé | Droit des obligations | ABSTRACT In his course on the Antagonism Between Legal Security and Search for Justice in the Field of Contracts, F. Vischer, Professor at the University of Basel, first suggests an approach to conflicts of law that puts the individual’s interests. This objective could be called as an international principle of confidence, and could be applied specifically in the fiel…

La volonté des parties en droit international privé (Volume 137)

(76,720 words)

Author(s): Curti Gialdino, A.
Curti Gialdino, A. Keywords: Will | Law of contracts | Private international law | Contrats de développement | Mots clefs: Volonté | Droit des obligations | Droit international privé | Economic development agreement | ABSTRACT A. Curti Gialdino, Professor at the Faculty of Law of Perugia, devotes the course to the Will of the Parties in Private International Law and presents a normative basis of psychological connection in the first chapter. He studies the ratio of the conflict rule considering psychological attachment, then the …

Méthodes de droit international privé et contrat illicite (Volume 303)

(124,865 words)

Author(s): Mezghani, Ali
Mezghani, Ali Keywords: Contracts | Illegal activities | Private international law | Law of contracts | Mots clefs: Contrats | Pratiques illicites | Droit international privé | Droit des obligations | ABSTRACT Ali Mezghani reports in this course on the exponential increase of unlawful activities and on the fact that it is impossible for the law to remain without answer vis-à-vis this increase. Professor Mezghani endeavours to give an account of the law's answer in three different terrains. First of all, in the field of rules o…

The Conflict of Laws of Contracts General Principles (Volume 189)

(88,871 words)

Author(s): Lando, Ole
Lando, Ole Keywords: Law of contracts | Private international law | International contracts | Mots clefs: Droit des obligations | Droit international privé | ABSTRACT Ole Lando, Professor at the Institute for European Market Law in Copenhagen, points out in the introduction to his course that all contracts are governed by law. The purpose of Professor Lando’s course is to determine which law is applicable. The author intends to report on the conflict of laws as it appears in the most representative legal systems, namely…

Les obligations en droit international privé dans le cadre du commerce extérieur des pays socialistes (Volume 136)

(31,060 words)

Author(s): Skapski, Józef
Skapski, Józef Keywords: Socialist countries | Sale | Law of contracts | Private international law | International commercial law | Mots clefs: Pays socialistes | Vente | Droit des obligations | Droit international privé | Droit commercial international | ABSTRACT The legal rules concerning foreign trade were unified quite extensively (in 1972) in one of the regions of the socialist countries grouped in the Council of Mutual Economic Assistance. However, the existing legal situation is not always satisfactory, and many doubts that nee…

Les défaillances d’État (Volume 53)

(17,399 words)

Author(s): Jèze, Gaston
Jèze, Gaston Keywords: International contracts | Gold clause | Currency depreciation | Law of contracts | Mots clefs: Contrats internationaux | Clause or | Dépréciation des monnaies | Droit des obligations | ABSTRACT The failure of the State, for public loan contracts (domestic loans or external loans), is a current problem, writes Gaston Jeze in 1935. At the present moment, except a few small States (Switzerland, Holland), all the others have more or less seriously missed their commitments. It is certainly, continues the autho…

La protection de la partie faible en droit international privé (Volume 188)

(29,542 words)

Author(s): Pocar, Fausto
Pocar, Fausto Keywords: Law of contracts | Private international law | International contracts | Mots clefs: Droit des obligations | Droit international privé | ABSTRACT In his course, Fausto Pocar, Professor at the University of Milan, discusses whether and to what extent an objective of private international law, along with other possible objectives, is to ensure the protection of the weak against the strong, whether there are rules drawn from such an objective and, if so, what their characteristic features are. The a…

Les rapports entre les contrats et les obligations délictuelles en droit international privé (Volume 146)

(42,173 words)

Author(s): Ferrari Bravo, Luigi
Ferrari Bravo, Luigi Keywords: Law of contracts | Private international law | Mots clefs: Droit des obligations | Droit international privé | ABSTRACT Luigi Ferrari Bravo, Professor at the Faculty of Political Science of the Oriental University Institute, Naples, gives an analysis from the perspective of the rules of conflict between contracts and tort obligations in his course. After a presentation of the basic data, the author focuses on the relations between contracts and tort obligations from the perspective of th…

Le principe de proximité dans le droit international privé contemporain Cours général de droit international privé (Volume 196)

(91,136 words)

Author(s): Lagarde, Paul
Lagarde, Paul Keywords: Law of contracts | Private international law | Marital property | Mots clefs: Droit des obligations | Régime des biens des époux | ABSTRACT Paul Lagarde, Professor at the University of Paris I, notes in the introduction to his general course on private international law that the private international law can always be considered as the right to attachment, the most important question is that of the basis of the selected attachment. In this regard, the author notes, there is at least one point on wh…

La théorie de l’autonomie de la volonté (Volume 16)

(45,539 words)

Author(s): Niboyet, J.-P.
Niboyet, J.-P. Keywords: Will | Autonomy | Law of contracts | Private international law | Mots clefs: Volonté | Autonomie | Droit des obligations | Droit international privé | ABSTRACT J.-P. Niboyet writes in the introduction to his course that without any exaggeration one can consider that the Theory of Party Autonomy is currently the most difficult of all private international law. Party Autonomy is commonly understood to mean the power of the parties to choose the competent law in matters of contracts, a law which is neve…

La clause-or dans les contrats publics et privés (Volume 60)

(43,611 words)

Author(s): Sauser-Hall, Georges
Sauser-Hall, Georges Keywords: International contracts | Gold clause | Currency depreciation | Law of contracts | Mots clefs: Contrats internationaux | Clause or | Dépréciation des monnaies | Droit des obligations | ABSTRACT Georges Sauser-Hall proposes a systematic study of the issue of the gold clause in contracts, at a time when the issue is of crucial importance. The author begins with a presentation of the legal nature of the gold clause, next focuses on the fight against the gold clause and on the conflicts of laws on the…

Loi d’autonomie et méthodes de protection de la partie faible en droit international privé (Volume 315)

(45,836 words)

Author(s): Salah Mohamed Mahmoud, Mohamed
Salah Mohamed Mahmoud, Mohamed Keywords: Autonomy | Law of contracts | Private international law | Law of immediate application | Mots clefs: Autonomie | Droit des obligations | Droit international privé | Lois d'application immédiate | ABSTRACT In this course, Professor Salah Mohamed Mahmoud confronts the principle of party autonomy with the methods for the protection of the weak party in private international contract law. Professor Salah Mohamed Mahmoud also aims to discover whether, at the present time of globalisation, the law…

Unifying and Harmonizing Substantive Law and the Role of Conflict of Laws (Volume 340)

(72,787 words)

Author(s): Boele-Woelki, Katharina
Boele-Woelki, Katharina Keywords: Family law | Private international law | Choice of law | Unification of law | Law of contracts | Model law | Legal principles | Conventions | Directives | International law and domestic law | Mots clefs: ABSTRACT Traditionally, conflict of law rules designate only national substantive law as the applicable law. Many unifying and harmonizing substantive law instruments of both States and non-State organizations, however, are designed specifically for application to cross-border relationships. Achieving …

Foreign Currency Obligations in Private International Law (Volume 302)

(74,551 words)

Author(s): Black, Vaughan
Black, Vaughan Keywords: Contracts | Damages | Currency depreciation | Law of contracts | Private international law | Mots clefs: Contrats | Dommages-intérêts | Dépréciation des monnaies | Droit des obligations | Droit international privé | ABSTRACT In his course dedicated to foreign currency obligations in private international law, Vaughan Black, Professor at Dalhousie Law School in Halifax, examines the problem of currency in judicial remedies. The first chapters are descriptive in their approach. Professor Black explains the va…

La clause-or dans les contrats internationaux (Volume 43)

(34,989 words)

Author(s): Nussbaum, Arthur
Nussbaum, Arthur Keywords: International contracts | Gold clause | Currency depreciation | Law of contracts | Mots clefs: Contrats internationaux | Clause or | Dépréciation des monnaies | Droit des obligations | ABSTRACT Gold Clause (Clause-Or) means a contractual agreement by which a debtor of sums of money pledges to pay gold coins or a sum corresponding to the value of a determined quantity of gold, explains Arthur Nussbaum. The author studies this clause by starting to distinguish other similar agreements. He then focuses o…

Evolution of Principles for Resolving Conflicts in the Field of Contracts and Torts (Volume 283)

(130,591 words)

Author(s): Dolinger, Jacob
Dolinger, Jacob Keywords: Legal principles | Private international law | Public order | Convention on the Law applicable to Contractual obligations (Rome, 19 June 1980) | Law of contracts | Contracts | Torts | Mots clefs: Principes généraux du droit | Droit international privé | Ordre public | Convention sur la loi applicable aux obligations contractuelles [Rome, 19 juin 1980] | Droit des obligations | Contrats | Quasi-contrats et quasi-délits | ABSTRACT Professor Jacob Dolinger, Professor at the Rio de Janeiro State University, divides his course on the evolution o…

Les obligations délictuelles en droit international privé (Volume 115)

(29,750 words)

Author(s): Beitzke, G.
Beitzke, G. Keywords: Fulfilment of obligation | Law of contracts | Private international law | Mots clefs: Exécution d une obligation | Droit des obligations | Droit international privé | ABSTRACT Guenther Beitzke points out that few issues in private international law have been discussed so intensely in the years preceding the course (which dates back to 1965) as the problem of the law applicable to the tort. Neither the lex loci deliciti is not unanimous, nor the law of the morning forum of lex loci delicti. Some also prop…
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