Collected Courses of the Hague Academy of International Law


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International Organization and the Law of Responsibility (Volume 76)

(35,233 words)

Author(s): Eagleton, Clyde
Eagleton, Clyde Keywords: International organizations | Legal personality | United Nations | Accountability | Mots clefs: Organisations internationales | Personnalité juridique | Nations Unies | Responsabilité | ABSTRACT Clyde Eagleton starts from the point of view, in his course, that the idea of responsibility comes historically from the moral sense of the existence of an obligation recognized throughout humanity: States have rights and duties, and any violation of any of these involves reparation. To deal with this issu…

The Relation of Law, Politics and Action in the United Nations (Volume 109)

(29,211 words)

Author(s): Schachter, Oscar
Schachter, Oscar Keywords: United Nations | Decision-making | Peacekeeping | International police | Economic development | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Prise de décisions | Maintien de la paix | Police internationale | Développement économique | ABSTRACT The main objective that Oscar Schachter assigns to his course is to show how the law acts within the political system developed within the United Nations since 1945. The author begins with the presentation of place of law in the process of decision in the political organs of the Uni…

La pratique récente des Nations Unies dans le domaine de la protection des droits de l’homme (Volume 145)

(38,525 words)

Author(s): Schreiber, Marc
Schreiber, Marc Keywords: United Nations | Human rights | International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (New York, 16 December 1966) | Racial discrimination | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Droits de l homme | Pacte international relatif aux droits civils et politiques (New York, 16 décembre 1966) | Discrimination raciale | ABSTRACT The subject of Marc Schreiber's course is that of the second breakthrough in the barriers that traditional law of nations have established to protect the States, the topical subjects in international law, against a…

The Normative Role of the General Assembly of the United Nations and the Declaration of Principles of Friendly Relations with an Appendix on the Concept of International Law and the Theory of International Organisation (Volume 137)

(130,869 words)

Author(s): Arangio-Ruiz, Gaetano
Arangio-Ruiz, Gaetano Keywords: United Nations | General Assembly | International relations | Declarations | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Assemblée générale | Relations internationales | Déclarations | ABSTRACT The course of Gaetano Arangio-Ruiz, Professor at the University of Bologna, is devoted to the study of some legal problems related to the Declaration of Principles on Friendly Relations and Cooperation among States, incorporated in resolution 2625 (XXV) of 24 October 1970. Le cours de Gaetano Arangio-Ruiz, professeur à l'Université de Bologne est consacré à …

La vente internationale de marchandises et le conflit de lois (Volume 201)

(75,456 words)

Author(s): Pelichet, Michel
Pelichet, Michel Keywords: United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (Vienna, 11 April 1980) | United Nations | Sale | Contracts | Mots clefs: Convention des Nations Unies sur les contrats de vente internationale de marchandises [Vienne, 11 avril 1980] | Nations Unies | Vente | Contrats | ABSTRACT The main subject of the course by Michel Pelichet, Deputy Secretary-General of the Hague Conference on Private International Law, is the study of the 1986 Hague Convention, which is presented as a revision of the 1955 Con…

La coordination des systèmes de l’ONU et de l’Organisation des États américains pour le règlement pacifique des différends et la sécurité collective (Volume 111)

(38,191 words)

Author(s): Eduardo Jimenez De Arechaga, M.
Eduardo Jimenez De Arechaga, M. Keywords: United Nations | Organization of American States | Pacific settlement of disputes | Collective security | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Organisation des Etats américains | Règlement pacifique des différends internationaux | Sécurité collective | ABSTRACT Eduardo Jumenez de Arechaga analyzes in his course the coordination relationship of systems of United Nations and Organization of American States for peaceful settlement of disputes. After a general presentation of the elements of the coordination…

International Organization and Collective Security: Changing Values and Priorities (Volume 138)

(12,387 words)

Author(s): A. Gross, Ernest
A. Gross, Ernest Keywords: United Nations | Charter | Collective security | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Charte | Sécurité collective | ABSTRACT Ernest Gross emphasizes in the introduction of his course that observers and practitioners wonder about where the great unpopularity of international collaboration institutions comes from or how often they are ignored, even though they have a certain link with human well-being and progress. The author proposes in this course to present the causes of these inconsistencies. Afte…

L’activité quasi-législative des institutions spécialisées des Nations Unies (Volume 111)

(25,702 words)

Author(s): Saba, H.
Saba, H. Keywords: United Nations | Specialized agencies | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Institutions spécialisées | ABSTRACT With the creation of international organizations, the community of Nations has new techniques for setting international standards. The techniques are increasingly moving away from the concept of a freely negotiated contract between States, and are, on the other hand, similar to the unilateral legislative act adopted by a parliament and endowed with a mandatory nature. H. Saba, who devotes th…

Multilateral Rights and Obligations in International Law (Volume 319)

(59,655 words)

Author(s): Crawford, James
Crawford, James Keywords: Obligations of the state | Public international law | Development of international law | Ius cogens | International Law Commission | State responsibility | United Nations | Charter | International Court of Justice | Mots clefs: Obligations des états | Droit international public | Développement du droit international | Jus cogens | Commission du droit international | Responsabilité des Etats | Nations Unies | Charte | Cour internationale de Justice | ABSTRACT The author, director of the Lauterpacht Center for International Law, examines in this…

The Competence of the United Nations General Assembly (Volume 97)

(29,152 words)

Author(s): A. Vallat, C. M. G., F.
A. Vallat, C. M. G., F. Keywords: United Nations | General Assembly | Competence | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Assemblée générale | Compétence | ABSTRACT Francis Vallat views his course on the Competence of the United Nations General Assembly in a certain way as an essay on the interpretation of the United Nations Charter. He examines not only the effect of some of the provisions governing the competence of the general assembly, but also the methods of interpretation that could be applied to the charter. The author begin…

Five Lectures on Asia and the United Nations (Volume 102)

(31,340 words)

Author(s): K. Brohi, A.
K. Brohi, A. Keywords: Asia | United Nations | Mots clefs: Asie | Nations Unies | ABSTRACT A.K. Brohi begins this course on relations between Asia and the United Nations with a general overview of the issue. He then focuses on the state of affairs of the countries of the Asian continent in 1961. Finally, he examines the political power of the United Nations, and addresses the issue of the United Nations’ action in Asia, first from a general point of view and next with regard to the problem of communist China. A.K. Brohi commence ce cours sur les relations entre l'Asie et les Nations Un…

The Protection of Minorities before the United Nations (Volume 182)

(45,718 words)

Author(s): Ermacora, Felix
Ermacora, Felix Keywords: United Nations | Ethnic minorities | Minorities | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Minorités ethniques | ABSTRACT Felix Ermacora, Professor at the University of Vienna, devotes his course to the protection of minorities before the United Nations. After a historical overview of the protection of minorities from the inter-war period, the author presents a dogmatic approach to the problems of minorities before the United Nations: the problem of defining the concept of minority, the problem of the …

The Legal Nature of the United Nations (Volume 119)

(21,915 words)

Author(s): Grigory I. Tunkin, Professor
Grigory I. Tunkin, Professor Keywords: United Nations | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | ABSTRACT Grigory Tunkin devotes his course to the Legal Nature of the United Nations. According to him, the development of international society as an element of superstructure convincingly corroborates Marxist theory. The emergence of modern international organizations due to the growth of the productive forces has led to a growth in international relations, making it necessary to create permanent organizations to address the…

Nations Unies et neutralite Cours A L’Académie De La Haye Juillet 1956 (Volume 89)

(20,471 words)

Author(s): Chaumont, Charles
Chaumont, Charles Keywords: United Nations | Neutrality | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Neutralité | ABSTRACT Charles Chaumont points out in the introduction to his course that history shows that there can be a place for neutrality in the peace organization, established in a homogeneous way and that in particular in the United Nations, there is an evolution of the legal and practical system of collective security that has emphasized the real complexity of this concept. But if this is the case, the author explains…

Le domaine réservé L’organisation internationale et le rapport entre droit international et droit interne cours général de droit international public (Volume 225)

(188,840 words)

Author(s): Arangio-Ruiz, Gaetano
Arangio-Ruiz, Gaetano Keywords: United Nations | Judicial competence | International law and domestic law | League of Nations | Public international law | Mots clefs: Droit international public | Nations Unies | Droit international et droit interne | Société des Nations | Compétence étatique | ABSTRACT General Course on Public International Law by Gaetano Arangio-Ruiz, Professor at the University of Rome, focuses on the notion of domestic jurisdiction as a limit to the activity of international legal and political bodies. However, it also t…

Les sanctions économiques des Nations Unies (Volume 300)

(23,468 words)

Author(s): Bennouna, Mohamed
Bennouna, Mohamed Keywords: United Nations | Economic sanctions | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Sanctions économiques | ABSTRACT In the introduction to his course, Mohamed Bennouna, Permanent Representative of Morocco to the United Nations, points out that the economic sanction immediately brings us to face a very delicate question of the relationship between security, freedoms and social rights. The problem is that of the head office: What can one do to bring down the master of the house and starve the whole city …

To Form a More Perfect United Nations (Volume 129)

(7,423 words)

Author(s): C. Jessup, Philip
C. Jessup, Philip Keywords: United Nations | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | ABSTRACT In this speech held on July 22 1970 at the Hague Academy of International Law in commemoration of the 25th anniversary of the United Nations, he discusses what has been achieved and what remains to be done. Dans ce discours tenu le 22 juillet 1970 à l'Académie de droit international de La Haye en commémoration des 25 ans des Nations Unies, revient sur ce qui a été réalisé et sur ce qui reste à faire. [p2] C. Jessup, Philip [p3] Lecture delivered by Philip C. Jessup on 22 July 1970 at the Academy of Interna…

Le rôle de l’accord dans le système des Nations Unies (Volume 142)

(36,930 words)

Author(s): Conforti, Benedetto
Conforti, Benedetto Keywords: United Nations | Consent | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Consentement | ABSTRACT Benedetto Conforti, Professor at the University of Naples, begins his course on the Role of the Agreement in United Nations’ System with a presentation on respect for the principle of legality by the United Nations bodies. He then examines the challenges of Member States to legality of resolutions and the role of the agreement in the United Nations system. He deals with the effects of UN resolutions “acc…

Les accords regionaux dans la Charte de L’O. N. U. (Volume 80)

(25,212 words)

Author(s): Saba, Hanna
Saba, Hanna Keywords: United Nations | Charter | Regionalism | Collective security | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Charte | Régionalisme | Sécurité collective | ABSTRACT The danger of aggression by a powerful neighbor can create defense solidarity. In addition, there are also sociological solidarities, cultural solidarities, economic solidarities, as well as solidarities that exist due to the similarity of social and economic conditions. In this course, Hanna Saba first deals with the evolution of philosophical thought and…

Le traitement des différends internationaux par le conseil de sécurité (Volume 85)

(35,805 words)

Author(s): Jiménez De Aréchaga, Eduardo
Jiménez De Aréchaga, Eduardo Keywords: United Nations | Security Council | International disputes | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Conseil de sécurité | Différends internationaux | ABSTRACT Eduardo Jimenez de Arechaga points out in the introduction to his course that Article 1, Paragraph 1, of the Charter of the United Nations defines the purpose of the United Nations as follows: "To maintain international peace and security”. The same paragraph indicates the means to achieve this goal: collective measures of prevention and …
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