Collected Courses of the Hague Academy of International Law


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Entre multilatéralisme et unilatéralisme: l’autorisation par le conseil de sécurité de recourir à la force (Volume 339)

(179,121 words)

Author(s): Sicilianos, Linos-Alexandre
Sicilianos, Linos-Alexandre Keywords: United Nations | Security Council | Charter | Use of force | International relations | Collective security | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Conseil de sécurité | Charte | Force | Relations internationales | Sécurité collective | ABSTRACT In the introduction to his course, Linos-Alexandre Sicilianos, Associate Professor at the University of Athens, notes that the theme of the Security Council's authorization to use force lies at the centre of two contradictory trends that mark contemporary evolution of…

Parliamentary Diplomacy An Examination of the Legal Quality of the Rules of Procedure of Organs of the United Nations (Volume 89)

(47,685 words)

Author(s): C. Jessup, Philip
C. Jessup, Philip Keywords: United Nations | Law of procedure | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Droit procédural | ABSTRACT Philip Jessup begins the introduction of his course with an explanation of the term “Parliamentary Diplomacy", namely the practice of intergovernmental negotiations and discussions conducted within the fixed rules of procedure in organizations such as the General Assembly and the United Nations Councils. After a presentation of parliamentary law in national legislation, the author presents compari…

Les procédures publiques spéciales de la Commission des droits de l’homme des Nations Unies (Volume 228)

(31,170 words)

Author(s): Antonio Pastor Ridruejo, José
Antonio Pastor Ridruejo, José Keywords: United Nations | Human rights | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Droits de l homme | ABSTRACT In this course, José Antonio Pastor Ridruejo examines the interplay of politics and law in the special public procedures initiated by the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, through a comprehensive approach of harmoniously integrating the data provided in addition to the legal sciences through political science and the data of international relations. The author thus examines the ins…

La Charte de San-Francisco dans ses rapports avec le droit international (Volume 70)

(67,587 words)

Author(s): Kaeckenbeeck, Georges
Kaeckenbeeck, Georges Keywords: United Nations | Charter | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Charte | ABSTRACT Georges Kaeckenbeeck notifies in the introduction of his course that the method followed in this study is not systematic and more especially not dogmatic. In the face of such a new subject and such a complex organization started to take shape in 1947, he explores and takes note of what appears to be useful developments. The author successively examines the purposes and principles of the Charter, the General …

Valeur juridique des résolutions des Nations Unies (Volume 129)

(44,528 words)

Author(s): Castañeda, Jorge
Castañeda, Jorge Keywords: United Nations | Resolutions | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Résolutions | ABSTRACT The economy of the study proposed by Jorge Castaneda is based on the practice of the United Nations bodies as well as on the attitude of States toward the practice. The basic subject is the resolutions of the bodies of the United Nations, and especially the bodies of the General Assembly. He thus identifies certain groups or types of resolutions which, in accordance with the realities emerging from the o…

L’Organisation des Nations Unies et la Cour internationale de Justice (Volume 78)

(21,561 words)

Author(s): S. Kerno, Ivan
S. Kerno, Ivan Keywords: United Nations | International Court of Justice | Charter | Interpretation | Advisory opinions | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Cour internationale de Justice | Charte | Interprétation | Avis consultatifs | ABSTRACT In this course, Ivan Kerno reviews the first five years of operation of the International Court of justice. After a historical presentation of the provisions of the Charter of the United Nations and the Statute of the Court concerning advisory opinions, he analyzes Article 96 (2) of the Charter, ex…

Le rôle de l’accord dans le système des Nations Unies (Volume 142)

(36,994 words)

Author(s): Conforti, Benedetto
Conforti, Benedetto Keywords: United Nations | Consent | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Consentement | ABSTRACT Benedetto Conforti, Professor at the University of Naples, begins his course on the Role of the Agreement in United Nations’ System with a presentation on respect for the principle of legality by the United Nations bodies. He then examines the challenges of Member States to legality of resolutions and the role of the agreement in the United Nations system. He deals with the effects of UN resolutions “acc…

Les accords régionaux dans la Charte de L’O. N. U. (Volume 80)

(25,243 words)

Author(s): Saba, Hanna
Saba, Hanna Keywords: United Nations | Charter | Regionalism | Collective security | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Charte | Régionalisme | Sécurité collective | ABSTRACT The danger of aggression by a powerful neighbor can create defense solidarity. In addition, there are also sociological solidarities, cultural solidarities, economic solidarities, as well as solidarities that exist due to the similarity of social and economic conditions. In this course, Hanna Saba first deals with the evolution of philosophical thought and…

Le traitement des différends internationaux par le conseil de sécurité (Volume 85)

(35,858 words)

Author(s): Jiménez De Aréchaga, Eduardo
Jiménez De Aréchaga, Eduardo Keywords: United Nations | Security Council | International disputes | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Conseil de sécurité | Différends internationaux | ABSTRACT Eduardo Jimenez de Arechaga points out in the introduction to his course that Article 1, Paragraph 1, of the Charter of the United Nations defines the purpose of the United Nations as follows: "To maintain international peace and security”. The same paragraph indicates the means to achieve this goal: collective measures of prevention and …

From Bilateralism to Community Interest in International Law (Volume 250)

(65,961 words)

Author(s): Simma, Bruno
Simma, Bruno Keywords: Bilateralism | International obligations | International law | United Nations | Charter | International community | Constitutionalism | Mots clefs: Bilatéralisme | Obligations internationales | Droit international | Nations Unies | Charte | Communauté internationale | Constitutionnalisme | ABSTRACT Earlier, traditional international law was left entirely in the hands of sovereign States, predicated on their bilateral legal relations. However, now, community interest has permeated the body of international law. In …

The Peace of Peoples (Volume 77)

(15,781 words)

Author(s): A. Berle, Jr, Adolf
A. Berle, Jr, Adolf Keywords: United Nations | Charter | Self-defence | Peace | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Charte | Défense légitime | Paix | ABSTRACT From a doctrinal point of view, Adolf Berle considers that the Charter of the United Nations confers rights within private international law on peoples while maintaining the rights previously recognized by the international law to the States. The author begins his course on the peace of peoples by comparing the peace of the States and peace of the peoples. He then examines…

Metamorphosis of the United Nations (Volume 94)

(33,566 words)

Author(s): Robinson, Jacob
Robinson, Jacob Keywords: United Nations | Charter | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Charte | ABSTRACT The purpose of Jacob Robinson's course is not to give a complete picture of the changes that have taken place in the first thirteen years of the existence of the United Nations, but to illustrate with some examples the metamorphosis of the organization. He examines the transition from a coalition to a universal community, from a community of purpose to an instrument of national policies, from an enforcement agency…

L’admission de nouveaux membres à la Société des Nations et à l’Organisation des Nations Unies (Volume 80)

(33,744 words)

Author(s): Feinberg, Nathan
Feinberg, Nathan Keywords: United Nations | Accession | League of Nations | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Accession | Société des Nations | ABSTRACT The question of the admission of new members to the League of Nations and to the United Nations reflects the deplorable tension in contemporary international relations and the prevailing atmosphere of mistrust. In this course, Nathan Feinberg examines the relevant provisions of the Covenant of the League of Nations and the United Nations Charter by bringing out what is commo…

La délimitation des compétences des Nations Unies (Volume 108)

(39,013 words)

Author(s): L. Bindschedler, Rudolf
L. Bindschedler, Rudolf Keywords: United Nations | Competence | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Compétence | ABSTRACT Rudolf Bindschedler begins his course by making general remarks on the division of powers. He next examines, within the framework of the United Nations, the division of formal powers and later examines the division of substantive powers. The author also discusses the powers of the United Nations toward non-member States and other international organizations. Rudolf Bindschedler commence son cours en formulant des remarques générales sur la répartition d…

Les rapports entre l’ONU et les organisations régionales dans le domaine du maintien de la paix (Volume 290)

(78,532 words)

Author(s): Villani, Ugo
Villani, Ugo Keywords: United Nations | Regional organisations | Peace keeping | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Organisations régionales | Maintien de la paix | ABSTRACT Professor Ugo Villani, Professor at the University of Bari, starts from the observation that as far as international organizations are concerned, the question of the search for balance between a “universal” dimension and a “regional” dimension was raised immediately at the birth of the first organization intended to guarantee peace between States: the Leagu…

L’emploi de la force dans la jurisprudence des tribunaux internationaux (Volume 331)

(58,269 words)

Author(s): Pinto, Mónica
Pinto, Mónica Keywords: United Nations | Security Council | Charter | Use of force | International relations | Self-defence | International Court of Justice | Case-law | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Conseil de sécurité | Chartre | Force | Relations internationales | Défense légitime | Cour internationale de Justice | Jurisprudence | ABSTRACT The course of Mrs. Monica Pinto, Professor at the University of Buenos Aires, proposes to retrace the history of the characterizations of the use of force in the light of the jurisprudence of international court…

Le droit international à la recherche de ses valeurs: paix, développement, démocratisation (Volume 286)

(8,188 words)

Author(s): Boutros-Ghali, Boutros
Boutros-Ghali, Boutros Keywords: United Nations | Economic development | Peacekeeping | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Développement économique | Maintien de la paix | ABSTRACT Boutros Boutros-Ghali explains in the introduction of his opening lecture that international law is subject to internal conflicts in three areas: conflict between urgency and duration, between unilateralism and multilateralism, and between positive order and prospective order. Mr. Boutros-Ghali concludes his lecture by explaining that sometimes will…

United Nations Peace-keeping Operations: Their Importance and Their Limitations in a Polarized World (Volume 201)

(4,837 words)

Author(s): Liu, Fou-Tchin
Liu, Fou-Tchin Keywords: United Nations | International police | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Police internationale | ABSTRACT In this discourse, Fou-Tchin Liu, Former United Nations Assistant-Secretary-General for Special Political Affairs, draws attention to the importance and limitations of UN peace-keeping operations in a bipolarized world. However, by way of encouragement and conclusion, he points out that the Treaty of Paris of 1783, which has enabled reconciliation between Great Britain and the United State…

United Nations Treaty Practice (Volume 86)

(62,784 words)

Author(s): Rosenne, Shabtai
Rosenne, Shabtai Keywords: United Nations | Treaties | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Traités | ABSTRACT The objective of the Shabtai Rosenne’s course is to study the United Nations Treaty Practice as an international organization with legal personality. The intention of the author is to assess the extent to which it has succeeded in adopting international treaty law despite its specificities and the heterogeneity of its members. The author successively examines the treaties established under the aegis of the Unit…

Reflections on the Role, Functions and Procedures of the Security Council of the United Nations (Volume 206)

(37,377 words)

Author(s): Herndl, Kurt
Herndl, Kurt Keywords: United Nations | Security Council | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Conseil de sécurité | ABSTRACT Kurt Herndl, UN Deputy Secretary-General for Human Rights, intends to comment in his course on the role, functions, and procedures of the UN Security Council in the light of his practice, from an essentially pragmatic point of view and taking into account the most recent developments. After some reflections on the collective security system, the author studies the Security Council as a collective b…
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