Collected Courses of the Hague Academy of International Law

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Règles générales du droit international de la paix (Volume 30)

(78,354 words)

Author(s): Verdross, A.
Verdross, A. Keywords: Peace | International law | Mots clefs: Paix | Droit international | ABSTRACT Alfred Verdross explains in the introduction to his course that one cannot understand the social facts if one do not penetrate the thoughts at the basic level. The thesis advanced by the author is that positive law of nations is obscure if one does not know its creative ideas, developed precisely by the founders of international law. The author therefore begins with a presentation of the development and structur…

A Half-Century of Efforts to Substitute Law for War (Volume 99)

(6,701 words)

Author(s): C. Jessup, Philip
C. Jessup, Philip Keywords: Peace | Public international law | Mots clefs: Paix | Droit international public | ABSTRACT Philip C. Jessup devotes this lecture, given on August 2 1960, in the Great Hall of the Peace Palace, The Hague, in commemoration of the fiftieth anniversary of the creation of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in New York, to a Half-Century of Efforts to Substitute Law for War. Philip C. Jessup consacre cette conférence, donnée le 2 août 1960 dans le grand hall du Palais de la Paix, à La Haye, en commémoration du cinquantième anniv…

Règles générales du droit de la paix (Volume 66)

(93,667 words)

Author(s): François, J.-P.-A.
François, J.-P.-A. Keywords: Peace | International law | Mots clefs: Paix | Droit international | ABSTRACT J.-P.-A. Francois begins his course on the General Rules of the Law of Peace with a presentation of the evolution of the community of international law from the law of Ancient nations to the League of Nations. The author then studies the proper character of the law of nations by focusing on the school of natural law on one hand and on the positivist school on the other hand. The author then addresses the i…

Règles générales du droit de la paix L’idée de l’organisation internationale, dans ses grandes phases (Volume 66)

(105,253 words)

Author(s): Van Kan, J.
Van Kan, J. Keywords: Peace | International law | History | Mots clefs: Paix | Droit international | Histoire | ABSTRACT In this course, J. van Kan does not propose to follow the development of the idea of international peace through the centuries, but to make a choice in the subject and to deal with some major detached but closely coherent chapters. The author writes that the organization of peace has proceeded through four paths: moral conviction, universalism, the supranational idea, and the international idea. T…

L’œuvre de toutes les confessions chrétiennes (Eglises) pour la paix internationale (Volume 31)

(30,094 words)

Author(s): Muller, J.
Muller, J. Keywords: Roman Catholic Church | Peace | Mots clefs: Eglise | Paix | ABSTRACT Joseph Muller’s subject deals with problems related to a number of issues regarding the history of Christianity and the theories of war and peace in his course. In a first part, the author focuses on a pacifying work of Christian Confessions in the past, and in a second part on the possible contribution of Christianity to the law of the future. Tout le problème posé par le sujet traité par Joseph Muller dans son cours relève d'un certain nombre de questions relatives à l'histoire du…

Règles genérales du droit de la paix (Volume 26)

(103,113 words)

Author(s): Cavaglieri, Arrigo
Cavaglieri, Arrigo Keywords: Peace | International law | Mots clefs: Paix | Droit international | ABSTRACT In this course, Arrigo Cavaglieri seeks to trace in the essential themes, as the author sees it, the system of the general law of peace. The author does not give a complete overview of the rules currently accepted, either because it could only be summary, or because the doubts about the positive nature of certain rules could only be overcome by means of a careful search, and a difficult assessment of the e…

Règles générales du droit de la paix (Volume 54)

(109,414 words)

Author(s): Le Fur, Louis
Le Fur, Louis Keywords: Peace | International law | Mots clefs: Paix | Droit international | ABSTRACT The course of Louis Le Fur on General Rules of the Law of Peace begins with the first part devoted to doctrines on the basis of international law. The author thus presents ten different theories, the last one, to which the author agrees, being a realistic and synthetic theory. The second part of the course is devoted to the study of several selected problems, such as custom and general principles of law, the revision of treaties, or the domain for the exclusive competence of the State. Le cours d…

Les règles générales de la paix (Volume 46)

(54,216 words)

Author(s): Salvioli, Gabriele
Salvioli, Gabriele Keywords: Peace | International law | Mots clefs: Paix | Droit international | ABSTRACT Gabriele Salvioli begins his course on the General Rules of Peace with a presentation of the rules of international law and their characteristics. He then addresses the question of the subjects of the international law (and consequently the States and their recognition in international law). He focuses on international bodies, international responsibility, and finally the procedure. Gabriele Salvioli commence son cours sur les règles générales de la paix par un…

Le droit constitutionnel et l'organisation de la paix (Droit constitutionnel de la pak) (Volume 45)

(37,206 words)

Author(s): Mirkine-Guetzévitch, Boris
Mirkine-Guetzévitch, Boris Keywords: Peace | Constitutional law | International law and domestic law | Renunciation of war | Mots clefs: Paix | Droit constitutionnel | Droit international et droit interne | Renonciation à la guerre | ABSTRACT The objective of Boris Mirkine-Guetzevitch’s course is to study the constitutional law of peace, that is, the study of the constitutional rules for the peace organization, the different forms by which the modern constitutional law can contribute to the consolidation of international peace. The…

Règles générales du droit de la paix (Volume 58)

(79,339 words)

Author(s): Brierly, James-Leslie
Brierly, James-Leslie Keywords: Peace | International law | Mots clefs: Paix | Droit international | ABSTRACT International law, writes James-Leslie Brierly in his introduction to this course, is based on the negation of the idea that the State is the highest form of human society, and states that States are the associates of a higher community, the Civitas maxima. The author begins his course with a presentation of this international community. He then focuses on the state in the international order, on the le…

Règles générales du droit de la paix (Volume 46)

(119,982 words)

Author(s): Scelle, Georges
Scelle, Georges Keywords: Peace | International law | Mots clefs: Paix | Droit international | ABSTRACT Georges Scelles begins his systematic course on the General Rules of the Law of Peace with a methodological introduction devoted to the postulates of classical international law and to the objections addressed to the postulates of classical international law by realistic criticism. The first part of the course is devoted to the elements of the international legal order: international society, subject of law, …

The Peace of Peoples (Volume 77)

(15,781 words)

Author(s): A. Berle, Jr, Adolf
A. Berle, Jr, Adolf Keywords: United Nations | Charter | Self-defence | Peace | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Charte | Défense légitime | Paix | ABSTRACT From a doctrinal point of view, Adolf Berle considers that the Charter of the United Nations confers rights within private international law on peoples while maintaining the rights previously recognized by the international law to the States. The author begins his course on the peace of peoples by comparing the peace of the States and peace of the peoples. He then examines…

Règles générales du droit de la paix (Volume 58)

(79,728 words)

Author(s): Basdevant, Jules
Basdevant, Jules Keywords: Peace | International law | Mots clefs: Paix | Droit international | ABSTRACT The General Rules of the Law of Peace, according to Jules Basdevant in 1936, are rules of international law. The current international legal order, unlike the domestic legal order, does not include any legislator competent to establish or modify the rules of law. This fact, together with historical and moral reasons, is a basis for the debate between rational conceptions and positive conceptions of internati…

Les antécédents de la Société des Nations (Volume 60)

(35,836 words)

Author(s): Dupuis, Charles
Dupuis, Charles Keywords: Europe | Peace | History | Mots clefs: Europe | Paix | Histoire | ABSTRACT The author points out that, from the Roman Empire to the present day (1937), Europe first and then the world hovered between the international organization and the anarchy of sovereignties. First, the author focuses on the rudimentary projects of international organization, theoretical order, like that of Sully. He then presents a precise and complete project of the Abbot of Saint Peter to restore perpetual peace …

Règles générales du droit de la paix (Volume 62)

(110,432 words)

Author(s): Lauterpacht, H.
Lauterpacht, H. Keywords: Peace | International law | Mots clefs: Paix | Droit international | ABSTRACT H. Lauterpacht's course does not aim to cover the entire subject of international law of peace. The author examines with a particular attention on some of the problems that lawyers of international law have been particularly concerned with in the years preceding the year in which the course was given, that is 1937. After the first part devoted to the foundations of international law, the author focuses on the…

Les règles générales du droit de la paix (Volume 47)

(117,740 words)

Author(s): Strupp, Karl
Strupp, Karl Keywords: Peace | International law | Mots clefs: Paix | Droit international | ABSTRACT In the introduction to his course, Karl Strupp makes the following observation: under the penalty of ad infinitum regression in legal order, it should be admitted that the foundation of international law is pre-legal. Ever since the States have recognized an obligatory nature of the international norms at different periods which could not be specified historically, it is that the same principle was a part of the…

Regles generales du droit de la paix (Volume 32)

(96,732 words)

Author(s): Dupuis, Charles
Dupuis, Charles Keywords: Peace | International law | Mots clefs: Paix | Droit international | ABSTRACT Charles Dupuis writes in his course that it is certainly easier to outlaw the war on paper than to ban it from reality. The Kellog Pact, the author continues, assumes that the first means of safeguarding peace, namely that all powers are and will always be peaceful, is sufficient for everything; that, therefore, the second means, the intimidation of the belligerent by the preponderance of the forces of the pa…

Règles générales du droit de la Paix (Volume 54)

(106,632 words)

Author(s): Kaufmann, Erich
Kaufmann, Erich Keywords: Peace | International law | Mots clefs: Paix | Droit international | ABSTRACT After a presentation of the general approach to the issue of the rules of the law of peace, the author studies the establishment of the State in an international order. He then focuses on the peculiarities of the international order, and on the idea of law in the international order. The last chapter examines the international community and international political law: the author presents the structure and or…

L’organisation économique de la paix (Volume 15)

(54,068 words)

Author(s): Milhaud, Edgar
Milhaud, Edgar Keywords: Peace | International economic law | Mots clefs: Paix | Droit international économique | ABSTRACT Edgar Milhaud writes in 1926 that the problem of the Economic Organization of Peace has ceased to be a purely theoretical problem; it is now posed as a practical problem before the League of Nations. The author examines this practical problem by first addressing the issues of international trade policy, an idea of a European economic union. He then presents some ways of regularizing the natio…

Histoire de la paix publique en Allemagne au Moyen Age (Volume 28)

(50,559 words)

Author(s): Quidde, Ludwig
Quidde, Ludwig Keywords: Germany | Middle Ages | Peace | Mots clefs: Allemagne | Moyen-âge | Paix | ABSTRACT The aim of Ludwig Quidde’s course is to describe a development not taken place in the field of international law but in the field of German Constitutional Law. But this development offers very curious and very interesting analogies with the development of international law issues. The first part of the course focuses on the period from the primitive times to the end of the Carolingians (Germanic law, migrat…
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