Collected Courses of the Hague Academy of International Law

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Les accords internationaux concernant la double imposition et l’évasion fiscale (Volume 55)

(22,349 words)

Author(s): Bühler, Ottmar
Bühler, Ottmar Keywords: Double taxation | Treaties | Tax evasion | Mots clefs: Imposition (double) | Traités | Evasion fiscale | ABSTRACT Ottmar Buhler, in the introduction to this course, notes that the problems of tax law are due to a large number of states collecting taxes, multiplicity of the tax systems, and infinitely numerous and complicated economic relationships between countries. After a presentation of the different tax systems of the States of the world and economic relations between States giving rise t…

The Enforcement of Treaties by a Federal State (Volume 141)

(29,186 words)

Author(s): T. Oliver, Covey
T. Oliver, Covey Keywords: Federal states | Treaties | Enforcement | Mots clefs: Etats fédéraux | Traités | Exécution | ABSTRACT The subject of Covey T. Oliver`s course is the description and analysis of the public law of federal states with regard to the enforcement in domestic law of treaties in the light of the requirements and expectations of public international law and the practice of international relations. The author focuses on the importance of the enforcement of treaties by federal states, the essence of …

Les conventions entre belligérants (Volume 75)

(29,560 words)

Author(s): Monaco, Riccardo
Monaco, Riccardo Keywords: WaTreaties | Cease-fire | Capitulations | Mots clefs: Guerres | Traités | Armistice | Capitulation | ABSTRACT The issue of the Conventions between Belligerents, notes Riccardo Monaco in the introduction to his course, falls under the law of the war. The author begins his course with a study of the general characteristics of conventions between belligerents. The author then studies the various conventions between belligerents. The author devotes the last chapter of his course to the application of conventions between belligerents. La question des conve…

Le problème des effets des traités a l’égard des États tiers (Volume 143)

(55,671 words)

Author(s): Cahier, Philippe
Cahier, Philippe Keywords: Third states | Treaties | Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (Vienna, 23 May 1969) | Mots clefs: Pays tiers | Traités | Convention de Vienne sur le droit des traités (Vienne, 23 mai 1969) | ABSTRACT In many cases, argues Philippe Cahier, it is only seemingly that a treaty produces the effects with regard to third parties. In reality, the rights and obligations are the result of the application of a norm of general international law or the consent of the State when one examines the root of the problem. T…

United Nations Treaty Practice (Volume 86)

(62,783 words)

Author(s): Rosenne, Shabtai
Rosenne, Shabtai Keywords: United Nations | Treaties | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Traités | ABSTRACT The objective of the Shabtai Rosenne’s course is to study the United Nations Treaty Practice as an international organization with legal personality. The intention of the author is to assess the extent to which it has succeeded in adopting international treaty law despite its specificities and the heterogeneity of its members. The author successively examines the treaties established under the aegis of the Unit…

Les travaux préparatoires et l’interprétation des traités (Volume 48)

(36,618 words)

Author(s): Lauterpacht, H.
Lauterpacht, H. Keywords: Treaties | Preparatory work | Interpretation | Mots clefs: Traités | Travaux préparatoires | Interprétation | ABSTRACT H. Lauterpacht, in the introduction of his course, writes that the study of the cases of interpretation of treaties by the international and national courts enable proving the utility of the various rules of interpretation, elaborated with care, which we encounter in the treaties of international law; it leads us to conclude on their less practical significance, he notes. …

Les effets de la guerre sur les traités (Volume 59)

(18,426 words)

Author(s): D. Mc Nair, Arnold
D. Mc Nair, Arnold Keywords: Wars | Treaties | Mots clefs: Guerres | Traités | ABSTRACT Arnold Mc Nair proposes to dedicate his course to the research and collection of materials in the form of judgments and diplomatic controversies rather than the discussion of theories. After a historical overview and preliminary observations, he thus successively studies the different categories of treaties which can, besides, overlap: the treaties relating to permanent laws, the treaties conferring rights of extraterritoria…

Reservations to Treaties (Volume 103)

(36,513 words)

Author(s): W. Bishop, Jr., William
W. Bishop, Jr., William Keywords: Reservations | Treaties | Mots clefs: Réserves | Traités | ABSTRACT William Bishop devotes his course to Reservations to Treaties. After a definition of the concept of reservations in the introduction, the author examines the practice concerning acceptance of reservations in bilateral treaties and multilateral treaties. He also focuses on the distinction between reservation, interpretation, and declaration. He discusses the question of the reservation clauses, and then presents…

L’interprétation des traités d’après la Convention de Vienne sur le droit des traités (Volume 151)

(37,149 words)

Author(s): Kamil Yasseen, Mustafa
Kamil Yasseen, Mustafa Keywords: Treaties | Interpretation | Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (Vienna, 23 May 1969) | Mots clefs: Traités | Interprétation | Convention de Vienne sur le droit des traités (Vienne, 23 mai 1969) | ABSTRACT Mustafa Kamil Yasseen begins his course on the Interpretation of Treaties under the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, which has not yet entered into force at the time of writing this course, with a presentation of the general rule of interpretation, Article 31 of the Convention (good wil…

Les conventions conclues entre les pays socialistes sur le droit civil international et le droit international de la famille (Volume 144)

(26,979 words)

Author(s): Sosniak, Mieczyslaw
Sosniak, Mieczyslaw Keywords: Socialist countries | Civil law | International law | Treaties | Family law | Private international law | Mots clefs: Pays socialistes | Droit civil | Droit international | Traités | Droit de la famille | Droit international privé | ABSTRACT Since the objective of the Socialist States is to correlate and harmonize the principles of their legal relations, they have not, however, decided to harmonize all the principles in all the concerned countries, even though, on the ground of the Socialist bloc, many agreem…

Des conflits entre principes abstraits et stipulations conventionnelles (Volume 48)

(25,324 words)

Author(s): Ray, Jean
Ray, Jean Keywords: Treaties | Public international law | Revision | Mots clefs: Traités | Droit international public | Révision | ABSTRACT History and especially the history of our time, presents to us a large number of cases in which certain clauses of treaties have been attacked, by a State related by them, in the name of certain principles of international law. In order to study this issue, Jean Ray starts with a study of certain diplomatic procedures related to the Oriental issue. He then studies a few affairs b…

La codification par traités en droit international privé dans le cadre de la Conférence de La Haye (Volume 122)

(30,182 words)

Author(s): H. Van Hoogstraten, M.
H. Van Hoogstraten, M. Keywords: Hague Conference on Private International Law | Private international law | Codification | Treaties | Mots clefs: Conférence de La Haye de droit international privé | Droit international privé | Codification | Traités | ABSTRACT The Hague Conference of Private International Law aims at working for the progressive unification of the rules of private international law (art.1 of the Statute). Just like the other international organizations, the Conference seeks to accomplish its task by concluding interna…

Les accords régionaux et le droit international (Volume 71)

(35,385 words)

Author(s): M. Yepes, J.
M. Yepes, J. Keywords: Regionalism | Treaties | Mots clefs: Régionalisme | Traités | ABSTRACT When one of the founders of international law, Hugo Grotius, has written that very often the law of nations of one of the parties of the world is not that of others, he has only expressed an axiom which is daily confirmed by history, notes J.M. Yepes. Here is the axiom: there is an international law which is universal, necessary and common to all the civilized people; but besides this universal law, there are specific…

The Interaction between Customary International Law and Treaties (Volume 322)

(72,359 words)

Author(s): Dinstein, Yoram
Dinstein, Yoram Keywords: Treaties | International customary law | Law of treaties | Mots clefs: Traités | Droit coutumier international | Droit des traités | ABSTRACT Yoram Dinstein, Professor emeritus of the University of Tel Aviv, reminds us that Article 38 of the Statute of the International Court of Justice prescribes three strata – often referred to as "sources" – of international law. This study is confined to the interaction between two of those strata, namely treaties and customs, and does not deal with the gene…

Reservations to Treaties (Volume 146)

(44,411 words)

Author(s): M. Ruda, J.
M. Ruda, J. Keywords: Reservations | Treaties | Mots clefs: Réserves | Traités | ABSTRACT J. M. Ruda points out in the introduction to his course that the question of reservations to multilateral treaties has been one of the most controversial subjects of contemporary international law. The author aims in his course to show how the international law has to change for dealing with this issue, and aims to confirm that law is not and should never be an end in itself, but only a mode of regulating society or a com…

The Juridical Clauses of the Peace Treaties (Volume 73)

(41,078 words)

Author(s): G. Fitzmaurice, G.
G. Fitzmaurice, G. Keywords: World War II | Peace | Treaties | Mots clefs: Guerre mondiale de 1939 | Paix | Traités | ABSTRACT In his course on the Judicial Clauses of the Peace Treaties, G.G. Fitzmaurice refers to the peace treaties as the treaties signed with Italy, Romania, Bulgaria, Hungary, and Finland and entered into force in 1947. After an introduction devoted to the peace treaties, the author examines the territorial clauses, the political clauses, the military clauses, economic clauses, financial clauses, and commercial clauses of the peace treaties. Dans son cours sur les …

Droit et technique des traités de commerce (Volume 3)

(72,598 words)

Author(s): Bon Boris Nolde, le
Bon Boris Nolde, le Keywords: International trade | Treaties | Mots clefs: Commerce international | Traités | ABSTRACT Boris Nolde begins his course on the Law and the Technique of Commercial Treaties with a history of commercial treaties, from the Middle Ages to Post First World War period. The author then studies the form of commercial treaties and the contracting parties in commercial treaties. The author also focuses on customs territories, the merchant, freedom of trade, conventional customs tariffs, the mos…

La notion de réciprocité dans les traités diplomatiques de droit international privé (Volume 52)

(40,493 words)

Author(s): Niboyet, J.-P.
Niboyet, J.-P. Keywords: Reciprocity | Legal principles | Private international law | Treaties | Mots clefs: Réciprocité | Principes généraux du droit | Droit international privé | Traités | ABSTRACT The theme developed by J.-P. Niboyet in his course is the relations that exist or rather should exist between the general principles of civil law and the treaties which are, after all, just the contracts between the States. After outlining a few general considerations, the author examines the patterns of diplomatic reciprocity, …

Self-Executing and Non-Self-Executing Treaties in National and International Law (Volume 235)

(36,931 words)

Author(s): Buergenthal, Thomas
Buergenthal, Thomas Keywords: Treaties | Direct effect | International law and domestic law | Mots clefs: Traités | Applicabilité directe | Droit international et droit interne | ABSTRACT In this course, the author focuses on the international law aspect of the concept of self-executing treaties. He does so by analyzing the international law rules that determine what obligations States have to implement treaties on the domestic plane and the extent to which States are required to allow individuals to invoke the specific pr…

Bilateral Treaties and Multilateral Instruments on Investment Protection (Volume 269)

(84,067 words)

Author(s): Sacerdoti, Giorgio
Sacerdoti, Giorgio Keywords: Foreign direct investment | Treaties | Mots clefs: Investissement | Traités | ABSTRACT In this course, Giorgio Sacerdoti examines and assesses the developments in bilateral treaties and recent initiatives as to multilateral instruments dealing with the promotion and protection of international investments. Investments from abroad have diversified in terms of type, sectors, and countries involved. These changes, in particular, have affected the role of developing countries as recipie…
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