Collected Courses of the Hague Academy of International Law

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Les effets de la guerre sur les traités (Volume 59)

(18,426 words)

Author(s): D. Mc Nair, Arnold
D. Mc Nair, Arnold Keywords: Wars | Treaties | Mots clefs: Guerres | Traités | ABSTRACT Arnold Mc Nair proposes to dedicate his course to the research and collection of materials in the form of judgments and diplomatic controversies rather than the discussion of theories. After a historical overview and preliminary observations, he thus successively studies the different categories of treaties which can, besides, overlap: the treaties relating to permanent laws, the treaties conferring rights of extraterritoria…

Reservations to Treaties (Volume 103)

(36,513 words)

Author(s): W. Bishop, Jr., William
W. Bishop, Jr., William Keywords: Reservations | Treaties | Mots clefs: Réserves | Traités | ABSTRACT William Bishop devotes his course to Reservations to Treaties. After a definition of the concept of reservations in the introduction, the author examines the practice concerning acceptance of reservations in bilateral treaties and multilateral treaties. He also focuses on the distinction between reservation, interpretation, and declaration. He discusses the question of the reservation clauses, and then presents…

Le problème des effets des traités a l’égard des États tiers (Volume 143)

(55,671 words)

Author(s): Cahier, Philippe
Cahier, Philippe Keywords: Third states | Treaties | Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (Vienna, 23 May 1969) | Mots clefs: Pays tiers | Traités | Convention de Vienne sur le droit des traités (Vienne, 23 mai 1969) | ABSTRACT In many cases, argues Philippe Cahier, it is only seemingly that a treaty produces the effects with regard to third parties. In reality, the rights and obligations are the result of the application of a norm of general international law or the consent of the State when one examines the root of the problem. T…

Les travaux préparatoires et l’interprétation des traités (Volume 48)

(36,618 words)

Author(s): Lauterpacht, H.
Lauterpacht, H. Keywords: Treaties | Preparatory work | Interpretation | Mots clefs: Traités | Travaux préparatoires | Interprétation | ABSTRACT H. Lauterpacht, in the introduction of his course, writes that the study of the cases of interpretation of treaties by the international and national courts enable proving the utility of the various rules of interpretation, elaborated with care, which we encounter in the treaties of international law; it leads us to conclude on their less practical significance, he notes. …

The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Régime: Assessment and Prospects (Volume 256)

(63,958 words)

Author(s): Goldblat, Jozef
Goldblat, Jozef Keywords: Proliferation | Treaties | Mots clefs: Prolifération et non-prolifération | Traité | ABSTRACT This course of Jozef Goldblat, senior lecturer and research fellow at the Geneva Graduate Institute of International Studies, focuses on the nuclear non-proliferation régime. Josef Glodblat starts his course with an overview of the early efforts to outlaw nuclear weapons. The author then presents the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (the ban on the transfer or the acquisition of nuclear weapon…

Applying the Most Favourable Treaty or Domestic Rules to Facilitate Private International Law Co-Operation (Volume 377)

(78,480 words)

Author(s): Blanca Noodt Taquela, María
Blanca Noodt Taquela, María Keywords: Treaties | Private international law | Judicial cooperation | Jurisdiction | Choice of law | Mots clefs: ABSTRACT There has been an enormous increase in the conclusion of international treaties in recent decades. This is the case of Private International Law treaties in general and those on International Judicial Cooperation in particular. The author analyzes three significant issues in the contents of Private International Law: International Jurisdiction, Applicable Law, and Inte…

Les accords internationaux concernant la double imposition et l’évasion fiscale (Volume 55)

(22,349 words)

Author(s): Bühler, Ottmar
Bühler, Ottmar Keywords: Double taxation | Treaties | Tax evasion | Mots clefs: Imposition (double) | Traités | Evasion fiscale | ABSTRACT Ottmar Buhler, in the introduction to this course, notes that the problems of tax law are due to a large number of states collecting taxes, multiplicity of the tax systems, and infinitely numerous and complicated economic relationships between countries. After a presentation of the different tax systems of the States of the world and economic relations between States giving rise t…

L’interprétation des traités d’après la Convention de Vienne sur le droit des traités (Volume 151)

(37,149 words)

Author(s): Kamil Yasseen, Mustafa
Kamil Yasseen, Mustafa Keywords: Treaties | Interpretation | Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (Vienna, 23 May 1969) | Mots clefs: Traités | Interprétation | Convention de Vienne sur le droit des traités (Vienne, 23 mai 1969) | ABSTRACT Mustafa Kamil Yasseen begins his course on the Interpretation of Treaties under the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, which has not yet entered into force at the time of writing this course, with a presentation of the general rule of interpretation, Article 31 of the Convention (good wil…

The Evolution of Sustainable Development in International Law : Inception, Meaning and Status (Volume 329)

(68,498 words)

Author(s): Schrijver, Nico
Schrijver, Nico Keywords: Sustainable development | Legal concept | Treaties | Legal principles | Public international law | Mots clefs: Développement durable | ABSTRACT Nico Schrijver, Professor at the VU University Amsterdam, assigns a triple aim to his course. First, he intends to study about the genesis of the law of sustainable development and to clarify the meaning of this concept, while evaluating the status within the public international law. Then, he proceeds to the examination of the legal principles which e…

The Enforcement of Treaties by a Federal State (Volume 141)

(29,186 words)

Author(s): T. Oliver, Covey
T. Oliver, Covey Keywords: Federal states | Treaties | Enforcement | Mots clefs: Etats fédéraux | Traités | Exécution | ABSTRACT The subject of Covey T. Oliver`s course is the description and analysis of the public law of federal states with regard to the enforcement in domestic law of treaties in the light of the requirements and expectations of public international law and the practice of international relations. The author focuses on the importance of the enforcement of treaties by federal states, the essence of …

Les tendances internationales des constitutions modernes (Volume 80)

(21,642 words)

Author(s): De Visscher, Paul
De Visscher, Paul Keywords: Treaties | Constitutional law | International law and domestic law | Mots clefs: Traités | Droit constitutionnel | Droit international et droit interne | ABSTRACT Whether we want to see in actual practice the first manifestations of an international constitutional law or want to see in international law "national law for external use", it is clear today that internationalists can no longer ignore evolution. In this course, Paul De Visscher focuses on the most recent trends in the phenomenon of ha…

Why do we Need a Law of Treaties ? Inaugural Lecture (Volume 385)

(8,523 words)

Author(s): Franklin Berman, Sir
Franklin Berman, Sir Keywords: Treaties | Law of treaties ABSTRACT In this course, the author touches on what we expect a law of treaties to be and to do and on whether those principles and rules we have achieve these aims. He argues that it was not until the creation of the International Law Commission in the early years of the United Nations that a more consciously systematic attempt was made to look at the subject of treaties in the round, or as a whole. The author discusses the two main obstacles that…

Des conflits entre principes abstraits et stipulations conventionnelles (Volume 48)

(25,324 words)

Author(s): Ray, Jean
Ray, Jean Keywords: Treaties | Public international law | Revision | Mots clefs: Traités | Droit international public | Révision | ABSTRACT History and especially the history of our time, presents to us a large number of cases in which certain clauses of treaties have been attacked, by a State related by them, in the name of certain principles of international law. In order to study this issue, Jean Ray starts with a study of certain diplomatic procedures related to the Oriental issue. He then studies a few affairs b…

La codification par traités en droit international privé dans le cadre de la Conférence de La Haye (Volume 122)

(30,182 words)

Author(s): H. Van Hoogstraten, M.
H. Van Hoogstraten, M. Keywords: Hague Conference on Private International Law | Private international law | Codification | Treaties | Mots clefs: Conférence de La Haye de droit international privé | Droit international privé | Codification | Traités | ABSTRACT The Hague Conference of Private International Law aims at working for the progressive unification of the rules of private international law (art.1 of the Statute). Just like the other international organizations, the Conference seeks to accomplish its task by concluding interna…

Les accords régionaux et le droit international (Volume 71)

(35,385 words)

Author(s): M. Yepes, J.
M. Yepes, J. Keywords: Regionalism | Treaties | Mots clefs: Régionalisme | Traités | ABSTRACT When one of the founders of international law, Hugo Grotius, has written that very often the law of nations of one of the parties of the world is not that of others, he has only expressed an axiom which is daily confirmed by history, notes J.M. Yepes. Here is the axiom: there is an international law which is universal, necessary and common to all the civilized people; but besides this universal law, there are specific…

Les conventions conclues entre les pays socialistes sur le droit civil international et le droit international de la famille (Volume 144)

(26,979 words)

Author(s): Sosniak, Mieczyslaw
Sosniak, Mieczyslaw Keywords: Socialist countries | Civil law | International law | Treaties | Family law | Private international law | Mots clefs: Pays socialistes | Droit civil | Droit international | Traités | Droit de la famille | Droit international privé | ABSTRACT Since the objective of the Socialist States is to correlate and harmonize the principles of their legal relations, they have not, however, decided to harmonize all the principles in all the concerned countries, even though, on the ground of the Socialist bloc, many agreem…

The Interaction between Customary International Law and Treaties (Volume 322)

(72,359 words)

Author(s): Dinstein, Yoram
Dinstein, Yoram Keywords: Treaties | International customary law | Law of treaties | Mots clefs: Traités | Droit coutumier international | Droit des traités | ABSTRACT Yoram Dinstein, Professor emeritus of the University of Tel Aviv, reminds us that Article 38 of the Statute of the International Court of Justice prescribes three strata – often referred to as "sources" – of international law. This study is confined to the interaction between two of those strata, namely treaties and customs, and does not deal with the gene…

Bilateral Treaties and Multilateral Instruments on Investment Protection (Volume 269)

(84,067 words)

Author(s): Sacerdoti, Giorgio
Sacerdoti, Giorgio Keywords: Foreign direct investment | Treaties | Mots clefs: Investissement | Traités | ABSTRACT In this course, Giorgio Sacerdoti examines and assesses the developments in bilateral treaties and recent initiatives as to multilateral instruments dealing with the promotion and protection of international investments. Investments from abroad have diversified in terms of type, sectors, and countries involved. These changes, in particular, have affected the role of developing countries as recipie…

Les traités et le droit interne (Volume 38)

(25,349 words)

Author(s): Mestre, Achille
Mestre, Achille Keywords: Treaties | International law and domestic law | Mots clefs: Traités | Droit international et droit interne | ABSTRACT In this course, Achille Mestre discusses some aspects of the question of the relationship between treaties and domestic law, and, mainly from the point of view of French public law, examines what positive solutions have been given to the question of the powers of the national judge with respect to treaties. The author examines the following questions: under what conditions ca…

L’interdépendance des conventions internationales du travail (Volume 121)

(36,623 words)

Author(s): Wolf, Francis
Wolf, Francis Keywords: International labour law | Treaties | Labor | Mots clefs: Droit international ouvrier | Traités | Travail | ABSTRACT Using an example of International Labor conventions and the standards based on conventions as an attempt to demonstrate the importance of the principle of the interdependence of international instruments, the author successively examines: how do International Labor Conventions complement and integrate each other; how are other interested international organizations involved in t…
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