Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Antiochus

(1,132 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and first published on 06/09/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Antiochus | Ἀντίοχος Identity: Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: ante 1st c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: A grammarian native to Alexandria, Antiochus is the author of a work on poets ridiculed in Middle Comedy1 (Περὶ τῶν ἐν τῇ μέσῃ κωμῳδίᾳ κωμῳδουμένων ποιητῶν). Athenaeus2 (11, 482c) refers to this work in a list of types of glasses a…

Ptolemaeus [8] Pindarion

(4,435 words)

Author(s): Boatti, Anna
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Anna Boatti and first published on 23/10/2002. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ptolemaeus [8] Pindarion | Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Πινδαρίων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Ptolemy son of Oroandes is often also called Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Πινδαρίων, and he lived and worked at Alexandria, where he was a student of Aristarchus1 (he is called μαθητὴς Ἀριστάρχου in Sud.π 3034); this allows us to d…

Orus

(11,372 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 20/05/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Orus | Ὦρος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 5th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The Suda1 , which drew on Hesychius of Miletus’2 Onomasticon3, informs us that Orus, a native of Alexandria, taught at Constantinople; we do not know whether his teaching was connected with an imperial post (cf. K. Alpers, Das attizistische Lexikon…

Ammonius [2] Alexandrinus

(4,659 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 28/08/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ammonius [2] Alexandrinus | Ἀμμώνιος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Ammonius, the son of Ammonius, was a student of Aristarchus1 and his successor as head of his school (Didymean scholion to Il. 10, 397-399a: ... Ἀμμωνίῳ τῷ διαδεξαμένῳ τὴν σχολήν). He engaged in Homeric2 exegesis…

Ptolemaeus [6] VIII Euergetes II

(4,629 words)

Author(s): Savio, Martina
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Martina Savio and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ptolemaeus [6] VIII Euergetes II | Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Εὐεργήτης Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: post 182 – 116 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II was the son of Ptolemy V Epiphanes1 and Cleopatra I2, and he was the younger brother of Ptolemy VI Philometor3. The terminus post quem for his birth has been fixed…

Harpocration [3]

(4,500 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Harpocration [3] | Ἁρποκρατίων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 4th c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Active in the late Imperial Age, Harpocration was the author of a Περὶ φυσικῶν δυνάμεων ζῴων τε καὶ φυτῶν καὶ λίθων, i.e., a study of the δυνάμεις of plants, animals, and stones. In the past this Harpocration was…

Zenodotus [2]

(3,330 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 16/06/05. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Zenodotus [2] | Ζηνόδοτος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd/1st c. BCE (?) ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian Zenodotus was born in Alexandria, and the Suda1 applies the epithet ὁ ἐν ἄστει to distinguish him from the better known Zenodotus of Ephesus2. He has been wrongly identified with Zenodotus3 the follower of C…

Agapius

(717 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 31/03/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Agapius | Ἀγάπιος Identity: Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 4th-5th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Our information about Agapius comes ultimately from Damascius1, whom both Photius2 and the Suda3 draw upon. A native of Alexandria, Agapius was well known for his wide learning and for the deep respect that, according…

Philostratus [1]

(1,581 words)

Author(s): Perrone, Serena
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Serena Perrone and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Philostratus [1] | Φιλόστρατος Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: ante 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: A Philostratus who was the author of a work on Sophocles’1 plagiarism2 is cited in the φιλόλογος ἀκρόασις by Porphyry ( ap. Eus. PE. 10, 3, 13) and in a commentary on an unknown tragedy from a papyrus of the Roman era ( PSI 1287 = TrGF adesp. fr. 722). Porphy…

Amarantus

(3,291 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Amarantus | Ἀμάραντος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Athenaeus1 (10, 414f) identifies Amarantus as ὁ Ἀλεξανδρεύς, but we do not know if this is simply a reference to his homeland or rather (also) to the geographical and cultural realm of his activity. The terminus post quem for his date is drawn fro…

Ammonius [4] Neoplatonicus

(8,200 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 09/10/2002. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ammonius [4] Neoplatonicus | Ἀμμώνιος Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: first half of the 6th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Ammonius, son of Hermias1, was born in Alexandria and was a crucial figure of 6th c. CE Neo-Platonism: he attended the lectures of Proclus2 at Athens, and then he served as director of the Academy of Alexan…

Dionysius [11] Iambus

(2,963 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 13/10/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [11] Iambus | Διονύσιος ὁ Ἴαμβος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: We know very little about Dionysius ὁ Ἴαμβος: according to the Suda1 he was the teacher of Aristophanes of Byzantium2, along with Euphronius3 and Machon4; this favors a date in the mid-3rd c. BCE during the reign of Pto…

Theodosius

(1,335 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Theodosius | Θεοδόσιος Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 4th-5th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Theodosius was a grammarian native to Alexandria and can be dated to the 4th/5th c. CE because he was a contemporary of Synesius of Cyrene1, who, in a letter to his brother, sends greetings to a θαυμάσιος γραμματικὸς Θεοδόσιος, who is commonly identifie…

Iulius [4] Vestinus

(2,579 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 21/02/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Iulius [4] Vestinus | Οὐηστῖνος Ἰούλιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: age of Hadrian ↓ To Source List Biography: We know from one epigraphical testimonium ( IG 14, 1085 = OGI 679, an inscription found at Rome on the Via Ostiensis) some biographical details about the career of Julius Vestinus, who descended from a …

Ptolemaeus [4] Chennos

(10,085 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ptolemaeus [4] Chennos | Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Χέννος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 1st-2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Ptolemy, the son of a man named Hephaestion, was nicknamed Χέννος (“quail”) and was a native of Alexandria; he lived, according to the two entries about him in the Suda1, between the reigns of Nero2 ( Sud.ε 2004) and Hadrian…

Iulius [3] Theon, C.

(818 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Iulius [3] Theon, C. | Ἰούλιος Θέων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 1st c. BCE – 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: A Gaius Iulius Theon, a Stoic philosopher of Alexandria and contemporary of Augustus1, is mentioned by the Suda2 (θ 203) who credits him with a ὑπόμνημα on the introduction to the physics of Apollodorus (probably A…

Apollonius [10] Idographus

(1,447 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Apollonius [10] Idographus | Ἀπολλώνιος ὁ εἰδογράφος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 3rd-2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: We find some information about the dating of Apollonius and his city of origin in POxy. 10.1241. A chrestomathy of history1 and mythology2, this document furnishes us with a list of grammaria…

Hephaestion

(6,092 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 12/12/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hephaestion | Ἡφαιστίων Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The biographical information that we have for the metrician1 Hephaestion is quite meager. O. Hense ( Hephaistion [n. 7], RE 8, 1 [1912], p. 295) thought that he was the son of Ptolemy Chennos2 and that his grandfather was th…

Valerius [4] Pollio

(1,911 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 15/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Valerius [4] Pollio | Πωλίων ὁ Οὐαλέριος Identity: FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: age of Hadrian ↓ To Source List Biography: Valerius Pollio was an Alexandrian grammarian and the father of the lexicographer Valerius Diodorus1 according to the Suda2. Turner ( Oxyrhynchus, 1952, pp. 91-92) has identified him as the Pol…

Helladius [3]

(3,491 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Helladius [3] | Ἑλλάδιος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 4th-5th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Helladius was a priest of Zeus1 at Alexandria and lived during the reign of Theodosius II2; because he was involved in the disorders following the destruction of the Serapeum, he had to flee to …
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