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Silver Bowl (Brooklyn Museum 54.50.36) (2.51A)

(159 words)

Contributor(s): Hallo, William W.
Subject: Monumental Inscriptions from the Biblical World; West Semitic Monumental Inscriptions; Votive Inscriptions; Aramaic Inscriptions Commentary To Hanilat1 Silver Bowl (Brooklyn Museum 54.50.36) (2.51A) Bibliographical References Text: I. Rabinowitz, ‛“Aramaic Inscriptions of the Fifth Century B.C.E. from a North-Arab Shrine in Egypt.”  JNES 15:1–9. ( 1956 ) ’ ,  TAD D15.1. Studies: W. J. Dumbrell, ‛“The Tell el-Maskhuṭa Bowls and the ‘Kingdom’ of Qedar in the Persian Period.”  BASOR 203:33–44. ( 1971 ) ’ , Fitzmyer and Kaufman 1992:B.3.f.12. Notes^ back to text1. Elli…

Funerary Stela (Saqqarah; Location Unknown) (2.63)

(70 words)

Author(s): Porten, Bezalel
Subject: Monumental Inscriptions from the Biblical World; West Semitic Monumental Inscriptions; Mortuary Inscriptions; Aramaic Inscriptions Funerary Stela (Saqqarah; Location Unknown) (2.63) Blessed be Peṭees[e] son of Yhʾ[1… by/before DN] Bibliographical References Aimé-Giron 1939 Fitzmyer and Kaufman 1992:B.3.e.28  TAD D20.4. Notes^ back to text1. The praenomen is Eg. ( pʾ-dy-ʾs.t, “The [One] whom Isis Gave”) but the fragmentary patronym is unrecoverable.Porten, Bezalel

Funerary Stela (Carpentras) (2.64)

(1,776 words)

Author(s): Porten, Bezalel
Subject: Monumental Inscriptions from the Biblical World; West Semitic Monumental Inscriptions; Mortuary Inscriptions; Aramaic Inscriptions Commentary This inscription may be entitled “The Immortalization of Taba.” Its composer was well-versed in Egyptian funerary vocabulary. In a grammatically correct, well-fashioned quatrain he has deftly woven original Aramaic formulae — “Blessed be Tabi” (1a), “Before Osiris blessed be” (3a), “serve” (4a) — into translations of Egyptian terminology and formulary. Bicolon (1…

Funerary Stela From Saqqarah (Berlin Gipsformerei 939 Formerly ÄM 7707 [destroyed WW II]) (2.62)

(1,296 words)

Author(s): Porten, Bezalel
Subject: Monumental Inscriptions from the Biblical World; West Semitic Monumental Inscriptions; Mortuary Inscriptions; Aramaic Inscriptions Commentary Aramaic text Funerary Stela From Saqqarah (Berlin Gipsformerei 939 Formerly ÄM 7707 [destroyed WW II]) (2.62) Subject: Esth 1:1; Dan 9:1; Ezra 4:6 Blessed be Abah son of Ḥor1 and Aḥatabu daughter of Adiyah,2 all (told),3 of Khastemeḥi the city4 before Osiris the god.5 Absali son of Abah,6 his mother (being) Aḥatabu,7 thus said8 in year 4, month of Meḥir, (of) Xerxes9  a the king10 … Hieroglyphic text ( Transcrip…

Silver Bowl (Brooklyn Museum 54.50.34) (2.51D)

(469 words)

Contributor(s): Hallo, William W.
Subject: Monumental Inscriptions from the Biblical World; West Semitic Monumental Inscriptions; Votive Inscriptions; Aramaic Inscriptions Silver Bowl (Brooklyn Museum 54.50.34) (2.51D) Subject: Gen 4:1; 5:9; Neh 2:19; 6:1–2, 6; Gen 25:13; 1 Chr 1:29; Isa 21:16–17; 42:11; 60:7; Jer 2:10; 49:28; Ps 120:5; Cant 1:5; Ezra 7:17 That which Kainu1  c son of Geshem2  d king3 of Kedar4  e offered f to Hanilat Bibliographical References  AC No. 44 Contineau 1932:142  DAE No. 78 W. J. Dumbrell, ‛“The Tell el-Maskhuṭa Bowls and the ‘Kingdom’ of Qedar in the Persian Period.”  BASOR 203:33–…

Silver Bowl (Brooklyn Museum 57.121) (2.51B)

(254 words)

Contributor(s): Hallo, William W.
Subject: Monumental Inscriptions from the Biblical World; West Semitic Monumental Inscriptions; Votive Inscriptions; Aramaic Inscriptions Silver Bowl (Brooklyn Museum 57.121) (2.51B) Subject: Ezra 7:17 (That which)1 Ḥarbek2 son of Pa (u)siri3 offered4  a to Hanilat the goddess5 Bibliographical References Text: I. Rabinowitz, ‛“Another Aramaic Record of the North-Arabian Goddess Han-ʾilat.”  JNES 18:154–155. ( 1959 ) ’ ,  TAD D15.1. Studies: W. J. Dumbrell, ‛“The Tell el-Maskhuṭa Bowls and the ‘Kingdom’ of Qedar in the Persian Period.”  BASOR 203:33–44. ( 1971 ) ’ , Fit…

Aramaic Mortuary Texts from Egypt (2.P185)

(627 words)

Author(s): Porten, Bezalel
Subject: Monumental Inscriptions from the Biblical World; West Semitic Monumental Inscriptions; Mortuary Inscriptions; Aramaic Inscriptions Commentary Achaemenid Egypt has yielded a half-dozen mortuary texts, one offering table and five stelae with Aramaic inscriptions. Their period of discovery spans two and one-quarter centuries (1704–1920’s ce). Three certainly, and the others most likely, were found in the Memphis-Saqqarah area, and today each is housed in a different museum — Louvre in Paris ( COS COSB.2.60 [discovered 1851]), Musées Royaux d…

Funerary Stela (Brussels E. 4716) (2.61)

(546 words)

Author(s): Porten, Bezalel
Subject: Monumental Inscriptions from the Biblical World; West Semitic Monumental Inscriptions; Mortuary Inscriptions; Aramaic Inscriptions Funerary Stela (Brussels E. 4716) (2.61) Subject: Gen 14:19; Judg 17:2; 1 Sam 15:13; Ps 115:15; Ruth 3:10 Blessed1  a be Tuma2 daughter of Bokrinf3 by4  a Osiris.5 Bibliographical References Lipiński 1975b T. Muraoka, ‛“Hebrew Philological Notes.”  AJBI 5:88–104. ( 1979 ) ’ , Muraoka and Porten 1998 RÉS 1788 J. Scharbart, ‛“ brk.”  TDOT 2:279–308. ( 1975 ) ’ , Jürgen Kurt Stark, Personal names in Palmyrene inscriptions., …

Tell el-Maskhuṭa Libation Bowls (2.51)

(325 words)

Author(s): Porten, Bezalel
Subject: Monumental Inscriptions from the Biblical World; West Semitic Monumental Inscriptions; Votive Inscriptions; Aramaic Inscriptions Commentary In 1954 the Brooklyn Museum acquired three inscribed libation bowls, and then a fourth in 1957. They were said to have been found at Tel el-Maskhuṭa, ca. 12 miles west of Ismailia, and were published by Isaac Rabinowitz in 1956 and 1959 ( TAD D15.1–4). Three are to be dated to the first half of the fifth century ( TAD D15.1–3 =  COS COSB.2.51A-C) and the fourth to the second half ( TAD D15.4 =  COS COSB.2.51D). They we…

Offering Table from the Memphis Serapeum (2.60)

(1,520 words)

Author(s): Porten, Bezalel
Subject: Monumental Inscriptions from the Biblical World; West Semitic Monumental Inscriptions; Mortuary Inscriptions; Aramaic Inscriptions Commentary Written somewhat carelessly without clear word separation, this four-line text (Louvre A0 4824) is susceptible to different interpretations (see notes). The smoothest translation is achieved if we view it as a calque on Egyptian grammar. We surmise that the memorial offering-table was originally deposited in a public place outside the sanctuary proper. Offerings,…

Silver Bowl (Brooklyn Museum 54.50.32) (2.51C)

(327 words)

Contributor(s): Hallo, William W.
Subject: Monumental Inscriptions from the Biblical World; West Semitic Monumental Inscriptions; Votive Inscriptions; Aramaic Inscriptions Silver Bowl (Brooklyn Museum 54.50.32) (2.51C) Subject: Ezra 7:17 That which1 Ṣeḥo son of Abdamru2 offered b to Hanilat Bibliographical References Text: I. Rabinowitz, ‛“Aramaic Inscriptions of the Fifth Century B.C.E. from a North-Arab Shrine in Egypt.”  JNES 15:1–9. ( 1956 ) ’ ,  TAD D15.3. Studies: William Henri Guiton, Le cri des pierres : le témoignage de l'archéologie à la Bible, (Paris, 1939) …

Funerary Stela (Vatican Museum 10 Sala 22787) (2.65)

(141 words)

Author(s): Porten, Bezalel
Subject: Monumental Inscriptions from the Biblical World; West Semitic Monumental Inscriptions; Mortuary Inscriptions; Aramaic Inscriptions Funerary Stela (Vatican Museum 10 Sala 22787) (2.65) Ankhoḥapi son of Takhabes,1 excellent (one)2 of Osiris the god. Bibliographical References  CIS 2.142 H. Donner, ‛“Elemente ägyptischen Totenglaubens bei den Aramäern Ägyptens.” Pp. 35–44 in Religions en Égypte hellénistique et romaine. Ed. by P. Derchain. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France. ( 1969 ) ’ , Fitzmyer and Kaufman 1992:B.3.f.28  HNE 1:448,2:Pl. 28.4  KAI #2…

Tombstone Inscription (Greco-Roman Museum 18361) (2.66)

(466 words)

Author(s): Porten, Bezalel
Subject: Monumental Inscriptions from the Biblical World; West Semitic Monumental Inscriptions; Mortuary Inscriptions; Aramaic Inscriptions Commentary Among the tombstones uncovered at the necropolis in el-Ibrahimiya, Alexandria, in 1906 by E. Breccia were three of limestone with Aramaic inscriptions. They were published in 1907 by Clermont-Ganneau ( TAD D21.4-6) and have been much discussed. The one reproduced here bears a name reminiscent of that of one of the last Davidides — Akkub son of Elioenai (1 Chr 3:24).2 The praenomen, of course, is the hypocoristicon of Ak…

The Tomb Inscription of Siʾgabbar, Priest of Sahar (2.59)

(661 words)

Author(s): McCarter, P. Kyle
Subject: Monumental Inscriptions from the Biblical World; West Semitic Monumental Inscriptions; Mortuary Inscriptions; Aramaic Inscriptions Commentary Two funerary reliefs depicting deceased priests and inscribed with their epitaphs were found in 1891 at Nerab, southeast of Aleppo. The two inscriptions, which date to the early seventh century bce, are written in the dialect known as Empire Aramaic, recognizable from a number of features of grammar and lexicon that show the influence of the dominant Assyrian language and culture of the perio…