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Esarhaddon’s Thompson Prism (Nineveh A) (4.39)

(6,237 words)

Author(s): Hurowitz, Victor Avigdor
Commentary Subject: 2Kgs 21:1–18; 2Chr 33:1–20 One of the most important sources for the reign of Esarhaddon is the fully preserved hexagonal prism known for many years as the Thompson Prism, and eventually classified by Borger as Nineveh A.1 This text, written in the king’s eighth year (673bce) has been the subject of recent scholarly interest2 because of the light it sheds on Esarhaddon’s reign until slightly after his failed Egyptian campaign, and before his victorious war with Šubria3; but especially for the king’s “apology,” in which he explains his selection as heir…

The Mesopotamian “Washing Of The Mouth” (Mīspī) Or “Opening Of The Mouth” (Pītpī) Ritual (4.32A–C) (4.32A-C)

(9,623 words)

Author(s): Dick, Michael
Introduction “O great gods, with whom does the creation of gods and goddesses appropriately belong? You have you been constantly entrusting me (by oracle) with this difficult task (to be done) in a taboo place.” (Leichty 2011:107, Text 48, line 66). Could any Israelite prophet have put the theological issue more bluntly than the Assyrian King Esarhaddon cited above? Although the Hebrew Bible has many prohibitions against the worship of cult statues,1 most of the icon polemics focus on iconoplasty, the making of that divine image. The prophets attack the cult image …

The Slandered Bride (3.119)

(418 words)

Author(s): Hallo, William W.
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; Akkadian Archival Documents; Courtcases; Babylon Commentary Case law or “conditional law” is often based on actual precedent, and sometimes the provisions of Old Babylonian law, or even biblical law, seem to reflect situations encountered in court cases. A little dossier of three documents dating to the reign of Samsu-iluna (ca. 1749–1712 bce), illustrates provisions in the Laws of Hammurapi, his father and predecessor, as well as the casuistic legislation of Deuteronomy.1 In addition to a wedding document and a suppl…

Aššurbanipal’s Rassam Prism (A) (4.41)

(12,799 words)

Author(s): Hurowitz, Victor Avigdor
Commentary Subject: Jer 1:5; 2Kgs 19:9; Jer 37:9; Nah 3:8; Ezek 30:14–16; Jer 46:25; 2 Kgs 23:29; Jer 46:2; 2 Chr 35:20; Jer 9:3; Deut 28:53–57; 2Kgs 19:36–37; Isa 37:37–38; Lev 26:29; Deut 28:53–57; Jer 19:9; Ezek 5:10; 2Kgs 6:28–29; Lam 2:20; 4:10; 2Kgs 7:1, 17, 18; Deut 28:53–57; Deut 29:19, 26; Lev 26:26; Deut 29:23–24; 1Kgs 9:8–9 Aššurbanipal is mentioned in the Bible only once, in an Aramaic letter where he is called Osnapar (Ezra 4:10), and is said to have deported several peoples from Babylonia and Elam and settled them in the city of Samaria a…