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Ugaritic Lunar Omens (1.91)

(1,451 words)

Author(s): Pardee, Dennis
Subject: Canonical Compositions from the Biblical World; West Semitic Canonical Compositions; Divine Focus; Divination Commentary Like the texts for divination by misformed births, the Ugaritic collection of lunar omens corresponds directly to a Mesopotamian series, in this case Sin, the name of the Mesopotamian lunar deity. This text, which was discovered in 1978 at the site of Ras Ibn Hani, only a few kilometers from Ras Shamra, is badly damaged, only the upper portion having been preserved and that incomple…

Ugaritic Dream Omens (1.93)

(1,493 words)

Author(s): Pardee, Dennis
Subject: Canonical Compositions from the Biblical World; West Semitic Canonical Compositions; Divine Focus; Divination Commentary This text, discovered in 1954 in the palace, is in a very poor state of preservation and its interpretation is uncertain (editio princeps by Virolleaud 1965, text 158). The presence of the word “dreams” in the first line and the variety of terms that have been preserved in the following lines make it at least plausible that we have here a rough catalogue of items that may be seen in…

Mesopotamian Omens (1.120)

(4,231 words)

Contributor(s): Hallo, William W.
Subject: Canonical Compositions from the Biblical World; Akkadian Canonical Compositions; Divine Focus; Divination Mesopotamian Omens (1.120) Subject: Ezek 21:26; Dan 2:4; 2 Kgs 16:15; Gen 44:5, 15; Dan 8:3; Dan 5:11; Isa 47:12–13; Jer 10:2; Nah 3:16; Gen 11:1–9; Dan 5:5; Lev 14:33; Exod 26:1; 1 Sam 14:8–12; 1 Kgs 20:30–35; Judg 7:13f; Lev 18:22; Lev 20:13; Deut 18:10–11; Lev 19:31; 20:6–7; 1 Sam 28:6–14; Isa 8:19; 2 Kgs 21:6; 1 Sam 3; Jer 23:25; 1 Sam 28:6; Gen 40:1–23; Dan 2:1–49; Judg 7:13f; Deut 13:2–6; Lev 13 Extispicy1  a  1. If there is a Hal sign at the emplacement of “the well–b…

Ugaritic Extispicy (1.92)

(2,487 words)

Author(s): Pardee, Dennis
Subject: Canonical Compositions from the Biblical World; West Semitic Canonical Compositions; Divine Focus; Divination Commentary The practice of extispicy (the examination of the organs of a sacrificed animal for purposes of divination) is attested in the ancient Near East by collections of omens of the types encountered above (“if such–and–such a feature is present, such–and–such an event will occur”) and by inscribed models of the organs themselves. Only the latter category is presently attested at Ugarit. …

Ugaritic Birth Omens (1.90)

(3,121 words)

Author(s): Pardee, Dennis
Subject: Canonical Compositions from the Biblical World; West Semitic Canonical Compositions; Divine Focus; Divination Commentary Recorded observations of the natural world in the Levantine and Mesopotamian areas of the ancient Near East had two primary foci, medical and divinatory. The two areas were probably thought to be equally empirical. In the case of a symptom, one applied a given remedy or remedies and the complaint was supposed to go away. Other natural phenomena were thought to be followed by events …