Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Valerius [3] Harpocration

(1,839 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 23/09/2004. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Valerius [3] Harpocration | Ἁρποκρατίων ὁ Οὐαλέριος Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The brief biographical entry in the Suda1 lexicon (α 4014) does not go further than describing Valerius Harpocration as an Alexandrian rhetorician and mentioning the title of two …

Albinus

(4,810 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Versione della scheda: La prima versione italiana di questa scheda di Fausto Montana è stata pubblicata il 08/10/2002. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Albinus | Ἀλβῖνος Identità: BNP Luogo di provenienza: ? Data: 2° sec. d.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Discepolo di Gaio ed esponente del medioplatonismo, Albino svolse attività d’insegnamento ed ebbe tra gli allievi Galeno allorquando questi, nel 151-152, si trasferì da Pergamo a Smirne per proseguire i propri studi di medicina (Gal. Libr. 2: 19, 16 Kühn). Quanto sappiamo dei suoi scritti …

Alexander [6] Cotiaeus

(10,332 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Alexander [6] Cotiaeus | Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Κοτιαεύς Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Kotiaeion (Phrygia) Date: ca. 70/80 – ca. 150 CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Κοτιαεύς, a native of the Phrygian city of Κοτιάειον (this is the correct form of the toponym according to Strabo1 12, 8, 122, as opposed to Κοτυάειον and Κοτιαέ…

Alexander [5] Aetolus

(3,604 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Fausto Montana è stata pubblicata il 01/11/2018. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Alexander [5] Aetolus | Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Αἰτωλός Identità: Perseus | BNP Luogo di provenienza: Pleurone Data: ca. 315-? a.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: La Suda (α 1127 = test. 1 Snell-Kannicht = test. 1 Magnelli) ci informa che Alessandro Etolo nacque a Pleurone, in Etolia, e che i genitori si chiamavano Satiro e Stratocleia. Altrove (α 3745 = test. 2 Snell-Kannicht = test. 2 Magnelli) il lessico biza…

Menophanes

(1,653 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 20/12/2015. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Menophanes | Μηνοφάνης Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: What little knowledge we have about Menophanes is based on the isolated testimony of Photius’1 Bibliotheca2 (cod. 176, 120a 6-14), where he is cited in connection with the tradition of the Philippika of Theopompus of Chios3; he appears as an interpreter …

Callias

(837 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Versione della scheda: La prima versione italiana di questa scheda di Fausto Montana è stata pubblicata il 5/7/2003. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Callias | Καλλίας Identità: BNP Luogo di provenienza: Mitilene Data: 3°-2° sec. a.C.? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: L’origine del grammatico Callia si ricava da un passo di Ateneo (3, 85f Καλλίας δ’ ὁ Μιτυληναῖος), nel quale è citato in parallelo ad Aristofane di Bisanzio (vedi infra). Alcuni hanno voluto vedere in questa contiguità un indizio di prossimità cronologica dei due grammatici…

Symmachus [1]

(6,213 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 10/10/2003. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Symmachus [1] | Σύμμαχος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 1st-2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The terminus ante quem for the life of Symmachus is furnished by Herodianus1 (2nd c. CE), who cites him in his Περὶ μονήρους λέξεως2 (2, p. 945 Lentz). This date is consistent with the fact that Symmachus rejected the account of the death of the Athenia…

Callias

(901 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 5/7/2003. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Callias | Καλλίας Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Mitylene Date: 3rd-2nd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: We can discern the native land of the grammarian Callias from a passage of Athenaeus1 (3, 85f Καλλίας δ’ ὁ Μιτυληναῖος), who cites him along with Aristophanes of Byzantium2 (see infra). Some scholars have wanted to see in this connection…

Didymus [2] Claudius

(4,453 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Versione della scheda: La prima versione italiana di questa scheda di Fausto Montana è stata pubblicata il 20/12/2015. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Didymus [2] Claudius | Δίδυμος ὁ Κλαύδιος Identità: BNP Luogo di provenienza: ? Data: 1° sec. d.C.? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: L’identità e l’esistenza stessa di un grammatico di nome Didimo Claudio sono controverse. L’unica attestazione del nome greco accompagnato dal cognomen latino è nella relativa voce della Suda (δ 874), che fornisce anche tre titoli di opere: è così possibile rubr…

Timachidas

(4,459 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 10/01/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Timachidas | Τιμαχίδας Identity: Place of Origin: Lindus (Rhodes) Date: 2nd/1st c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The dating of the Rhodian grammarian Timachidas is intertwined with the problem of his possible identification with the Τιμαχίδας Ἁγησιτίμου Λινδοπολίτας cited in the inscription of the so-called Chronicle of the temple of Lindus

Chaeris

(10,361 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 20/12/2015. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Chaeris | Χαῖρις Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd/1st c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: We have no certain information about the life of Chaeris. We know from his fragments that he lived after Aristarchus1, with whom he shares or disputes some philological opinions about the Iliad2, and before Didymus3, who used his writings ( Sch. A Il. 6, …

Phainus

(2,807 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 20/12/2015. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Phainus | Φαεινός Place of Origin: ? Date: imperial age ↓ To Source List Biography: Our knowledge of the grammarian Φαεινός comes from only his name and a handful of fragments, all concerning or referring to exegesis on preserved comedies of Aristophanes1. The name Phainus is documented at Rome for slaves and freedmen of Greek origin in …

Diogenianus

(7,987 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 10/10/2003. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Diogenianus | Διογενειανός Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Heraclea (?) Date: age of Hadrian ↓ To Source List Biography: What little biographical information we have about Diogenianus comes from an entry dedicated to him in the Suda1 (δ 1140), which states that he was a native of a city named Heraclea, with the definite exclusion of…

Menophanes

(1,494 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Versione della scheda: La prima versione italiana di questa scheda di Fausto Montana è stata pubblicata il 20/12/2015. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Menophanes | Μηνοφάνης Identità: BNP Luogo di provenienza: ? Data: ? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: La nostra esigua conoscenza di Menofane riposa sulla testimonianza isolata della Bibliotheca di Fozio (cod. 176, 120a 6-14), dove è citato in relazione alla tradizione dei Philippika di Teopompo di Chio, a quanto pare in qualità di interprete dell’opera dello storico (Μ. δέ τις τὰ περὶ Θεόπομπον διεξιών) …

Aelius [1] Dionysius

(30,458 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Fausto Montana è stata pubblicata il 01/11/2018. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Aelius [1] Dionysius | Αἴλιος Διονύσιος Identità: Perseus | BNP Luogo di provenienza: Alicarnasso Data: 1°-2° sec. d.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Nativo di Alicarnasso, come lo storiografo e retore quasi omonimo (=> Dionysius [5]), suo illustre avo secondo la Suda (δ 1174), Elio Dionisio visse nell’età di Adriano. Rimane aperta la questione della sua possibile identificazione con il grammatico Διονύσι…

Nicanor [3]

(10,422 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 09/01/2006 – 23/09/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Nicanor [3] | Νικάνωρ Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: Age of Hadrian ↓ To Source List Biography: The biographical entry in the Suda1 (ν 375) tells us that the Alexandrian grammarian Nicanor, the son of Hermias2, lived in the age of Hadrian3, and it establishes that he was a contemporary of the grammarian Hermi…

Callistratus

(12,881 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Versione della scheda: La prima versione italiana di questa scheda di Fausto Montana è stata pubblicata il 20/11/2007 – 20/10/2008. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Callistratus | Καλλίστρατος Identità: BNP | BNJ Luogo di provenienza: ? Data: 2° sec. a.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Il luogo di origine di Callistrato è ignoto. Come sembra dallo Sch. Aristoph. Thesm. 917 (⟨οὐκ⟩ ἀνάξιος δὲ ἂν εἴη ὁ Καλλίστρατος πιστεύεσθαι ὡς ἂν παρὰ διδασκάλου τοῦ Ἀριστοφάνους λέγων) e dalla testimonianza di Ateneo, che in due luoghi lo definisce ὁ Ἀριστοφάνειος (1, 2…

Aelius [1] Dionysius

(30,303 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aelius [1] Dionysius | Αἴλιος Διονύσιος Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Halicarnassus Date: 1st-2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: A native of Halicarnassus, like the historiographer and rhetor1 who shared his name and who was his illustrious forefather according to the Suda2 (δ 1174), Aelius Dionysius lived in the age of Hadrian3. The quest…

Harpocration [2]

(3,819 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 30/11/2004. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Harpocration [2] | Ἁρποκρατίων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Argos Date: ca. late 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Harpocration was an exponent of Middle Platonism1 and a student of Atticus2. Proclus3 ( in Remp. 2, p. 96, 11-13 Kroll) mentions him among τῶν Πλατωνικῶν οἱ κορυφαῖοι in the era before Porphyry4. Within these restrictions he is…

Phainus

(2,561 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Versione della scheda: La prima versione italiana di questa scheda di Fausto Montana è stata pubblicata il 20/12/2015. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Phainus | Φαεινός Luogo di provenienza: ? Data: età imperiale ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Del grammatico Φαεινός sono noti unicamente il nome e una manciata di frammenti, tutti inerenti o riferibili a esegesi a commedie conservate di Aristofane. Il nome Phainus è documentato a Roma per schiavi e liberti di origine greca in epigrafi di età imperiale (1°-3° sec. d.C.: Solin 2003, …
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