Brill’s Digital Library of World War I

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The Mater Dolorosa on the Battlefield— Mourning Mothers in German Women’s Art of the First World War

(10,203 words)

Author(s): Siebrecht, Claudia
Siebrecht, Claudia - The Mater Dolorosa on the Battlefield— Mourning Mothers in German Women’s Art of the First World War Keywords: First World War | German women's art | maternal sacrifice ISFWWS-Keywords: Women and War | Visual Arts | Germany | Religion | Society | Home fronts Abstract: A predominant theme in women's art of the First World War is that of maternal sacrifice. Contemporary women's literature, short stories and poetry also present the experience of mothers sacrificing their sons for the fatherland as the most im…

Index

(2,913 words)

Contributor(s): Meyer, Jessica
Meyer, Jessica - Index Keywords: British popular culture | clothing | First World War | food Abstract: This index contains a list of terms and concepts that occur in the book British Popular Culture and the First World War. Showcasing the work of both established academics and emerging scholars of the field, this book discusses aspects of British popular culture from the material cultures of food and clothing to the representational cultures of literature and film. The result is an engaging and invigorating re-examination of the First World War and its place in British culture. British Po…

Diverse Constructions: Feminist and Conservative Women’s Movements and Their Contribution to the (Re-)Construction of Gender Relations in Hungary after the First World War

(8,854 words)

Author(s): Acsády, Judit
Acsády, Judit - Diverse Constructions: Feminist and Conservative Women’s Movements and Their Contribution to the (Re-)Construction of Gender Relations in Hungary after the First World War Keywords: feminists (FE) | First World War | Hungarian Women's National Federation (MANSZ) | prisoners of war (POWs) | remobilisation | women organisations ISFWWS-Keywords: Austria-Hungary | Legacy | Society | Literature | Religion | Prisoners of War | Gender | Intellectuals and the War Abstract: The issue of changing gender relations was handled very differently by the two …

Illustrations

(499 words)

Contributor(s): Meyer, Jessica
Meyer, Jessica - Illustrations Keywords: active service | British popular culture | First World War | tailoring | trenches Abstract: This section contains illustrations of eight figures relevant to discussion of British Popular Culture and the First World War. The first figure illustrates outfits for active service. The second figure deals with “Tailoring in the Trenches”. The third figure shows the members of the women’s volunteer reserve on their fortnightly route march. The last two figures illustrate postcards showing convalescent guides. British Popular Culture and the …

The Development of the Swiss Army’s Combat Methods after the First World War

(6,083 words)

Author(s): Olsansky, M. M.
Olsansky, M. M. - The Development of the Swiss Army’s Combat Methods after the First World War Keywords: combat methods | Felddienst 27 | First World War | Swiss army Abstract: As is generally known, Switzerland's armed forces did not actively participate in the power struggles of the First World War and were not directly confronted with the changes in warfare between 1914 and 1918. This chapter focuses on the development of the combat methods of the Swiss army in the 1920s. This decade reveals to what ex…

Liaisons not so Dangerous: First World War Liaison Officers and Marshal Ferdinand Foch

(9,133 words)

Author(s): Greenhalgh, Elizabeth
Greenhalgh, Elizabeth - Liaisons not so Dangerous: First World War Liaison Officers and Marshal Ferdinand Foch Keywords: DuCane | First World War | General Ferdinand Foch | liaison Officers ISFWWS-Keywords: French Army and its combattants | Military organisation of combat | France | Britain | Soldiers and Combat | International Relations during the War | Politics | Belgium Abstract: This paper examines the work of Foch's liaison officers in order to show how their reporting illuminates his actions in carrying out his various wartime command r…

German and French Regiments on the Western Front, 1914–1918

(18,055 words)

Author(s): Meteling, Wencke
Meteling, Wencke - German and French Regiments on the Western Front, 1914–1918 Keywords: First World War | French armies | German army | Western Front ISFWWS-Keywords: Western Front | French Army and its combattants | Germany | Military organisation of combat | Experience of combat | Published memoirs and biographies | Science, Technology, and Medicine | Society | Legacy Abstract: This chapter talks about how the fundamental changes in the German and French armies developed at regimental level during the First World War. It explores a central …

Imperialism, Nationalism and the First World War in India

(8,519 words)

Author(s): Das, Santanu
Das, Santanu - Imperialism, Nationalism and the First World War in India Keywords: empire | First World War | imperialism | India | Nationalism | nationalist leaders | sepoys | Western Front ISFWWS-Keywords: India | The French and British Empires | Politics | Western Front | Experience of combat | Published memoirs and biographies Abstract: This article explores the relationship between empire, India and the First World War, by examining both the responses to the war within India, and the experience of the sepoys in the Western Front. In …

The First World War and German Memory

(13,798 words)

Author(s): Kramer, Alan
Kramer, Alan - The First World War and German Memory Keywords: First World War | German memory | lightning warfare | Weimar Republic ISFWWS-Keywords: Germany | Legacy | Intellectuals and the War | Literature | Culture | Politics | Belgium Abstract: This chapter outlines the German memory of the First World War. It discusses collective memory, political culture and historical scholarship in the period 1918 to 1939, the Second World War, and since 1945. The memory of the war was increasingly a battleground in the final …

The Indian Army and Internal Security: 1919–1946

(13,561 words)

Author(s): Johnson, Rob
Johnson, Rob - The Indian Army and Internal Security: 1919–1946 Keywords: Amritsar | British internal security | civil power | First World War | Indian Army | inter-war years | Quit India campaign Abstract: This chapter seeks to illustrate how British and Indian troops were used in 'Aid of the Civil Power' and how British concerns about maintaining internal security paved the way for the abrupt ending of the Raj. The experience of the First World War had reinforced the possibility that the Indian Army would have to send expeditionary forces overseas to …

Neutral Tones. The Netherlands and Switzerland and Their Interpretations of Neutrality 1914–1918

(12,157 words)

Author(s): Moeyes, P.
Moeyes, P. - Neutral Tones. The Netherlands and Switzerland and Their Interpretations of Neutrality 1914–1918 Keywords: First World War | Netherlands | Scandinavian countries | Swiss federal republic | Swiss neutrality | Vienna Congress ISFWWS-Keywords: Netherlands | Switzerland | International Relations during the War | Home fronts | Neutral States | Politics | Germany Abstract: Switzerland's neutrality was guaranteed by the leading nations at the Vienna Congress in 1815, Belgium was proclaimed a neutral nation after its separation from …

List of Internment Camps

(279 words)

Author(s): Wolf, Susanne
Wolf, Susanne - List of Internment Camps Keywords: Guarded Neutrality | internment camps | Netherlands | First World War Abstract: This chapter contains Appendix Three of the book <i>Guarded Neutrality/i>. This book is about diplomacy and internment in the Netherlands during the First World War The appendix presents a list of Belgian, British, and German internment camps as well as the Special Camps. Guarded Neutrality Susanne Wolf, (2013) Publication Editor: Brill, The Netherlands, 2013 e-ISBN: 9789004249066 DOI: 10.1163/9789004249066_013 © 2013 Koninklijke Brill N…

‘Tailoring in the Trenches’: The Making of First World War British Army Uniform

(9,853 words)

Author(s): Tynan, Jane
Tynan, Jane - ‘Tailoring in the Trenches’: The Making of First World War British Army Uniform Keywords: British army uniform | drafting guides | dressing techniques | First World War | soldier tailors | tailoring trade | trenches | wartime representations ISFWWS-Keywords: Britain | Masculinity | Home fronts | Society | Soldiers and Combat | Published memoirs and biographies | Economy Abstract: While soldiers’ bodies were disciplined by dressing techniques long before the First World War, this chapter explores specific wartime representations of …

Bibliography

(5,763 words)

Author(s): Wolf, Susanne
Wolf, Susanne - Bibliography Keywords: Guarded Neutrality | Netherlands | First World War Abstract: This bibliography of this book Guarded Neutrality contains a list of Archives from primary sources: books, articles, periodicals and newspapers sourced for this book on diplomacy and internment in the Netherlands during the First World War. The section on Printed Secondary Sources contains a list of books, articles, and periodicals. Finally the chapter presents the dissertations of the book. Guarded Neutrality Susanne Wolf, (2013) Publication Editor: Brill, The Netherlands, …

Indian Cavalry from the First World War till the Third Afghan War

(13,430 words)

Author(s): Roy, Kaushik
Roy, Kaushik - Indian Cavalry from the First World War till the Third Afghan War Keywords: First World War | France | Indian cavalry | Mesopotamia | Palestine | Third Afghan War ISFWWS-Keywords: India | Military organisation of combat | Experience of combat | Legacy | Soldiers and Combat | The French and British Empires | Middle East | The Ottoman Empire and the Middle East | Published memoirs and biographies Abstract: This chapter argues that it is ahistorical to analyze the evolution of armies and warfare by using universal concepts like modern warfare.…

The First Few Weeks: Applying the Rules in Practice

(14,770 words)

Author(s): Wolf, Susanne
Wolf, Susanne - The First Few Weeks: Applying the Rules in Practice Keywords: Belgian Information Office | Dutch | First World War | foreign soldiers | internees | prisoners of war (POWs) | Staatscourant | The Hague Abstract: The Dutch had very little time to ponder the niceties of their neutral status and its inherent responsibilities as the first candidates for internment crossed the Dutch border within days of the outbreak of the war. The initial response of the Dutch border guards was mixed: this was a new s…

Preliminary Material

(3,997 words)

Contributor(s): Jones, Heather | Schmidt-Supprian, Christoph | O’Brien, Jennifer
Jones, Heather; O’Brien, Jennifer; Schmidt-Supprian, Christoph - Preliminary Material Keywords: cultural history | First World War | military history | wartime experience Abstract: This front matter section of the book Untold War: New Perspectives in First World War Studies contains the table of contents, list of tables, list of illustrations, acknowledgements, contributors, and foreword. Drawing on the latest research, the book presents new essays on the First World War that explore the global, military and civi…

“How Much of an ‘Experience’ Do We Want the Public to Receive?”: Trench Reconstructions and Popular Images of the Great War

(8,939 words)

Author(s): Espley, Richard
Espley, Richard - “How Much of an ‘Experience’ Do We Want the Public to Receive?”: Trench Reconstructions and Popular Images of the Great War Keywords: 1990s memory culture | Britain | Distant Bridges | First World War | The Unknown Soldier ISFWWS-Keywords: Britain | Great Britain | Women and War | Literature | Legacy | Western Front | Soldiers and Combat | Culture | Society Abstract: An approach to addressing the shifts and changes in 1990s memory culture with regard to the First World War becomes manifest in the construction of a narrative framewo…

From Street Walking to the Convent: Child Prostitution Cases Judged by the Juvenile Court of Brussels during World War One

(13,822 words)

Author(s): François, Aurore
François, Aurore - From Street Walking to the Convent: Child Prostitution Cases Judged by the Juvenile Court of Brussels during World War One Keywords: Brussels | female minors | First World War | Juvenile Court | Paul Wets | prostitution ISFWWS-Keywords: Belgium | Children and War | Home fronts | Germany | Pre-war period | Society | Violence against civilians Abstract: Paul Wets, the Juvenile Court Judge for Brussels, re-opened one of the most delicate questions that the Belgian justice administration had dealt with during the First World War…

‘A Sting of Remembrance!’: Collective Memory and Its Forgotten Armies

(9,585 words)

Author(s): Michail, Eugene
Michail, Eugene - ‘A Sting of Remembrance!’: Collective Memory and Its Forgotten Armies Keywords: Balkan front soldiers | British popular memory | First World War | forgotten British army | public memory | veteran soldiers ISFWWS-Keywords: Balkans | Published memoirs and biographies | Britain | Legacy | Literature Abstract: Focusing on the story of the ‘forgotten’ British army of the Balkan front this chapter explains exactly the feeling of exclusion from public memory, the reasons behind it, and the veteran soldiers’ reactions…
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