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From Büyükkale, Building E (3.40)

(317 words)

Contributor(s): Hallo, William W.
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; Hittite Archival Documents; Accounts; Archive Shelf Lists From Büyükkale, Building E (3.40) (iii.2–3) “When they give [a festival (?)] in Šapinuwa to [the Stormgod (?)] in the third year.” ( iii.4) “When [they draw] from the road the Mother goddesses of the (king’s?) body.” ( iii.5–6) “When they celebrate the Spring Festival in Kulella for the Stormgod of Kul[ella].” ( iii.7–9) The word of Kantuzzi[li, Chief of the] priests (and) Prince: “When they pour […], and they call a little […], how they put down [……

The King to Kaššū In Tapikka 12 (HKM 13) (3.24)

(201 words)

Contributor(s): Hallo, William W.
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; Hittite Archival Documents; Letters; Middle Hittite Period (ca. 1450–1350 BCE) The King to Kaššū In Tapikka 12 ( HKM 13) (3.24) Thus speaks His Majesty: Say to Kaššū: ( 3) Concerning the capitulation (?) of Maruwa, the ruler of the city of Ḫimmuwa, about which you wrote me: “I have dispatched him (to you).” On a tablet you wrote to me: “I have dispatched him (to you),” but as of now he has not come. Now put him in the charge of an officer, and have him conduct him quickly before My Majesty. ( 13) Otherwise, you will become responsible …

The King to Kaššū, Ḫulla and Zulapi In Tapikka (HKM 17) (3.28)

(530 words)

Contributor(s): Hallo, William W.
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; Hittite Archival Documents; Letters; Middle Hittite Period (ca. 1450–1350 BCE) The King to Kaššū, Ḫulla and Zulapi In Tapikka ( HKM 17) (3.28) 1 Thus speaks His Majesty: Say to Ḫulla, Kaššū and Zilapi: ( 4) Concerning what you wrote me: “While we were in Ḫattuša, the Kaškaean men heard, and they drove away cattle, and kept the roads under their control.” ( 9) When I sent you and Ḫulla out (last) winter, (the enemies) didn’t hear you. But now, of all things, they did hear you? ( 13) Concerning what you yourselves have now w…

Letter From Ḫattušili III of Ḫatti to Kadašman-Enlil II of Babylon (3.31)

(999 words)

Contributor(s): Hallo, William W.
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; Hittite Archival Documents; Letters; Later New Kingdom (Ḫattušili III TO Suppiluliuma II) (ca. 1250–1180 BCE) Letter From Ḫattušili III of Ḫatti to Kadašman-Enlil II of Babylon (3.31) Subject: 1 Kgs 9:13–14; 20:32; 2 Sam 10:1–2; 2 Sam 16:9–10; 21:8–14; Eccl 10:20; 1 Kgs 14:1–3 §1 Thus says Ḫattušili, Great King, King of Hatti: Say to Kadašman-Enlil, Great King, King of Babylonia, my brother: §2 It is well with me. It is also well with my household, my wife, my sons, my infantry, my horses, […], and with all that is in my land. §3 May i…

From Büyükkale, Building A, Rooms 1–2 (3.37)

(299 words)

Contributor(s): Hallo, William W.
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; Hittite Archival Documents; Accounts; Archive Shelf Lists From Büyükkale, Building A, Rooms 1–2 (3.37) Subject: 1 Sam 28:8–14 (i.18–20) One tablet, whose composition is not complete, entitled “[If/When …] his zi’s are constantly … -ing, this incantation is intended for him. The word of Ḫutupi, the physician.” The second tablet (on which the composition would have been completed) is missing. ( i.21–22) Tablet Two of (the Ritual for) the Tutelary Deity of the Hunting Bag,1 containing the completion (of the composition) —…

The King to Kaššū and Zulapi In Tapikka 2 (HKM 16) (3.27)

(93 words)

Contributor(s): Hallo, William W.
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; Hittite Archival Documents; Letters; Middle Hittite Period (ca. 1450–1350 BCE) The King to Kaššū and Zulapi In Tapikka 2 ( HKM 16) (3.27) Thus speaks His Majesty: Say to Kaššū and Zilapi: ( 5) As soon as this tablet reaches you, drive quickly before My Majesty. ( 11) Otherwise, they will proceed to blind you1 in that place (where you are). Bibliographical References Text:  HKM 16:1–15. Edition:  HBM 142f. Notes^ back to text1. See comment above on COSB.3.25 ( HKM  14).

The King to Kaššū In Tapikka 3 (HKM 3) (3.15)

(205 words)

Contributor(s): Hallo, William W.
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; Hittite Archival Documents; Letters; Middle Hittite Period (ca. 1450–1350 BCE) The King to Kaššū In Tapikka 3 ( HKM 3) (3.15) Thus speaks His Majesty: Say to Kaššū: ( 3) Concerning the matter of the enemy about which you wrote me: I have heard it. ( 5) Because I have already written you, Let the troops which are in his land not come out again.1 Let them remain there. And let the land be very much on guard against the enemy. [ps]2 ( 14) Say to Uzzū, my dear brother: Thus says Šuriḫili, your brother: ( 17) May all be well with you, and…

The King to Kaššū In Tapikka 13 (HKM 14) (3.25)

(217 words)

Contributor(s): Hallo, William W.
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; Hittite Archival Documents; Letters; Middle Hittite Period (ca. 1450–1350 BCE) The King to Kaššū In Tapikka 13 ( HKM 14) (3.25) Thus speaks His Majesty: Say to Kaššū: ( 3) As soon as this tablet reaches you, drive quickly before My Majesty, and bring with you Maruwa,1 the ruler of the city of Kakattuwa. Otherwise they will proceed to blind2 you in that place (where you are)! Bibliographical References Text:  HKM 14. Edition:  HBM 139f. Notes^ back to text1. It is not clear whether this Maruwa, who is called “the ruler o…

Cult Inventories (3.HI.C.1)

(155 words)

Author(s): Hoffner, Harry A., Jr.
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; Hittite Archival Documents; Accounts Commentary Cult Inventories are administrative texts which were designed to keep records for royal use of the temples (both in Hattuša and in the provincial cities), their staff, the cult images found there, and the offerings and festivals held in fall and spring. They exist in several subsets. The first set, exemplified by KBo 2.1 ( CTH 509) and edited by Carter 1962, place their emphasis on the various cities where temples and other cult installations were found, deta…

Votive Records (3.HI.C.2)

(382 words)

Author(s): Hoffner, Harry A., Jr.
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; Hittite Archival Documents; Accounts Commentary This category of texts records vows made by members of the royal family in order to secure favors from the gods and goddesses. The earliest example in the corpus dates to the reign of Muwatalli II. But the vast majority of preserved examples date from the reign of his second successor, Ḫattušili III. The most frequent person making these vows is Ḫattušili’s famous consort, Queen Puduḫepa. The texts ofte…

The King to Kaššū In Tapikka 10 (HKM 10) (3.22)

(549 words)

Contributor(s): Hallo, William W.
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; Hittite Archival Documents; Letters; Middle Hittite Period (ca. 1450–1350 BCE) The King to Kaššū In Tapikka 10 ( HKM 10) (3.22) Thus speaks His Majesty: Say to Kaššū: ( 3) Concerning the matter of Piḫinakki about which you wrote to me: As Piḫinakki is settling the city of Lišipra, he has already settled 30 families.1 ( 7) Piḫinakki said to me: “I intend actually to transfer 300 families (to make up the community of) Lišipra which I am settling.2 Then I will send the leading men (of the city) before Your Majesty. …

The King to Kaššū In Tapikka 5 (HKM 5) (3.17)

(196 words)

Contributor(s): Hallo, William W.
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; Hittite Archival Documents; Letters; Middle Hittite Period (ca. 1450–1350 BCE) The King to Kaššū In Tapikka 5 ( HKM 5) (3.17) Thus speaks His Majesty: Say to Kaššū: ( 3) Concerning the fact that you took the cattle of the city of Kašipūra and distributed them in the district of EN-tarawa1: ( 7) From now on you must not levy veteran troops and auxiliary troops2 out of the district of EN-tarawa. Let him keep the aforementioned cattle. But let him not fail in his work. Bibliographical References Text:  HKM 5. Edition:  HBM 126f. Note…

Middle Hittite Period (ca. 1450–1350 BCE) (3.HI.A.1)

(147 words)

Author(s): Hoffner, Harry A., Jr.
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; Hittite Archival Documents; Letters Commentary Maşat was a provincial center situated some 30 miles due east of Ḫattuša. The letters found there date to the Middle Hittite Period (ca. 1450–1350 bce). Their background is formed by the conflict between the Hittite rulers in Ḫattuša and the Kaška of northern Anatolia (COSB.3.13, note 1). 1. Middle Hittite Period (ca. 1450–1350 BCE) Notes^ back to text1. The “enemy” referred to anonymously in these letters found at Maşat is thought to have been the non-seden…

The King to Kaššū In Tapikka 9 (HKM 9) (3.21)

(151 words)

Contributor(s): Hallo, William W.
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; Hittite Archival Documents; Letters; Middle Hittite Period (ca. 1450–1350 BCE) The King to Kaššū In Tapikka 9 ( HKM 9) (3.21) 1 Thus speaks His Majesty: Say to Kaššū: ( 3) Concerning the fact that you dispatched (to me) 13 (apprehended) fugitives: They have brought them. ( 6) Concerning the matter of horse (troops?) about which you wrote to me: I have heard it. Bibliographical References Text:  HKM 9. Edition:  HBM 132f. Notes^ back to text1. Here we see another of Kaššū’s common duties: apprehending fugitives and…

The Case Against Ura-Tarḫunta and His Father Ukkura (3.33)

(2,367 words)

Contributor(s): Hallo, William W.
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; Hittite Archival Documents; Courtcases; Records of Testimony Given in the Trials of Suspected Thieves and Embezzlers of Royal Property Commentary This tablet was found in the East magazine of the Great Temple in the Lower City (quadrant L/19). It was kept there, because since it contained statements supported by oaths taken in the temple of Lelwani, its proper repository was a temple. Not all such tablets, however, were kept in that location. Some were recovered in Buil…

Letter From Queen Naptera of Egypt to Queen Puduḫepa of Ḫatti (3.30)

(399 words)

Author(s): Hoffner, Harry A., Jr.
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; Hittite Archival Documents; Letters; Later New Kingdom (Ḫattušili III TO Suppiluliuma II) (ca. 1250–1180 BCE) Letter From Queen Naptera of Egypt to Queen Puduḫepa of Ḫatti (3.30) §1 Thus says Naptera, Great Queen of Egypt: Say to Puduhepa, Great Queen of Hatti, my sister: §2 It is well with me, your sister. It is also well with my land. §3 May it be well with you, my sister. May it also be well with your land. I have learned that you, my sister, wrote inquiring about my health, and that you wrote inquiring …

The King to Kaššū and Pulli In Tapikka (HKM 18) (3.29)

(188 words)

Contributor(s): Hallo, William W.
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; Hittite Archival Documents; Letters; Middle Hittite Period (ca. 1450–1350 BCE) The King to Kaššū and Pulli In Tapikka ( HKM 18) (3.29) Thus speaks [His Majesty]: Say to [Kaššū and Pulli]: [ Lines 3–15 are too badly broken for translation] ( 16) And send them before My Majesty. ( 17) Concerning the matter of troops about which you wrote me: I have some troops of the Upper Land and of the land of Išḫupitta here with me. I will send them to you. ps ( 21) Thus speaks Pišeni: Say to Kaššū and Pulli, my dear sons: ( 23) The grain which the …

The King to Kaššū In Tapikka 1 (HKM 1) (3.13)

(221 words)

Contributor(s): Hallo, William W.
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; Hittite Archival Documents; Letters; Middle Hittite Period (ca. 1450–1350 BCE) The King to Kaššū In Tapikka 1 ( HKM 1) (3.13) Thus speaks His Majesty: Say to Kaššū: ( 4) Concerning the matter1 of the enemy2 about which you wrote to me, saying: “The enemy is holding the city Kašaša”: ( 8) Be advised that I have just dispatched chariotry. Be very much on guard against the enemy.3 Bibliographical References Text:  HKM 1  HBM 120f., 302. Translations:  HBM 121. Notes^ back to text1. The sections beginning with the word “Con…

The King to Kaššū In Tapikka 6 (HKM 6) (3.18)

(246 words)

Contributor(s): Hallo, William W.
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; Hittite Archival Documents; Letters; Middle Hittite Period (ca. 1450–1350 BCE) The King to Kaššū In Tapikka 6 ( HKM 6) (3.18) Thus speaks His Majesty: Say to Kaššū: ( 3) Concerning what you wrote me, saying: “The enemy has come. He pressed1 the city of Ḫapara on that side of me and the city of Kašipūra on this side. But he himself passed through, and I don’t know where he went.” ( 11) Was that “enemy” perhaps enchanted, that you did not recognize him? ( 15) Now be very much on guard against the enemy. ( 17) Concerning what you wrote m…

The King to Kaššū In Tapikka 2 (HKM 2) (3.14)

(351 words)

Contributor(s): Hallo, William W.
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; Hittite Archival Documents; Letters; Middle Hittite Period (ca. 1450–1350 BCE) The King to Kaššū In Tapikka 2 ( HKM 2) (3.14) Thus speaks His Majesty: Say to Kaššū: ( 4) Concerning the matter of chariotry1 about which you wrote to me: Be advised that I have already dispatched chariotry. Wait for it. ( 10) Concerning the matter of Ḫimuili’s brother about which you wrote: I am dispatching him now. [ps]2 ( 14) Say to Uzzū, my dear brother: Thus speaks Šuriḫili, your brother: With me all is well. ( 17) May all be well also with y…
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