Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

Search

Your search for 'tei_subject:"Pythagoreanism"' returned 14 results. Modify search

Sort Results by Relevance | Newest titles first | Oldest titles first

Sal(l)ustius [2]

(2,194 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 01/02/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Sal(l)ustius [2] | Σαλούστιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: Sal(l)ustius was a sophist and grammarian, and according to the Suda1, he was also the author of commentaries on authors including Demosthenes2 and Herodotus3. It is difficult to maintain Cumont’s proposal to identify him with Sallustius of D…

Philippus [1]

(7,423 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 26/04/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Philippus [1] | Φίλιππος Identity: BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Opus Date: 4th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Very little is known about the life of Philip of Opus (for an attempt to reconstruct it cf. Oldfather, Lokrika, p. 462). The essential information has been preserved by Diogenes Laertius1 (3, 37. 3, 46) and by the Suda lexicon2 (φ 418…

Pantaenus

(4,051 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 25/07/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Pantaenus | Πάνταινος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Sicilia? Date: 2° sec. d.C. ↓ To Source List Biography: The essential biographical information about Pantaenus, who was active in the reign of Marcus Aurelius1 and traditionally considered the first representative of the Alexandrian school2 of catechesis, is preserved by Eusebius3 ( HE.

Gaudentius

(1,710 words)

Author(s): Rocconi, Eleonora
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Eleonora Rocconi and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Gaudentius | Γαυδέντιος Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 3rd-4th c. CE. ↓ To Source List Biography: We have no biographical information about Gaudentius, the author of an Introduction to Harmonics (Ἀρμονικὴ εἰσαγωγή) which combines sources of musical theory1 from the Aristoxenic2 and Pythagorean traditions3. This text was writt…

Salu(s)tius [1]

(2,814 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 15/11/2004. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Salu(s)tius [1] | Σαλού⟨σ)τιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 4th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Salu(s)tius was the author of a treatise entitled περὶ θεῶν καὶ κόσμου1 that was ‘rediscovered’ only in 1638 thanks to the ed. pr. of G. Naudé. He has been variously identified by scholars: Wilamowitz thought (quite doubtf…

Claudius [1] Ptolemaeus

(59,475 words)

Author(s): Rocconi, Eleonora
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Eleonora Rocconi and first published on 17/11/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Claudius [1] Ptolemaeus | Κλαύδιος Πτολεμαῖος Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Pelusium Date: 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Claudius Ptolemy was a Greek scientist who lived in the 2nd c. CE, most probably at Alexandria, and is famous in particular for his treatises on astronomy and geography. He was…

Nicomachus Gerasenus

(14,226 words)

Author(s): Rocconi, Eleonora
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Eleonora Rocconi and first published on 30/07/2004. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Nicomachus Gerasenus | Νικόμαχος ὁ Γερασηνός Identity: Perseus | BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Gerasa Date: 1st-2nd CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Nicomachus was a Neopythagorean1 philosopher famous as a mathematician and as a musical theorist; he lived between ca. 1st and 2nd c. CE. His geographical origin is attested by the epithet Γερασηνός…

Porphyrius

(6,818 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 29/05/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Porphyrius | Πορφύριος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Tyre Date: ca. 234-304 CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Porphyry was born around 232/4 CE at Tyre ( Sud. π 20981. 20992) or at Batanea, in modern Syria. His birth name was Malchus – from the Semitic root that means “king” – in honor of his father. The name …

Archestratus

(1,943 words)

Author(s): Ferreccio, Alessia
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Alessia Ferreccio and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Archestratus | Ἀρχέστρατος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: It seems likely that Archestratus, the author of a Περὶ αὐλητῶν in two books cited by Ath. 14, 634d, should be identified as the Archestratus mentioned by Philod. Mus. col. 137, 13-27 Delattre = 4, 23, 14 Kemke and by Porph. in Harm. 26, …

Euphranor [2]

(1,532 words)

Author(s): Ferreccio, Alessia
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Alessia Ferreccio and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Euphranor [2] | Εὐφράνωρ Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: ? Date: 4th c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The information we have about Euphranor, an exponent of the Pythagorean school1 who is mentioned by Athenaeus2 and Iamblichus3, is meager. It is possible to date the scholar between the late Classical age and the Helleni…

Heraclides [1]

(4,848 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 12/04/2005 – 07/05/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Heraclides [1] | Ἡρακλείδης Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Heracleia Pontica Date: ca. 390–ca. 310 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: We can deduce the date of Heraclides from the testimonia only with a certain degree of difficulty. Amid the more useful information furnished by the sources is the notice – preserved by the Suda

Theon [3]

(2,551 words)

Author(s): Rocconi, Eleonora
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Eleonora Rocconi and first published on 14/11/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Theon [3] | Θέων Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Smyrna Date: 1st-2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Theon was a philosopher and mathematician of Platonic1-Pythagorean2 orientation, but we have only a few scraps of biographical information about him. From Claudius Ptolemaeus’3 astronomical treatise known as the Almagest4 (where T…

Pyrrhander

(1,152 words)

Author(s): Ferreccio, Alessia
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Alessia Ferreccio and first published on 04/12/2016. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Pyrrhander | Πύρρανδρος Place of Origin: ? Date: ante 2nd/3rd c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Pyrrhander is known solely from the citation of Ath. 14, 634d, which allows us only to establish a very vague terminus ante quem at the beginning of the 2nd/3rd c. CE at the latest. The fact that Athenaeus1 mentions him in a list of authors of works…

Aristoxenus

(34,974 words)

Author(s): Rocconi, Eleonora
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Eleonora Rocconi and first published on 26/06/2006 – 21/04/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aristoxenus | Ἀριστόξενος Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Tarentum Date: 370/365 BCE-? ↓ To Source List Biography: Aristoxenus, Ἀριστόξενος ὁ μουσικός, was born in Tarentum, the son of Spintharus1 (or Mnesias, which recent critics have identified as an abbreviated name derived from the verb μιμνήσκω – the use of names…