Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Zopyrion [1]

(1,184 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Zopyrion [1] | Ζωπυρίων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 1st/2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Zopyrion was the author of a glossographical1 work that dealt with names beginning with α-δ; Pamphilus2 carried out a continuation of it (letters ε-ω), which resulted in the Περὶ ὀνομάτων καὶ γλωσσῶν in 95 books, which Diogenianus3 epitomized in 5 b…

Silenus

(3,642 words)

Author(s): Dettori, Emanuele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Emanuele Dettori and first published on 10/05/2016. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Silenus | Σιληνός Place of Origin: ? Date: 3rd/2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: It is commonly asserted that Silenus mentions (Ath . 11, 482f) Nicander1 and that hence his date would be tied to Nicander’s or to the Nicanders’, which is, however, uncertain: a) the second half of the 3rd c. BCE-beginning of the 2nd c. BCE, b) the last third of the 2nd c…

Hegesander [1]

(6,869 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 16/04/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hegesander [1] | Ἡγήσανδρος Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Delphi Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Hegesander, the author of a miscellany entitled Ὑπομνήματα, was a native of Delphi; the testimony of Athenaeus1 in this regard can be considered trustworthy despite the doubts aired by Pomtow ( Delphoi, RE 4, 2 [1901], 2523…

Philemon [2]

(1,083 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 15/06/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Philemon [2] | Φιλήμων Place of Origin: ? Date: 3rd/2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The birthplace of Philemon is unknown, and the presumed ethnic attested in Sch. Il. 2, 258a1 (κατὰ Φιλήμωνα τὸν Κρητικόν) and accepted by Erbse ( ad loc.1) is probably a corruption: Villoison ( Proll. Il., 1788, p. XXIII2) suggested emending it to τὸν κριτι…

Parmenon

(2,592 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Parmenon | Παρμένων Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Byzantium Date: before 1st c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: A glossographer1 born in Byzantium, Parmenon was the author of a work Περὶ διαλέκτων in at least four books ( Sch. ex. Il. 21, 259d). The form of his name remained uncertain until the publication, in 1986, of POxy. 3710 (2n…

Amerias

(4,660 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 09/11/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Amerias | Ἀμερίας Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Macedonia Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Amerias was a grammarian and lexicographer of the Alexandrine1 Age, and he is named by Eustathius2 ( ad Il. 757, 19-22) as one of the γλωσσογράφοι3, the group of scholars before Aristarchus4 who are often mentioned in the sources by this term.…

Polemarchus

(1,188 words)

Author(s): D’Alessandro, Giulia
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giulia D’Alessandro and first published on 03/07/2016. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Polemarchus | Πολέμαρχος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 1st c. BCE-1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The slight bits of information that we can recover from the testimonia which have survived about the work of Polemarchus could permit a reasonable conjecture for a date between the 1st c. BCE and the 1st c. CE: a terminus ante quem is rep…

Dionysius [11] Iambus

(2,963 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 13/10/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [11] Iambus | Διονύσιος ὁ Ἴαμβος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: We know very little about Dionysius ὁ Ἴαμβος: according to the Suda1 he was the teacher of Aristophanes of Byzantium2, along with Euphronius3 and Machon4; this favors a date in the mid-3rd c. BCE during the reign of Pto…

Lycophron

(8,253 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Lycophron | Λυκόφρων Identity: Perseus | Wikipedia | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Chalcis on Euboea Date: 4th/3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: A grammarian1, a tragic writer2, and a member of the Pleiad, Lycophron was a native of Chalcis, the son of Socles, and the adoptive son of Lycus of Rhegium3. He wrote 64 or 46 tragedies; we know t…

Sim(m)ias

(2,127 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Sim(m)ias | Σιμ(μ)ίας Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Rhodes Date: 4th/3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Sim(m)ias was the inventor of the technopaignion1 and the author of a collection of glosses2 in three books ( Sud. σ 431), and so he is considered a representative of the poet-philologists, who are the examples par excelle…

Aristeas

(1,623 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 27/06/2007 - 25/07/2011. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aristeas | Ἀριστέας Place of Origin: Rhodes Date: Alexandrine age (1st c. BCE?) ↓ To Source List Biography: We can recover the native land of Aristeas of Rhodes from a passage of Erotianus1 that lists grammarians who composed lexicographical works on Hippocrates2 (p. 5, 16-18 Nachmanson); it names two figures who were born in Rhod…

Neoptolemus

(11,899 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and first published on 11/02/2009 – (05/06/2009)–(02/03/2010). Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Neoptolemus | Νεοπτόλεμος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Parium Date: 3th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Neoptolemus was a Peripatetic1 glossographer2, poet, and literary critic; he was also a native of Parium, an Ionic colony lying on the coast of the Sea of Marmara and situated in …

Glaucon [2]

(725 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 01/03/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Glaucon [2] | Γλαύκων Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: The dating and identification of Glaucon, a glossographer1 cited in Athenaeus2, is uncertain. Identifying him as Glaucus of Rhegium3, who lived in the 5th and 4th c. BCE (cf. F. Jacoby, Glaukos [n. 36], RE 7, 1 [1912], 1417-1420; K. Ziegler, Glaukos [n. 6], Kl.P. 2 [1967…

Philemon [1]

(5,458 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 26/06/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Philemon [1] | Φιλήμων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Aixone Date: 3rd/2nd c. BCE (?) ↓ To Source List Biography: Philemon was an Athenian glossographer1 (from the deme of Aixone) who is traditionally dated to the 3rd or 2nd c. BCE. He is cited twice by Tryphon2 ( ap. [Amm.] Diff. 405, s.v.πονηρόν and Hdn. Cath. pros. fr. 53 Hunger), who serves a…

Nicander [2]

(6,733 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and published on 14/12/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Nicander [2] | Νίκανδρος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Claros (Colophon) Date: 2nd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The dating of Nicander is uncertain, since the biographical testimonia alternate between the reign of Ptolemy V Epiphanes (204–181 BCE), according to the first and fourth sections of the Vita Arati (pp. 8, 2…

Timachidas

(4,459 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 10/01/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Timachidas | Τιμαχίδας Identity: Place of Origin: Lindus (Rhodes) Date: 2nd/1st c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The dating of the Rhodian grammarian Timachidas is intertwined with the problem of his possible identification with the Τιμαχίδας Ἁγησιτίμου Λινδοπολίτας cited in the inscription of the so-called Chronicle of the temple of Lindus

Andromachus [1]

(503 words)

Author(s): D’Alessandro, Giulia
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giulia D’Alessandro and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Andromachus [1] | Ἀνδρόμαχος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: We do not have enough evidence to accept outright the identification of the Andromachus mentioned in Sch. D Il. 13, 130 as the author of Ἐτυμολογικά with the philologist Andromachus of Hierapolis1, the father of the tragedian Homer2 and the …

Antidorus

(2,609 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 19/09/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Antidorus | Ἀντίδωρος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Cyme Date: 4th/3rd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Immisch ( De gramm. principe, 1890, pp. 695-696) determined the correct name of this grammarian as Ἀντίδωρος. He had previously been referred to in manuscripts as “Αὐτόδωρος”, a reading that had been regarded as secure until …

Heliodorus

(5,000 words)

Author(s): Rocconi, Eleonora
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Eleonora Rocconi and first published on 25/02/2004. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Heliodorus | Ἡλιόδωρος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Heliodorus was an Alexandrian1 scholar who lived around the mid-1st c. CE, and he prepared an edition of Aristophanes’ 2 comedies, with colometric division of the text and metrical commentary; fragments of this have been reconstru…

Philemon [3]

(3,883 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 30/03/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Philemon [3] | Φιλήμων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd/3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: A grammarian of the imperial age, Philemon has now been dated to ca. 200 CE on the basis of several pieces of evidence, which are not of the same value: 1) Oros1 (5th c. CE) could offer a terminus ante quem, if he is in fact the source, through Choerobo…
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