Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Callimachus [1]

(17,168 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Callimachus [1] | Καλλίμαχος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Cyrene Date: ca. 303 – ca. 240 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Callimachus was a poet and grammarian1 who was born around 303 BCE and who lived until around 240 BCE (cf. the mention of the Laodicean War2 in 246/245 BCE in fr. 110a Harder3). His career was cente…

Alexander [6] Cotiaeus

(10,332 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Alexander [6] Cotiaeus | Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Κοτιαεύς Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Kotiaeion (Phrygia) Date: ca. 70/80 – ca. 150 CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Κοτιαεύς, a native of the Phrygian city of Κοτιάειον (this is the correct form of the toponym according to Strabo1 12, 8, 122, as opposed to Κοτυάειον and Κοτιαέ…

Apollonides

(2,194 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Apollonides | Ἀπολλωνίδης Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Nicaea Date: 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: A contemporary of the emperor Tiberius1, to whom he dedicated a commentary on the Silloi of Timon of Phlius2 (Diog. L. 9, 109), Apollonius of Nicaea was the author of philological works3 on various subjects. Stephanus of Byzant…

Athenocles

(2,412 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Athenocles | Ἀθηνοκλῆς Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Cyzicus Date: 3rd/2nd c. BCE ? ↓ To Source List Biography: A native of Cyzicus (Ath. 5, 177e), the grammarian1 Athenocles probably lived a little before, or was a contemporary of, Aristarchus2, as one can conclude from Sch. Od. 14, 503, which describes his intervention in the text w…

Zopyrion [2]

(616 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Zopyrion [2] | Ζωπυρίων Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: Zopyrion, who appears as one of the participants in the dialogues of Plutarch’s1 Quaestiones convivales, where he is identified as a γραμματιστής2, should perhaps be identified as Zopyrion3 the grammarian who was the author of a glossographical work that dealt with nouns …

Heraclides [1]

(4,848 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 12/04/2005 – 07/05/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Heraclides [1] | Ἡρακλείδης Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Heracleia Pontica Date: ca. 390–ca. 310 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: We can deduce the date of Heraclides from the testimonia only with a certain degree of difficulty. Amid the more useful information furnished by the sources is the notice – preserved by the Suda

Tryphon [1]

(24,569 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 29/04/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Tryphon [1] | Τρύφων Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: second half of the 1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Tryphon was a native of Alexandria and the son of a certain Ammonius; according to the Suda1 (τ 1115: γεγονὼς κατὰ τοὺς Αὐγούστου χρόνους καὶ πρότερον) , he was active during the reign of Augustus2, but he was bor…

Dionysius [3]

(2,650 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and published on 06/09/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [3] | Διονύσιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Phaselis Date: 2nd c. BCE – ante 1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Dionysius was a Greek grammarian1 of Phaselis (Lycia), whose date is fixed between a terminus ante quem represented by the mention of him by Didymus2 (1st c. BCE–1st c. CE) in Sch. Pind. N. 11 inscr. a., and a terminus post quem, namely …

Stephanus

(6,603 words)

Author(s): Billerbeck, Margarethe | Clerc, Didier
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Margarethe Billerbeck and Didier Clerc and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Stephanus | Στέφανος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Byzantium Date: 6th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Life and Works We have no detailed information about the life and activity of Stephanus of Byzantium, whom the Suda1 mentions only in the entry Ἑρμόλαος (ε 3048 = T 8). Our knowledge of the lexicographer2…

Daphitas

(3,727 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Daphitas | Δαφίτας Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Telmessus (Caria or Lycia?) Date: 3rd or 2nd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Daphitas was a grammarian1 and sophist who was a native of Telmessus and whose dating wavers between the 3rd and 2nd c. BCE. The sources furnish different forms for his name too: Δαφίτας/ Daphitas (Strab. 14, 1, 39 [= C 647], Cic. De f…

Menis

(350 words)

Author(s): Savio, Martina
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Martina Savio and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Menis | Μῆνις Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: The sole attestation of the name Menis is found in a commentary of continuous lemmata on papyrus, one dedicated to the linguistic1-stylistic and mythological exegesis2 of Il. 7, 75–853 ( POxy. 8, 1087 = MP3 1186, col. 2, 61–63 [2, p. 225 Erbse]). Here the name Menis, defined by Erbse as a “ grammat…

Nessas

(1,808 words)

Author(s): Ercoles, Marco
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Marco Ercoles and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Nessas | Νεσσᾶς Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: Chios Date: 4th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: A native of Chios, Nessas was a student of Democritus1 and the teacher of Metrodorus of Chios2 The name is attested also with the variant Νέσσος (Porph. ad Il. 9, 378, Sch. vet. Hes. Op. 77c Pertusi), but the form Νεσσᾶς, used by Diogenes Laertius3 (9, 58) …

Epaphroditus

(14,674 words)

Author(s): Billerbeck, Margarethe | Clerc, Didier
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Margarethe Billerbeck and Didier Clerc and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Epaphroditus | Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Chaeronea Date: 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Biographical information about Epaphroditus can be found in the Suda1 (ε 2004 = T 1-2 Braswell-Billerbeck), which calls him a native of Chaeronea and a student of the Alexandrian scholar Archias2, who directed hi…

Eudaemon

(6,390 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Eudaemon | Εὐδαίμων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Pelusium Date: 4th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Eudaemon was a grammarian1 and poet, as well as a contemporary of Libanius2, who was his friend and epistolary correspondent (Lib. epist. 167, 255, 633); he was born ca. 314–324 CE and died before 392 CE (so Kaster 1988, p.…

Hypsicrates

(2,824 words)

Author(s): Perrone, Serena
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Serena Perrone and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hypsicrates | Ὑψικράτης Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Amisus Date: 1st c. BCE - 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian1 named Hypiscrates who is cited among others by Varro2 (LL 5, 88) and Stephanus of Byzantium3 (α 124 [Billerbeck], s.v.Αἰθίοψ) can plausibly be identified as the historian4 ( FGrHist 190 [BNJ]) who is m…

Iason

(2,894 words)

Author(s): Matijašić, Ivan
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Ivan Matijašić and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Iason | Ἰάσων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Argos Date: 1st-2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Biographical information about Iason of Argos is scarce, confused, and contradictory. The starting point is necessarily the lemma of the Suda1 dedicated to him ( Sud.ι 53): there he is called a historian2 contemporaneous with, but yo…

Leptines

(1,792 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Leptines | Λεπτίνης Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd/1st c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Identified, probably wrongly, by Boeckh (1819, p. 248) as the Leptines cited in the catalogue of the writings of Chrysippus1, this grammarian2 is mentioned in a scholion to Pindar3 ( O. 10, 55b) together with Aristodemus of Elis4 and a Diony…

Philemon [4]

(902 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 16/07/2004. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Philemon [4] | Φιλήμων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The author of Vita XIX of the Historia Augusta1, dedicated to the Maximini duo, mentions a Philemon as the Latin teacher of C. Iulius Verus Maximinus; C. Wendel ( Philemon [n. 15], RE 19, 2 [1938], 2152), followed later by H. Gärtner ( Philemon [n. 5], K…

Democritus

(1,173 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and published on 06/09/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Democritus | Δημόκριτος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Troezen Date: ante 2nd-3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The two fragments that bear the name of Democritus of Troezen, preserved by the Certamen Homeri et Hesiodi1 and by Diogenes Laertius2, have been attributed until now to the grammarian3 Demetrius of Troezen4, on the basis of two authorit…

Ptolemaeus [6] VIII Euergetes II

(4,629 words)

Author(s): Savio, Martina
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Martina Savio and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ptolemaeus [6] VIII Euergetes II | Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Εὐεργήτης Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: post 182 – 116 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II was the son of Ptolemy V Epiphanes1 and Cleopatra I2, and he was the younger brother of Ptolemy VI Philometor3. The terminus post quem for his birth has been fixed…
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