Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Iulius [1]

(691 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Iulius [1] | Ἰούλιος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: ? Date: ?-355/6 CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The sole mention of Iulius, a grammarian1 active at Antioch in the 4th c. CE, comes from Libanius2, who in epist. 454, 4, which is dated to the winter of 355/6, calls him a γραμματιστής. The term, as Wolff (1953, p. 35) and Kaster (1988, pp…

Apollonius [10] Idographus

(1,447 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Apollonius [10] Idographus | Ἀπολλώνιος ὁ εἰδογράφος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 3rd-2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: We find some information about the dating of Apollonius and his city of origin in POxy. 10.1241. A chrestomathy of history1 and mythology2, this document furnishes us with a list of grammaria…

Comanus

(5,522 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Comanus | Κομανός Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Naucratis Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: For the name of Comanus, which is written and accented in different ways in the manuscripts, cf. Solmsen (1945, p. 115 n. 3) and Schmidhauser (2008). He was a native of Naucratis according to the scholia to the Iliad1 ( Sch. ex. Il. 21, 363e)…

Callimachus [1]

(17,168 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Callimachus [1] | Καλλίμαχος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Cyrene Date: ca. 303 – ca. 240 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Callimachus was a poet and grammarian1 who was born around 303 BCE and who lived until around 240 BCE (cf. the mention of the Laodicean War2 in 246/245 BCE in fr. 110a Harder3). His career was cente…

Achilles [Tatius]

(3,489 words)

Author(s): Rossetti, Matteo
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Matteo Rossetti and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Achilles [Tatius] | Ἀχιλλεὺς [Τάτιος] Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd/3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: This grammarian1 is dated to ca. 2nd/3rd c. CE (this dating was proposed also by Martin 1956 , p. 132): the first testimonium about a work by Achilles on the sphaera barbarica appears in Firmicus Maternus2 ( Math. 4, 17 ,12), …

Sim(m)ias

(2,127 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Sim(m)ias | Σιμ(μ)ίας Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Rhodes Date: 4th/3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Sim(m)ias was the inventor of the technopaignion1 and the author of a collection of glosses2 in three books ( Sud. σ 431), and so he is considered a representative of the poet-philologists, who are the examples par excelle…

Secundus

(515 words)

Author(s): Valente, Stefano
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Stefano Valente and first published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Secundus | Σεκοῦνδος Place of Origin: ? Date: 1st-2nd c. CE. ↓ To Source List Biography: The sole mention of the γραμματικός1 Secundus appears in a passage of the Ecloga2 of Phrynichus3 (236 = 424 Fischer), who describes him as a συγγενόμενος (student or, more generally, collaborator) of Antonius Polemon4 (88–144 CE: cf. Stegemann 1952): Sec…

Menis

(350 words)

Author(s): Savio, Martina
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Martina Savio and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Menis | Μῆνις Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: The sole attestation of the name Menis is found in a commentary of continuous lemmata on papyrus, one dedicated to the linguistic1-stylistic and mythological exegesis2 of Il. 7, 75–853 ( POxy. 8, 1087 = MP3 1186, col. 2, 61–63 [2, p. 225 Erbse]). Here the name Menis, defined by Erbse as a “ grammat…

Polyclitus

(1,189 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Polyclitus | Πολύκλειτος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: ? Date: ante 3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian1 Polyclitus is known to us from only one source, the Quaestiones Homericae of Porphyry2 (pp. 42, 17-43, 25 Sodano), where his name has been conjecturally restored from a variously corrupt text (πολύκλυτ/π̣ο̣λ̣υ̣κλυτ/πολύκλυ…

Daphitas

(3,727 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Daphitas | Δαφίτας Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Telmessus (Caria or Lycia?) Date: 3rd or 2nd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Daphitas was a grammarian1 and sophist who was a native of Telmessus and whose dating wavers between the 3rd and 2nd c. BCE. The sources furnish different forms for his name too: Δαφίτας/ Daphitas (Strab. 14, 1, 39 [= C 647], Cic. De f…

Epitherses

(1,582 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Epitherses | Ἐπιθέρσης Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Nicaea Date: first half of the 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Epitherses was a grammarian1 who lived in the first half of the 1st c. CE and was the author of a work entitled Περὶ λέξεων Ἀττικῶν καὶ κωμικῶν καὶ τραγικῶν in at least two books, according to Stephanus of Byzantium2 (pp. 47…

Parmenon

(2,592 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Parmenon | Παρμένων Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Byzantium Date: before 1st c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: A glossographer1 born in Byzantium, Parmenon was the author of a work Περὶ διαλέκτων in at least four books ( Sch. ex. Il. 21, 259d). The form of his name remained uncertain until the publication, in 1986, of POxy. 3710 (2n…

Amarantus

(3,291 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Amarantus | Ἀμάραντος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Athenaeus1 (10, 414f) identifies Amarantus as ὁ Ἀλεξανδρεύς, but we do not know if this is simply a reference to his homeland or rather (also) to the geographical and cultural realm of his activity. The terminus post quem for his date is drawn fro…

Ptolemaeus [6] VIII Euergetes II

(4,629 words)

Author(s): Savio, Martina
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Martina Savio and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ptolemaeus [6] VIII Euergetes II | Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Εὐεργήτης Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: post 182 – 116 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II was the son of Ptolemy V Epiphanes1 and Cleopatra I2, and he was the younger brother of Ptolemy VI Philometor3. The terminus post quem for his birth has been fixed…

Alexander [5] Aetolus

(3,773 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Alexander [5] Aetolus | Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Αἰτωλός Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Pleuron Date: ca. 315-? BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The Suda1 (α 1127 = test. 1 Snell-Kannicht = test. 1 Magnelli) tells us that Alexander Aetolus was born at Pleuron in Aetolia and that his parents were named Satyrus and Stratocleia. Elsewhere (α 3745 = test. 2 Snel…

Harpocration [3]

(4,500 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Harpocration [3] | Ἁρποκρατίων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 4th c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Active in the late Imperial Age, Harpocration was the author of a Περὶ φυσικῶν δυνάμεων ζῴων τε καὶ φυτῶν καὶ λίθων, i.e., a study of the δυνάμεις of plants, animals, and stones. In the past this Harpocration was…

Athenocles

(2,412 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Athenocles | Ἀθηνοκλῆς Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Cyzicus Date: 3rd/2nd c. BCE ? ↓ To Source List Biography: A native of Cyzicus (Ath. 5, 177e), the grammarian1 Athenocles probably lived a little before, or was a contemporary of, Aristarchus2, as one can conclude from Sch. Od. 14, 503, which describes his intervention in the text w…

Socrates [2]

(5,527 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Socrates [2] | Σωκράτης Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Argos Date: before 1st c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Socrates was an Argive grammarian1 who lived, according to Halliday (1928, p. 116) and Griffiths (1970), in the 2nd c. CE, but according to Gudeman (1927) in the 3rd c. CE. A relevant chronological detail could be Demetrius …

Apollonides

(2,194 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Apollonides | Ἀπολλωνίδης Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Nicaea Date: 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: A contemporary of the emperor Tiberius1, to whom he dedicated a commentary on the Silloi of Timon of Phlius2 (Diog. L. 9, 109), Apollonius of Nicaea was the author of philological works3 on various subjects. Stephanus of Byzant…

Eudaemon

(6,390 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Eudaemon | Εὐδαίμων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Pelusium Date: 4th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Eudaemon was a grammarian1 and poet, as well as a contemporary of Libanius2, who was his friend and epistolary correspondent (Lib. epist. 167, 255, 633); he was born ca. 314–324 CE and died before 392 CE (so Kaster 1988, p.…
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