Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Eudaemon

(6,390 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Eudaemon | Εὐδαίμων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Pelusium Date: 4th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Eudaemon was a grammarian1 and poet, as well as a contemporary of Libanius2, who was his friend and epistolary correspondent (Lib. epist. 167, 255, 633); he was born ca. 314–324 CE and died before 392 CE (so Kaster 1988, p.…

Hypsicrates

(2,824 words)

Author(s): Perrone, Serena
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Serena Perrone and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hypsicrates | Ὑψικράτης Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Amisus Date: 1st c. BCE - 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian1 named Hypiscrates who is cited among others by Varro2 (LL 5, 88) and Stephanus of Byzantium3 (α 124 [Billerbeck], s.v.Αἰθίοψ) can plausibly be identified as the historian4 ( FGrHist 190 [BNJ]) who is m…

Iason

(2,894 words)

Author(s): Matijašić, Ivan
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Ivan Matijašić and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Iason | Ἰάσων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Argos Date: 1st-2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Biographical information about Iason of Argos is scarce, confused, and contradictory. The starting point is necessarily the lemma of the Suda1 dedicated to him ( Sud.ι 53): there he is called a historian2 contemporaneous with, but yo…

Leptines

(1,792 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Leptines | Λεπτίνης Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd/1st c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Identified, probably wrongly, by Boeckh (1819, p. 248) as the Leptines cited in the catalogue of the writings of Chrysippus1, this grammarian2 is mentioned in a scholion to Pindar3 ( O. 10, 55b) together with Aristodemus of Elis4 and a Diony…

Philemon [4]

(902 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 16/07/2004. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Philemon [4] | Φιλήμων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The author of Vita XIX of the Historia Augusta1, dedicated to the Maximini duo, mentions a Philemon as the Latin teacher of C. Iulius Verus Maximinus; C. Wendel ( Philemon [n. 15], RE 19, 2 [1938], 2152), followed later by H. Gärtner ( Philemon [n. 5], K…

Democritus

(1,173 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and published on 06/09/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Democritus | Δημόκριτος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Troezen Date: ante 2nd-3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The two fragments that bear the name of Democritus of Troezen, preserved by the Certamen Homeri et Hesiodi1 and by Diogenes Laertius2, have been attributed until now to the grammarian3 Demetrius of Troezen4, on the basis of two authorit…

Ptolemaeus [6] VIII Euergetes II

(4,629 words)

Author(s): Savio, Martina
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Martina Savio and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ptolemaeus [6] VIII Euergetes II | Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Εὐεργήτης Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: post 182 – 116 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II was the son of Ptolemy V Epiphanes1 and Cleopatra I2, and he was the younger brother of Ptolemy VI Philometor3. The terminus post quem for his birth has been fixed…

Harpocration [3]

(4,500 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Harpocration [3] | Ἁρποκρατίων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 4th c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Active in the late Imperial Age, Harpocration was the author of a Περὶ φυσικῶν δυνάμεων ζῴων τε καὶ φυτῶν καὶ λίθων, i.e., a study of the δυνάμεις of plants, animals, and stones. In the past this Harpocration was…

Aristodemus [2]

(997 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and published on 06/09/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aristodemus [2] | Ἀριστόδημος Identity: Place of Origin: Nysa (Caria) Date: 2nd-1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Aristodemus was a native of Nysa in Caria, and he was an older cousin and namesake of the more famous grammarian of Nysa1. He too engaged in philological studies2, and according to Strabo3, the sole secure ancient source who deals wi…

Lysimachus

(8,380 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Lysimachus | Λυσίμαχος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: ? Date: 3rd/2nd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The information we have about Lysimachus is meager and uncertain. We do not know his city of origin: some sources call him an Alexandrian (ὁ Ἀλεξανδρεύς: Sch. Ap. Rh. 1, 558 and Sch. Soph. OC. 91), but this should probab…

Dionysius [16] Tryphonius

(1,981 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and published on 7/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [16] Tryphonius | Διονύσιος ὁ Τρύφωνος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Dionysius was a grammarian1 of the 1st c. CE and the student, or perhaps son (the name ὁ Τρύφωνος permits both readings), of the grammarian Tryphon of Alexandria2, whose work Περὶ ὀνομασιῶν he took up and extende…

Parmenon

(2,592 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Parmenon | Παρμένων Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Byzantium Date: before 1st c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: A glossographer1 born in Byzantium, Parmenon was the author of a work Περὶ διαλέκτων in at least four books ( Sch. ex. Il. 21, 259d). The form of his name remained uncertain until the publication, in 1986, of POxy. 3710 (2n…

Dionysius [2]

(7,135 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [2] | Διονύσιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Sidon Date: second half of the 2nd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Dionysius was a grammarian1 who probably lived in the second half of the 2nd c. BCE and whom Sengebusch (1855, p. 30) included among Aristarchus' pupils2. He worked chiefly on the text of Homer3, dealing with textual, prosodic4, an…

Secundus

(515 words)

Author(s): Valente, Stefano
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Stefano Valente and first published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Secundus | Σεκοῦνδος Place of Origin: ? Date: 1st-2nd c. CE. ↓ To Source List Biography: The sole mention of the γραμματικός1 Secundus appears in a passage of the Ecloga2 of Phrynichus3 (236 = 424 Fischer), who describes him as a συγγενόμενος (student or, more generally, collaborator) of Antonius Polemon4 (88–144 CE: cf. Stegemann 1952): Sec…

Ammonius [5] Peripateticus (?)

(1,661 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ammonius [5] Peripateticus (?) | Ἀμμώνιος ὁ Περιπατητικός Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: ? Date: end of the 2nd c.-first half of the 3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Flavius Philostratus1 (ca. 172-ca. 247 CE) mentions a Peripatetic2 philosopher3 named Ammonius, a teacher of the sophist Hippodromos of Thessaly4 ( floruit late 2nd-early 3rd …

Dionysius [10] Cyclographus

(4,327 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [10] Cyclographus | Διονύσιος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNJ Place of Origin: Rhodes or Samos Date: 3rd/2nd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: We know from the Suda (δ 1881, FGrHist 15 T 1) that Dionysius was the son of Musonius, that he was from Rhodes or Samos, that he was a priest of the temple of Helios1, and that he was the author of Local …

Apollonius [11] Molo

(5,237 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Apollonius [11] Molo | Ἀπολλώνιος ὁ Μόλων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alabanda Date: 2nd-1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The nickname by which Apollonius was known to his contemporaries appears in the sources both as ὁ Μόλων and as ὁ τοῦ Μόλωνος; this fact, discussed by Riese (1879), is actually only an apparen…

Iulius [1]

(691 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Iulius [1] | Ἰούλιος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: ? Date: ?-355/6 CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The sole mention of Iulius, a grammarian1 active at Antioch in the 4th c. CE, comes from Libanius2, who in epist. 454, 4, which is dated to the winter of 355/6, calls him a γραμματιστής. The term, as Wolff (1953, p. 35) and Kaster (1988, pp…

Amarantus

(3,291 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Amarantus | Ἀμάραντος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Athenaeus1 (10, 414f) identifies Amarantus as ὁ Ἀλεξανδρεύς, but we do not know if this is simply a reference to his homeland or rather (also) to the geographical and cultural realm of his activity. The terminus post quem for his date is drawn fro…

Alexander [5] Aetolus

(3,773 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Alexander [5] Aetolus | Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Αἰτωλός Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Pleuron Date: ca. 315-? BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The Suda1 (α 1127 = test. 1 Snell-Kannicht = test. 1 Magnelli) tells us that Alexander Aetolus was born at Pleuron in Aetolia and that his parents were named Satyrus and Stratocleia. Elsewhere (α 3745 = test. 2 Snel…
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