Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Hypsicrates

(2,824 words)

Author(s): Perrone, Serena
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Serena Perrone and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hypsicrates | Ὑψικράτης Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Amisus Date: 1st c. BCE - 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian1 named Hypiscrates who is cited among others by Varro2 (LL 5, 88) and Stephanus of Byzantium3 (α 124 [Billerbeck], s.v.Αἰθίοψ) can plausibly be identified as the historian4 ( FGrHist 190 [BNJ]) who is m…

Iason

(2,894 words)

Author(s): Matijašić, Ivan
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Ivan Matijašić and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Iason | Ἰάσων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Argos Date: 1st-2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Biographical information about Iason of Argos is scarce, confused, and contradictory. The starting point is necessarily the lemma of the Suda1 dedicated to him ( Sud.ι 53): there he is called a historian2 contemporaneous with, but younger than, Plutarch3 (ἱστορικός, νεώτερος Πλουτάρχου τοῦ Χαιρωνέως), a grammarian4 (γραμματικός), and the author of a work On Greece in four books (ἔγραψε περὶ τῆς Ἑλλάδος βιβλία δ´). This work was divided in the following way: 1) the early history of Greece (ἀρχαιολογίαν Ἑλλάδος), 2) the events after the Persian Wars (τὰ ἀπὸ τῶν Μηδικῶν), 3) the events of the reign of Alexander the Great5 until his death (τά τε κατ᾽ Ἀλέξανδρον ἕως τελευτῆς αὐτοῦ), and 4) the events up to the conquest of Athens by Antipater6, the father of Cassander (τὰ μέχρι τῆς Ἀθηναίων ἁλώσεως, τῆς γενομένης …

Ptolemaeus [6] VIII Euergetes II

(4,629 words)

Author(s): Savio, Martina
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Martina Savio and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ptolemaeus [6] VIII Euergetes II | Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Εὐεργήτης Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: post 182 – 116 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II was the son of Ptolemy V Epiphanes1 and Cleopatra I2, and he was the younger brother of Ptolemy VI Philometor3. The terminus post quem for his birth has been fixed…

Apollonius [11] Molo

(5,237 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Apollonius [11] Molo | Ἀπολλώνιος ὁ Μόλων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alabanda Date: 2nd-1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The nickname by which Apollonius was known to his contemporaries appears in the sources both as ὁ Μόλων and as ὁ τοῦ Μόλωνος; this fact, discussed by Riese (1879), is actually only an apparen…

Apollonius [10] Idographus

(1,447 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Apollonius [10] Idographus | Ἀπολλώνιος ὁ εἰδογράφος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 3rd-2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: We find some information about the dating of Apollonius and his city of origin in POxy. 10.1241. A chrestomathy of history1 and mythology2, this document furnishes us with a list of grammaria…

Hermippus [1]

(3,632 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 06/04/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hermippus [1] | Ἕρμιππος Identity: Perseus | BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Smyrna Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The Smyrnean origin of Hermippus, who is principally known for his biographical writings1, is attested by Athenaeus2 7, 327b. A quite secure date comes from his nickname Καλλιμάχειος, “student of Callimachus3”, whi…

Cydas

(1,670 words)

Author(s): Cecchi, Flavia | Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Flavia Cecchi and Lara Pagani and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Cydas | Κύδας Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: Crete? Date: Second half of the 2nd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: A member of the corps of lancers (ἐκ τῶν λογχοφόρων) in Alexandria, Cydas is known only from a citation in the chrestomathy of historical1 and mythological2 material preserved in P.Oxy. 10, 1241, which names him after A…

Parthenius

(1,970 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on (10/02/2004) – 04/07/2014. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Parthenius | Παρθένιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 1°/2° sec. d.C. ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian Parthenius was first distinguished from the poet Parthenius of Nicaea1 by A. Meineke ( Analecta Alexandrina sive commentationes de Euphorione Chalcidensi, Rhiano Cretensi, Alexandro Aetolo, Parthenio Nicaeno, B…

Callimachus [1]

(17,168 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Callimachus [1] | Καλλίμαχος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Cyrene Date: ca. 303 – ca. 240 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Callimachus was a poet and grammarian1 who was born around 303 BCE and who lived until around 240 BCE (cf. the mention of the Laodicean War2 in 246/245 BCE in fr. 110a Harder3). His career was cente…

Euphorion

(4,594 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Euphorion | Εὐφορίων Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Chalcis on Euboea Date: 275/268 BCE-? ↓ To Source List Biography: Euphorion was a versatile author who was born at Chalcis ca. 275-268 BCE. According to the Suda1 he studied poetry2 with Archebulus of Thera3 and philosophy4 with Lacydes of Cyrene5 (head of the Academy6 after 241/40 BCE) and Pryt…

Apellicon

(5,028 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Apellicon | Ἀπελλικῶν Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Teos Date: 2nd-1st c. BCE († 86 BCE?) ↓ To Source List Biography: Apellicon was, according to Strabo1 (13, 1, 54), a rich collector of books and a native of Teos (different attested variants for his name are gathered by Dziatzko 1894, 2693: Ἀπελλικῶν/Ἀπελλικῶντος, Ἀπελλίκων/Ἀπελλίκων…

Menophanes

(1,653 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 20/12/2015. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Menophanes | Μηνοφάνης Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: What little knowledge we have about Menophanes is based on the isolated testimony of Photius’1 Bibliotheca2 (cod. 176, 120a 6-14), where he is cited in connection with the tradition of the Philippika of Theopompus of Chios3; he appears as an interpreter …

Heraclides [1]

(4,848 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 12/04/2005 – 07/05/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Heraclides [1] | Ἡρακλείδης Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Heracleia Pontica Date: ca. 390–ca. 310 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: We can deduce the date of Heraclides from the testimonia only with a certain degree of difficulty. Amid the more useful information furnished by the sources is the notice – preserved by the Suda

Stephanus

(6,603 words)

Author(s): Billerbeck, Margarethe | Clerc, Didier
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Margarethe Billerbeck and Didier Clerc and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Stephanus | Στέφανος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Byzantium Date: 6th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Life and Works We have no detailed information about the life and activity of Stephanus of Byzantium, whom the Suda1 mentions only in the entry Ἑρμόλαος (ε 3048 = T 8). Our knowledge of the lexicographer2…