Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Aspasius

(8,922 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 08/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aspasius | Ἀσπάσιος Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 2° sec. d.C.? ↓ To Source List Biography: We have no precise information about when Aspasius lived: his dating to the 2nd c. CE is based solely on the information in his works, like the citation from the Neoplatonist1 Eudorus2 (second half of the 1st c. CE) with regard to some …

Sophocleus (Sophocles)

(2,379 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 03/01/2007 – 20/09/2013. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Sophocleus (Sophocles) | Σοφόκλειος (Σοφοκλῆς) Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The scholar Sophocleus (this is the form of the name that is considered correct [C. Wendel, Die Überlieferung der Scholia zu Apollonios von Rhodos, ‘Abhandlungen der Gesellschaft der wissenschaften zu Gött…

Herodicus Crateteus

(10,339 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 21/08/2006 – 23/09/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Herodicus Crateteus | Ἡρόδικος ὁ Κρατήτειος Identity: Perseus Place of Origin: Babylonia (Seleucia on the Tigris?) Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Herodicus was a native of Babylonia (ὁ Βαβυλώνιος, Ath. 5, 222a; cf. Eustath. ad Il. 1077, 24-27), or perhaps of Seleucia on the Tigris, the new capital of the kingdom (so I. Düring, He…

Dionysius [3]

(2,650 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and published on 06/09/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [3] | Διονύσιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Phaselis Date: 2nd c. BCE – ante 1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Dionysius was a Greek grammarian1 of Phaselis (Lycia), whose date is fixed between a terminus ante quem represented by the mention of him by Didymus2 (1st c. BCE–1st c. CE) in Sch. Pind. N. 11 inscr. a., and a terminus post quem, namely …

Timachidas

(4,459 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 10/01/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Timachidas | Τιμαχίδας Identity: Place of Origin: Lindus (Rhodes) Date: 2nd/1st c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The dating of the Rhodian grammarian Timachidas is intertwined with the problem of his possible identification with the Τιμαχίδας Ἁγησιτίμου Λινδοπολίτας cited in the inscription of the so-called Chronicle of the temple of Lindus

Neoteles

(2,010 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 29/06/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Neoteles | Νεοτέλης Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The dating of Neoteles is uncertain, since it is based on the hypothesis that he was a student of Aristarchus1, which was formulated by Blau ( Aristarch. discip., 1883, p. 77) because Didymus2 in Sch. Il. 24, 110b1 mentions Neoteles along with two defini…

Demetrius [13] Chlorus

(3,142 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and first published on 18/10/2011. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Demetrius [13] Chlorus | Δημήτριος ὁ χλωρός Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: mid-1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Demetrius, a grammarian of unknown origin, has been dated to ca. mid-1st c. BCE (V. di Benedetto, Demetrio Cloro e Aristone di Alessandria, «ASNP» 35 (1966), pp. 321-324, esp. pp. 322-323; F. Montanari, Demetrios (n. 36), N.P. 3…

Ptolemaeus [6] VIII Euergetes II

(4,629 words)

Author(s): Savio, Martina
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Martina Savio and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ptolemaeus [6] VIII Euergetes II | Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Εὐεργήτης Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: post 182 – 116 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II was the son of Ptolemy V Epiphanes1 and Cleopatra I2, and he was the younger brother of Ptolemy VI Philometor3. The terminus post quem for his birth has been fixed…

Asclepiades [2]

(13,547 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006 - 15/01/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Asclepiades [2] | Ἀσκληπιάδης Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Myrlea (Bithynia) Date: 2nd-1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Asclepiades was a native of Myrlea (later Apamea) in Bithynia and lived between the 2nd and 1st c. BCE. He journeyed to Rome in the age of Pompey the Great1, to Alexandria in Egypt, and to Spain, …

Hellanicus

(1,822 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hellanicus | Ἑλλάνικος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 3rd-2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian Hellanicus is mentioned in the Suda1 (π 3035 = T 1 Montanari) as a pupil of Agathocles of Cyzicus2, who was in turn a student of Zenodotus3; and as the teacher of Ptolemy Epithetes4 (who was an opponent of Aristarchus of Samothrace5). He s…

Zenodotus [2]

(3,330 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 16/06/05. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Zenodotus [2] | Ζηνόδοτος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd/1st c. BCE (?) ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian Zenodotus was born in Alexandria, and the Suda1 applies the epithet ὁ ἐν ἄστει to distinguish him from the better known Zenodotus of Ephesus2. He has been wrongly identified with Zenodotus3 the follower of C…

Diogenes [3]

(1,243 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 28/06/2014. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Diogenes [3] | Διογένης Place of Origin: ? Date: ante 1st c. BCE-1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Diogenes is a grammarian known only from two fragments, both of them preserved by scholia on the Iliad1 that can be traced back to Didymus2, who thus represents the terminus ante quem. Both fragments refer to his hypomnemata3; one concerns an exegetica…

Dionysius [2]

(7,135 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [2] | Διονύσιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Sidon Date: second half of the 2nd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Dionysius was a grammarian1 who probably lived in the second half of the 2nd c. BCE and whom Sengebusch (1855, p. 30) included among Aristarchus' pupils2. He worked chiefly on the text of Homer3, dealing with textual, prosodic4, an…

Theaetetus

(2,120 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 12/09/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Theaetetus | Θεαίτητος Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd c./6th c. CE (?) ↓ To Source List Biography: A grammarian named Theaetetus is cited four times in the scholia to the first Idyll1 of Theocritus2 for remarks that involved problems of prosody3 (παίδιον as proparoxytone, Sch. Theocr. 1, 50b; the Doric4 accentuation of accusatives like πτώκας, Sch. 1, 11…

Amarantus

(3,291 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Amarantus | Ἀμάραντος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Athenaeus1 (10, 414f) identifies Amarantus as ὁ Ἀλεξανδρεύς, but we do not know if this is simply a reference to his homeland or rather (also) to the geographical and cultural realm of his activity. The terminus post quem for his date is drawn fro…

Crates [1]

(30,768 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 18/06/2007 - 23/09/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Crates [1] | Κράτης Identity: Perseus | BNP | FGrHist V Place of Origin: Mallus Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: According to the Suda1 (κ 2342 = T 1 Broggiato), Crates was a native of Mallus (Cilicia) and “was a contemporary of Aristarchus (of Samothrace)2 in the time of Ptolemy (VI) Philometor3”, who ruled in Egypt from 180 to…

Dionysius [15] Thrax

(17,533 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006 - 28/06/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [15] Thrax | Διονύσιος ὁ Θρᾷξ Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria? Date: ca. 170-90 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Sources have given us scant and sometimes contradictory information about the life of Dionysius Thrax. Regarding his place of origin the Scholia Vaticana on the Techne (pp. 160, 24-161, 6 Hil…

Phaenus

(1,300 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 28/10/2002. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Phaenus | Φαεινός Place of Origin: ? Date: Imperial age Biography: The name Phaenus appears in the entry βλιμάζειν in the Etymologica Genuinum1 and Magnum2 next to the name Symmachus3; in five ancient scholia to the Knights4 of Aristophanes5; and, also with Symmachus, in the subscriptiones of the scholia to the Clouds6 (κεκώλισται ἐκ τῶν Ἡλιοδώρ…

Agatharchides

(11,524 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and first published on 08/09/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Agatharchides | Ἀγαθαρχίδης Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Cnidus Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: A web of information allows us to place the life of Agatharchides between 200 BCE (or a few years earlier) and the last decades of the 2nd c. BCE. In codex 213 of the Bibliotheca1 (p. 171a 6-171b 12), Photius2 states that Agatharch…