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The Content (TC)

(5,957 words)

Contributor(s): Böhlig, Alexander | Wisse, Frederik
The so-called Gospel of the Egyptians is a typical work of mythological Gnosticism. In spite of the basic work of Hans Jonas,1 writings of this kind still do not receive their due appreciation. They too have a situation in life ( Sitz im Leben) — indeed, a situation in intellectual life. To view ourselves only as the heirs of the classical period of Greek philosophy, to devaluate other ancient ways of thought, and to discard what is different is too easy a solution. It is not the task of a historian to become a Gnostic himself, but he m…

The title (TT)

(2,436 words)

Contributor(s): Böhlig, Alexander | Wisse, Frederik
Ever since Jean Doresse’s brief description of III, 2 in “Trois livres gnostiques inédits: Évangile des Égyptiens, Épître d’Eugnoste, Sagesse de Jésus Christ”1 the tractate has been known as “The Gospel of the Egyptians”. This is the name given to the tractate at the beginning of the scribal colophon in III 69, 6. The formal title of the tractate as stated at the end of the colophon III 69, 16-17 and again, with the usual decorations, directly below the colophon (III 69, 18-20) reads ⲧⲃⲓⲃⲗⲟⲥ ⲧϩⲓⲉⲣⲁ ⲙ̅ⲡⲛⲟϭ ⲛ̅ⲁϩⲟⲣⲁⲧⲟⲛ ⲙ̅ⲡⲛⲉⲩⲙⲁ (69, 17 ⲡ̅ⲛ̅ⲁ) ϩⲁⲙⲏⲛ.2 The title “The Holy Book of the Great…

Abbreviations (abbr_II_IV)

(72 words)

Contributor(s): Böhlig, Alexander | Wisse, Frederik
A Achmimic A2 Subachmimic B Bohairic II J The Second Book of Yeu PS The Pistis Sophia S Sahidic sa The Sahidic version of the New Testament U Untitled Treatise from Codex Brucianus

The Presentations of Praise (TPOP)

(4,781 words)

Contributor(s): Böhlig, Alexander | Wisse, Frederik
Presentations of praise and prayers play an important role in the development of the narrative in GEgypt. The same phenomenon can be observed in ApocryJn and the Manichaean literature.1 In these acts of worship the whole pantheon is recounted as far as it has been developed at that point in the narrative. In order to consider these mythological figures and their characteristics in greater detail and to simplify the discussion in the commentary, the relevant material has been brought together into one chapter. The presentations of praise in III, 2 are introduced by †ⲛ̅ⲟⲩⲥⲙⲟⲩ 2 and once b…

The Gospel of the Egyptians (TGOTE)

(36,159 words)

Contributor(s): Böhlig, Alexander | Wisse, Frederik
  Bibliography The Gospel of the Egyptians III,2 The Introduction: III 40,12-41,7 III 40,12 ⲡϫⲱⲱⲙⲉ ⲛ̅{ⲧ}ϩ̣[ⲓⲉ]ⲣ̣[ⲗ ⲛ̅ⲧⲉ ⲛ̅ⲣ̅ⲙⲛ̅ⲕⲏⲙⲉ]1 ⲛ̅ⲧⲉ ⲡⲓⲛⲟϭ ⲛⲁⲧⲛⲁⲩ ⲉⲣ̣[ⲟϥ ⲙ̅ⲡ̅ⲛ̅ⲁ ⲡⲉⲓ]14ⲱⲧ⳿ ⲛ̅ⲁⲧϫⲱ ⲙ̅ⲡⲉϥⲣⲁ[ⲛ ⲡⲉⲛⲧⲁϥⲉⲓ ⲉ]ⲃⲟⲗ ϩ̅ⲛ ⲛⲉⲧϫⲟⲥⲉ ⲛ̅ⲧ[ⲉ ⲡⲓϫⲱⲕ ⲡⲟⲩ]16ⲟⲉⲓⲛ ⲛ̅ⲡⲟⲩⲟⲉⲓⲛ ⲛ̅ⲛ[ⲓⲁⲓⲱⲛ ⲛ̅ⲟⲩⲟ]ⲉⲓⲛ · ⲡⲟⲩⲟⲉⲓⲛ ⲛ̅ⲧⲉ ⲧ[ⲥⲓⲅⲏ ⲛ̅ⲧⲡⲣⲟ]18ⲛⲟⲓⲁ 〈ⲙ〉ⲛ̅ ⲡⲉⲓⲱⲧ⳿ ⲛ̅ⲧⲥⲓⲅ̣ⲏ̣ ⲡ̣[ⲟⲩⲟⲉⲓⲛ]ⲙ̅ⲡϣⲁϫⲉ ⲙ̣̅〈ⲛ〉 ⲧⲙⲏⲉ · ⲡⲟⲩⲟ̣[ⲉⲓⲛ ⲛ̅ⲛⲓ]41                              [ⲙⲁ][ⲁⲫⲑⲁ]ⲣ̣ⲥ̣ⲓ̣[ⲁ· ⲡⲟ]ⲩ̣ⲟⲉⲓⲛ ⲉⲧⲉ ⲙ̅ⲛ ⲁⲣⲏϫ̅ϥ·2[ⲡ⳿]ⲡ̣ⲉⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲃⲟⲗ ϩ̅ⲛ ⲛⲓⲁⲓⲱⲛ ⲛ̅ⲟⲩⲟⲉⲓⲛⲛⲧⲉ ⲡⲉⲓⲱⲧ⳿ ⲛ̅ⲁⲧ⳿ⲟⲩⲱⲛϩ ⲉⲃⲟⲗ ⲛ̅ⲁⲥⲏ4ⲙⲁⲛⲧⲟⲥ ⲛ̅ⲁⲧϩⲗⲗⲟ ⲛ̅ⲁⲧ⳿ⲉⲩⲁⲅ⳿ⲅⲉⲗⲓ ⲙ̅ⲙⲟϥⲡⲁ…

Preface (Preface_II_IV)

(533 words)

Contributor(s): Böhlig, Alexander | Wisse, Frederik
The so-called Gospel of the Egyptians, of which two independent versions are extant among the Nag Hammadi papyri in the Coptic Museum of Old Cairo, is unrelated to the apocryphal Christian Gospel of the same name. The edition had its beginning in the agreement between Alexander Böhlig and Pahor Labib in the fall of 1963. During the spring of 1964 Böhlig made a transcription of the version contained in Codex III, and he used it as the basis for the placement of the main fragments of the version i…

The Manuscript (TM)

(6,817 words)

Contributor(s): Böhlig, Alexander | Wisse, Frederik
Two versions of GEgypt have been preserved in the Coptic Gnostic library from Nag Hammadi. One is the second of the five tractates of Codex III, the other is the second of the two tractates in Codex IV. Codex III, 2 originally comprised pages 40-69, and Codex IV, 2 included pages 50-81. Both versions have suffered considerable loss. Of III, 2, pages 40-44 have lost the inside margin and part of the text, pages 45-48 are completely missing, pages 49-54 lack the inside top corner with almost all the text surviving, and the inside half of pages 57-58 has broken off and is lost. IV, 2 is much more frag…