Search

Your search for 'dc_creator:( "Bauschulte, Manfred" ) OR dc_contributor:( "Bauschulte, Manfred" )' returned 18 results. Modify search

Sort Results by Relevance | Newest titles first | Oldest titles first

Truffaut, François

(191 words)

Author(s): Bauschulte, Manfred
[German Version] (Feb 6, 1932, Paris – Oct 21, 1984, Neuilly). After a wild childhood and youth, he was given a job by André Bazin on the newly-founded film magazine Cahiers du cinema. As a leading French film critic in the 1950s, he laid the groundwork for his later cinematic work. In style and tempo, he reflected the centripetal and centrifugal forces of modern life. From his first film, Les quatre cents coups (1959; ET: The 400 Blows) to L’Enfant sauvage (1970; ET: The Wild Child), he developed his vision in films of childhood and youth. Many of his films such as Jules et Jim (1961: ET: Jules and …

Kerényi, Karl

(279 words)

Author(s): Bauschulte, Manfred
[German Version] (Jan 19, 1897, Temesvar, Hungary – Apr 14, 1973, Zürich). After studying classical philology, Kerényi became professor of religious studies in Pécs (Ger. Fünfkirchen). In 1943, he was forced to emigrate to Switzerland, where he lectured as visiting professor in Basel from 1944 onward and became research director at the C.G. Jung Institute in Zürich in 1948. Influenced by travels in Greece and Italy, the intellectual and sensual encounter with the sites and remnants of ancient cult…

DeMille, Cecil Blount

(246 words)

Author(s): Bauschulte, Manfred
[German Version] (Aug 12, 1881, Ashfield, MA – Jan 21, 1959, Hollywood, CA), the son of a lay priest and parents who were theater enthusiasts, was already on stage at Broadway in 1900. In the 1920s DeMille made it to the position of executive producer at Paramount Studios in Hollywood. His trademark was the monumental film, the plots for which he often borrowed from biblical material. His first major film, The Ten Commandments (1923) recounted the exodus of the people of Israel and, in a parallel plot, the tragic fate of a greedy man. Fil…

Pasolini, Pier Paolo

(250 words)

Author(s): Bauschulte, Manfred
[German Version] (Mar 5, 1922, Bologna – Nov 2, 1975, Ostia), grew up in Casarsa (Friuli), where he worked as a teacher during World War II, until at the age of 27 he encountered discrimination as a homosexual and moved with his mother to the outskirts of Rome. His novels set in suburban milieus – Ragazzi di vita (1955; ET: The Ragazzi, 1968) and La vita violenta (1958; ET: A Violent Life, 1968) – brought him fame in Italy in the 1950s. Between 1961 and 1975, Pasolini wrote 12 full-length screenplays, of which Mamma Roma (1962), Il Vangelo secondo Matteo (1964; The Gospel according to St. Matthew), T…

Capra, Frank

(300 words)

Author(s): Bauschulte, Manfred
[German Version] (May 19, 1897, Palermo – Sep 3, 1991, La Quinta, CA), the son of Sicilian farm workers, grew up in California; he got into the film industry as a young author and gag writer for the well-known slapstick comedian Harry Langdon. In 1928 he began his career as a director with Columbia Studios, where he made his breakthrough with the screwball comedy It Happened One Night (1934). The theme of the film, in ¶ which a rich young woman and a hard-boiled reporter find themselves on the run together, is the guilt-ridden relationship between the sexes. The film Mr. Deeds Goes to Town (1936) …

Ray

(160 words)

Author(s): Bauschulte, Manfred
[English Version] Ray, Satyajit (2.5.1921 Kalkutta, Indien – 23.4.1992 ebd.). R. übernahm als 20jähriger eine Werbeagentur, bevor er an der von R. Tagore geleiteten Hochschule »Shantiniketa« Kunst studieren konnte. Bereits der erste Film, »Pather Panchali« (1955), war ein Welterfolg. Er bildet den ersten Teil der »Apu«-Trilogie (Aparajito, 1956; Apur Sansar, 1959). Im Stil eines indischen Neorealismus, der die Arbeit mit Laienschauspielern zugrundelegt, erzählt sie das Leben von Apu, dem Sohn eines…

Pasolini

(200 words)

Author(s): Bauschulte, Manfred
[English Version] Pasolini, Pier Paolo (5.3.1922 Bologna – 2.11.1975 Ostia). P. wuchs in Casarsa (Friaul) auf und arbeitete dort nach dem 2. Weltkrieg als Lehrer, bis er mit 27 Jahren als Homosexueller diskriminiert wurde und mit seiner Mutter in die Vorstädte von Rom zog. Die Romane aus den suburbanen Milieus, »Ragazzi di vita« (1955) und »La vita violenta« (1958), machten ihn in den 50er Jahren in Italien bekannt. – Von 1961–1975 drehte P. zwölf Spielfilme, von denen »Mamma Roma« (1962), das »Matt…

Tarkovskij

(142 words)

Author(s): Bauschulte, Manfred
[English Version] Tarkovskij, André (4.4.1932 Zavraz'e – 2.9.1986 Paris), entstammte einer gebildeten russ. Familie, arbeitete in den 50er Jahren als Assistent des sowjetischen Filmregisseurs Michail Romm, bevor er bereits mit »Ivans Kindheit« (1962) seinen ersten großen internationalen Erfolg hatte. Sein zentrales Thema seit seinem bedeutenden Hauptwerk »Andrej Rublev« (1966/1971), über »Solaris« (1972) und »Stalker« (1977/78) bis hin zu »Nostalghia« (1983), ist die Frage, wie sich aus den symboli…

Piscator

(152 words)

Author(s): Bauschulte, Manfred
[English Version] Piscator, Erwin (17.12.1893 Wetzlar – 30.3.1966 Starnberg). Nach einschneidenden Fronterfahrungen im 1. Weltkrieg begann P. als Schauspieler und Regisseur in Berlin mit Arbeitern und Laien im Theater zu arbeiten. Mit der Gründung des »Proletarischen Theaters« 1920 entwickelte P. einen eigenständigen dramatischen Stil, der nur auf aktuelle Stücke setzte, über eine neue Bühnen- und Projektionstechnik verfügte und sich hin zu einem polit. Massentheater entwickelte. 1931 drehte P. in …

Truffaut

(149 words)

Author(s): Bauschulte, Manfred
[English Version] Truffaut, François (6.2.1932 Paris – 21.10.1984 Neuilly), wurde nach wilder Kindheit und Jugend an der Seite von André Bazin Mitarbeiter der neu gegründeten Filmzeitschrift »Cahiers du Cinema«. Als führender Filmkritiker der 50er Jahre in Frankreich legte er die Grundlage zu seinem filmischen Schaffen. Es reflektiert in Stil und Tempo die Binde- und Auslösungskräfte moderner Lebensformen. Von seinem ersten Film »Sie küßten und sie schlugen ihn« (1959) an bis zu »Der Wolfsjunge« (1…

Science Fiction/Phantastische Literatur

(430 words)

Author(s): Bauschulte, Manfred
[English Version] . S.F., dt. Ph.Lit., sind lit. Genres der Moderne, deren Erzählformen symbolische Übergänge vom Realistischen zum Imaginären beschreiben. Dabei werden die cartesianischen Prinzipien, die Ausdehnung zur Eigenschaft des Raumes und Zeit zum Denkmodus machen, außer Kraft gesetzt. In lit. Entwürfen von phantastischen Wirklichkeiten wird die Technik eigenmächtig und hypertroph, erscheint die Welt nicht mehr als natürliches Milieu, sondern wird sie als Ort betrachtet, an den Menschen nu…

Piscator, Erwin Friedrich Maximilian

(179 words)

Author(s): Bauschulte, Manfred
[German Version] (Dec 17, 1893, Wetzlar – Mar 30, 1966, Starnberg). After dire experiences with the army in World War I, Piscator began to work in the theater in Berlin as an actor and director, using workers and amateurs. Having formed a “proletarian theater” in 1920, he developed a personal dramatic style that focused solely on topical issues, made use of new techniques of staging and projection, and developed in the direction of a political theater for the masses. In 1931 he made the film Vosstaniye rybakov ( Revolt of the Fishermen) in the Soviet Union, based on a novella by Anna …

Dreyer, Carl Theodor

(244 words)

Author(s): Bauschulte, Manfred
[German Version] (Feb 2, 1889, Copenhagen – Mar 20, 1968, Copenhagen), born Nilsson; orphaned early on, he was raised in a strict Lutheran family. After some eventful years as a journalist, he started writing screenplays with the Danish production firm Nordisk Films. Between 1918 and 1968, he produced 14 feature films, a series of documentaries, and a few meticulously-researched screenplays for films that did not see production (including one film on Jesus). The following are considered to be his major works. Die Passion der Jeanne d'Arc (1927) is a chron…

de Sica, Vittorio

(245 words)

Author(s): Bauschulte, Manfred
[German Version] (Jul 7, 1902, Sora, Abruzzi – Nov 13, 1974, Paris). As his father was a banker, he grew up in the Italian cities of Naples, Florence, and Rome. Initially, he studied economics, but before long through his acquaintance with a group of amateur performers he became acquainted with the theater of the commedia dell'arte. His love for film developed through his friendship with the author Cesare Zavattini, without whose scripts the films of De Sica are inconceivable. De Sica's masterpiece is the film Ladri di biciclette (The Bicycle Thieves) from 1949. It shows how a …

Ray, Satyajit

(169 words)

Author(s): Bauschulte, Manfred
[German Version] (May 2, 1921, Calcutta – Apr 23, 1992, Calcutta). At the age of 20, Ray took over an advertising agency; he then had the opportunity to study Shantiniketan art at the university directed by R. Tagore. His first film, Pather Panchali (1955), was already a world success. It forms the first part of the Apu trilogy ( Aparajito, 1956; Apur Sansar, 1959). In the style of Indian Neorealism, based on work with non-professional actors, it recounts the life of Apu, the son of a Brahman, who cannot feed his family, and discovers by a circuitous route…

Science Fiction

(468 words)

Author(s): Bauschulte, Manfred
[German Version] and fantasy literature are modern literary genres whose narrative forms describe symbolic transitions from the realistic to the imaginary. In them, the Cartesian principles that make one think of extension in terms of space and time are no longer in force. In literary portrayals of fantastic realities, technology takes on a will of its own, and becomes hypertrophic; the world no longer appears as a natural environment, but is regarded as a place where people arrive only by chance,…

Kazantzakis, Nikos

(207 words)

Author(s): Bauschulte, Manfred
[German Version] (Feb 18, 1883, Iraklion, Crete – Oct 26, 1957, Freiburg im Breisgau) studied law in Athens and later philosophy in Paris under H. Bergson. He took part in the Balkan Wars in 1913. From then on, his life was divided between diplomatic and literary activities. He lived in Berlin from 1921 to 1924, where he wrote the essay Askitiki (ET: The Saviors of God: Spiritual Exercises, 1960), an exhortation to focus on the spirit and divine deliverance. He varied the motifs and themes of this fragmentary work in novels such as The Greek Passion and MySaint Francis of Assisi. He elevated m…

Tarkovsky, Andrey Arsenyevich

(171 words)

Author(s): Bauschulte, Manfred
[German Version] (Apr 4, 1932, Zavrazhye – Sep 2, 1986, Paris). Born to a cultured Russian family, in the 1950s he worked as an assistant to the Soviet film director Mikhail Romm; in 1962 his Ivanovodetstvo (ET: Ivan’s Childhood, 1963) became his first international success. From his important major film Andrey Rublyov (1966/1971; ET: Andrei Rublev, 1973) through Solyaris (1972; ET: Solaris) and Stalker (1977/1978) to Nostalghia (Ital.: 1983), his central theme was the question of how to turn the powerful symbolic images of the Byzantine iconostasis into a fi…