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Serapion of Thmuis (Saint)

(202 words)

Author(s): Brakmann, Heinzgerd
[German Version] (c. 300 – after 370), cultured Greco-Egyptian monk, abbot, and after c. 330 bishop of Thmuis in the Nile delta. He was a devotee of St. Anthony, the father of all monks, a longtime intermediary and correspondent of Athanasius, and a member of the pro-Athanasius delegation to Constantius II in 353. His most important work was his Adversus Manichaeos (c. 330; ET: Serapion of Thmuis against the Manichees, 1931). Of his more than 55 letters, almost all survive only in fragments; his exegetical works have been lost, and other works are spurious. His n…

East Syrian Liturgy

(946 words)

Author(s): Brakmann, Heinzgerd
[German Version] is a collective term for the worship of the ancient church catholicosate at Seleucia-Ctesiphon and its successor churches, the Apostolic Church of the East (“Assyrians,” “Nestorians”), the patriarchate of Babylon (Catholic “Chaldeans”) and the Syro-Malabar Major Archiepiscopal Church (Catholic “Syro-Malabars”; Unions with …

Serapion

(147 words)

Author(s): Brakmann, Heinzgerd
[English Version] von Thmuis (um 300–nach 370), gebildeter Graecoägypter, Mönch, Klostervorsteher, seit ca.330 Bf. von Thmuis (Nildelta), Verehrer des Mönchsvaters Antonius, langjähriger Mittelsmann und Korrespondent des Athanasius, Teilnehmer der proathanasianischen Gesandtschaft 353 zu Konstantius II. Hauptwerk: »Adversus Manichaeos« (um 330). Von über 55 Briefen sind fast nur Frgm. erhalten, exegetische Schriften verloren, weiteres unecht. Mit S.s Namen verbunden ist eine Sammlung (Euchologion) …

Ostsyrische Liturgie

(855 words)

Author(s): Brakmann, Heinzgerd
[English Version] Ostsyrische Liturgie, zusammenfassende Bez. für den Gottesdienst des altkirchl. Katholikats Seleucia-Ctesiphon und seiner Nachfolgekirchen, der Apostolischen Kirche des Ostens (»Assyrer«, »Nestorianer« [Ostsyrische Kirche]), des Patriarchats von Babylon (kath. »Chaldäer«) und der Syro-Malabar Major Archiepiscopal Church (kath. »Syro-Malabaren«; Unionen mit Rom), gefeiert meist in Syr., seltener in Pers., jetzt auch in Malayalam, Engl. und anderen Sprachen (s.a. Liturgie: II.,2., …

Renaudot

(160 words)

Author(s): Brakmann, Heinzgerd
[English Version] Renaudot, Eusèbe (20.7.1648 Paris – 1.9.1720 ebd.). R. entstammte einer begüterten Familie mit Verbindungen zu höchsten Kreisen; 1665–1672 Mitglied des franz. Oratoriums (Oratorianer), danach publizistisch und polit. tätig; 1679–1720 Direktor der »Gazette de France«. Aufgrund breitester Fremdsprachenkenntnisse angesehener Gelehrter. Innerkath. wandte sich R. gegen Jesuiten (chinesischer Ritenstreit, Jansenismus) und R. Simon. Gegenüber den Calvinisten, bes. J. Claude, verteidigte …

Renaudot, Eusèbe

(199 words)

Author(s): Brakmann, Heinzgerd
[German Version] (Jul 20, 1648, Paris – Sep 1, 1720, Paris). Renaudot was born into a wealthy family with connections to the highest circles. A member of the French Oratory (Oratorians) from 1665 to 1672, he subsequently worked as a journalist and engaged in political activities; he was director of the Gazette de France from 1679 to 1720 and a highly respected scholar on account of his very extensive knowledge of foreign languages. Within Catholicism, he opposed the Jesuits (Chinese Rites controversy, Jansenism) and R. Simon. In the conflict with …