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Addua

(65 words)

Author(s): Brizzi, Giovanni (Bologna)
[German version] Tributary of the  Padus, modern Adda, running from the Raetic Alps through the lacus Larius (Lake Como), forming the border between Insubres and Cenomanni (Pol. 2,32,2; Str. 4,3,3; 6,6; 12; 5,1,6; Plin. HN 2,224; 3,118; 131). Brizzi, Giovanni (Bologna) Bibliography Nissen 1, 188; 2, 188 D. Olivieri, Dizionario di toponomastica lombarda, 21961, 46, s. v. Addua C. Podestà Alberini, Municipium Cremona, 1954, 3, 38 f.

Brixia

(163 words)

Author(s): Brizzi, Giovanni (Bologna)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Theatre | Christianity | | Italy, languages | Raeti, Raetia Main town of the  Cenoman(n)i on the Garza, a tributary of the Mella (Catull. 67,33; Liv. 5,35,1; 32,30,6; Just. Epit. 20,5,8; Str. 5,1,6), regio X (Plin. HN 3,130), on the road Comum - Aquileia (It. Ant. 127,11; It. Burd. 558,8), now Brescia. The Cenomani (Liv. 21,25,14: Brixiani Galli) received the ius Latii in 89 BC, the status of municipium (CIL V 4131; 4412; 4427) of the tribus Fabia in 49 BC [1. 108], of colonia between 27 and 8 BC ( civica Iulia Augusta: CIL V 4212).…

Ager Gallicus

(653 words)

Author(s): Brizzi, Giovanni (Bologna)
[German version] Coastal strip along the Adriatic between Aesis [2] and Utens (possibly the Vites mentioned by Plin. HN 3,115). Originally Umbrian (Str. 5,1,11), it was settled by  Senones at the end of the 4th cent. BC (Pol. 2,18 ff.; Liv. 5,33-55; Diod. Sic. 14,113-117). Following its conquest by M.  Curius Dentatus in 285/284 BC (Pol. 2,19,7-20), it became an   ager publicus . The Roman colony of  Sena Gallica was established in about 289 BC (cf. Liv. per. 11; Str. 5,2,10), and the Latin one of  Ariminium in 268 BC (cf. Liv. per. 15; …

Cottiae

(52 words)

Author(s): Brizzi, Giovanni (Bologna)
[German version] Mutatio (‘horse-changing post’) between Ticinum and Augusta Taurinorum (It. Ant. 340,3; It. Burd. 557,5), modern Cozzo. Branch to Vercellae (Tab. Peut. 4,1; cf. Geogr. Rav. 4,30; CIL XI, 3281-3284); miliarium (CIL V, 8063); municipium (CIL XI, 416). Brizzi, Giovanni (Bologna) Bibliography Nissen, 2, 176 Miller, 226 Ruggiero, 4, 1254.

Altinum

(156 words)

Author(s): Brizzi, Giovanni (Bologna)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Venetic | | Raeti, Raetia | Batavian Revolt Capital of the  Veneti (Ptol. 3,1,30) by the Silis (Plin. HN 3,126) in the marshes ( septem maria: Plin. HN 3,119; Str. 5,1,7; 11; Hdn. 8,7; Mela 2,62), today Altino. Later   municipium of the regio X (Vitr. De arch. 1,4,11; CIL V 2149), tribus Scaptia [1. 106], on the Patavium to Aquileia road (It. Ant. 128,4; 281. 4), at the beginning of the   via Claudia Augusta (CIL V 8002 f.).   Villae (Mart. 4,25) and manufacture; sheep-breeding (Columella 7,2,3). Destro…

Addua

(64 words)

Author(s): Brizzi, Giovanni (Bologna)
[English version] Nebenfluß des Padus, h. Adda. Fließt von den rätischen Alpen durch den lacus Larius (Comersee), Grenze zw. Insubres und Cenomanni (Pol. 2,32,2; Strab. 4,3,3; 6,6; 12; 5,1,6; Plin. nat. 2,224; 3,118; 131) Brizzi, Giovanni (Bologna) Bibliography Nissen 1, 188; 2, 188  D. Olivieri, Dizionario di toponomastica lombarda, 21961, 46, s. v. A.  C. Podestà Alberini, Municipium Cremona, 1954, 3, 38 f.

Boii

(437 words)

Author(s): Brizzi, Giovanni (Bologna)
[English version] (Boi). Kelt. Stamm, der seit der großen Wanderung E. 4.Jh. v.Chr. im Norden Italiens siedelte. Die B. stammten wohl aus Zentraleuropa (vgl. den Namen Böhmen; Vell. 2,109; Strab. 7,1,3). Bei ihrer Wanderung durchquerten sie Gebiete, die seit dem 6.Jh. von verwandten, kelt. sprechenden, transpadanischen Stämmen besiedelt waren (Golasecca-Kultur). Sie ließen sich in der h. zentralöstl. Emilia und in der Romagna nieder (bis zum Utens, wo der ager Senonum begann: Liv. 5,35,3), nachdem sie die Umbri und Etrusci vertrieben hatten (Felsina, nachmals Bon…

Ager Gallicus

(652 words)

Author(s): Brizzi, Giovanni (Bologna)
[English version] Küstenstreifen an der Adria zw. Aesis [2] und Utens (evtl. der Vites bei Plin. nat. 3,115). Zunächst umbrisch (Strab. 5,1,11), dann von den Senones Ende des 4. Jhs. v. Chr. besiedelt (Pol. 2,18 ff.; Liv. 5,33-55; Diod. 14,113-117). Nach der Eroberung durch M. Curius Dentatus 285/284 (Pol. 2,19,7-20) ager publicus . Dort wurden die röm. Kolonie Sena Gallica wohl 289 v. Chr. (vgl. Liv. per. 11; Strab. 5,2,10) und die latinische Kolonie Ariminium 268 v. Chr. (vgl. Liv. per. 15; Vell. 1,14,6; Eutr. 2,16) gegründet…

Cottiae

(51 words)

Author(s): Brizzi, Giovanni (Bologna)
[English version] Mutatio (“Pferdewechselstation”) zw. Ticinum und Augusta Taurinorum (Itin. Anton. 340,3; Itin. Burdig. 557,5), h. Cozzo. Abzweigung nach Vercellae (Tab. Peut. 4,1; vgl. Geogr. Rav. 4,30; CIL XI, 3281-3284); miliarium (CIL V, 8063); municipium (CIL XI, 416). Brizzi, Giovanni (Bologna) Bibliography Nissen, 2, 176  Miller, 226  Ruggiero, 4, 1254.

Altinum

(150 words)

Author(s): Brizzi, Giovanni (Bologna)
[English version] Dieser Ort ist auf folgenden Karten verzeichnet: Bataveraufstand | Raeti, Raetia | Venetisch | Straßen Hauptort der Veneti (Ptol. 3,1,30) am Silis (Plin. nat. 3,126) in den Sümpfen ( septem maria: Plin. nat. 3,119; Strab. 5,1,7; 11; Herodian. 8,7; Mela 2,62), h. Altino. Später municipium der regio X (Vitr. 1,4,11; CIL V 2149), tribus Scaptia [1. 106], an der Straße Patavium-Aquileia (It. Ant. 128,4; 281,4), am Anf. der via Claudia Augusta (CIL V 8002 f.). Villae (Mart. 4,25) und Manufakturen; Schafzucht (Colum. 7,2,3). Von Attila 452…

Brixia

(151 words)

Author(s): Brizzi, Giovanni (Bologna)
[English version] Dieser Ort ist auf folgenden Karten verzeichnet: Christentum | Italien, Sprachen | Raeti, Raetia | Theater | Straßen Hauptort der Cenoman(n)i an der Garza, einem Zufluß der Mella (Catull. 67,33; Liv. 5,35,1; 32,30,6; Iust. 20,5,8; Strab. 5,1,6), regio X (Plin. nat. 3,130), an der Straße Comum - Aquileia (Itin. Anton. 127,11; Itin. Burdig. 558,8), h. Brescia. Die Cenomani (Liv. 21,25,14: Brixiani Galli) erhielten 89 v.Chr. das ius Latii; 49 v.Chr. municipium (CIL V 4131; 4412; 4427) der tribus Fabia [1. 108], colonia zw. 27 und 8 v.Chr. ( civica Iulia Augusta: CIL V…

Boii

(697 words)

Author(s): Brizzi, Giovanni (Bologna) | Tausend, Sabine
[German version] Boii (Boi). Celtic tribe that settled in northern Italy from the time of the great migration at the end of the 4th cent. BC. The B. probably originated from Central Europe (cf. the name Bohemia; Vell. Pat. 2,109; Str. 7,1,3). In their migration they crossed over territories that had been settled by related, Celtic-speaking, Transpadanian tribes since the 6th cent. (Golasecca culture). They themselves settled in what is today central east Emilia and in Romagna (as far as the Utens, where the ager Senonum began: Liv. 5,35,3), after they had driven out the Umbri an…

Acerrae

(199 words)

Author(s): Olshausen, Eckart (Stuttgart) | Brizzi, Giovanni (Bologna) | Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] [1] City on the Clanius in Campania This item can be found on the following maps: Social Wars | Villa | Etrusci, Etruria City of the  Sidicini or  Samnites on the Clanius in  Campania (Str. 5,4,8; 11; Plin. HN 3,63). 332 BC civitas sine suffragio (Liv. 8, 17, 12; Vell. Pat. 1, 14, 4), praefectura (fortress destroyed (Liv. 23, 17, 7; 19, 4), rebuilt 211 BC (Liv. 27, 3). Colonia under Augustus (liber coloniarum 229). Few archaeological remains under today's city of Acerra. Olshausen, Eckart (Stuttgart) Bibliography Nissen 2, 754 [German version] [2] Capital of the  Insubres Cap…

Acerrae

(189 words)

Author(s): Olshausen, Eckart (Stuttgart) | Brizzi, Giovanni (Bologna) | Uggeri, Giovanni (Florenz)
[English version] [1] Stadt am Clanius in Campania Dieser Ort ist auf folgenden Karten verzeichnet: Bundesgenossenkriege | Etrusci, Etruria | Villa Stadt der Sidicini bzw. Samnites am Clanius in Campania (Strab. 5,4,8; 11; Plin. nat. 3,63). 332 v. Chr. civitas sine suffragio (Liv. 8, 17, 12; Vell. 1, 14, 4), praefectura (Fest. zerstört (Liv. 23, 17, 7; 19, 4), 211 v. Chr. wiederaufgebaut (Liv. 27, 3). Unter Augustus colonia (liber coloniarum 229). Wenige arch. Überreste unter der h. Stadt Acerra. Olshausen, Eckart (Stuttgart) Bibliography Nissen 2, 754 [English version] [2] Hauptort…