[German version] I. Terminology Today, some aspects of the dialectical and rhetorical theory of argument, as systematized by Aristotle  in the
Topiká and the
Rhētorikḕ téchnē, are subsumed under the general term of topics. Τόπος/
Tópos (literally 'place', then 'commonplace') does, of course, already appear earlier as a technical rhetorical term (Isocr. 12,111; 5,109; 10,4; 10,38; 1,25,76; Aristot. Rh. Al. 1443b 31; Lat.
locus), but not until Aristotle was an essential role assigned to the
tópoi (pl.; Lat.
loci) - not only for achieving rational persuasion, but also for …