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Oncken, Johann Gerhard

(305 words)

Author(s): Claußen, Carsten
[German Version] (Jan 26, 1800, Varel – Jan 2, 1884, Zürich), Baptist theologian. After contacts with Scottish Presbyterians and English Independents, Oncken was converted in 1820 in a London Methodist church (Methodists). From 1823 he was a mission worker for the Continental Society for the Dif-¶ fusion of Religious Knowledge over the Continent of Europe, and from 1828 worked for the Edinburgh Bible Society in Bible and Scripture distribution and in harbour mission (Mission to seamen) from a base in Hamburg, mainly in northern Germany. In …

Lehmann, Gottfried Wilhelm

(91 words)

Author(s): Claußen, Carsten
[German Version] (Oct 23, 1799, Hamburg – Feb 21, 1882, Berlin) was a copperplate engraver and a Baptist preacher. In 1837, he established the first Prussian Baptist congregration (Baptists) in Berlin. He cofounded the German branch of the Evangelical Alliance in 1852. Together with J. Oncken and Julius Köbner, he was one of the founding fathers of the continental European Baptists. Carsten Claußen Bibliography Works include: Offenes Sendschreiben an den Deutschen Evangelischen Kirchentag, 1854 On Lehmann: H. Luckey, Gottfried Wilhelm Lehmann und die Entstehung einer deut…

Nuelsen, John Louis

(175 words)

Author(s): Claußen, Carsten
[German Version] (Jan 19, 1876, Zürich – Jun 26, 1946, Cincinnati, OH), Methodist theologian and bishop (Methodists). After studying at Drew Theological Seminary in New Jersey from 1887 to 1889, then in Berlin and Halle in 1893/1894, Nuelson taught in the United States from 1894 to 1908 as professor theology. He then served as a Methodist bishop in the Omaha Episcopal Area in Nebraska from 1908 to 1912 and in Europe from 1912 to 1940. Central themes of his theology were the separation of church an…

Schultz, Clemens Eduard Ferdinand Carl

(255 words)

Author(s): Claußen, Carsten
[German Version] (Sep 22, 1862, Hamburg – Jan 13, 1914, Hamburg), pastor and youth minister. From 1896 until his death, he worked in Hamburg-St. Pauli. His focus was on ministry among young males between 14 and 25, for whom he introduced the expression Halbstarke (“half-grown punks”). The attraction of his personality and his pedagogical talent were enormous. He quickly began mentoring 400–600 confirmands. As a result of economic and social changes, many young people were struggling with enormous ¶ social problems and were largely alienated from the church. To provide past…

Schrenk, Elias

(177 words)

Author(s): Claußen, Carsten
[German Version] (Sep 19, 1831, Hausen, Württemberg – Oct 21, 1913, Bethel), missionary and evangelist. After working as a merchant, in 1854 Schrenk entered the missionary house at Basel (Basel Mission). In 1859 he was sent to the mission field of the Gold Coast in West Africa. Health issues forced him to leave Africa in 1872. In 1874/1875 he was inspired by D.L. Moody and I.D. Sankey to begin an evangelistic ministry. As an itinerant evangelist for the Basel Mission, he worked in the Hessian Comm…

Seitz, Johannes

(185 words)

Author(s): Claußen, Carsten
[German Version] (Feb 7, 1839, Neuweiler im Schwarzwald – Jul 4, 1922, Bad Brambach, Vogtlandkreis), evangelist. While still living with his parents, Seitz was influenced by the revivalist piety of J.C. Blumhardt and Dorothea Trudel (1813–1862). After two and a half years of training at the missionary school of the German Templar Society, he began serving as an itinerant preacher in Württemberg. In 1877 he broke with the Templar Society, whose theology, increasingly influenced by rationalism, he r…

Schneider, Johannes

(180 words)

Author(s): Claußen, Carsten
[German Version] (Jul 7, 1857, Höxter an der Weser – Aug 12, 1930, Höxter), Protestant theologian and pastor. Schneider served as a pastor in Warburg (1882–1883), Lichtenau (1883–1891), and Elberfeld (1891–1917). In 1894 he succeeded his father as editor of the Kirchliches Jahrbuch, founded in 1873. In 1918 he was employed by the office of church statistics of the Protestant High Consistory in Berlin; in 1922 he was made an honorary professor of church studies at the University of Berlin. In 1923 he was appointed head of the office of c…