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Mutilia Prisca

(70 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Belonged to the inner circle of friends of Livia [2]. According to Tacitus (4,12,4), Aelius [II 19] Seianus was able to learn of Livia's intentions and also to influence them through MP's lover, Iulius Postumus. The uncertainty of the transmission of the name makes it doubtful whether Cass. Dio 58,4,6 and 7 can be regarded as referring to MP. PIR2 M 763. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Terminatio

(299 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] (from Latin terminus , 'boundary'). The definition of boundaries between land belonging to individuals, but esp. between communities. An official boundary was almost never drawn between Roman provinces, however, because their limits were defined by the territorial extent of the autonomous administrative units concerned. Markers were boundary stones ( termini; ILS 5926) or wooden posts [1. 244]. The terminatio was carried out by mensores, 'surveyo…

Vibidia

(58 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Vestal, the oldest in the College of Vestals in AD 48; shortly before her death she was asked by Messalina [2] to intercede with Claudius [III 1] regarding her marrying C. Silius [II 1] (Tac. Ann. 11,32,2). She and her father Vibidius Virro were honoured in Athens (IG II/III2 3532). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography Raepsaet-Charlier, 6…

Barbius

(26 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] M.B. Aemilianus, cos. suff. in the year 140 (CIL XVI 177); RMD 1, 39; originated from Aquileia (EOS 2, 332f.). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Nummius

(353 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] M.N.Attidius Senecio Albinus 3rd cent. AD official Praefectus urbi in AD 256 and 261-263, and so cos. suff. before  256, and cos. II ord. in 263. Son of N. [4], married to  [- - -]ia Aurelia Flavia Archelais. N.'s son was presumably a [M. N. Flavius] Archelaus Sene[cio Albinus], his daughter [N]ummia (s. CIL VI 41225a). PIR2 N 227. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] M.N.Ceienius Annius Albinus Late 3rd/early 4th cent. AD praetor urbanus Praetor urbanus. Like other praetors, at the end of the 3rd or beginning of the 4th century AD, he establish…

Arria

(167 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] the Elder. Wife of Senator Caecina Paetus, died 42 AD Wife of Senator Caecina Paetus; when he was sentenced to death by Emperor Claudius in 42, she killed herself (Plin. Ep. 3,16; Tac. Ann. 16.34.2; Raepsaet-Charlier, no. 96). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] the Younger. Wife of P. Clodius Thrasea Paetus (1st cent. AD) Daughter of [1], wife of P. Clodius Thrasea Paetus, cos. suff. in 56; like her mother, she wanted to join her husband in death in the year 66; he prevented her from doing so (Tac. Ann. 16,34,2). Mother of Fannia who…

Galeria

(82 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Annia G. Faustina see  Faustina [1] Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] G. Fundana Wife of the later emperor Vitellius about AD 60 Daughter of a senator of praetorian rank, related also to Galerius [4] [1]. Married A. Vitellius, the later emperor, no later than around AD 60. In 69 she joined her husband in Gaul. After his death she took care of the funeral. PIR2 G 33. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 W. Eck, in: ZPE 101, 1994, 229f.

Funisulanus

(156 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] L.F.Vettonianus. Originally probably from Caesaraugusta in Spain. Was accepted into the Senate under Claudius; after the offices of quaestor, tribune of the people, and praetor, he became legate of the legio IV Scythica in Syria and Armenia in the year AD 62 (Tac. Ann. 15,7,1). Joined Vespasianus; in 78, he was appointed to the office of (among others) pr…

Sosia

(144 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
( Sossia). [German version] [1] Pompeia S. Falconilla Daughter of Pompeius Sosius [II 2] Priscus ( cos. ord. in AD 149); married to M. Pontius [II 3] Laelianus ( cos. ord. in 163). An indication of her social position was her extraordinary paternal ancestral line, which therefore - as with her grandmother S. [2] Polla - always a…

Caesernius

(178 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] T.C. Statius Quinctius Macedo Knight, around 100 AD Eques from Aquileia. Procurator of Pannonia(?), praesidial procurator of Mauretania Caesariensis in AD 107 (PIR2 C 181) [1. 158ff.]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) …

Calestrius

(153 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] C. Tiro Proconsul of the Baetica, around 107 BC Friend of Pliny the Younger (Ep. 7,16), quaestor Caesaris, tribunus plebis, praetor in AD 93, procos. prov. Baeticae c. AD 107 (Plin. Ep. 6,22,7; 9,5; PIR2 C 222) [1. 779ff.]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] T.C. Tiro Iulius Maternus Governor of Lycia-Pamphylia AD 132-135 Son of C. [3], governor of Lycia-Pamphylia AD 132-135 (AE 1972, 651a; IGR 3, 704, 1) [2. 83f.; 3. 39, 43]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [3] T.C. Tiro Orbius Speratus Cos. suff. in 122 Senator, probably a younger brother or …

Serius

(67 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Old Italic nomen gentile (Schulze 229). [German version] [1] C. Iunius S. Augurinus Cos. ord. in AD 132 (Degrassi, FCIR 38). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] C. S. Augurinus Son of S. [1]. Cos. ord. in AD 156, procos. of Africa in 169/170 [1. 69 f.]. Presumably he, and his father too, already had patrician rank; cf. CIL VI 1979. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Thom…

Agermus

(38 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] also transmitted as Ager(r)inus. Freedman of Agrippina [3] the younger (also C. Iulius A.), falsely accused by Nero of an assassination attempt (Tac. Ann. 14,6-10; Suet. Nero 34,3; PIR2 A 456). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Halotus

(57 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Eunuch, who was the food taster of  Claudius [III 1], and is supposed to have given him the poison from which he died at the order of  Agrippina [3]. Although he was found guilty under Nero, Galba protected him and conferred a financially lucrative procuratorship on him. PIR2 H 11. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Lissenius

(57 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] L. Proculus. Equestrian, represented the prefect of Egypt (POxy. 3050) in AD 252/3 [1. 313; 2. 87; 3. 514]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 G. Bastianini, in: ZPE 17, 1975, 263-328 2Id., in: ZPE 38, 1980, 75-89 3Id., Il prefetto d'Egitto (30 a.C. - 297 d.C.): Addenda (1973-1985), in: ANRW II 10.1, 1988, 503-517.

Agaclytus

(96 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] A. (L. Aurelius), freedperson of the emperor Verus A. (L. Aurelius), freedperson of the emperor Verus, who married, against the objections of Marcus Aurelius, the widow of the senator Annius Libo to the libertus (SHA Verus 9,3; 19,5; Marcus 15,2; PIR2 A 452; [1. 243] s. v. Annius Libo). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] A. (L. Aurelius). son of no. 1 A. (L. Aurelius). Probably son of no. 1 and married to Marcus Aurelius' youngest daughter Vibia Aurelia Sabina (CIL XV 7402; [1. 239, 243]). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 A. Birley, Marcus Aurelius, 21987…

Prastina

(137 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] C. P. Messalinus Senator, cos. ord. AD 147 Senator. Praetorian legate of legio III Augusta in Numidia AD 143-146. Cos. ord. in 147. He was probably also legate of Moesia inferior, if CIL III 7529 and [1. 14] refer to him; but they may instead refer to P. [3]. PIR2 P 926. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 B. Gerov, Inscriptiones Latinae in Bulgaria Repertae, 1989. [German version] [2] P. Messalinus Consular legate in Pannonia, AD 188-191? Consular legate of Pannonia superior under Commodus, perhaps AD 188-191. Probably son of P. [1]. PIR2 P 927. Eck, Werner (Cologne) …

Hoenius

(66 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] T.H. Severus Consul ord. 141 AD Cos. ord. in AD 141, possibly came from Umbria (PIR2 H 189); perhaps related by blood to  Iuventius Celsus, cos. II in 129. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography M. Gaggiotti, L. Sensi, in: EOS 2,237. [German version] [2] T.H. Severus Consul suff. 170 AD Son of H. [1]. Patrician, cos. suff. in AD 170. PIR2 H 190. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Munius Lupercus

(121 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Senator, who as legate of the legio XV Apollinaris in the army of Lower Germany in AD 69 was in command of the winter camp of his legion and the remains of the legio V Alaudae. He attacked Iulius [II 43] Civilis on the island of Batavia, but withdrew defeated to Vetera. There he had to surrender owing to lack of food. He escaped the massacre of the retreating troops. When he was sent by Civilis as a gift to the seer  Veleda, he was murdered on the way (Tac. Hist. 4,18; 4,22; 4,61,2-3). PIR2 M 741. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography u Th. Franke, Die Legionslegaten der römischen Ar…

Asellius

(136 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Aemilianus Cos. suff. around 177 AD Among other offices praetorian legate of Thracia between AD 176 and 180, cos. suff. around 177 [1. 262]. Consular governor of Syria about 188 [2]; proconsul of Asia in 192/193. As a relative of Clodius Albinus he remained neutral between Septimius Severus and Pescennius Niger, for a longer period; but was finally defeated by Septimius in the summer of 193 as a general of Niger and executed soon after (Herodian 3,2,2; 6; Cass. Dio 74,6,4; SHA Sept. Sev. 8,16; [3]). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] Claudianus Senator (2nd …

Sigerus

(42 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] For many years a high cubicularius of Domitian, who had great influence with the emperor (Mart. 4,78,8). He took part in the plot against Domitian and wounded him mortally (Cass. Dio 67,15,1-5; Suet. Dom. 17,2). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Vespasianus

(1,247 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Roman emperor, AD 69-79. Born T. Flavius Vespasianus on 17 Nov. AD 9 at Falacrinae near Reate, son of the tax farmer Flavius [II 39] Sabinus and Vespasia Polla, a daughter of an equestrian officer [1. 155-160]. Married to Flavia [1] Domitilla; the marriage produced Titus [II 2] (born in AD 39) and Domitian (Domitianus [1], born in AD 51). [German version] I. Early career At the urging of his mother, V. followed his uncle and his elder brother, Flavius [II 40] Sabinus, in pursuing a senatorial career. His first position was as tribunus [4] militum in Thracia (pro…

Faenius Rufus, L.

(103 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Eques who in AD 55 became praefectus annonae through the support of Agrippina [3] and was held in high esteem by the people of Rome. Appointed by Nero in 62 to the position of praefectus praetorio along with Tigellinus; when the latter accused him of having had a relationship with Agrippina and Nero mistrusted him, he joined the Pisonian conspiracy. After it was uncovered, he was executed. It is still very uncertain whether the horrea Faeniana go back to him (CIL VI 37796). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography H. Pavis d'Escurac, La préfecture de l'annone, 1976, 322 PIR2 F 10…

Posides

(63 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Freedman of Claudius [III 1], who placed a great deal of trust in him (Suet. Claud. 28,1). In AD 43, P. accompanied Claudius to Britannia and at the ensuing triumph he was given a hasta pura like a freeborn military officer, whereby the position of trust he held with Claudius was also publicly revealed. PIR2 P 878. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Calpetanus

(115 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Famous physician according to Pliny According to Plin. HN 29,7 a famous physician (PIR2 C 234). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] C.C. Rantius Sedatus Metronius (?) Consul suff. 47AD Curator tabulariorum publicorum in AD 45 (CIL VI 916 = 31201); cos. suff. in AD 47 [1]. Consular legate of Dalmatia after AD 47 (ILJug. 2064; PIR2 C 235). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [3] C.C. Statius Rufus Civil building official 1st cent. AD Member of the collegium of the curatores locorum publicorum iudicandorum and the curatores riparum et alvei Tiberis under Ti…

Coronius C. Titianus

(26 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Vir perfectissimus, governor of the provincia vetus of Epirus between AD 293 and 305 (AE 1993, 1406). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Praegustator

(174 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] ('Food taster'). Food tasters, used to protect persons in positions of high authority from poisoning, had been employed since the time of the Persian Achaemenidae [2], then also by Alexander [4] the Great (e.g. Xen. Cyr. 1,3,9; Just. Epit. 12,14,9). Mark Antony (Antonius [II I 9]) is said to have been the first of the Romans to employ a praegustator (Plin. HN. 21,9,12). Praegustatores were put in the employ of Roman rulers beginning with Augustus [1]. It is unclear whether their profession was always in reality dangerous. A certain Coetus Herodianus, praegustator divi A…

Catilius

(177 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] [Ca]tilius Longus Eques from Bithynia, 1st cent. AD Eques from Apamea in Bithynia who was accepted into the Senate by Vespasian (CIL III 335 = Eck, ZPE 42, 1981, 242ff. = AE 1982, 860). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] L.C. Severus Procos. Asiae, 3rd cent. AD Descendant of C. [3]. as attested in Frater Arvalis, 213 and 218; probably procos. Asiae (IGR IV 1281) [1. 112f., 418f.]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [3] L.C.Severus Iulianus Claudius Reginus Cos. ord. II 120 AD Senator from Bithynia, see C. [1] [2. 133ff.; 3. 127ff.]. Praetorian c…

Glitius

(264 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Q.G. Atilius Agricola Quaestor under Vespasianus An Atilius by birth, presumably adopted by a G., from Augusta Taurinorum, where he was honoured by various cities, also by means of trapezophora. Probably of senatorial origin; the fact that he became quaestor of Vespasianus indicates imperial patronage; under Domitianus he was iuridicus in Spain, legatus legionis VI Ferratae in Syria and praetorian governor of Belgica, also under Nerva, then cos. suff. in September/October AD 97, when Trajan was adopted. Consular governor of Pannonia in 101-2, p…

Plancia Magna

(120 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Daughter of M. Plancius [3] Varus and wife of C. Iulius [II 48] Cornutus Tertullus. She was from Perge, where she held several public offices. After erecting others, she built a spectacular tower with statues of Diana Pergensis, the Genius Civitatis, of Divus Augustus and of the members of the imperial family in the time of Trajan and Hadrian [1]. She is an example of a senator's wife who, despite her connexions with Rome through her sociopolitical relationships, also maintained close ties with her homeland. PIR2 P 444. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 S. Şahin (ed.)…

Nymphidius

(291 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] N. Lupus Soldier and adviser of Pliny the Younger He served in the army as a praefectus in Syria around AD 80/1, when Plinius the Younger was a tribunus militum in the legio III Gallica. Later N. reached rank of a primipilaris. Pliny called him to Pontus-Bithynia as an adviser. For his son of the same name Pliny requested a military tribunate from the emperor Trajan (Plin. Epist. 10,87). PIR2 N 248; 249. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] C.N. Sabinus 1st cent. AD soldier and official Son of C. Iulius [II 36] Callistus's freedwoman Nymphidia. Later N. cla…

Caristanius

(91 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] C.C. Fronto Official under Vespasian Senator from Caesarea in Pisidia. Vespasian made him inter tribunicios adlectus. He was the praetorian governor of Lycia-Pamphylia from AD 81- c. 83/84; cos. suff. 90 (AE 1949, 23); married to a Sergia Paulla (PIR2 C 423) [1. 109]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] C.C. Julianus Official, around 100 AD Related to C. [1]; after an equestrian military service, he was admitted into the Senate; proconsul Achaiae probably AD 100/101 (PIR2 C 426) [1. 129; 2. 334]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Halfmann 2 W. Eck,…

Corvinus

(68 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Friend of the poet Juvenal Friend of the poet  Juvenal, who dedicated satura 12 to him. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] Mentioned by Juvenal as an exiled senator Mentioned by Juvenal as an exiled senator (1,108). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [3] C. Celer Municipal quaestor in Oea in Africa Municipal quaestor in Oea in Africa (Apul. Apol. 101). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Harpocras

(43 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Freedman of Claudius, who is said to have honoured him by permitting him the use of a litter and the holding of games in Rome, which was normally the prerogative of the magistrates. PIR2 H 16. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Hosidius

(322 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] C.H. Geta Mint master in the 1st cent. BC Mint master, perhaps in the year 54 BC (MRR 2, 441); proscribed by the triumviri in 43, but rescued by his son; later struck from the proscription lists (App. B Civ. 4,171). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] [H.] Geta Senator, probably Augustan-Tiberian period, quaesitor Senator, whose fragmentary cursus probably belongs to the Augustan-Tiberian period because of the office of quaesitor. CIL IX 2844; PIR2 H 215. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [3] C.H. Geta Legionary legate in Britain in 43 AD, orna…

Pisibania Lepida

(50 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Member of the senatorial class, who had an estate at Ferentium in southern Etruria (CIL XI 3003 and p. 1313); she was related to Pisibanius [2] (cf. [1. 158f.]). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 P. Weiss, Ein Konsulnpaar vom 21. Juni 159 n.Chr., in: Chiron 29, 1999, 147-182.

Mustius

(43 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Q. M. Priscus. Praetorian governor of Dacia superior probably from AD 141/2, attested there in 144  (CIL XVI 90). Probably cos. suff. in absentia in August of the same year [1. 56f.]. PIR2 M 760. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Piso, FPD.

Corellia

(25 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] C. Hispulla. Daughter of Corellius [2]; married to one Neratius; Corellius [1] was her son. PIR2 C 1296. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Suetrius

(132 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] C. Octavius Appius S. Sabinus. Senator from Histonium; his father was already a senator. Admitted to the Senate under Septimius [II 7] Severus. After junior posts, legate to the legio XXII Primigenia; took part as dux vexillationis in Caracalla’s expeditio Germanica; governor of Raetia in AD 213, cos. ord. in 214; then iudex instead of the emperor in a province; praefectus alimentorum and appointed ad corrigendum statum Italiae. Governor of Pannonia inferior in 216/17 and of a further consular province; procos. of Africa c. 230. In 240 for the second time cos. ord.; cf. …

Cossutianus Capito

(58 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Senator at least from 47 BC; in 57 sentenced by the Senate because of extortion in his province, perhaps Lycia-Pamphylia (Tac. Ann . 13,33; 16,21; [1]). As son-in-law of Ofonius Tigellinus was readmitted to the Senate where he accused Antistius Sosianus and Thrasea Paetus (PIR2 C 1543). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Syme, RP 2, 1150ff.

Platorius

(266 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] A.P.Nepos Aponius Italicus Manilianus C. Licinius Pollio Official under Trajan and Hadrian Senator with a lengthy career under Trajan (Traianus) and Hadrian (Hadrianus). From a not especially promising start as triumvir capitalis, he at length gained Trajan's support as praetor. Subsequently, he became curator viae Cassiae, Clodiae, Ciminiae novae, Traianae; thereupon, legate of legio I Adiutrix during the Parthian War; praetorian legate of Thracia, AD 117/8; cos. suff., AD 119, together with Hadrian, from which a close association with the la…

Suffect consul

(321 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Roman magistrates (Magistratus) were, on principle, elected for one year only. When, however, a magistrate resigned or died during his term of office, a successor had to be appointed for the rest of that year. This successor was called suffectus (from sufficere, 'to grow again'). While by-elections were rare during the Republic, it became normal during the period of the Triumvirate (43-30 BC) and then from 5 BC, to appoint more than two consuls per year from the outset who were to hold office in succession and in pairs. At first, there were usually only two suffecti per year…

Duvius

(118 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] L. D. Avitus One of the earliest senators to come from Gaul (Vasio Vocontiorum). After his praetorship he became praetorian governor of Aquitania; cos. suff. with Thrasea Paetus in the last months of AD 56. In 57/8 he became commander of the army of Lower Germany, presumably through the influence of the praetorian prefect Afranius Burrus (likewise from Vasio Vocontiorum) (CIL XII 1354 = ILS 979; AE 1976, 391). He drove out the Frisians, who occupied the right bank of the Rhine. With the commander of the…

Poenius Postumus

(58 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Equestrian praefectus [5] castrorum of the Legio II Augusta in Britain, who did not follow the orders of the governor Suetonius Paulinus during Boudicca's revolution in AD 60. Since he had deprived his legion of participation in the victory he killed himself (Tac. Ann. 14,34-37, esp. 37,3). PIR2 P 530. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Servenius

(45 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] L. S. Gallus. Praetor urbanus in AD 62 who had published an edict in the Forum Augusti [1]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 G. Camodeca, La ricostruzione dell'élite municipale ercolanese degli anni 50-70, in: Cahiers du centre G. Glotz 7, 1996, 167-178 (= AE 1996, 407).

Cingonius Varro

(69 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Senator. After the murder of the praef. urbi Pedanius Secundus in AD 61 he applied to have P.'s freedmen only banned from Italy (Tac. Ann. 14,45,2). He composed a speech to the praetorians for Nymphidius Sabinus; executed by Galba (Plut. Galba 14f.; Tac. Hist. 1,6,1.37,3; PIR2 C 736). According to [1. 382] he may have been from the Transpadana. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Syme, RP 4.

Rammius

(49 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Q. R. Martialis. Equestrian of whose offices only the praefectura vigilum between AD 111 and 113 and the praefectura Aegypti between 117 und 119 are attested. In Egypt he had to deal with the aftermath of the Jewish rebellion. PIR2 R 20. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Aedius

(110 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] [M. Ae]dius Ba[ --], senator from Allifae (1st half 1st cent. BC) [M. Ae]dius Ba[ --], senator from Allifae, legate of  Tiberius (CIL IX 2344. 2341); CIL IX 2342 = ILS 944 probably refers to him, consequently per commendationem Ti. Caesaris Augusti ab senatu co(n)s(ul) dest(inatus) [1. 137 ff.]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] [M. Aedi]us Celer, probably son of [1] [M. Aedi]us Celer, probably son of [1], lengthy senatorial career in the Augustan-Tiberian era, which led to the proconsulate of Creta-Cyrene (CIL IX 2335 = ILS 961; [1; 2] 125 ff.]). Eck, We…

Rufius

(105 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] C. R. Festus Laelius Firmus Senator, son of procurator C.R. Festus Senator, son of the procurator C. R. Festus; the family hailed from Volsinii in Etruria. He is probably mentioned in CIL XV 7525 along with his sons Marcellinus and Proculus, as well as in CIL XI 2698. The family did not rise to great importance until the end of the 3rd cent. AD. The most prominent member was C. Ceionius R. Volusianus, cos. ord. II in AD 314. PIR2 R 157; cf. 156; 159; 161. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] Author of a historical brevarium s. Festus [4]

Macedo

(166 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Indebted Roman under Vespasian, 1st cent. AD According to the Digesta (14,6,1), under Vespasian a M. who was being pressured by his creditors is said to have killed his father so that he could settle his debts. A senatus consultum was therefore enacted stating that there was no option - even after the death of the father - for a creditor to bring a suit against sons who are under the authority of their father and have taken up a loan [1.; 2. 443f.]. Naming a senatus consultum after a person affected instead of after the magistrate putting in an application nevert…

Saoterus

(106 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Cubicularius of Commodus, so a slave. When Commodus returned to Rome as in triumph in AD 180, S. stood behind the emperor on the chariot. According to HA Comm. 3,6, he was his lover. For his home town Nicomedia, S. obtained the Senate's permission to build a temple for Commodus and to establish an agon (Cass. Dio 72,12,2). He is supposed to have been hated by the people of Rome because of his influence; that is why he was killed by frumentarii of the praetorian praefects (HA Comm. 4,5). The evidence on his person, however, is probably considerably distorted. Eck, Werner (Cologn…

Septicius

(91 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] C. S. Clarus, equestrian. Plinius [2] the Younger dedicated the first book of his letters (Plin. Ep. 1,1) and Suetonius his book De vita Caesarum (cf. Lydus, Mag. 2,6) to him. C. AD 120-122 praef. praet. of Hadrian beside Marcius [II 14] Turbo. According to an account in Historia Augusta (SHA Hadr. 11,3), he and Suetonius overstepped the boundaries of court etiquette with respect to the emperor's wife Sabina. Dismissed, therefore, from his post, presumably while he and Hadrian were staying in Britain. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography Syme, RP 3, 1283-1285.

Got(h)icus

(48 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Cognomen ex virtute given to the victorious general deriving from the Goths; the Roman emperors from Claudius II (AD 268-270) onwards bore it ─ last used by Justinian and Mauricius (without maximus). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography P. Kneißl, Die Siegestitulatur der röm. Kaiser, 1969, passim; 247.

Ceionia

(110 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] C. Fabia Betrothed to Marcus Aurelius, 2nd cent. AD Daughter of Ceionius [3], sister of L. Verus, betrothed to  Marcus Aurelius. The betrothal was dissolved (SHA Aur. 4,5; 6,2) after the death of Hadrian. She was married to Plautius Quintillus, cos. ord. 159. After the death of Faustina she tried in vain to marry Marcus Aurelius (SHA Aur. 29,10; PIR2 C 612; [1; 2. 246]). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] C. Plautia Wife of Q. Servilius Prudens, 2nd cent. AD Sister of C. [1]; wife of Q. Servilius Pudens, cos. ord. 166 (PIR2 C 614). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography…

Traulus Montanus

(36 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Sex. T. M. Young Roman equestrian, whom Messalina [2] made her lover for one night. After her death (AD 48), he was executed (Tac. Ann. 11,36,3; Sen. Apocol. 13,4). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Coiedius Maximus

(50 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Presidential procurator of Mauretania Tingitana under Marcus Aurelius and Verus, no later than the middle of 168; he took part in the conferring of civil rights of citizenship which is described in the tabula Banasitana (AE 1971, 534 = ILMar. 2, 94). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Mantennius

(170 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] L. M. Sabinus Cos. suff. around AD 225 Senator. In AD 214 known as m agister tertium of the sodales Augustales Claudiales (CIL XIV 2391). He must therefore already have been a senior member of the sodality. After a suffect consulship he became legate of Moesia inferior, where he is attested from 227 to 229 (AE 1972, 526 = [1. 13]). PIR2 M 172. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 V. Božiloa, J. Kolendo, L. Mrozewicz, Inscriptions latines de Novae, 1992. [German version] [2] L. M. Sabinus Praefect under Commodus, AD 194 Equestrian. Father of M. [1] and M. [3]. Praetor…

Vitorius

(201 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] C. V. Hosidius Geta Son of V. [2], born before AD 95; recorded from AD 118 among the fratres Arvales. Praefectus urbi feriarum Latinarum causa, 'quaestor Traiani' (CIL VI 370079 = 41116). Praetor before 120 [1. 35, n. 22]; suffect consul under Hadrian (before 139 since he is mentioned in ILS 7190) [2. 53, 379-384]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 W. Eck, Senatoren von Vespasian bis Hadrian, 1970 2 Scheid, Collège. [German version] [2] M. V. Marcellus Senator, from Teate Marrucinorum, born shortly after AD 60. One of his fellow pupils was a C. …

Patrobius

(53 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] A rich freedman of Nero who enjoyed the latter's confidence. In AD 66, P. organised the gladiatorial games in Puteoli in honour of the Armenian king Tiridates [5]. Their lavishness surpassed everything that the people were used to. Galba [2] had him executed. PIR2 P 161. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Tusidius Campester

(98 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] L. (?) T. Campester. Roman senator; suffect consul under Antoninus [1] Pius in the September/October of  AD 142 together with Q. Cornelius [II 54] Senecio Annianus (see also RMD 106, fr. 37 of the Fasti Ostienses = FO2, fr. S and a new fragment of a diploma in [1]). He is without doubt identical to L. Tusidius Campester (CIL XI 5632 = ILS 2735), the son of the procurator M. Maenius [II 1] Agrippa, whose career was in the time of Hadrian. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 W. Eck, P. Weiß, T. C., in: ZPE 134, 2001, 251-260.

Cosconius

(57 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [II 0] C. Celsus Presiding procurator in Raetia until AD 139 when he was replaced by Sempronius Liberalis [1]; his name should probably also be added to RMD II 94 = AE 1984,706. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 K. Dietz, Ein neues Militärdiplom aus Alteglofsheim, Lkr. Regensburg, in: Beiträge zur Arch. in der Oberpfalz 3, 1999, 225-256.

Tattius

(48 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] C. T. Maximus. Eques. Tribune of the equites singulares in Rome, attested 142-145 AD. Recorded from 156 until 158 as praefectus [16] vigilum; in 158 he became praefectus praetorio succeeding Gavius [II 6] Maximus until his death in 160. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography R. Sablayrolles, Libertinus miles, 1996, 487 f.

Epponina

(58 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Wife of the Lingonian Iulius Sabinus, whom, following his participation in the Gallic uprising against Rome in AD 69/70, she kept hidden in a cave for nine years, during which time she bore him two sons. Following their discovery, Vespasian had her and Sabinus executed in AD 79. PIR2 E 81. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Mussius

(158 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] L. Mussius Aemilianus, rival emperor AD 261/2. He was of equestrian rank and his career is known partly from CIL XIV 170 = ILS 1433. After the quattuor militiae he became praefectus vehiculorum in the three Gallic provinces, procurator in Alexandria [1] and procurator of the two ports in Ostia (documented in AD 247). From 257-259 he held office in Egypt in place of the prefect of the province; at the same time correctores were operating there. From 259, M. was himself then praefectus Aegypti until 261. Since 257 he had been taking brutal action against Dionysius …

Rufrius

(270 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] (P.?) R. Crispinus Praetorian prefect, AD 47-51 Roman equestrian, of whose activities prior to AD 47 nothing is known. At that date, emperor Claudius [III 1] made him Praetorian prefect, possibly prompted by Messalina [2]. As a reward for his commitment to Claudius, he was granted the rank of a praetor and 1.5 million HS by the Senate. When R. was dismissed as Praetorian prefect in 51 at the urging of Agrippina, he additionally received the insignia of a consul. Married to Poppaea [2]…

Corrector (Italiae)

(225 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] At the beginning of the 3rd cent. AD there is evidence for the senator C. Octavius Appius  Suetrius Sabinus as corrector Italiae ( CI) while iuridiciiuridicus ) still held office simultaneously: CIL X 5178 and 5398 = ILS 1159 (under Caracalla); possibly T. Pomponius [II 5] Bassus was also CI: CIL VI 3836 = 31747 = 41237 (probably in 268/9). [3. 221 ff.]. So they had not replaced the iuridici as occurred from the late 3rd cent. These correctores were special authorized representatives, as the description in CIL X 5398 = ILS 1159 for Octavius Appius Sue…

Eprius

(244 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] T. Clodius E. Marcellus. Descendant of a socially unimportant family from Capua (where the province of Cyprus later had a monument erected in his honour, ILS 992); homo novus. He probably entered the Senate under Claudius, and became praetor in AD 48. After commanding a legion, he was posted to Lycia as praetorian governor ( c. 53-56); he was charged with extortion by the province, but acquitted. Under Nero, he became proconsul of Cyprus (SEG 18, 587 [1]), and cos. suff. in 62 [2]. He excelled as an orator, and under Nero publicly accused several senators, a…

Pollenius

(343 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
(also Pollienus). [German version] [1] Tib. P. Armenius Peregrinus Consul ord. AD 244 Cos. ord. in AD 244. He may have been both praetorian proconsul of Lycia-Pamphylia as well as proconsul of Asia after the consulate. The genealogical relationships are not completely clear; probably the adopted son of P. [2]. PIR2 P 536. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] P. Auspex Consul suff., XV sacris faciundis AD 204 Cos. suff. Consular legate of Dalmatia, judge commissioned by the emperor, praefectus alimentorum viae Appiae et Flaminiae ter, proconsul of Africa. It is uncertain wh…

Passenianus

(66 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Senatorial consular governor of the province of Syria Palaestina under the Emperor Probus [1] (cf. [1. no. 13]); the nomen gentile Clod(ius) supposedly read by [2. 192 ff.] = AE 1998, 1440 cannot be confirmed on the stone. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 C. M. Lehmann, K. G. Holum, The Greek and Latin Inscriptions of Caesarea Maritima, 2000 2 F. Chausson, Trois Clodii sénatoriaux, in: Cahiers du Centre Gustave-Glotz 9, 1998, 177-213.

Vespasia Polla

(57 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Daughter of Vespasius Pollio from Nursia. Married to Flavius [II 39] Sabinus, the father of her three children, including T. Flavius [II 40] Sabinus and the later emperor Vespasian (Vespasianus, with stemma). Since her brother had been a senator, she also moved her sons to this career (Suet. Vesp. 1,3; 2,2). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Crescens

(71 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Freedman of Nero's Freedman of Nero's, who in AD 69 held a banquet for the citizens in Carthago on the occasion of Otho's installation as emperor (Tac. Hist. 1,76,3; PIR2 C 1576). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] Cynical philosopher mid-2nd cent. AD Cynical philosopher from the mid-2nd cent. who attacked Justin as well as Christianity (Justin. Apol. 2,3; Euseb. Hist. eccl. 4,16). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Maximius Attianus

(41 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Senator; quaestor in the province of Asia in AD 209 at the earliest (AE 1998, 1361 f.); positively identical to the consular governor of Germania superior in 229 AD. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography Eck, Statthalter, 91 f.

Icelus II (rom.)

(122 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Full name (Ser. Sulpicius) I. Marcianus. Freedman of  Galba [2], who had remained behind in Rome during Galba's governorship in Tarraconensis. Imprisoned by Nero following Galba's acclamation; freed after Nero's death, he rushed to Spain in only seven days to bring Galba the news. He received the gold ring of the equestrian order from Galba and probably the restitutio natalium. He exerted great influence on Galba, allegedly was able to dominate him - although this opinion is more likely to be a reflection of social prejudice in the source…

Lisinius

(27 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Q.L. Sabinus. Equestrian; procurator of the province of Noricum between AD 135 and 138. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography RMD II 93; PIR2 L 285.

Varia

(47 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] V. is supposed to have been the name of the grandmother of  Elagabalus [2]  (SHA Opil. 9, 1-3; SHA Heliog. 10,1; 12,3; 31,4). This may have been a fiction based on the name of Elagabalus' father (see Varius [II 6] Marcellus). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Sufenas

(58 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] P. S. Verus. Legate of Lycia-Pamphylia c. AD 129-131 (most recently [1.36-40, 43]), cos. suff. probably 132 or 133 (CIL XVI 174; cf. RMD 3, 159 and a diploma of 9th September [2]). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 M. Wörrle, Stadt und Fest, 1988 2 Catalogue Lanz, Auction 104: Orden und Ehrenzeichen, München 2001, 5 Nr. 1 and Plate 1, Nr. 1.

Egnatia

(130 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] (E.) Mariniana Probably wife of the Emperor Valerianus On coins from Viminacium she appears as Diva Mariniana. In all probability she was the wife of the later emperor Valerianus, whose accession she predeceased. Probably the sister of Egnatius [II 12] and [II 13]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography PIR2 E 39 M. Christol, Essai, 1996, 190ff. [German version] [2] E. Maximilla Wife of P. Glitius Gallus, mid-1st cent. AD Wife of P. Glitius Gallus, whom she accompanied into exile on Andros under Nero. Later she obviously returned to Italy. PIR2 E 40. Eck, Werner (Cologn…

Ofonius Tigellinus

(324 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Praetorian prefect at the time of Nero. O.'s father was from Agrigentum, but had been banished to Scyllaeum. According to later tradition, O. was of lowly origin, and his names, which are hardly attested elsewhere, confirm this. Under the emperor Caligula O. maintained contact with members of the extended Imperial family. This led to his banishment from Rome; he was accused of, among other things, sexual misdemeanours with Agrippina [3] the Younger. Claudius [III 1] allowed him to…

Pisibanius

(85 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] P. Celsus Senator Presumably a senator with an estate near Ferentium in southern Etruria (CIL XI 3003 and p. 1313; cf. [1. 147ff.].) Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] M.P. Lepidus Official, 2nd cent. AD Attested as cos. suff. on 21 June AD 159 [1. 147ff.]; also mentioned in CIL VI 32321 as a consul, presumably beginning 1 April. For his relatives cf. [1. 154ff.]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 P. Weiss, Ein Konsulnpaar vom 21. Juni 159 n.Chr., in: Chiron 29, 1999, 147-182.

Virius

(268 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] L. V. Agricola Cos. ord. in AD 230; probably a son of V. [4], brother of V. [6]; for his wide but not clearly distinguishable network of relatives cf. IEph III 710 B; PIR1 V 476. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] V. Apronianus Senator; related to V. [1] and V. [6] (IEph III 710 B). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [3] V. Gallus Corrector Campaniae; identical to the cos. ord. for the year AD 298. PLRE I, Gallus no. 2. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [4] V. Lupus Senator; suffect consul as late as under Commodus (?). A participant in the bat…

Procurator

(1,099 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
(from Latin procurare, ‘to take care of’; Greek ἐπίτροπος/ epítropos). [German version] [1] Financial administrator for individuals and emperors In the administration and organization of large fortunes, the political elite of Republican Rome employed freedmen or free persons, who as procuratores were authorized to represent the owners legally (Cic. Caecin. 57 f.). Augustus used this legal institution after the legalization of his position in order to manage both the private and the public tasks in his responsibility that were associat…

Acerronius

(78 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Proculus, Cn., cos. ord. AD 37 Proculus, Cn., cos. ord. AD 37 (PIR2 A 32), perhaps identical with the jurist Proculus [1]. Father of A. Polla. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] Proculus, Cn., son of no. 1 A. Proculus, Cn., son of no. 1, procos. Achaiae under Claudius or Nero (IG III2 4181; BCH 1926, 442 no. 79; PIR2 A 33 [2]). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Syme, RP 3, 141 2 Thomasson, 1, 196.

Vipstanus

(604 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] C. V. Apronianus His genealogical connexions are unclear. Cos. ord. in AD 59; proconsul of Africa in 68/9. The annexation of his province by Otho was accomplished with no initiative from his side. Recorded as an Arvalis Frater from 57-86; in February of 86 his successor was chosen, V. therefore died shortly before that. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography Scheid, Frères, 257 f. Thomasson, Fasti Africani, 41 f. [German version] [2] L. V. Gallus Praetor, died in AD 17 (Tac. Ann. 2,51,1), probably also mentioned in IG II2 4185. Presumably a younger brother of V. [3]. Eck…

Maesius

(158 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] C. M. Aquillius Fabius Titianus Consul, unknown date Consul in an unknown year; possibly identical with M. [3]. PIR2 M 73. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] C. M. Picatianus Cos. suff. in AD 165 or 166 Senator; perhaps from Brixia where he was honoured as a patron (CIL V 4338 = InscrIt X 5, 126). Praetorian legate of the legio III Augusta in AD 163-165 [1. 155f.]; suffect consul in 165 or 166. PIR2 M 78. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Thomasson, Fasti Africani, 1996. [German version] [3] C. M. Titianus Cos. ord. in AD 245 Cos. ord. in AD 245 together with Cae…

Avidia

(118 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Daughter of Avidius Nigrinus, beginning of the 2nd cent. AD Daughter of Avidius Nigrinus, wife of L. Aelius II 6 Caesar, as deduced from SHA Hadr. 23,10 [1. no. 128]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] (A.) Alexandria Daughter of Avidius [1] Cassius, wife of Tib. Claudius Dryantianus Antoninus Daughter of Avidius [1] Cassius, wife of Tib. Claudius Dryantianus Antoninus (SHA Marc. 26,11f.) [1. no. 129]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [3] A. Plautia Aunt of L. Verus Daughter of Avidius [4] Nigrinus, half-sister of L. Aelius II 6 Caesar, au…

Calventius

(56 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] L.C. Vetus Carminius. Praetorian governor of Lusitania in AD 44/45 (AE 1950, 217); cos. suff. in 51 [1. 265]. CIL VI 1544 is possibly a reference to him, a complete senatorial cursus, which ended with the proconsulate of Africa (PIR2 C 338) [2. 137]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 G. Camodeca, L'archivio Puteolano dei Sulpicii, 1992 2 Alföldy, GFH.

Tutilius

(120 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] L. T. Lupercus Pontianus Senator, cos. ord. in AD 135; procos. of Asia probably in 150/1 [1. 89-94; 2. 310 f.]. He may have been a descendant of the Lupercus mentioned in Plin. Ep. 2,5 and 9,26. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 H. Engelmann, Ephesische Inschriften, in: ZPE 84, 1990 2 K. Dietz, Die beiden Mummii Sisennae und der Wiederaufbau der Basilika Stoa von Thera, in: Chiron 23, 1993, 295-311. [German version] [2] L. T. Pontianus Gentianus Senator; descendant of T. [1]; according to HA Aur. 29,1 he had a liaison with the empress Faustin…

Suillius

(370 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] S. Caesoninus Probably son of S. [3]; his second name comes from the family of Caesonia Milonia, the wife of Caligula. He was part of Messalina's [2] circle; since he was homosexual, he was not drawn into her downfall (Tac. Ann. 11,36). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] M. S. Nerullinus Son of S. [3]. In AD 50, probably through the influence of his father, he was given a regular consulship together with C. Antistius [II 9] Vetus. Nero rescued him from a conviction in 58 together with his father (Tac. Ann. 13,43,5). He did not become procos. of Asia until 69/70 [1…

Caepio

(135 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] A.C. Crispinus Quaestor in Pontus-Bithynia, beginning of the first cent. AD Quaestor in Pontus-Bithynia under the proconsul Granius Marcellus, against whom he raised charges of high treason before the Senate in AD 15 (Tac. Ann. 1,74). The urn with his ashes was found in the ‘Tomb of the Platorini’ (CIL VI 31762) [1. 41ff., 52]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] A. C. Crispinus Cos. suff. in an unknown year Cos. suff. in an unknown year (PIR2 C 150). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [3] Ti. C. Hispo Cos. suff. perhaps in AD 101 or 102 Cos. suff. perhaps in …

Aedia Servilia

(31 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Wife of M'.  Acilius [II 3] Aviola, cos. ord. AD 54. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography G. Camodeca, in: L. DiCosmo, A. M. Villucci (ed.), Il territorio Allifano, 1990, 136 f. Raepsaet-Charlier, no. 6.

Caerellius

(189 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Q.C. Knight, 3rd cent. AD Eques from a provincial town; in AD 238, Censorinus dedicated De die natali to him (PIR2 C 156). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] Q.C. (= Cerellius) Apollinaris Praetorian tribune, 3rd cent. AD Praetorian tribune who, after serving twice as procurator, is attested as praef. vigilum in AD 212 (CIL VI 1063 = ILS 2178). Admitted to the ordo senatorius (AE 1969/70, 193: funerary inscription) [1. 59ff.; 2. 230]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [3] C.C. Fufidius Annius Ravus Pollittianus Official, 3rd cent. AD Senator, quaesto…

Vinia Crispina

(66 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Daughter of T. Vinius [II 1] (Rufinus). Her husband, whose name is unknown, was apparently involved in the Pisonic conspiracy (Calpurnius [II 13] Piso); she was rescued through the intervention of Ofonius Tigellinus. In AD 68, her father wanted to marry her to Otho. She arranged for her father's burial after he was murdered in early 69. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography Raepsaet-Charlier 629, Nr. 807.

Dillius

(162 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] C.D. Aponianus Spanish senator under Nero Senator, originally from Cordoba, entered the Senate under Nero. As legate of the legio III Gallica he joined Vespasian and fought for him at Cremona. Of his career only a cura alvei Tiberis is certain (AE 1932, 78 = CIL II2 7, 275); related to D. [2]. PIR2 D 89. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] C.D. Vocula Senator under Nero, praetorian 69/70 AD Related to D. [1]. Also from Cordoba, probably also accepted, like D. [1], into the Senate under Nero. As a praetorian he commanded the legio XXII Primigenia in Germania superio…

Vitrasius

(422 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] L. V. Flamininus Probably a descendant of V. [2]. A senator from Cales, where he was buried by his son L. V. Ennius Aequus [1]. Suffect consul in AD 122, subsequently curator alvei Tiberis, legatus pro praetore exercitus et provinciae Dalmatiae (it may be that at that time quite large numbers of troops were stationed there and this is the reason it was specially emphasized), recorded as a consular legate in Moesia superior between 131 and 133 in an unpublished military diploma (Catalogue Lanz, auction 104: orders a…

Papinius

(173 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Sex. Papinius Senator, 1st cent. AD Son of Papinius [3], he killed himself at the end of the reign of Tiberius, because his mother had seduced him. She was prosecuted in the Senate and banished from Rome for ten years. PIR2 P 100. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] Sex. Papinius Senator, 1st cent. AD Son of Papinius [3]; he conspired against Caligula, who had him tortured to death, along with others. PIR3 P 101. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [3] Sex. Papinius Allienus Senator from Patavium, early Imperial Period A senator from Patavium, probably a homo no…

Vistilia

(182 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Daughter of Sex. Vistilius Probably a daughter of Sex. Vistilius. Married to the senator Titedius Labeo. In AD 19, she declared herself before the aediles to be a prostitute, in order to avoid being punished under the Lex Iulia de adulteriis ( Adulterium ). She was banished to the island of Seriphos (Tac. Ann. 2,85,2). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography W. Eck, s. v. V., RE Suppl. 14, 910 f.  Syme, RP 2, 811. [German version] [2] Sister of Sex. Vistilius Probably a sister of Sex. Vistilius. Plin. HN. 7,39 mentions her six marriages, from which six chil…

Casperius

(192 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] C. Centurio, 1st cent. AD Centurio. In AD 51, he tried -- in the castle of Gorneae in Armenia -- to mediate between Pharasmanes and Mithridates (Tac. Ann. 12,45f.). Corbulo sent him to the Parthian king Vologaeses in 62 (Tac. Ann. 15,5,2ff.; PIR2 C 461). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] C. Aelianus Military tribune, 2nd half of 1st cent. AD Military tribune, who accompanied Vespasian to Egypt in AD 69 (Philostr. VA 7,18). Praetorian prefect under Domitian, and once again under Nerva, when he joined an opposition group around Co…

Sextilia

(70 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Married to L. Vitellius, cos. III in AD 47. Her sons were A. Vitellius, the later emperor, and his brother L. Vitellius. After her son was enthroned in Rome in the summer of 69 she was given the honorary name Augusta (Tac. Hist. 2,89,2); she died of old age shortly afterwards (Tac. Hist. 3,67,1). Suetonius (Vit. 3) speaks of her approvingly. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography Raepsaet-Charlier, no. 715.

Ornamenta

(594 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Ornamenta  were outward signs and special rights attached to the Republican magistrature ( magistratus  C. 2; thus, for example the wearing of the toga praetexta or a specific seat at state games) which could be awarded to specific persons, who were not or not yet entitled to them, separately from the political rights derived from these offices. This development began in the Roman Republic, mostly only in exceptional cases. Thus, according to Cicero (Cic. Cluent. 132) a certain Popilius, the son of a freedman, was granted a seat among the senators as well as other ornament…

Terentilla

(52 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] According to Suet. Aug. 69,2 she is mentioned in a letter by Antonius [I 9] as one of the women in intimate relationship with Octavian. Presumably Terentia [2] is meant, the wife of Maecenas [2]  (see Cass. Dio 54,19,3); T. may then be a pet name. Eck, Werner (Cologne)
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