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(2,068 words)

Author(s): Ekkart Sauser
1. Definition. The idea of pilgrimage has three aspects, a) Under certain circumstances God responds to prayer in a special way. b) This special activity of God or a divinity is particularly manifest in certain places which on that account become centres of pilgrimage c) In order to benefit by this special responsiveness of God, of the divinity or of certain heroes and holy persons, one must make a pilgrimage to this place of favour or deliverance, undertake a journey which forms a unity with the…

Patrology - Latin Patristics

(3,073 words)

Author(s): Ekkart Sauser
Part of Patrology: 1. The Science 2. Greek Patristics 3. Latin Patristics 1. Some fundamental remarks on the sources, independence and influence of the Latin Fathers. The Latin Fathers were pupils of the Greek. In particular, Ambrose, Rufinus, Jerome, Cassiodorus and even Augustine gradually provided the West in the 4th century with “the results of the historical, exegetical and dogmatic work of the East, in translations which were often revisions and in supposedly independent works which were in fact basically reproductions” (H. von Soden [К. Aland] in RGG, I, col. 286). Von Саmp…

Archaeology - Early Christian

(2,033 words)

Author(s): Ekkart Sauser
Part of Archaeology: 1. Biblical 2. Early Christian A. Concept, Sources, Method, Tasks Early Christian archaeology is a historical science and as such part of Christian antiquities. But the latter is a wider concept, embracing patristics, hagiography, liturgy and Church order in so far as they throw light on the life of the Church in the Graeco-Roman culture up to the death of Gregory the Great (604). Christian archaeology is a subsidiary discipline which confines itself to the investigation of the monuments…

Saints - Hagiography

(1,869 words)

Author(s): Ekkart Sauser
Part of Saints: 1. History of Saints 2. Veneration of Saints 3. Canonization 4. Hagiography 1 . Definition and theological relevance. In general, hagiography is the story of the lives of the saints. In the stricter scientific sense it is the critical discussion of the hagiographical tradition, of the veneration and the history of the saints (see Saints I, II). The Church sees itself presented in the work of the saints. “Hagiography is a major realm of the Church’s self-presentation in literature” (B. Kötting in LTK, IV, col. 1316). Christ is seen there as he who lives on and con…