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Titurius

(136 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
[German version] Italian nomen gentile, recorded primarily in inscriptions (cf. [1. 274 f.]; AE 1986,262; 1996,532). The only prominent member was Q. T. Sabinus, son of a mint-master c. 88 BC (MRR 2,454), who served Cn. Pompeius [I 3] in Spain (Sall. Hist. 2,94 M.) and was a legate of Caesar in Gaul. In 57 BC, T. fought the Belgae, in 56 the Veneti and with great success the Venelli under Viridovix (Caes. B Gall. 3,17,1-19,6), and in 55, with five legions in Caesar's absence, the Morini and the Menapii. The disaster in …

Mamurra

(173 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
[German version] Unusual Italic personal name, known through M., a Roman equestrian from Formiae (Catull. 43,5 etc.; Hor. Sat. 1,5,37), who was an associate of Pompey in c. 66 BC, was in Spain with Caesar in 61, and served as the latter's praefectus fabrum in Gaul from 58 (Catull. 29,18-24). Around 55/4, M. was periodically at Rome, where his luxurious house caused a furore (Plin. HN 36,48). His rival in eroticis, Catullus [1], depicts him as a scandalous war profiteer and a philanderer (Catull. 41) (allegedly in cahoots with Caesar, Catull. 57). Caesar's associat…

Tillius

(345 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
[German version] [1] Brother of T. [2], 1st cent. BC Brother of T. [2], senator, excluded from the Senate and exiled by Caesar; an appeal for clemency on his behalf was the signal for the murder of the dictator (Nicolaus of Damascus, Vita Caesaris 24,88; Plut. Caesar 66,5; Plut. Brutus 17,3 f.; App. B Civ. 2,490-493). According to Horatius (Sat. 1,6,24 f.; 107-111), T. returned shortly thereafter and became senator again (as people's tribune in 43?). His supposed hopes on becoming praetor were not fulfilled (death at Philippi in 42?). Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) [German version] [2] T. Cimber…

Lucullus

(85 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
[German version] Roman cognomen, very rarely also a surname [1. 289]. Probably a diminutive of the forename Lucius [1. 177, 461]. The form Luciolus is also attested [2. 128]. The combination of Lucius and L. appears in about 200 BC in the family of the Licinians: Licinius [I 23-29] (the commander with a proverbially luxurious lifestyle [I 26]). The epithet L. then passes from there by adoption to M. Terentius Varro ( cos. 73) [2. 39]. Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) Bibliography 1 Schulze 2 Kajanto, Cognomina.

Sittius

(250 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
(also Sitius). Italian personal name, originally Campanian [1. 232]. [German version] [1] S., P. Son of a citizen of Nuceria [1] who in 91-88 BC was loyal to Rome (Cic. Sull. 58), an entrepreneur with an estate in Campania, engaged in the grain trade with the Mauretanian kings, until the Civil War a friend of Cicero. In 63 S. recruited troops in Spain, probably for Catilina; when the conspiracy failed he fled with them to northern Africa in order to avoid prosecution. P. Cornelius [I 89] Sulla financed this …

St(h)enius

(107 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
[German version] Originally an Oscan praenomen ( Stenis), later also used as a gens name [1.89, 425]. Known primarily from S. of Thermae Himerae in Sicily (descendent of Mamertini or of Greek origin?). An educated aristocrat, in 82 BC he was responsible for Cn. Pompeius' [I 3] sparing Thermae (Plut. Pompeius 10,6), in 72 he sought help from the Senate against the greed of C. Verres and was condemned in absentia at first to a fine, then to death. The scandalous judgment made a decisive contribution to a lawsuit against Verres, in which S. appeared as a witness (Cic. Verr. 2,2,83-118). Fündling,…

Philotimus

(96 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
[German version] (Φιλότιμος; Philótimos). Freedman of Cicero’s wife Terentia. Notwithstanding Cicero’s suspicion that Ph. had defrauded him in the years 51/50 BC (Cic. Att. 5,8,2f.; 7,1,9), he remained their financial administrator up until their divorce in 47/46 BC. He also caused offence to Cicero as the head of the latter’s messenger service (Cic. Att. 5,17,1; Cic. Fam. 4,2,1). In 46 BC, Ph. who himself owned slaves (Cic. Att. 10,15,1) and had previously been a fervent supporter of Pompey (Cic. Att. 9,7,6; 10,9,1), was co-opted to the Luperci (Lupercalia) (Cic. Att. 12,5,1). Fündli…

Orcivius

(77 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
Italic gens name, attested primarily in Praeneste (ILS 3684; CIL I2 1460; 2439). For other bearers of the name cf. [1. 68; 364; 397] and AE 1983, 173. [German version] [1] O., C. Praetor in 66 BC Praetor in 66 BC together with Cicero. He presided over the court for embezzlement cases ( peculatus) (Cic. Clu. 94; 147; cf. Cornelius [I 87]) and was defended by Cicero in 65 (Q. Cicero, Commentariolum petitionis 19). Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) Bibliography 1 Schulze.

Patiscus

(126 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
[German version] A Roman senator, who caught leopards in Cilicia and sold them on to organisers of games in Rome ( Munera ), for instance ten of them to C. Scribonius Curio (Cic. Fam. 8,9,3) in 51/50 BC, whereas M. Caelius [I 4] Rufus missed out on them (Cic. Fam. 2,11,2). P. is probably the Q. Patisius said to have assembled troops in Cilicia in 48/7 for Caesar, who was besieged in Alexandria [1] (B Alex. 34,5). In March 44, P. was among the assassins of Caesar (App. B Civ. 2,300). He led a fleet …

Teidius

(57 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
[German version] Roman gens name. Most important bearer: S. T., a senator, who in 52 BC found the body of P. Clodius [I 4] on the via Appia and took it to Rome; in 49 T., although elderly and one-legged, fled from Italy with Cn. Pompeius [I 3] (Ascon. 32 C on Cic. Mil. 28; Plut. Pompeius 64,7). Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)

Pomptinus

(198 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
[German version] Italic nomen gentile formed out of pomp-, documented in inscriptions [1. 553]. The most important bearer: C. P. (born 103 BC), a typical homo militaris (Sall. Catil. 45,2), in 71 he was the legate of M. Licinius [I 11] Crassus in the slave wars (MRR 2,166). As praetor in 63 (MRR 2,167) P. got Cicero evidence against the supporters of Catilina when he attacked the delegates of the Allobroges at the Pons Mulvius (Cic. Cat. 3,5 f.; Sall. Catil. 45,1-4). In 62-59 P. administered Gallia Narbonensis as propra…

Toranius

(139 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
Italian gens name, primarily in Latium (cf. [2. 98]; AE 1980,588). [German version] [1] T., C. In 73 BC quaestor of P. Varinius, defeated by Spartacus (Sall. Hist. 3,96 M.; Flor. Epit. 2,8,5); c. 64 aed. pl. with C. Octavius [I 2] and in 62 (or 60-58: [1]) praetor (otherwise: MRR 3,63). After the death of Octavius in 59 BC he became the guardian of the later Augustus. A moderate Pompeian in the Civil War, T. waited until c. 45 (on Corcyra?: Cic. Fam. 6,20 f.) for a pardon from Caesar. His own ward had him proscribed in 43 BC (Suet. Aug. 27,1; hushed up in Nicolaus of…

Tarrutius

(74 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
[German version] T., L. from Firmum Picenum, an accomplished astrologer (author of Greek technical works: Plin. HN Index 18) and philosopher in the 1st cent. BC. For his friend M. Terentius Varro [2] T. drew up the horoscope of Romulus [1] and calculated the day of the founding of Rome, the future fate of which he prognosticated (Cic. Div. 2,98; Plut. Romulus 12,3-6; Manil. 4,773; Solin. 1,18;  Lydus, Mens. 1,14). Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)

Mezetulus

(90 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
[German version] Numidian prince, who in 206 BC rose violently to power as regent of the Massyli. M. sought support from Carthage, marrying a niece of Hannibal [4]. Late in 206, M. was defeated by the pretender Massinissa, his kinsman, on the latter's return from Spain, but his life was spared (Liv. 29,29,6-30,12). In 202, he - if he is to be identified with the Mesotylus mentioned by Appian (App. Lib. 33,141) - rebelled, and fought for Hannibal. He presumably fell at Zama. Punic Wars Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)

Lucienus

(65 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
[German version] Rare Italian surname, known through the senator Q. L., friend of T. Pomponius Atticus. Varro depicts L., who owned herds of cattle and above all large stud farms in Epirus, as a horse expert (Varro, Rust. 2,7,1-16); L. was also famous for his witty and complicated humour (Varro, Rust. 2,5,1). His mention in Cic. Att. 7,5,3 is doubtful. Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)

Staius

(235 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
Oscan nomen gentile, documented on Delos since the late 3rd cent. BC [1. 186 f.]. [German version] [1] S. Murcus, L. Possibly a Marsus (but not the S. mentioned in ILS 885), legate of Caesar in the Civil War in Oricum in 48 BC (Caes. B Civ. 3,15,6; 3,16,2), in Africa in 46 (Cic. Att. 12,2,1). A praetorship in 45 is speculation (MRR 2,307). In 44 S. took the side of  Caesar's assassins, became pro-consul of Syria (MRR 2,330) and thanks to Q. Marcius [I 10] Crispus surrounded his opponent Q. Caecilius [I 5] Bassus i…

Petreius

(260 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
Rare Italian nomen gentile [1. 306]. [German version] [1] P., M. Roman general, then Praetor in around 64 BC In c. 110-46 BC a Roman general with many decades of experience, perhaps the son of a primipilus (cf. Plin. HN 22,11) from the Volscan area [2. 316]. From c. 93 onwards, P. was tr. mil. or praef. legionis (Sall. Catil. 59,6) for 30 years; in about 64 he became praetor (MRR 2, 161) and at the end of 63 he went as legate to the consul C. Antonius [I 2] for whom he destroyed Catilina's army at Pistoria in January 62 (Sall. Catil. 59,4-60,5). In …

Theomnastus

(96 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
[German version] (Θεόμναστος; Theómnastos). Prominent citizen of Syracuse, an adherent 73-71 BC of C. Verres, for whom he had honorary decrees declared and taxes collected (Cic. Verr. 2,2,50 f.; 2,3,101); in thanks T. became (by cheating in the drawing of lots: 2,2,126 f.) a priest of Zeus in Syracuse and was allowed to enrich himself in the purple trade (2,4,59). In 70 BC, after a short-lived resistance against investigations by Cicero, who presents T. as mad, T. lost nerve and handed over to him a list of valuable objects in Verres' possession (2,4,148 f.). Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)

Masintha

(121 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
[German version] Young noble Numidian, who fled to Rome to escape the demands for tribute exacted by King Hiempsal [2] II. Caesar represented him in court against Hiempsal's son Juba [1], later hid him and in 61 BC took him to Spain with him. His motives were probably assumed to be of a sexual nature. (Suet. Iul. 71). According to an interpretation of Vitr. De arch. 8,3,25 [1. 31-33], M. owned the territory around Ismuc, not far from Zama, and in 46 he and his son C. Iulius fought on Caesar's side against Juba. Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) Bibliography 1 K. Jeppesen, Vitruvius in Africa, in: H. Geertman, …

Racilius

(85 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
[German version] Italic nomen gentile. Known from L. R., aide of C. Verres in Sicily in 73-71 BC (Cic. Verr. 2,2,31). In 56 a people's tribune of the same name (his son?) acted in the interests of the  Senate against P. Clodius [I 4] (Cic. Fam. 1,7,2; Cic. Ad Q. Fr. 2,1,2; Cic. Planc. 77 with scholia Bobiensia 165 f. Stangl); probably the same R. conspired against Q. Cassius [I 16] Longinus in Spain in 48 and was executed (Bell. Alex. 53,3; 55,2). Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)

Praecia

(49 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
[German version] Proper name derived from praeco ('herald'). Known because of P., the mistress of P. Cornelius [I 15] Cethegus c. 75 BC. By giving her impressive gifts L. Licinius [I 26] Lucullus secured Cethegus’ support and with it the province of Cilicia (Plut. Lucullus 6,2-4). Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)

Tacfarinas

(175 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
[German version] Numidian, deserter from the Roman auxilia ; leader of an uprising against Roman power in Africa (Africa [3]) from c. AD 17 until AD 24. T. led the Musulamii in raids, petty wars and even sieges. In the West, the Moors under Mazippa, who were dissatisfied with Iuba [2] II, followed T. (Tac. Ann. 2,52; [1. 89, 104-106, 127]); even the Romans came to terms with him (Tac. Ann. 4,13). After victories celebrated prematurely by the pro-consuls M. Furius [II 2] Camillus and L. Apronius [II 1], T. recovered q…

Maevius

(112 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
Rare Italian proper name, variant of Mevius . [German version] [1] Accomplice of Verres in Sicily Accomplice of Verres in Sicily (Cic. Verr. 2,3,175), perhaps the scribe who received gifts from Verres (2,3,176; 181; 185; 187). Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) [German version] [2] Centurio of Octavian Centurio of Octavian, caught in 30 BC at Alexandria by Mark Antony, urged in vain to change sides and released out of respect (Val. Max. 3,8,8). Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) [German version] [3] M., M. Fell in battle as military tribune in 203 BC Fell in battle in upper Italy in 203 BC as military tribu…

Tigellius

(115 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
[German version] Rare Latin gens name (ILS 1687; CIL VI 27412 f.; FiE III 8; AE 1975,788; SEG 29,1105 f.; 33,179). The freedman [2. 269 f.] M. T. Hermogenes from Sardinia (Cic. Fam. 7,24) was a musician, singer and patron of the arts famous for his wealth and extravagance (Hor. Sat. 1,3,1-19; 1,3,129 f.). C. Licinius [I 31] Calvus ridiculed him; Cicero, who was an enemy because of T.'s uncle(?) Phamea (Cic. Att. 13,49), was fearful of his influence with Caesar (which extended to Cleopatra [II 12] VII and Octavianus [1]: Porph. in Hor. Sat. 1,2,1; 1,3,4). T. ([1. 862] et al. dis…

Maevius

(95 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
Seltener italischer Eigenname, Variante von Mevius . [English version] [1] Komplize des Verres auf Sizilien Komplize des Verres auf Sizilien (Cic. Verr. 2,3,175), vielleicht der von Verres beschenkte Schreiber (2,3,176; 181; 185; 187). Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) [English version] [2] Centurio des Octavianus Centurio des Octavianus, 30 v.Chr. bei Alexandreia von Antonius gefangen, umsonst zum Seitenwechsel gedrängt und aus Respekt freigelassen (Val. Max. 3,8,8). Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) [English version] [3] M., M. fiel als Militärtribun 203 v. Chr. Fiel 203 v.Chr. in Oberitalien…

Patiscus

(106 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
[English version] Röm. Senator, der Panther in Cilicia fing und an Spielgeber in Rom weiterverkaufte ( munera ), z.B. 51/50 v.Chr. zehn Stück an C. Scribonius Curio (Cic. fam. 8,9,3), während M. Caelius [I 4] Rufus leer ausging (Cic. fam. 2,11,2). P. ist wohl der Q. Patisius, der 48/7 in Cilicia Truppen für den in Alexandreia [1] belagerten Caesar sammeln sollte (Bell. Alex. 34,5). Im März 44 war P. unter den Mördern Caesars (App. civ. 2,300); er führte im Sommer 43 als Proquaestor eine Flotte vor der Südküste Kleinasiens (MRR 2,348) und fand später wohl - wie alle Caesarmörder - den Tod. Fündl…

Petreius

(225 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
Seltener ital. Gentilname [1. 306]. [English version] [1] P., M. Röm. General, dann um 64 v. Chr. Praetor Ca. 110-46 v.Chr., röm. General mit jahrzehntelanger Erfahrung, vielleicht Sohn eines primipilus (vgl. Plin. nat. 22,11) aus dem Volskergebiet [2. 316]. Seit ca. 93 war P. 30 Jahre lang tr. mil. oder praef. legionis (Sall. Catil. 59,6); etwa 64 wurde er Praetor (MRR 2, 161) und ging E. 63 als Legat zum Consul C. Antonius [I 2], für den er im Januar 62 Catilinas Heer bei Pistoria vernichtete (Sall. Catil. 59,4-60,5). 59 verließ P. aus Prote…

Mezetulus

(75 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
[English version] Numiderfürst, der sich 206 v.Chr. gewaltsam zum Regenten der Massyli aufschwang. M. suchte Rückhalt bei Karthago und heiratete eine Nichte des Hannibal [4]. Ende 206 unterlag M. dem aus Spanien heimkehrenden Prätendenten Massinissa, seinem Verwandten, wurde aber begnadigt (Liv. 29,29,6-30,12). 202 erhob er sich - falls mit dem von Appian (App. Lib. 33,141) erwähnten Mesotylos identisch - und kämpfte für Hannibal; vermutlich fiel er bei Zama. Punische Kriege Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)

Lucullus

(72 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
[English version] Röm. Beiname, sehr selten auch Familienname [1. 289]; wohl eine Verkleinerung des Vornamens Lucius [1. 177, 461]. Auch die Form Luciolus ist belegt [2. 128]. Die Kombination von Lucius und L. erscheint um 200 v.Chr. in der Familie der Licinier: Licinius [I 23-29] (der Feldherr mit sprichwörtlich luxuriösem Lebensstil [I 26]); der Beiname L. geht von dort durch Adoption auf M. Terentius Varro ( cos. 73) über [2. 39]. Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) Bibliography 1 Schulze 2 Kajanto, Cognomina.

Praecia

(48 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
[English version] Von praeco (“Herold”) abgeleiteter Eigenname. Bekannt durch P., um 75 v. Chr. Geliebte des P. Cornelius [I 15] Cethegus; durch massive Geschenke an sie sicherte sich L. Licinius [I 26] Lucullus die Unterstützung des Cethegus und damit die Prov. Cilicia (Plut. Lucullus 6,2-4). Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)

Orcivius

(68 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
Italischer Gentilname, belegt v.a. in Praeneste (ILS 3684; CIL I2 1460; 2439); zu weiteren Trägern vgl. [1. 68; 364; 397] und AE 1983, 173. [English version] [1] O., C. Praetor 66 v. Chr. Praetor 66 v.Chr. zusammen mit Cicero, leitete den Gerichtshof für Unterschlagungen ( peculatus) (Cic. Cluent. 94; 147; vgl. Cornelius [I 87]) und wurde 65 von Cicero verteidigt (Q. Cicero, Commentariolum petitionis 19). Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) Bibliography 1 Schulze.

Lucienus

(59 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
[English version] Seltener ital. Familienname, bekannt durch den Senator Q.L., Freund des T. Pomponius Atticus. Varro läßt L., dem Rinderherden und vor allem große Gestüte in Epeiros gehörten, als Pferdekenner auftreten (Varro rust. 2,7,1-16); auch für seinen geistreich-komplizierten Humor war L. wohl berühmt (Varro rust. 2,5,1). Seine Erwähnung bei Cic. Att. 7,5,3 ist fraglich. Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)

Racilius

(75 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
[English version] Ital. Gentilname. Bekannt durch L. R., 73-71 v. Chr. Helfer des C. Verres auf Sizilien (Cic. Verr. 2,2,31). Ein gleichnamiger Volkstribun von 56 (sein Sohn?) agierte im Senatsinteresse gegen P. Clodius [I 4] (Cic. fam. 1,7,2; Cic. ad Q. fr. 2,1,2; Cic. Planc. 77 mit scholia Bobiensia 165 f. Stangl); wohl derselbe R. verschwor sich 48 gegen Q. Cassius [I 16] Longinus in Spanien und wurde exekutiert (Bell. Alex. 53,3; 55,2). Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)

Masintha

(99 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
[English version] Junger adliger Numider, der sich den Tributforderungen König Hiempsals [2] II. durch Flucht nach Rom entzog. Caesar vertrat ihn vor Gericht gegen Hiempsals Sohn Iuba [1], versteckte M. später und nahm ihn 61 v.Chr. mit nach Spanien; man vermutete wohl sexuelle Motive (Suet. Iul. 71). Laut einer Lesart von Vitr. 8,3,25 [1. 31-33] besaß M. das Gebiet um Ismuc, unweit von Zama, und kämpfte 46 mit seinem Sohn C. Iulius auf Caesars Seite gegen Iuba. Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) Bibliography 1 K. Jeppesen, Vitruvius in Africa, in: H.Geertman, J.J. de Jong (Hrsg.), Munus non in…

Pomptinus

(163 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
[English version] Aus Pomp- gebildeter ital. Gentilname, auch inschr. belegt [1. 553]. Wichtigster Träger: C. P. (geb. 103 v. Chr.), ein typischer homo militaris (Sall. Catil. 45,2), 71 Legat des M. Licinius [I 11] Crassus im Sklavenkrieg (MRR 2,166). Als Praetor 63 (MRR 2,167) verschaffte er Cicero Beweismaterial gegen die Catilinarier, als er am Pons Mulvius die allobrogischen Gesandten überfiel (Cic. Catil. 3,5 f.; Sall. Catil. 45,1-4). 62-59 verwaltete P. als Propraetor Gallia Narbonensis; ein Sieg über die durch…

Mamurra

(148 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
[English version] Seltener ital. Eigenname, bekannt durch den röm. Ritter M. aus Formiae (Catull. 43,5 u.a.; Hor. sat. 1,5,37), einen Geschäftspartner von Pompeius ca. 66 v. Chr, von Caesar in Spanien 61 und dessen praefectus fabrum in Gallien seit 58 (Catull. 29,18-24). Etwa 55/4 hielt M. sich zeitweise in Rom auf, wo sein Luxushaus Furore machte (Plin. nat. 36,48). Als skandalöser Kriegsgewinnler und (angeblich mit Caesar liierter: Catull. 57) Schürzenjäger (Catull. 41) erscheint er bei seinem Rivalen in eroticis Catullus [1]. Caesars Umgang mit M. er…

Philotimos

(84 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
[English version] (Φιλότιμος). Freigelassener von Ciceros Frau Terentia, Vermögensverwalter der beiden - trotz Ciceros Verdacht, Ph. habe ihn in den Jahren 51/50 betrogen (Cic. Att. 5,8,2f.; 7,1,9) - bis zur Scheidung 47/6 v.Chr. Auch als Leiter von Ciceros Botendienst erregte er bei diesem Anstoß (Cic. Att. 5,17,1; Cic. fam. 4,2,1). 46 wurde Ph., der selbst Sklaven besaß (Cic. Att. 10,15,1) und zuvor ein eifriger Pompeianer gewesen war (Cic. Att. 9,7,6; 10,9,1), unter die Luperci (Lupercalia) kooptiert (Cic. Att. 12,5,1). Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)

Trebellius

(605 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
I. Republican period [German version] [I 1] T., L. In 67 BC, he was people’s tribune and, like L. Roscius [I 5] Otho, interceded against the lex Gabinia in the interest of the Senate (and of M. Licinius [I 11] Crassus?). A. Gabinius [I 2] initiated T.’ removal from office in the concilium plebis; T. gave way, when Gabinius needed only one more tribus ’ vote for a majority. Possibly from Latium, father of T. [I 2] ([1.267]). Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) [German version] [I 2] T. (Fides), L. People’s tribune in 47 BC, who gave himself a purposely devised cognomen (Cic. Phil. 6,11 et passim - or Cicero’s m…

Velleius

(1,014 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Krapinger, Gernot (Graz)
Roman gentile name (from vel(l)a [1. 377]). [German version] [1] V., C. From Lanuvium (like Q. Roscius [I 4]: Cic. Nat. D. 1,79), Roman senator, perhaps thanks to L. Cornelius [I 90] Sulla; no longer mentioned after c. 70 BC. Possibly (cf. MRR 2,474) identical to C. V., friend of L. Licinius [I 10] Crassus beginning c. 90 BC (Cic. De or. 3,78), senator not later than 77, representative of the Epicureans in Cicero (Nat. D. 1,15; 1,18-56). Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) [German version] [2] V., C. From Campania? [2. 383]; grandfather of [4]; in 52 BC, iudex selectus, later praef. fabrum of Cn. P…

Lucanius

(311 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Roman family name, from the frequent place name Luca. I. Republican period [German version] [I 1] L., M. Companion of Pompey Strabo before Asculum in 89 BC Young companion of Pompeius Strabo before Asculum in 89 BC (ILLRP 515, I. 10; Social Wars [3]), perhaps son of the legate Lucanus, named in Livy for the same year (Liv. Per. 75). Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) [German version] [I 2] L., Q. Centurion of Caesar, fell in 54 BC as primus pilus Aduatuca Centurion of Caesar, fell in 54 BC as primus pilus in Aduatuca (Caes. B. Gall. 5,35,7). Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) II. Imperial period [German version] [II 1] L. …

Salvidienus

(396 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Italian nomen gentile, derived from Salvidius. I. Republican period [German version] [I 1] Q. S. Rufus Salvius Before Agrippa, Octavian's principal commander (second cognomen indication of adoption or standardized form of S.? [1. 375]), Roman knight (Vell. Pat. 2,76,4; legendary Cass. Dio 48,33,2), friend of the young Octavian (Augustus [1]) and his principal commander before Agrippa. S., then possibly an officer in Caesar's army [1. 398], was in Apollonia with Octavian in 45-44 BC and was his adviser after Caesar's d…

Saenius

(344 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Name of an Italic gens of Etruscan origin [1. 93; 228]. I. Republican Period [German version] [I 1] S., L. Senator in 63 BC, obtained evidence against the Catilinarian Manlius [I 1] Senator (from Etruria?) in 63 BC, who obtained evidence from Faesulae against the Catilinarian Manlius [I 1] (Sall. Catil. 30,1). Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) [German version] [I 2] S., L. Consul suffectus, 30 BC Probably a son of S. [I 1], possibly recorded as a senator in 39 BC (MRR 3,34). In 30 he became cos. suff. with Octavian (Augustus: InscrIt 13,1,510), possibly as a reward for his services against…

Lucceius

(615 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Italian family name, expanded from Lucius. Many bearers of the name are known [1. 359; 426], among them also prominent figures from the 1st cent. BC onwards. I. Republican period [German version] [I 1] L., Cn. Visited M. Iunius [I 10] Brutus often in Puteoli 44 BC Visited M. Iunius [I 10] Brutus often in Puteoli during the summer of 44 BC (Cic. Att. 16,5,3); probably came from an aristocratic family in Cumae (CIL X 3685-3690). Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) [German version] [I 2] L., L. Senator with business interests, intimate of Pompey Senator with business interests in Italy and Cilicia (Cic…

Timarchides

(227 words)

Author(s): Neudecker, Richard (Rome) | Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
(Τιμαρχίδης/ Timarchídēs). [German version] [1] Name in an Attic family of sculptors, 2nd cent. BC Frequently occurring name in a 2nd-cent. BC Attic family of sculptors. A T. created an Apollo Kitharoidus in Rome in c. 179 BC, of which copies exist. After 156 BC in Elatea [1], a younger T. and Timocles, sons of Polycles [3], worked on cult images of Asclepius and Athena, of which fragments survive, and a victor statue at Olympia. After 130 BC the same T. and Dionysius [48] created a surviving portrait statue of Ofellius Ferus in …

Volusenus

(291 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] V. Quadratus, C. From Sestinum (? cf. [1]), military tribune of Caesar in Gaul, primarily for 'commando raids', put to the test in the assault on Octodurus in 56 BC, as a scout before the landing in Britain in 55 and in the relief of Q. Tullius [I 11] Cicero in 53 (Caes. B Gall. 3,5,2; 4,21; 6,41,2 - the identity of this C. V. with Quadratus is widely accepted: MRR 3, 71). A mission by V., now praefect, to murder Commius in 52 failed; a second encounter of the enemies in 51 ended …

Porcia

(209 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Strothmann, Meret (Bochum)
[German version] [1] Sister of M. Porcius [I 7] Cato Sister of M. Porcius [I 7] Cato, married to L. Domitius [I 8] Ahenobarbus. She outlived her husband, who was killed in 48 BC, and died a highly respected woman before August 45; on the model of M. (Terentius?) Varro and a certain Ollius, Cicero dedicated an elogy to her (Att. 13,37,3; 48,2). Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) [German version] [2] Daughter of M. Porcius [I 7] Cato, c. 95-42 BC Daughter of M. Porcius [I 7] Cato, c. 95-42 BC; first married to M. Calpurnius [I 5] Bibulus and in a second marriage, from c. 44 BC on, to her cousin M. Iunius …

Paquius

(207 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Name of an Italian gens, a variant of Pacuvius [1. 476]. [German version] [1] Paquuius Rufus, Q. Legate of M. Antonius in 42 BC Legate of M. Antonius [I 9] in 42 BC, he conducted a colony of veterans to Philippi (MRR 2, 366). P. was presumably from Verulae (cf. NSA 1922, 253f.). Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) [German version] [2] Paquius Paquius Scaeva Senator in the Augustan Period From Histonium. He was presumably brought into the Senate by Octavian (Augustus). P.'s career, which is described in detail and reflects the still extant flexibility in the awarding of off…

Menodorus

(302 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Neudecker, Richard (Rome)
(Μηνόδωρος; Mēnódōros). [German version] [1] Legate of C. Calvisius Sabinus, died 35 BC M. (according to Appian, elsewhere Mena(s), Μηνᾶς; Mēnâs), a freedman, previously perhaps a Cilician pirate, in about 40 BC S. Pompeius' admiral in the Tyrrhenian Sea. As an opponent of a settlement with the Triumviri (Plut. Antonius 32,6f.), M. defended Sardinia and Corsica. When Pompey threatened to strip him of his power at the instigation of his rival Menecrates [11], M. delivered the islands into the hands of Octavian in 38…

Servilia

(468 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Half-sister of M. Porcius [I 7] Cato, 1st cent. BC Born in c. 100 BC, daughter of Q. Servilius [I 13] Caepio and Livia [1], half-sister of M. Porcius [I 7] Cato. In c. 85, she married M. Iunius [I 9] Brutus (d. in 77) and became the mother of the future murderer of Caesar, M. Iunius [I 10] Brutus. S.'s second husband, the lacklustre D. Iunius [I 30] Silanus with whom she had three daughters probably owed his consulate to her. The intelligent, independent and poised woman who remained close to Caesar even aft…

Ventidius

(893 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
I. Republican period [German version] [I 1] Legate of Q. Cornificius [3] in Africa vetus, killed in 42 BC in the battle against T. Sextius [I 2] (App. B Civ. 4,228; 236). Perhaps the V. who was proscribed in 43 and fled ( ibid. 4,198). Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) [German version] [I 2] V., P. Presumed father of V. [I 3]. Scholarship often saw him as an Italic leader in the Social War [3], settled in Asculum, where he was said to have died with the entire local nobility in 89 BC (Oros. 5,18,26; cf. CIL IX 5254: freedman of a P. V.). However, Ventidii…

Juba

(1,071 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Leonhardt, Jürgen (Marburg/Lahn)
(Ἰόβας; Ióbas, Ἰούβας; Ioûbas, Ἰόβα; Ióba). [German version] [1] King of Numidia, 1st cent. BC Born in c. 85 BC, died in 46 BC, king of Numidia, son and successor of Hiempsal. In 63 J. represented Numidian interests in Rome (Cic. Leg. agr. 2,59). In 62 he became the enemy of Caesar who protected  Masintha and pulled J.'s beard (Suet. Iul. 71; re his appearance [1; 2]). In 50 J. was already king, but not yet recognized by Rome [3. 126-128]. C.  Scribonius Curio demanded Numidia's annexation; the Senate rejected t…

Lyson

(152 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Neudecker, Richard (Rome)
Greek family name. [German version] [1] In 72 BC host of Verres, friend of Cicero L. of Lilybaeum. In 72 BC friend of Cicero, host of Verres who created a statue for him (Cic. Verr. 2,4,37). Cic. Fam. 13,34 is a letter of recommendation for L.'s son. Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) [German version] [2] Host of Cicero, Pompeian L. of Patrae. Host of Cicero, in 50 BC looked after his sick secretary Tiro (Cic. Fam. 16,4,1f.). L. was a Pompeian in the Civil War and in 46 or 45, after Caesar's victory, he asked for his pardon (13,19; 24). Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) [German version] [3] Greek bronze sculptor Greek bronze…

Vennonius

(183 words)

Author(s): Kierdorf, Wilhelm (Cologne) | Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
[German version] [1] Roman historian, 2nd cent. BC Roman historian of the late 2nd cent. BC (in Cic. Leg. 1,6 ordered after C. Fannius [I 1]); nothing is known of him as a person. His presumably annalistic work (Annalists) began with stories of the founding of Rome and the period of the kings (Origo gentis Romanae 20,1; Dion. Hal. Ant. Rom. 4,15,1), but its scope and end point are unknown. Cicero felt the need of it in 46 BC in his literary work in Tusculum (Cic. Att. 12,3,1). Fr. in HRR I2 142 and [1]. Kierdorf, Wilhelm (Cologne) Bibliography 1 M. Chassignet (ed.), L'annalistique romain…

Vedius

(676 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Italian gens name, recorded from the 1st cent. BC onwards. I. Republican period [German version] [I 1] V., P. Friend of Cn. Pompeius [I 3], provoked mockery by Cicero (Cic. Att. 6,1,25) in March of 50 BC for his travelling in an ostentatious style and his collecting miniature portraits of married women. Possibly identical to V. [II 4]. Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) II.Imperial period [German version] [II 1] P. V. Antoninus Citizen of Ephesus of equestrian rank. Praefectus cohortis and tribunus militum Legionis I Italicae (IEph III 726; 726a). In Ephesus itself he was a prýtanis, and a grammateú…

Paconius

(300 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Name of an Italian gens, attested in Setia (consequently Oscan? ILS 6130) and several trading towns. I. Republican period [German version] [I 1] (P.) Lepta, Q. Friend of Cicero and his praefectus fabrum in Cilicia, 51-50 BC Friend of Cicero and his praefectus [7] fabrum in Cilicia 51-50 BC (Cic. Fam. 3,7,4; 5,20,4 et passim). Cic. Fam. 9,13,1-3 points to Cales in Campania as his homeland, where ILS 5779 must attest himself or a son (on the identity [1. 6]). P. often appears in Cicero's letters (e.g. as addressee of Fam. 6,18-19), for the last time in November 44 (Att. 16,15,3). Fündling, Jörg …

Pedius

(278 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Giaro, Tomasz (Frankfurt/Main)
Röm. Gentilname, prominent seit dem 1. Jh. v.Chr.; auch auf Delos belegt. [English version] [1] P., Q. Consul suffectus 43 v. Chr., Sohn von Caesars Schwester Iulia Ca. 90-43 v.Chr., Sohn (nicht Enkel wie in Suet. Iul. 83,2) von Caesars Schwester Iulia [1. 687] und Legat Caesars in Gallien 58-55 (Caes. Gall. 2,2,1; 2,11,3). Als Praetor 48 unterdrückte P. die Revolte von T. Annius [I 14] Milo (Caes. civ. 3,22). 46/5 begann P. als Legat Caesars mit Q. Fabius [I 22] Maximus den Feldzug in Spanien (Bell. Hisp. 2,2; Cass. Dio 43,31,1) und triumphierte am 13.12.45 illegal ex Hispania (InscrIt …

Lucceius

(543 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Köln)
Italischer Gentilname, aus Lucius erweitert. Viele Träger sind bekannt [1. 359; 426], darunter seit dem 1. Jh.v.Chr. auch Prominente. I. Republikanische Zeit [English version] [I 1] L., Cn. Besuchte M. Iunius [I 10] Brutus 44 v. Chr. mehrfach in Puteoli Besuchte M. Iunius [I 10] Brutus häufig während des Sommers 44 v.Chr. in Puteoli (Cic. Att. 16,5,3); stammte wohl aus einer Aristokratenfamilie in Cumae (CIL X 3685-3690). Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) [English version] [I 2] L., L. Senator und Geschäftsmann, evtl. Vertrauter des Pompeius Senator mit Geschäftsinteressen in Italien…

Salvidienus

(370 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Köln)
Ital. Gentilname, aus Salvidius entwickelt. I. Republikanische Zeit [English version] [I 1] Q. S. Rufus Salvius Vor Agrippa wichtigster Feldherr des Octavianus (zweites Cogn., Indiz einer Adoption oder normalisierte Form von S.? [1. 375]), röm. Ritter (Vell. 2,76,4; legendär Cass. Dio 48,33,2), Jugendfreund und vor Agrippa wichtigster Feldherr des jungen Octavianus (Augustus). S., vielleicht Offizier in Caesars Armee [1. 398], war 45-44 v. Chr. mit Octavian in Apollonia und beriet ihn nach Caesars Tod (Vell. 2,59,5;…

Paconius

(270 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Köln)
Ital. Gentilname, bezeugt in Setia (demnach oskisch? ILS 6130) und mehreren Handelsstädten. I. Republikanische Zeit [English version] [I 1] (P.) Lepta, Q. Freund Ciceros und sein praefectus fabrum in Cilicia 51-50 v. Chr. Freund Ciceros und sein praefectus [7] fabrum in Cilicia 51-50 v.Chr. (Cic. fam. 3,7,4; 5,20,4 u.ö.). Cic. fam. 9,13,1-3 deutet auf Cales in Campania als seine Heimat, wo ILS 5779 ihn selbst oder einen Sohn bezeugen muß (zur Identität [1. 6]). P. erscheint häufig in Ciceros Briefen (u.a. als Adressat von fam. 6,18-19), zuletzt im November 44 (Att. 16,15,3). Fündling…

Porcia

(206 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Strothmann, Meret (Bochum)
[English version] [1] Schwester des M. Porcius [I 7] Cato Schwester des M. Porcius [I 7] Cato, verheiratet mit L. Domitius [I 8] Ahenobarbus. Sie überlebte ihren 48 v. Chr. gefallenen Mann und starb hochgeachtet vor dem August 45; nach dem Vorbild des M. (Terentius?) Varro und eines Ollius widmete Cicero ihr ein Elogium (Att. 13,37,3; 48,2). Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) [English version] [2] Tochter des M. Porcius [I 7] Cato, ca. 95-42 v. Chr. Tochter des M. Porcius [I 7] Cato, ca. 95-42 v. Chr.; zuerst mit M. Calpurnius [I 5] Bibulus, in zweiter Ehe seit ca. 44 v. Chr. mi…

Lyson

(131 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Neudecker, Richard (Rom)
Griech. Familienname. [English version] [1] 72 v. Chr. Gastgeber des Verres, Bekannter Ciceros L. aus Lilybaion. 72 v.Chr. Bekannter Ciceros, Gastgeber des Verres, der ihm eine Statue abpreßte (Cic. Verr. 2,4,37). Cic. fam. 13,34 ist ein Empfehlungsschreiben für L.s Sohn. Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) [English version] [2] Gastfreund Ciceros, Pompeianer L. aus Patrai. Gastfreund Ciceros, pflegte 50 v.Chr. dessen erkrankten Sekretär Tiro (Cic. fam. 16,4,1f.). L. war im Bürgerkrieg Pompeianer und warb 46 oder 45 nach Caesars Sieg um dessen Verzeihung (13,19; 24). Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) …

Menodoros

(269 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Neudecker, Richard (Rom)
(Μηνόδωρος). [English version] [1] Legat des C. Calvisius Sabinus, gest. 35 v.Chr. M. (so Appianos; sonst Mena(s), Μηνᾶς), Freigelassener, vorher vielleicht kilikischer Pirat, um 40 v.Chr. Admiral des S. Pompeius im Tyrrhenischen Meer. Als Gegner des Ausgleichs mit den Triumvirn (Plut. Antonius 32,6f.) verteidigte M. Sardinien und Corsica. Als Pompeius ihn auf Betreiben seines Rivalen Menekrates [11] zu entmachten drohte, spielte M. 38 die Inseln dem Octavianus zu (App. civ. 5,78-80,330-337; ein Bezug zu CI…

Iuba

(960 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Leonhardt, Jürgen (Marburg/Lahn)
(Ἰόβας, Ἰούβας, Ἰόβα). [English version] [1] Numiderkönig, 1. Jh. v. Chr. Geb. ca. 85 v.Chr., gest. 46 v.Chr., König von Numidien, Sohn und Nachfolger von Hiempsal. 63 vertrat I. in Rom numidische Interessen (Cic. leg. agr. 2,59). 62 wurde er zum Feind Caesars, welcher Masintha schützte und I. am Bart zog (Suet. Iul. 71; zu seinem Aussehen [1; 2]). 50 war I. schon König, aber von Rom noch nicht anerkannt [3. 126-128]. C. Scribonius Curio forderte Numidiens Annexion; der Senat verwarf dies, ließ I.s Status …

Saenius

(325 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Köln)
Ital. Gentilname etr. Herkunft [1. 93; 228]. I. Republikanische Zeit [English version] [I 1] S., L. Senator 63 v. Chr., besorgte Beweise gegen den Catilinarier Manlius [I 1] Senator (aus Etrurien?) 63 v. Chr., der Beweismaterial aus Faesulae gegen den Catilinarier Manlius [I 1] besorgte (Sall. Catil. 30,1). Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) [English version] [I 2] S., L. Consul suffectus 30 v. Chr. Wohl Sohn von S. [I 1], eventuell 39 v. Chr. als Senator belegt (MRR 3,34). Vielleicht als Lohn für seine Dienste gegen den Verschwörer M. Aemilius [I 13] Lepidus (App.…

Lucanius

(283 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Köln)
Röm. Gentilname, vom häufigen Ortsnamen Luca. I. Republikanische Zeit [English version] [I 1] L., M. Begleiter des Pompeius Strabo vor Asculum 89 v. Chr. Junger Begleiter des Pompeius Strabo vor Asculum 89 v.Chr. (ILLRP 515, Z. 10; Bundesgenossenkriege [3]), vielleicht Sohn des bei Livius (Liv. per. 75) für dasselbe Jahr genannten Legaten Lucanus. Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) [English version] [I 2] L., Q. Centurio Caesars, fiel 54 v. Chr. als primus pilus in Aduatuca Centurio Caesars, fiel 54 v.Chr. als primus pilus in Aduatuca (Caes. Gall. 5,35,7). Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) II. Kaiserzeit …

Paquius

(187 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Köln)
Italischer Gentilname, Variante von Pacuvius [1. 476]. [English version] [1] P. Rufus, Q. Legat des M. Antonius 42 v. Chr. Legat des M. Antonius [I 9] 42 v.Chr., deduzierte eine Veteranenkolonie nach Philippi (MRR 2, 366). Verm. stammte P. aus Verulae (vgl. NSA 1922, 253f.). Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) [English version] [2] P.P.Scaeva Senator augusteischer Zeit Aus Histonium stammend. Er kam verm. durch Octavian (Augustus) in den Senat. P.' Laufbahn, die in vielen Details geschildert wird und die noch bestehende Flexibilität bei der Vergabe der Ämter in…

Luscius

(369 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Schmidt, Peter L. (Constance) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Rare Italic surname, derived from luscus, ‘one-eyed, squinting’ (early examples: CIL I2 182-184; AE 1992, 586). I. Republican period [German version] [I 1] L., L. Centorio under Sulla Centurion under Sulla, enriched himself during the Proscriptions in 82 BC and was condemned in 64 for triple murder (Ascon. 90 C). Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) [German version] [I 2] L. Lanuvinus Writer of fabula palliata, rival of Terentius As a writer of palliata , a rival of Terentius (Donat. Andria 7), author of a Phasma (‘The Ghost’; according to Menander) and of a Thesaurus (‘The Treasure’; content in Don…

Pedius

(368 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Cologne) | Giaro, Tomasz (Frankfurt/Main)
Name of a Roman gens, prominent from the 1st cent. BC; also attested in Delos. [German version] [1] P., Q. Consul suffectus 43 BC, son of Caesar's sister Julia C. 90-43 BC, son (not grandson as in Suet. Iul. 83,2) of Caesar's sister Iulia [1. 687] and a legate of Caesar in Gaul  58-55 (Caes. Gall. 2,2,1; 2,11,3). As praetor in 48, P. suppressed a revolt by T. Annius [I 14] Milo (Caes. Civ. 3,22). In 46/5, as a legate of Caesar, P. began the Spanish campaign with Q. Fabius [I 22] Maximus (Bell. Hisp. 2,2; Cass. Dio 43,31,1) and triumphed on 13 December 45 illegally ex Hispania (InscrIt 13,1,567; Ca…

Peducaeus

(502 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Name of a Roman plebeian family which does not appear until the 1st century BC; in fact a nickname ('flat-footed'). I. Republican period [German version] [I 1] People's tribune in 114 BC Elected people's tribune for the year 113 BC. Straight after assuming office in December 114, he carried through a law which led to new proceedings for 'fornication' against the Vestals Licinia [4] and Marcia [3] under the chairmanship of C. Cassius [I 17] Longinus Ravilla (Cic. Nat. D. 3,74; Ascon. 45f. C.). MRR 1, 536. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [I 2] P., Sex. Praetor in 77 BC, pr…

Tremelius

(425 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Schmitt, Tassilo (Bielefeld) | Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
Roman nomen gentile (in the MSS very frequently Tremellius), attested from the 2nd. cent. BC onwards. The six generations of praetorian ancestors on whom T. [3] prided himself (Varro, Rust. 2,4,2) are quite believable. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [1] T., Cn. As tribune of the people, he successfully interceded in 168 BC against an extension of the term served by the censors (Liv. 45,15,9) who had passed him over in the lectio senatus . As praetor in 159 BC, he insulted the pontifex maximus who gave him a penalty ( multa ). A people's court confir…

Tarquinius

(1,599 words)

Author(s): Schirmer, Brigitte | Müller, Christian (Bochum) | Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
[German version] [1] Nomen gentile The name T. is the Latinized form of an Ancient Etruscan nomen gentile * tarq/χ u-na, from which the Latin name was derived by means of the -i̯o suffix inherited from the indo-European basic form. In Etruscan itself, the name in the form tarq/χ una is not attested; instances of a basic form * tarq/χ-  from the Archaic period are rare (cf. perhaps tarχ umenaia [1. 251, Cl 2.8], tarχ elnas [1. 86, Vs 1.2]). Inherited forms occur in Late Etruscan in the nomina gentilia tarcna/tarχ na ( cf. tarcnai, tar χ nas from the Tomba delle Iscrizioni, Caere, CIE 5907-5974; t…

Rubrius

(561 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Common nomen gentile in the late Republic and early Principate; its bearers are generally of little political importance (Schulze, 221; 462). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) I. Republican period [German version] [I 1] R., C. (?) People's tribune, 122 BC As people's tribune in 122 BC, he laid down a law concerning the foundation of the colony of Carthage by C. Sempronius Gracchus (Plut. C. Gracchus 10,2; mentioned as lex Rubria CIL I2 585, ch. 59; perhaps also mentioned in Sherk 16, l. 12). MRR 1,517; 3,182. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [I 2] R. Propraetor of Macedonia i…

Nonius

(2,494 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Cologne) | Schmidt, Peter L. (Constance)
N. (also Nonnius, Nunnius), Italic nomen gentile derived from the numeral praenomen Nonus (evidence: [3. 229; 424]). Several families are attested since the 1st cent. BC, among which the - probably Picene [1. 925] - Nonii Asprenates stand out. I. Republican Period [German version] [I 1] N. Asprenas, L. Consul suff. in 36 BC Follower of Caesar during the Civil War, propraetor in Gaul before late 49 BC. (ILS 884; [1. 138-142]), proconsul in Africa in 46 (Bell. Afr. 80,4) and cavalry commander in Spain in 45 (Bell. Hisp. 10,2). In 44 N. was people'…

Trebius

(110 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Schmitt, Tassilo (Bielefeld) | Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
Oscan/Italian praenomen (usual abbreviation in Lat. inscriptions Tr.), later also a Roman gens name, recorded from the 1st cent. BC onwards. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [1] T., Statius Supposed to have handed his home city of Compsa over to Hannibal [4] in 216 BC (Liv. 23,1,1-3; Zon. 9,2,7). Punic Wars (II) Schmitt, Tassilo (Bielefeld) Bibliography J. von Ungern-Sternberg, Capua im Zweiten Punischen Krieg, 1975, 69. [German version] [2] T. Gallus, M. Roman equestrian, Caesar's prefect or tribune in Gaul, who demanded grain from the Coriosolites (…

Villius

(650 words)

Author(s): Müller, Christian (Bochum) | Schmitt, Tassilo (Bielefeld) | Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
[German version] [1] V., Ap. Livy (3,54,13) lists V. as peoples' tribune in 449 BC among those who, after the end of the D ecemviri [1], had been voted into this office "more due to the hopes (that had been put into them) than due to their merits". Müller, Christian (Bochum) [German version] [2] V. Annalis, L. As peoples' tribune in 180 BC, he introduced a law about age limits that regulated the competition for offices and thus proved fundamental in the development of the cursus honorum [1]. In this, he had the consent of the Senate, which earned him and his…

Maecius

(755 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Cologne) | Albiani, Maria Grazia (Bologna)
Italian family name [1. 185; 469], with an uncertain connection to the Roman tribus Maecia. M. is encountered first among Rome's Latin neighbours (Liv. 10,41,5), from the 2nd cent. BC on, also in inscriptions from Delos (ILS 9417; SEG 1,334) and Lucania (ILS 5665). I. Republican period [German version] [I 1] M. Geminus Died in 340 BC in a duel with Torquatus From Tusculum, challenged T. Manlius [I 12] Torquatus to a duel and fell during the Latin War in 340 BC, according to legend (Liv. 8,7,2-12). Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) [German version] [I 2] M. Tarpa, Sp. Designed the game plan in 55 B…

Manius

(225 words)

Author(s): Rix, Helmut (Freiburg) | Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
Rare Roman praenomen , principally used by the patrician families Aemilii, Sergii and Valerii and by the plebeian Acilii, most often in Upper Italy (rarely nomen gentile: ILS 6230 and M. [I 2] below), acronym: a five-stroked M (, , in print M'.). Two alternatives for the name's origin have been proposed since antiquity: derivation from mane ‘in the morning’ (Varro, Ling. 6,60; Fest. 135 L.; Liber de Praenominibus 5: ‘one born in the morning’) or from manus ‘good’ i.e. from the di manes , euphemistically the ‘good gods’ (Zos. 2,3,2). Neither of the two has yet been convincingly argued. Rix, H…

Luscius

(323 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Schmidt, Peter L. (Konstanz) | Eck, Werner (Köln)
Seltener ital. Familienname, von luscus, “einäugig, schielend” abgeleitet (frühe Beispiele: CIL I2 182-184; AE 1992, 586). I. Republikanische Zeit [English version] [I 1] L., L. Centurio Sullas Centurio Sullas, bereicherte sich während der Proskriptionen 82 v.Chr. und wurde deshalb 64 wegen dreifachen Mordes verurteilt (Ascon. 90 C). Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) [English version] [I 2] L. Lanuvinus Palliaten-Dichter, Konkurrent des Terentius Als Palliaten-Dichter älterer Konkurrent des Terentius (Don. Andria 7), Verf. eines Phasma (‘Das Gespenst; nach Menander) und eines Thes…

Ofellius

(216 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Köln)
Röm. Familienname (auch Offellius, Offillius u.ä.), wohl vom oskischen Praenomen Of(f)ellus, das auch als Cognomen erscheint (ein Grundbesitzer in Venusia: Hor. sat. 2,2,2f.; 53f.; 112ff.). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [English version] [1] O. Tribunus militum 36 v. Chr. Tribunus militum 36 v.Chr., verspottete von Octavianus (Augustus) verteilte Belohnungen als zu billig und verschwand daraufhin laut Appian spurlos (App. civ. 5,532f.). Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) [English version] [2] O., A. röm. Jurist Jurist, s. Ofilius Eck, Werner (Köln) [English version] [3] M. Ulpius O. T…

Rubrius

(519 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Köln)
In der späten Republik und frühen Kaiserzeit häufiges Gentilnomen; seine Träger sind in der Regel politisch unbedeutend (Schulze, 221; 462). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) I. Republikanische Zeit [English version] [I 1] R., C. (?) Volkstribun 122 v. Chr. Brachte 122 v. Chr. als tr. pl. ein Gesetz über die Gründung der Kolonie Karthago durch C. Sempronius Gracchus durch (Plut. C. Gracchus 10,2; erwähnt als lex Rubria CIL I2 585, cap. 59; vielleicht auch Sherk 16, Z. 12 genannt). MRR 1,517; 3,182. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [English version] [I 2] R. Propraetor von Macedonia 67 (…

Peducaeus

(464 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Köln)
Name einer röm. plebeiischen Familie, die erst im 1. Jh.v.Chr. hervorgetreten ist; eigentlich Spitzname (“plattfüßig”). I. Republikanische Zeit [English version] [I 1] 114 v. Chr. Volkstribun Für das J. 113 v.Chr. zum Volkstribun gewählt, brachte gleich nach seinem Amtsantritt im Dez. 114 ein Gesetz durch, das ein erneutes Verfahren gegen die Vestalinnen Licinia [4] und Marcia [3] wegen “Unzucht” unter Vorsitz des C. Cassius [I 17] Longinus Ravilla einleitete (Cic. nat. deor. 3,74; Ascon. 45f. C.). MRR 1, 536. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [English version] [I 2] P., Sex. Pra…

Nonius

(2,327 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Köln) | Schmidt, Peter L. (Konstanz)
N. (auch Nonnius, Nunnius), vom Numeralpraenomen Nonus abgeleiteter ital. Gentilname (Belege: [3. 229; 424]). Seit dem 1. Jh.v.Chr. sind mehrere Familien bezeugt, unter denen die - wohl picenischen [1. 925] - Nonii Asprenates herausragen. I. Republikanische Zeit [English version] [I 1] N. Asprenas, L. Consul suff. 36 v. Chr. Anhänger Caesars im Bürgerkrieg, Propraetor in Gallien vor E. 49 v.Chr. (ILS 884; [1. 138-142]), Proconsul in Africa 46 (Bell. Afr. 80,4) und Reiterführer in Spanien 45 (Bell. Hisp. 10,2). 44 war N. Volkstribun (App. c…

Maecius

(668 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Köln) | Albiani, Maria Grazia (Bologna)
Ital. Familienname [1. 185; 469], in unklarer Beziehung zur röm. Tribus Maecia. M. begegnet zuerst unter Roms latin. Nachbarn (Liv. 10,41,5), vom 2. Jh. v.Chr. an auch auf Inschriften aus Delos (ILS 9417; SEG 1,334) und Lucanien (ILS 5665). I. Republikanische Zeit [English version] [I 1] M. Geminus starb 340 v. Chr. im Zweikampf mit Torquatus Aus Tusculum, forderte nach der Legende T. Manlius [I 12] Imperiosus den Torquatus im Latinerkrieg 340 v.Chr. zum Zweikampf und fiel (Liv. 8,7,2-12). Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) [English version] [I 2] M. Tarpa, Sp. entwarf den Spielplan für…

Manius

(207 words)

Author(s): Rix, Helmut (Freiburg) | Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
Seltenes röm. Praenomen, hauptsächlich von den patrizischen Familien der Aemilii, Sergii und Valerii und von der plebeischen der Acilii verwendet, dazu öfter in Oberitalien (selten Gentilname: ILS 6230 und unten M. [I 2]); Sigle: ein fünfstrichiges M (, , im Druck M'.). Für die Herkunft des Namens werden seit dem Alt. zwei Alternativen vertreten: Ableitung von mane “morgens” (Varro ling. 6,60; Fest. 135 L.; liber de praenominibus 5: “der morgens Geborene”) oder von manus “gut” bzw. von den di manes , euphemistisch die “guten Götter” (Zos. 2,3,2); keine der beiden ist bis…

Sextius

(1,175 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Dingel, Joachim (Hamburg) | Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Müller, Christian (Bochum) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Roman nomen gentile, also confused with Sestius . According to tradition, the family achieved prominence in the 4th cent. BC with S. [I 6] who obtained access to the consulate for plebeians. The family was unimportant under the Republic, with the exception of S. [1 3]; the branch which was best known into the 3rd cent. AD originated with Caesar's follower S. [I 2], but it made spurious claims to be descended from the first plebeian consul S. [I 6] (hence the epithets Africanus and Laterensis). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) I. Republican period [German version] [I 1] S., Q. Founder of t…

Tullius

(3,490 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Müller, Christian (Bochum) | Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Roman family name derived from the praenomen Tullus; oldest traditional bearer of the name is the sixth king of Rome, Servius T. [I 4]; until the time of Cicero and his family, other bearers are only rarely recorded. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) I. Republican period [German version] [I 1] T., Attius As 'by far the first man of the Volsci at the time' (Liv. 2,35,7), tradition connected him with the story of Coriolanus, in which T. supported the latter in his plans out of an old hate for the Romans (Liv. 2,37,1-8; 2,38,1-5; 2,39,1; 2,40,12). Hi…

Petillius

(858 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Schmitt, Tassilo (Bielefeld) | Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Name of a Roman plebeian family (also Petilius), known at Rome from the 2nd cent. BC. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) I. Republican period [German version] [I 1] P., Q. Two people's tribunes of 187 BC was the name of two related (cousins?) people's tribunes of the year 187 BC. They accused (at the instigation of Cato [1]?) L. Cornelius [I 72] Scipio before the Senate of the misappropriation of state funds ( peculatus) during the war against Antiochus [5] III and demanded an explanation. L.'s brother P. Cornelius [I 71] Scipio declared the accusations to be absurd, an…

Vergilius

(9,319 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Suerbaum, Werner (Munich) | Blänsdorf, Jürgen (Mainz)
Roman nomen gentile, attested from the 1st cent. BC evident mainly in Gallia Cisalpina (frequently confused with Verginius in MSS). The spelling Virgilius for the name of the poet Vergilius [4] is only documented from the 5th cent. AD onwards. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [1] V. (less frequently: Verginius), C. Legate of Calpurnius [I 19] in Macedonia, 57-55 BC 57-55 BC; legate of Calpurnius [I 19] in Macedonia; depicted by Cicero (Prov. cons. 7) as an example of integrity in contrast with Piso. Perhaps (as in MRR 2,205) identical with V. [2]. Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) …

Lollius

(1,733 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Will, Wolfgang (Bonn) | Kierdorf, Wilhelm (Cologne) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Name of a Roman plebeian family. Bearers of the name, recorded from the 3rd cent. BC, not of urban Roman origin, emerged as business people from the 2nd cent. (ILLRP 723b; 747; 1025) and received Roman citizenship perhaps only after the Social War [3]. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) I. Republican period [German version] [I 1] L., L. Proscribed in 82 BC Read his name on one of Sulla's lists of proscribed persons in 82 BC and was thereupon immediately killed on leaving the Forum (Oros. 5,21,4f.). Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) [German version] [I 2] L., L. Pompey's legate against the pirates in 67 BC Pompey'…

Pontius

(1,397 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Müller, Christian (Bochum) | Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Cologne) | Berschin, Walter (Heidelberg)
Oscan praenomen and Oscan/Lat. gentilic. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) I. Republican Period [German version] [I 1] Pontius, Gavius Samnite general, delivered Rome its defeat 321 BC at Caudium Samnite general who in 321 BC famously defeated the Romans at Caudium and sent them 'under the yoke' (Liv. 9,2,6-6,4). The fact that the Samnite leader in the Social War (Social Wars [3]), P. [I 4], had the same name is no proof that P.' name entered the tradition only later. The annalistic tradition (in Liv. 9, 15,8), however, of P.'…

Otacilius

(584 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Schmitt, Tassilo (Bielefeld) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Originally an Oscan nomen gentile. The family belonged to the urban nobility of Benventum; the sources show it gaining kinship with one of the leading Roman noble families through the marriage, probably c. 300 BC, of one of its daughters, Otacilia, to a relative of the gens Fabia (Fabius) (Liber de praenominibus 6; Fest. 174 L). This no doubt contributed to the rapid rise of family members O. [I 2] and O. [I 3] to the consulship. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) I. Republican Period [German version] [I 1] O. Crassus Prefect of Pompeius at Lissus, 48 BC Prefect of Cn. Pompeius at Lissus in 4…

Rabirius

(614 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Schmidt, Peter L. (Constance) | Fündling, Jörg (Bonn)
Latin nomen gentile. [German version] [1] R., C. Took part in the murder of the tribune of the people Appuleius [I 11] in 100 BC, accused of this crime in 63 and defended by Cicero Wealthy Roman equestrian with estates in Apulia and Campania. In 100 BC, he took part in the murder of the tribune of the people L. Appuleius [I 11] Saturninus, for which he was probably later rewarded with a seat in the Senate; in 89, he was on the staff of Cn. Pompeius [I 8] Strabo (ILLRP 515). Attacked on numerous occasions by the populares as a supporter of the Senate, in 63 he was accused of the murder of A…

Trebonius

(601 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Müller, Christian (Bochum) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Name of a Roman plebeian family, documented with certainty only from the 1st cent. BC on (T. [I 2] might be unhistorical). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) I. Republican Period [German version] [I 1] T., C. Son of an ill-reputed (Cic. Phil. 13,23; the same as in Hor. Sat. 1,4,114?) Roman equestrian. In 58 BC [1], T. worked as quaestor urbanus against P. Clodius' [I 4] switch to the plebs . As tribune of the people in 55, he introduced laws that gave M. Licinius [I 11] Crassus and Cn. Pompeius [I 3] provincial terms of five years and exte…

Oppius

(1,221 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Schmitt, Tassilo (Bielefeld) | Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Müller, Christian (Bochum) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Oscan praenomen, later a widespread nomen gentile; literary refs. at Rome from as early as the 5th cent. BC (O. [I 5]), but historical evidence only from the 2nd cent. The Tusculan Opiter O., who is said to have given his name to the Mons O. at Rome, is an invention (Varro in Fest. 476 L.). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) I. Republican period [German version] [I 1] O., C. Author of a law of 215 BC to limit displays of wealth Restricted the opportunities for women to display wealth by his law of 215 BC (Liv. 34,1,1-3 et alibi; MRR 1, 255). In 195, this legislation was repealed despite the res…

Sextilius

(473 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Schmitt, Tassilo (Bielefeld) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Name of a Roman plebeian family, historically attested at Rome from the 3rd cent. BC. The name was a common one, but its bearers were politically insignificant. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) I. Republican period [German version] [I 1] Legate of L. Licinius [I 26] Lucullus in 69 BC. Distinguished himself in the Armenian war (Plut. Lucullus 25,4-6; App. Mithr. 381-385), but fell into Parthian hands in 68 (Cass. Dio 36,3,2 f.). Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) [German version] [I 2] Praetor before 67 BC, together with his colleague Bellinus, he was kidnapped by pirates (Plut. Pompeius 24,6). Fündling,…

Sallustius

(3,055 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Cologne) | Schmidt, Peter L. (Constance) | Portmann, Werner (Berlin)
Italian nomen gentile, see also Salustius. I. Republican Period [German version] [I 1] S., Cn. Friend and correspondent of Cicero Close friend of Cicero, with whom he demonstrably exchanged letters between 67 and 45 BC (Cic. Att. 11,11,2; Cic. Fam. 14,11). In 58, he accompanied Cicero on the first leg of his journey into exile, in 47, he lent him money, and they were together pardoned by Caesar (Cic. Fam. 14,4,6; Cic. Div. 1,59). S. read the draft of Cicero's De re publica and urged him - in vain - to state his views clearly and unambiguously (Cic. Ad Q. Fr. 3,5,1), a request…

Volusius

(944 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Giaro, Tomasz (Frankfurt/Main) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Roman gens name from Etruria, whose bearers first appear in the 1st cent. BC. With V. [II 2] Saturninus the family was ennobled under the emperor Augustus and in the 1st cent. AD was able to amass considerable wealth (large burial site on the via Appia: CIL VI 7281-7393). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) I. Republican Period [German version] [I 1] Haruspex (Haruspices) in the retinue of C. Verres 73-71 BC, several times appointed recuperator in - according to Cicero (Verr. 2,2,75; 2,3,28; 54; 137) - unfair lawsuits. Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) [German version] [I 2] V., Cn. Travelled with C. Pompt…

Roscius

(1,412 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Blume, Horst-Dieter (Münster) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Italian nomen gentile, with many bearers in Ameria (CIL XI 4507-16) and Lanuvium (CIL XIV 3225-7). Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) I. Republican Period [German version] [I 1] R., L. Roman envoy killed in 438 BC by the Fidenati A Roman envoy killed in 438 BC together with his three colleagues by the Fidenati (Fidenae); because of this all three were honoured with statues on the Rostra (Cic. Phil. 9,4; Liv. 4,17,2-6). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [I 2] R., Sex. Father and son; the latter was defended by Cicero in 80 BC against the accusation of patricide and embezzlement From Ameria; so…

Silius

(1,908 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Cologne) | Reitz, Christiane (Rostock)
Name of a Roman plebeian family, documented since the first cent. BC (the name in Liv. 4,54,3 is probably a later invention). Under Augustus the family attained the consulate, but it disappeared at the end of the first cent. AD. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) I. Republican period [German version] [I 1] S., P. Praetor c. 58 or 52 BC, as propraetor of Bithynia et Pontus 51-50 BC addressee of laudatory letters from Cicero (Cic. Fam. 13,47; 61-65; cf. 7,21). S., who was regarded as an authority on Asia Minor, brought an inheritance lawsuit in 44 BC (Cic. Att. 7,1,8). His son is probably S. [II 7]. Fündli…

Vibius

(2,209 words)

Author(s): Steinbauer, Dieter (Regensburg) | Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Cologne) | Sallmann, Klaus (Mainz)
Uncommon Latin praenomen , abbreviation V. The etymology of the name is unknown. Like the identical nomen gentilicium, it derives from the Osco-Umbrian Vībie/o-. Related nomina gentilicia were Vibidius, Vibuleius, Vibulenus. The praenomen and its feminine equivalent Vībia- were loaned into Etruscan as Vipie and Vipia respectively. The nomen gentilicium formed from that, Vipi(e)na, appears in Latinized form as Vibenna . Steinbauer, Dieter (Regensburg) I. Republican period [German version] [I 1] V. Curius Prefect of Caesar, to whom troops of L. Manlius [I 18] Torquatu…
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