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Church year

(3,029 words)

Author(s): Grethlein, Christian | Sparn, Walter | Petzolt, Martin | Bärsch, Jürgen
1. Introduction The term “church year,” probably first attested (as German Kirchenjahr) in the postil of the Lutheran pastor Johannes Pomarius (Magdeburg 1585) (see below, 4.1.), denotes the annual cycle of Christian festival and holiday. In the rhythm of the week and year, the church celebrates the memory of Jesus Christ (year of the Lord) [1], with the celebration of the saints’ days (Name day) taking a secondary role (year of the saints).The core and “origin” of the year was the Sunday on which the key events of Easter are celebrated (Passion Week) in the feast of the Eucharist (Worship). The Church year expanded particularly in the 4th and 5th centuries. The focus was on the Triduum of Easter (Good Friday, Easter Saturday, Easter Sunday), which, together with a fifty-day Easter season and a preparatory forty days of Lent (itself preceded by three weeks of pre-Lenten season), forms the cycle of Easter celebrations. Similarly, th…
Date: 2019-03-20