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Freedom - Philosophical

(6,934 words)

Author(s): Max Müller
Part of Freedom: 1. Biblical 2. Philosophical 3. Theological A. On the General and Philosophical Notion of Freedom 1. The concept of freedom is an analogous one, predicated in different ways of beings of very different types. The various forms of attribution all agree, however, to a certain extent, not by defining the same specific content, but by indicating a formal relation which remains the same. This relation can be put negatively or positively. Negatively, freedom means “being free from”, i.e., the relation …

Education - Basic Education

(4,063 words)

Author(s): Max Müller
Part of Education: 1. Basic Education 2. Philosophy of Education 3. Pedagogy 4. Religious Education 5. Self-Education 1. Concept. Formation or basic education is the process by which man acquires the true form of his being as man. The end-product is sometimes known as his culture (the static rather than the dynamic concept of formation). Man is properly such through his “purposefulness”, that is, his basic openness and orientation towards a fulfilment which lies before him. He is not “ready-made” like inorganic t…

Science - General

(5,325 words)

Author(s): Alois Haider | Max Müller
Part of Science: 1. General 2. Theory of Science 3. Science and Theology 1. General problems of definition. There are difficulties about establishing a precise definition of the term “science”. The definition itself has to be established scientifically. Moreover, it has to cover not just “science as such”, in the singular, but also the various different branches of science. Hence the tendency to try to derive the common features of the various branches of science from one particular science selected as prototype…

Person - Concept

(4,344 words)

Author(s): Max Müller | Alois Haider
Part of Person: 1. Concept 2. Man 1. Etymology: history of the concept. The word “person” comes from the Latin persona, usually derived from the verb personare, “to sound through”, though this is not certain. In medieval philosophy it was sometimes said to come from per se una, which is certainly false. Modern philology links it with the Etruscan persu, a word found written beside a representation of two masked figures. It was used to translate the Greek πρόσωπον, face, first in the sense of the actor’s mask, which designated his role. The theological and philosophical concept of perso…