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Lubavitch Schools

(510 words)

Author(s): Michael Laskier
The Lubavitch schools are an integral part of the Ḥabad religious movement. Also known as Ohale Yosef-Yiṣḥaq (Heb. The Tents of Joseph-Isaac), they are present worldwide wherever there are Jewish communities. In 1950, the OYI educational network of primary schools( ḥadarim) and yeshivot for boys and girls was extended to Morocco. Together with the Alliance Israélite Universelle (AIU) and the Orthodox Sephardi Ozar Hatorah schools, the OYI set about improving Jewish education and “saving Jewish souls.” Its schools functioned under the direction of Rabbis Shlomo Matusof and Michael…

Cattaoui Family

(631 words)

Author(s): Michael Laskier
The Cattaoui (Ar. Qaṭṭāwī) familywas one of several privileged grandes familles of the Jewish aristocracy in Egypt under the Muḥammad ʿAlī dynasty (1805–1952). Several leading families in Cairo and Alexandria distinguished themselves during this period in communal affairs, local politics, the economy, and intellectual life, including, in addition to the Cattaouis, the Mosseris, de Menasces, Suarès, and Rolos. The Cattaouis of Cairo started as moneychangers and moneylenders(Ar. ṣarrāfūn), then entered modern banking and acted as commercial intermédiares between Egypt an…

Ozar Hatorah

(655 words)

Author(s): Michael Laskier
The origins of the Ozar Hatorah (Heb. Oṣar ha-Torah, Wealth of the Torah) school system go back to a philanthropic organization established at the end of World War II by three Syrian Jewish businessmen, Isaac Shalom in New York, Joseph Shamah in Jerusalem, and Ezra Teubal in Buenos Aires. In the aftermath of the Holocaust, the organization opened twenty-nine modern religious schools in Mandatory Palestine that in 1948 were given over to the government of the State of Israel. It also established a network in Iran that at its peak had forty schools and eighty-six hundred pupils. …