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Scholasticism - Evolution

(11,955 words)

Author(s): Zoltan Alszeghy | Richard Heinzmann | Elisabeth Gössmann | Reinhold Weier | Otto Muck
Part of Scholasticism: 1. Nature and Approaches 2. Evolution A. Pre-Scholasticism Pre-scholasticism is the term used to describe the theology and philosophy of the 7th to the 11th century, to distinguish it from the preceding patristic theology (see Patrology II, III) and the subsequent period of early scholasticism. A number of spiritual trends are combined, of which the common element may be said to be the effort to make use of an imperfectly mastered classical culture in the understanding of faith, while trying to do justice to the special nature of religious knowledge. 1. In most of the countries of Western Europe the 7th and 8th centuries were dark ages for culture. The Roman school system and with it the classical education of the ancient world had almost vanished. The literate were few. The great monasteries alone were centres of learning and its transmission. Here the influence of the Irish and Anglo-Saxon monks was very great. In the cultural centres of their homelands a good Latin was taught, and their devotion to study was characteristic. In the