Search

Your search for 'dc_creator:( "Streib, Heinz" ) OR dc_contributor:( "Streib, Heinz" )' returned 10 results. Modify search

Sort Results by Relevance | Newest titles first | Oldest titles first

Satanism

(923 words)

Author(s): Iwersen, Julia | Streib, Heinz
[German Version] I. Religious Studies Satanism is not a scientific term but a protean concept – it has no agreed definition, nor do we know exactly when and in what context it was first used. In the context of religious studies, it falls into three categories: (1) biblical texts, apocryphal literature, and Christian theology record heterogeneous notions of a power hostile to God (e.g. Satan or the devil). Generally for polemical purposes, throughout the history of Christendom various social groups (e…

Satanismus

(886 words)

Author(s): Iwersen, Julia | Streib, Heinz
[English Version] I. Religionswissenschaftlich S. ist kein wiss., sondern ein »wilder« Begriff, d.h. er ist weder einheitlich definiert, noch kann geklärt werden, wann genau und in welchem Zusammenhang er erstmals verwendet worden ist. Eine inhaltliche Bestimmung von religionswiss. Seite ergibt sich aus folgenden drei Faktoren: 1. Bibl. Texte, apokr. Lit. und christl. Theol. überliefern heterogene Vorstellungen von einer widergöttlichen Macht (z.B. Satan, Teufel). In aller Regel zu polemischen Zwec…

Okkultismus

(1,093 words)

Author(s): Hoheisel, Karl | Streib, Heinz
[English Version] I. Religionsgeschichtlich Der Begriff O. (von lat. occultum, urspr. das [in den Mysterien] Verborgene) kam erst nach dem Entstehen der Theosophie H.P. Blavatskys im 19.Jh. als Sammelbez. aller mit »übersinnlichen«, »übernatürlichen« Kräften befaßten Lehren und Praktiken auf. Er grenzte sich vom Spiritismus ab, um die spiritistischen Phänomene durch eine nicht näher beschriebene Naturkraft erklären zu können. Da jedoch auch Religionen, Gnosis oder Esoterik um Geheimnisse oder Verbo…

Occultism

(1,213 words)

Author(s): Hoheisel, Karl | Streib, Heinz
[German Version] I. Religious Studies – II. Practical Theology I. Religious Studies Especially in Germany, occultism (from Lat. occultum, “what is hidden [in the mysteries]”) became a collective term for all theories and practices dealing with “extrasensory” and “supernatural” forces after the appearance of H.P. Blavatsky’s theosophy in the 19th century. It differs from spiritualism in explaining spiritualist phenomena as being caused by an unspecified natural force. But since religions, Gnosis, and esotericism a…

Parapsychologie

(1,542 words)

Author(s): Watts, Fraser | Hoheisel, Karl | Streib, Heinz
[English Version] I. Naturwissenschaftlich P. meint das Studium psychischer Phänomene (z.T. als Psi-Phänome bez.) wie etwa außersinnliche Wahrnehmung, Telepathie, Telekinese bzw. Psychokinese, Fernwahrnehmung (remote viewing) oder Hellsehen, Geistheilen, Out-of-Body- und Nahtoderfahrungen. Diesen Phänomenen gemeinsam ist eine (physische) Wirkung über Distanz hinweg, d.h. mentale Verbindungen, die den physikalischen Kausalzusammenhang umgehen. Die wiss. Untersuchung von Psi-Phänomenen stützt sich au…

Parapsychology

(1,636 words)

Author(s): Watts, Fraser | Hoheisel, Karl | Streib, Heinz
[German Version] I. Natural Science – II. Religious Studies – III. Practical Theology I. Natural Science Parapsychology is the study of supranormal psychic phenomena (also known as psy-phenomena) such as extrasensory perception, telepathy, telekinesis or psychokinesis, remote viewing or second sight, spiritual healing, out-of-body and near-death experiences. All these phenomena are (psychic) effects from a distance, and therefore mental connections that obviate physical causal connections. Scientific research i…

Exorcism

(1,855 words)

Author(s): Figge, Horst H. | Kollmann, Bernd | Streib, Heinz | Mitchell, Nathan D. | Grünschloß, Andreas
[German Version] I. Comparative Religion – II. New Testament – III. Practical Theology – IV. Liturgy – V. Missiology I. Comparative Religion Exorcism, latinized from the Greek ἐξορκίζεῖν/ exorkízein, literally “to conjure out,” consists of procedures aimed at removing psychic, social, or material disruptions that are attributed to the presence of undesirable spirits. Exorcism is accordingly practiced worldwide and …

Sacred and Profane

(5,561 words)

Author(s): Paden, William E. | Milgrom, Jacob | Taeger, Jens-Wilhelm | Vroom, Henk M. | Hunsinger, George | Et al.
[German Version] I. Religious Studies While the sacred/profane duality has a long history, going back to the Romans, it was the emergence of an intercultural, anthropological perspective in the late 19th century that made it a significant descriptive category in comparative religious studies. In that context, the sacred/profane concept served to describe certain types of experience and behavior common to all human cultures. The anthropological interest in the sacred focused initially on early notions like taboo and mana, Oceanian terms that mean “forbidden”…

Demons and Spirits

(6,288 words)

Author(s): Hutter, Manfred | Görg, Manfred | Kollmann, Bernd | Haustein, Jörg | Koch, Guntram | Et al.
[German Version] I. History of Religion (Ancient Near East and Antiquity) – II. Old Testament – III. New Testament – IV. Church History – V. Iconography – VI. Practical Theology – VII. Judaism – VIII. Islam I. History of Religion (Ancient Near East and Antiquity) The term “demon” as used in European language groups derives from the Greek (δαίμων/ daímōn), where it initially also referred simply to gods (ϑεοί/ theoí; cf. Homer Iliad 1.122) without either positive or negative connotations. The exclusively “negative” charge associate…

Magic

(9,806 words)

Author(s): Wiggermann, Franciscus A.M. | Wiggermann, F.A.M. | Betz, Hans Dieter | Baudy, Dorothea | Joosten, Jan | Et al.
[German Version] I. Religious Studies – II. Antiquity – III. Bible – IV. Church History – V. Practical Theology – VI. Philosophy of Religion – VII. Judaism – VIII. Islam I. Religious Studies No definition of magic has as yet found general acceptance. Approaches that go back to the late 19th century (E.B. Tylor, J.G. Frazer) view magic as a primitive cognitive system, the lowest rung on an evolutionary ladder (Evolution) that progresses with religion and science (cf. also Myth/Mythology: I). Magic in this view is charact…