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Apocryphon of John

(445 words)

Author(s): Waldstein, Michael
[German Version] A Greek Gnostic apocalyptic writing, extant in two independent Coptic translations of a shorter Greek original of the Apocryphon of John in NHC III and BG 8502, as well as two additional copies, with slight variations in their dialect, of the Coptic translation of a longer Greek original in NHC II and IV. The long version is likely a revision of the short version. Around 180 Irenaeus ( Haer. I 29) summarized a work with significant similarities to one half of the Apocryphon of John (NHC II 4,34–14,13). He probably remembered a source of the Apocryphon of John without the …

Appendix 2: Numerical Scheme of Yaldabaoth’s World (A2NSOYW)

(383 words)

Contributor(s): Waldstein, Michael | Wisse, Frederik
  III and BG: Synopsis 26,16–27,9Translation TranslationII: Synopsis 26,16-18; 30,9-12Translation Translationⲁϥⲛⲟⲩϩ̅ⲃ ⲙ̅ⲛ ⲧⲙ̅ⲛⲧⲁⲧⲥⲟⲟⲩⲛ ⲉⲧ̅ⲛⲉⲙⲁϥHe copulated with Ignorance, who is with him,ⲁⲩⲱ ⲁϥⲛⲟⲩϩ̅ⲃ ⲙ̅ⲛ ⲧⲁⲡⲟⲛⲟⲓⲁ ⲉⲧⲛⲙ̅ⲙⲁϥAnd he copulated with Arrogance (ἀπόνοια), who is with him,ⲁⲩⲱ ⲁϥⲧⲱⲙⲧ⸌ ϩⲛ̅ ⲧⲉϥ⸌ⲁⲡⲟⲛⲟⲓⲁ 27ⲧⲁⲓ̈ ⲉⲧϣⲟⲟⲡ⸌ ϩⲣⲁⲓ̈And he was amazed in his arrogance (ἀπόνοια), which is in him,2ⲁϥϫⲡⲟ ⲛ̅ⲛⲉⲝⲟⲩⲥⲓⲁ ⲉⲧϩⲁⲣⲟϥand begot the authorities (ἐξουσία) who are under him,ⲁϥϫⲡⲟ ⲛ̅ⲛⲉⲝⲟⲩⲥⲓⲁ ⲉⲧϩⲁⲣⲟϥand begot the authorities (ἐξουσία) who are under him,ⲛ̅ϩⲏⲧϥ⸌ ⲁⲩⲱ ⲁϥϫⲡⲟ ⲛ̅28ϩⲉⲛ…

Appendix 6: Bala’izah Fragment 52 (A6BF52)

(656 words)

Contributor(s): Waldstein, Michael | Wisse, Frederik
The following fragment resembles the Apocryphon of John in several respects. Jesus interprets selected passages of Genesis in dialogue with John; the phrase, “seal the five powers” resembles, “I sealed him in the light of the water with five seals” ( Apocryphon of John II 31,23-24) etc. Text and translation following Paul E. Kahle, Bala’izah: Coptic Texts from Deir El-Bala’izah in Upper Egypt (2 vols.; Oxford: Oxford University, 1954) 1.473-477. Fragment firstpublished by W. E. Cram, “A Gnostic Fragment,” JThS 44 (1943) 176-179. One complete parchment leaf with pagination ⲙ̅ⲁ̅=41 (i…

Synopsis of the Apocryphon of John [18–34] (SOTAOJ_2)

(10,951 words)

Contributor(s): Waldstein, Michael | Wisse, Frederik
  Synopsis 18 III 11,3-16TranslationBG 32,3-21Translation 3ⲁϥϫⲱⲕ ⲉⲃⲟⲗ ⲛ̣̅[ϭⲓ] ⲡⲛⲟϭ ⲛ̅ⲁϩⲟⲣⲁⲧⲟⲛ 4ⲙ̅ⲡ̅ⲛ̅ⲁ 3And the mighty invisible (ἀόρατον) Spirit (πνεῦμα) completedⲁ̣ϥ̣[ϫⲱⲕ] 4ⲉⲃⲟⲗ ϩⲓ̈ⲧⲟⲧϥ ⲙⲡⲉⲡ̅ⲛ̅ⲁ3 And4 he completed by the Spirit (πνεῦμα) 2<ⲙ> ⲡⲁⲩⲧⲟ[ⲅⲉⲛ]ⲏ̣ⲥ ⲛ̅ⲛⲟⲩⲧⲉ 4 the divine Self-Generated (αὐτογενής),ⲙⲡⲁ̣[ⲛϯ] 5ⲛⲁⲩⲧⲟⲅⲉⲛⲏⲥ ⲛϣⲁ ⲉⲛⲉϩ 5 the eternal divine Self-Generated (αὐτογενής),ⲡϣⲏ5ⲣⲉ ⲛ̅ⲧⲃⲁⲣⲃⲏⲗ̣ⲟ ̣[ⲛthe Son5 of Barbelon,ⲡϣ[ⲏ]6ⲣⲉ ⲛ̅ⲧⲃ̅ⲁ̅ⲣ̅ⲃ̅ⲏ̅ⲗⲱthe Son6 of Barbelo,46ⲉⲩⲡⲁ]ⲣⲁⲥⲧⲁⲥⲓⲥthat he may stand in attendance (παράστασις) ϫⲉ ⲁϥⲁϩⲉⲣⲁⲧ̣[ϥ] 7ⲉⲣⲟϥthat he may…

Appendix 5: Apocalypse of John According to Theodore Bar Koni (A5AOJATTBK)

(511 words)

Contributor(s): Waldstein, Michael | Wisse, Frederik
Theodore bar Koni quotes a list of the creators of the human body from an Apocalypse of John used by Audius. There are some parallels with the Apocryphon of John, but the differences are sufficient to make identification of the two texts doubtful. Bar Koni considers the list magical lore, “Now he took this from the Chaldeans” (see below). Text following Addai Scher, ed., Theodore bar Konai, Liber Scholiorum, SCSO 69,319,29-320,26. Translation by Joseph Amar, University of Notre Dame. For the sixth member of the series, (“Anger made the flesh” sic all manu…

Appendix 1: Two Sets Of Names (A1TSON)

(476 words)

Contributor(s): Waldstein, Michael | Wisse, Frederik
  III and BG: Synopsis 28,13–9,4Translation TranslationII: Synopsis 33,3–12Translation Translationⲟⲩⲛ̅ⲧⲁⲩ ⲙⲉⲛ ⲛ̅ϩⲉⲛⲕⲉⲣⲁⲛOn the one hand (μέν) they have one set of namesⲟⲩⲛ̅ⲧⲟⲩ ϩⲛ̅ⲕⲉⲣⲁⲛ ⲇⲉ ⲧⲏⲣⲟⲩ ⲙⲙⲁⲩAnd (δέ), they all have one set of names2ⲉⲃⲟⲗ ϩ̅ⲛ ⲛⲉⲡⲓⲑⲩⲙⲓⲁ ⲙ̅ⲛ <ⲛ>ⲟⲣⲅⲏfrom the desires (ἐπιθυμία) and the wraths (ὀργή).ⲉⲃⲟⲗ ϩⲛ ⲧⲉⲡⲓⲑⲩⲙⲓⲁ ⲙ̅ⲛ ⲧⲟⲣⲅⲏfrom desire (ἐπιθυμία) and wrath (όργή).ⲛⲁⲓ̈ ⲧⲏⲣⲟⲩ ϩⲁⲡⲗⲱⲥ(On the other hand), to put it simply (ἁπλώς),ⲛⲁⲓ̈ ⲇⲉ ⲧⲏⲣⲟⲩ ⲟⲩⲛ̅ⲧⲟⲩ ϩⲛ̅ⲕⲉⲣⲁⲛ ⲉⲩⲕⲏⲃBut (δέ) they (also) have another set of names,4ⲛⲉⲩⲣⲁⲛ ⲥⲉⲕⲏⲃ· ⲉϣⲁⲩⲙⲟⲩⲧⲉ ⲉⲣⲟⲟⲩ ⲛ̅ϩⲏⲧⲟⲩthe names …

Synopsis of the Apocryphon of John [35–51] (SOTAOJ_3)

(7,330 words)

Contributor(s): Waldstein, Michael | Wisse, Frederik
  Synopsis 35 III ...(19/20)...TranslationBG 45,6—46,7TranslationII 13,18-31TranslationIV 21,4-21Translation......ⲡⲉⲭ̅ⲥ ⲟⲩ 7ⲡⲉ ⲉⲡⲓⲫⲉⲣⲉ“Christ, what (does it mean that)7 she ‘moved to and fro’ⲡϫⲟⲉⲓⲥ ⲟⲩ ⲡⲉ ⲁⲥϣⲉⲉⲓ·“Lord, what (does it mean that) ‘she moved to and fro’?”[ⲡϫⲟⲉⲓ]ⲥ̣ ⲟⲩ ⲡⲉ ⲁⲥϣⲉ[ⲉ]ⲓ̣· Irenaeus 2......ⲛⲧⲟϥ ⲇⲉ ⲁϥⲥⲱ8ⲃⲉ ⲡⲉϫⲁϥ ϫⲉ (ἐπιφέρεσθαι)?” And (δέ) he smiled 8 and said,ⲛ̅ⲧⲟϥ ⲇⲉ 19ⲁϥⲥⲱⲃⲉ ⲡⲉϫⲁϥ⸌ ϫⲉAnd (δέ) he 19 smiled and said, 5[ⲛ]ⲧ̣ⲟϥ ⲇ̣[ⲉ ⲁϥⲥⲱⲃ]ⲉ ⲡⲉϫⲁϥ ϫⲉ......ⲉⲕⲙⲉⲉⲩⲉ ϫⲉ 9ⲕⲁⲧⲁ ⲑⲉ ⲛ̅ⲧⲁϥϫⲟⲟⲥ ⲛ̅ϭⲓ ⲙⲱ10ⲩ̈ⲥⲏⲥ ϫⲉ“Are you thinking that it is, 9 as (κατά) 10 Moses said,ⲙ̅ⲡⲣ…

Editorial Policy and Sigla (EPAS_II_XXXIII)

(599 words)

Contributor(s): Waldstein, Michael | Wisse, Frederik
Parallel or equivalent Coptic texts of all four manuscripts and of all three English translations are placed, wherever possible, on the same line. Any given Synopsis double page and line number refers thus to seven items simultaneously: to parallel text in the four Coptic manuscripts and to the corresponding English translations. The placement of the English translations is less precise, since English syntax does not always allow a one-to-one alignment of sense-lines with the Coptic. The user sh…

Appendix 3: Synopsis of the Allogenes Parallel (A3SOTAP)

(1,214 words)

Contributor(s): Waldstein, Michael | Wisse, Frederik
  Apocryphon of John, BG 24,9-19TranslationApocryphon of John, III 5,5-14Translationⲟⲩⲇⲉ ⲛⲟⲩ10ⲙ̅ⲛ̅ⲧⲧⲉⲗⲓⲟⲥ ⲁⲛ ⲡⲉHe is neither (οὐδέ) 10 perfection (τέλειος),ⲛⲟⲩⲙⲛ]ⲧ̇ⲧⲉⲗⲓⲟⲥ 6[ⲁⲛ ⲡⲉHe is not] perfection (τέλειος);2ⲟⲩⲇⲉ ⲛⲟⲩ11ⲙ̅ⲛ̅ⲧⲛⲁⲓ̈ⲁⲧϥ ⲁⲛ ⲡⲉnor (οὐδέ) 11 blessedness,ⲛⲟⲩⲙⲛⲧ]ⲙ̣[ⲁⲕⲁⲣⲓⲟ]ⲥ ⲁⲛ ⲡⲉ 6 he is not [blessedness (μακάριος)];ⲛⲟⲩⲙ̅ⲛ̅ⲧⲛⲟⲩ̣12ⲧⲉ ⲁⲛ ⲡⲉnor divinity, 7[ⲛⲟⲩⲙⲛⲧⲛⲟⲩⲧⲉ] ⲁⲛ ⲡⲉ 7 he is not [divinity],46810ⲁⲗⲗⲁ ⲟⲩϩⲱⲃ ⲉϥⲥⲟⲧ[ⲡ] 13ⲛϩⲟⲩⲟ ⲉⲣⲟⲟⲩ ⲡⲉ 12 but (ἀλλά) he is something far superior13 to them.ⲁⲗⲗⲁ ⲟⲩϩⲱⲃ 8[ⲉϥⲥⲟⲧⲡ ⲉⲣⲟ]ⲟ̣ⲩ ⲡⲉ·but (ἀλλά)ⲟⲩⲇⲉ ⲛⲟⲩⲁⲡⲓ̣14ⲣⲟⲥ ⲁⲛ ⸌ⲡⲉ⸍He i…

Introduction (intro_II_XXXIII)

(7,160 words)

Contributor(s): Waldstein, Michael | Wisse, Frederik
The four copies of The Apocryphon of John (AJ) presented in this edition in synoptic form represent two independent Coptic translations from the original Greek of a shorter …

Synopsis of the Apocryphon of John [52–68] (SOTAOJ_4)

(11,768 words)

Contributor(s): Waldstein, Michael | Wisse, Frederik
  Synopsis 52 III 24,3-16ⲙ̅]4ⲡⲉⲡⲣⲱⲧⲁⲣⲭⲱⲛ2ⲁⲩ[ⲱ ⲛⲉⲩϯ ϣⲁ]5ϫⲛⲉ ⲛⲁϥ ⲡⲉ·…

Bibliography (Bibliography_II_XXXIII)

(7,447 words)

Contributor(s): Waldstein, Michael | Wisse, Frederik
The Manuscripts The Facsimile Edition of the Nag Hammadi Codices, (Leiden) Brill . Introduction, 1984; Codex II 1974; Codex III, 1976; Codex IV, 1975; Cartonnage, 1979. J. W. B. Barns, G. M. Browne and J. C. Shelton (eds), Nag Hammadi Codices: Greek and Coptic Papyri from the Cartonnage of the Covers, NHS 16 (Leiden, 1981) E. J. Brill . Alexander Böhlig and Frederik Wisse, ‛The Manuscripts’ , Alexander Böhlig and Frederik Wisse (eds), Nag Hammadi Codices III,2 and IV,2: The Gospel of the Egyptians (The Holy Book of the Great Invisible Spirit), NHS 4 (Leiden, 1975) Brill , 1-17. …

Synopsis of the Apocryphon of John [1–17] (SOTAOJ_1)

(11,385 words)

Contributor(s): Waldstein, Michael | Wisse, Frederik
  Synopsis 1 III 1,1-14TranslationBG 19,6—20,1TranslationII 1,1-16TranslationIV 1,1-5...Translation Flyleaf 1  > ̅ⲡⲁ̅ⲡⲟⲕ̅ⲣⲩ̅ⲫⲟ̅ⲛ > 2 > ⲛ̅ ̅ⲓ̈ⲱ̅ϩⲁ̅ⲛⲛ̅ⲏ̅ⲥ >̣  1 ,  2 Flyleaf1 The Apocryphon2 of John.2 1 1ⲧⲉⲥⲃⲱ [ⲛⲧⲉ ⲡⲥⲱⲧⲏⲣ 1 1 The teaching [of the] savior (σωτήρ), 1 1[ⲧⲉⲥⲃⲱ ⲛⲧⲉ ⲡⲥⲱⲧ]ⲏⲣ·ⲁⲩⲱ] ⲡ̣ϭ̣[ⲱⲗ]ⲡ ⲉ2ⲃⲟⲗ⸌ ⲛⲙ̣̅ⲙ̣ⲩⲥⲧⲏⲣⲓⲟⲛand [the revelation]2 of the mysteries (μυστήριον),ⲁⲩⲱ 2[ⲡϭⲱⲗⲡ ⲉⲃⲟⲗ ⲛⲙⲙ]ⲩⲥⲧⲏⲣⲓⲟⲛ4ⲙⲛ ⲛⲉ]ⲧϩⲏⲡ⸌ ϩⲛ̅ ⲟⲩ3ⲙ̅ⲛ̅ⲧⲕⲁⲣⲱϥ[and the] things hidden in3 silence, 3[ⲙⲛ ⲛⲉⲧϩⲏⲡ ϩⲛ] ⲟⲩⲙ̅ⲛ̅ⲧ̕ⲕⲁⲣⲱϥⲙ̣[ⲛ ⲛⲁⲓ̈ ⲉ]ⲛ̣ⲧ̣ⲁ̣ϥⲧⲥⲉⲃⲟⲟⲩ 4ⲁⲓ̈ⲱϩⲁⲛⲛ[ⲏⲥ ⲡⲉϥⲙⲁ]ⲑ̣ⲏⲧⲏⲥ[even these things w…

Appendix 4: Irenaeus and Theodoret, Latin, Greek, English (A4IATLGE)

(2,205 words)

Contributor(s): Waldstein, Michael | Wisse, Frederik
  Irenaeus, Adv. Haer. 1.29.Translation Text following, with some modifications, Adelin Rousseau and Louis Doutrelau, S.J., Irénéé de Lyons, Contre les Hérésies (2 vols.; SC 263-264; Paris: Éditions du Cerf, 1979) SC 264, 358-64. (1) Super hos autem ex his qui praedicti sunt Simoniani (1) Besides the Simonians already mentioned,2 multitudo Gnosticorum Barbelo a multitude of Gnostics (named after) Barbelo4 exsurrexit et uelut a terra fungi manifestati sunt,have sprung up and shot out of the ground like mushrooms.6 quorum principales apud eos sententias ennarramus. We will descri…

Synopsis of the Apocryphon of John [69–83] (SOTAOJ_5)

(9,800 words)

Contributor(s): Waldstein, Michael | Wisse, Frederik
  Synopsis 69 III 33,12—34,3TranslationBG 65,15—66,17TranslationII 25,31—26,10TranslationIV 40,6-24Translationⲭⲱ13[ⲣⲓⲥ ⲫⲑⲟⲛⲟⲥ ϩ]ⲓ̣ ⲉⲡⲓⲑⲩⲙⲓⲁ 13 without (χωρίς) jealousy (φθόνος) or desire (ἐπιθυμία) ϩⲓ̈  ϩⲟⲧⲉ ϩⲓ̈  16ⲉⲡⲓⲑⲩⲙⲓⲁor fear, or16 desire (ἐπιθυμία).<ϩ>ⲓ ⲫⲑⲟ32ⲛⲟⲥ ϩⲓ ⲉⲡⲓⲑⲩⲙⲓⲁ6 or jealousy (φθόνος) 32 or desire (ἐπιθυμία) ϩ͡ⲓ ⲫⲑⲟⲛⲟⲥ 7ϩ͡ⲓ ⲉⲡⲓⲑ̣[ⲩ]ⲙⲓⲁ·2ϩⲓ ⲡⲗⲏⲥⲙⲟ14[ⲛⲏor gratification (πλησμονή)ϩⲓ̈  ⲥⲓor gratification.ⲁⲩⲱ ⲧⲙ̅ⲛ̅ⲧⲁⲧⲥⲓ ⲛ̅ⲧⲉ 33ⲡⲧⲏⲣϥand greed of 33 anything.ⲁⲩ[ⲱ ⲧ]ⲙ̣̅ⲛ̅ⲧ̕ⲁⲧⲥⲓ ⲛ̅8ⲧⲉ ⲡⲧⲏ[ⲣϥ]ϩⲛ ⲛⲁ]ⲉⲓ ⲧⲏⲣⲟⲩ ⲉⲛⲥⲉⲁⲙⲁϩⲧⲉ 15[ⲙⲙⲟⲟⲩ ⲁⲛ 14 [By] all these …

Preface (Preface_II_XXXIII)

(601 words)

Author(s): Wisse, Frederik | Waldstein, Michael
Originally two volumes had been planned for the Apocryphon of John in the Coptic Gnostic Library edition in the Nag Hammadi Studies series. Frederik Wisse was to prepare a synoptic edition of NHC II,1 and IV,1, the two witnesses to the Coptic translation of the longer Greek version. Michael Waldstein took over from Peter Nagel the task of preparing a synoptic edition of NHC III,1 and BG 8502,2, the two independent Coptic translations of the shorter Greek version. In 1992, however, it was decided…