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Egyptians, Gospel of the

(439 words)

Author(s): Wisse, Frederik
[German Version] I. Greek Gospel of the Egyptians – II. The So-called Gospel of the Egyptians from Nag Hammadi I. Greek Gospel of the Egyptians The Greek Gospel of the Egyptians was an apocryphal gospel known to Clement of AlexandriaClement of Alexandria who cites from it a brief dialogue between Jesus and Salome which was used by the encratites (Asceticism) in defense of their rejection of human procreation (Clement, Stromata III 45.3; 63.2; 64.2; 66.1; 92.1). Clement refutes the encratite implications of Jesus' answers and appears …

Introduction to Codex XII (intro_V_XXVIII_codex_XII)

(1,893 words)

Author(s): Wisse, Frederik
Bibliography: Krause, “Zum koptischen Handschriftenfund,” 111-13; Krause-Labib, Gnostische und hermetische Schriften, 10-12; Facsimile Edition: Codices XI, XII, XIII, pp. XIII-XV; pl. 85-102. Codex XII was part of one of the groups of codices acquired by the antiquities dealer Phocion J. Tano during 1946-48. It was put in safekeeping at the Department of Antiquities in 1949, transferred to the Coptic Museum on 9 June 1952, declared national property by court action in 1956, and given the inventory number 10555 in 195…

Fragmentary Tractate1A – 1B; 2A – 2B (FT)

(775 words)

Author(s): Wisse, Frederik
Fragments 1A-1B and 2A-2B have been assigned to the same tractate for the sake of convenience. There is no evidence to support or refute their belonging to the same tractate. All that can be said is that neither fragment belongs to the Sentences of Sextus or the Gospel of Truth. Both fragments contain parts of the bottom margin of the page. Since they do not contain the first line of the page, line numbers have been assigned on the assumption that the pages had a total of 29 lines, the average for the extant pages in the Sentences of Sextus and the Gospel of Truth. With no title and only one substa…

Introduction to Codex VII (intro_IV_XXX_codex_VII)

(5,627 words)

Author(s): Wisse, Frederik
The Manuscript Codex VII was found in December 1945 together with eleven other codices at the base of a cliff near the village of Hamra Dom, 10 km. north-east of Nag Hammadi, in upper Egypt.1 At present it is the property of the Coptic Museum at Old Cairo and carries the inventory number 10546.2 The facsimile edition of the codex was published as the second volume of The Facsimile Edition of the Nag Hammadi Codices.3 The codex was found with its leather cover intact. Photographs of the cover are included in the facsimile edition (plates 1-4), and it is described by J…

The Sentences of Sextus, 15*, 1 – 16*, 28; 27*, 1 – 34*, 28 (TSOS)

(7,526 words)

Author(s): Wisse, Frederik
Bibliography Chadwick, The Sentences of Sextus ; Conybeare, The Ring of Pope Xystus ; Edwards-Wild, The Sentences of Sextus ; Elter, Gnomica I ; Gildemeister, Sexti Sententiarum recensiones ; Hermann, Die armenische Überlieferung der Sextussentenzen ; Kroll, Die Sprüche des Sextus ; de Lagarde, Analecta syriaca ; Poirier, La version copte des Sentences de Sextus (Sent. 320) ; Poirier, La version copte des Sentences de Sextus ; Ryssel, Die syrische Übersetzung der Sextussentenzen ; Wisse, Die Sextus-Sprüche und das Problem der gnostischen Ethik . The Coptic Sentences of Sextus (abbr…

The Gospel of Truth, 53*, 1 – 54*, 28; 57*, 1 – 60*, 30 (TGOTh)

(2,697 words)

Author(s): Wisse, Frederik
Bibliography: Malinine, et al., Evangelium Veritatis and [ Supplementum]; Facsimile Edition: Codex I, pl. 20-43; Facsimile Edition: Introduction, pl. 23*/24*. The fragments of the Sahidic

The Content (TC)

(5,957 words)

Contributor(s): Böhlig, Alexander | Wisse, Frederik
The so-called Gospel of the Egyptians is a typical work of mythological Gnosticism. In spite of the basic work of Hans Jonas,1 writings of this kind still do not receive their due appreciation. They too have a situation in life ( Sitz im Leben) — indeed, …

Appendix 2: Numerical Scheme of Yaldabaoth’s World (A2NSOYW)

(383 words)

Contributor(s): Waldstein, Michael | Wisse, Frederik
  III and BG: Synopsis 26,16–27,9Translation TranslationII: Synopsis 26,16-18; 30,9-12Translation Translationⲁϥⲛⲟⲩϩ̅ⲃ ⲙ̅ⲛ ⲧⲙ̅ⲛⲧⲁⲧⲥⲟⲟⲩⲛ ⲉⲧ̅ⲛⲉⲙⲁϥHe copulated with Ignorance, who is with him,ⲁⲩⲱ ⲁϥⲛⲟⲩϩ̅ⲃ ⲙ̅ⲛ ⲧⲁⲡⲟⲛⲟⲓⲁ ⲉⲧⲛⲙ̅ⲙⲁϥAnd he copulated with Arrogance (ἀπόνοια), who is with him,ⲁⲩⲱ ⲁϥⲧⲱⲙⲧ⸌ ϩⲛ̅ ⲧⲉϥ⸌ⲁⲡⲟⲛⲟⲓⲁ 27ⲧⲁⲓ̈ ⲉⲧϣⲟⲟⲡ⸌ ϩⲣⲁⲓ̈And he was amazed in his arrogance (ἀπόνοια), which is in him,2ⲁϥϫⲡⲟ ⲛ̅ⲛⲉⲝⲟⲩⲥⲓⲁ ⲉⲧϩⲁⲣⲟϥand begot the authorities (ἐξουσία) who are under him,ⲁϥϫⲡⲟ ⲛ̅ⲛⲉⲝⲟⲩⲥⲓⲁ ⲉⲧϩⲁⲣⲟϥand begot the authorities (ἐξουσία) who are under him,ⲛ̅ϩⲏⲧϥ⸌ ⲁⲩⲱ ⲁϥϫⲡⲟ ⲛ̅28ϩⲉⲛ⸌ⲉⲝⲟⲩⲥⲓⲁ ⲛⲁϥ (26,16-18)and begot authorities (ἐξουσία) for himself (26,16-18).ⲙ̅ⲛ ⲡⲙ̅ⲛⲧ̅ⲥⲛⲟⲟⲩⲥ ⲛ̅ⲁⲅ̇ⲅⲉⲗⲟⲥthe twelve angels (ἄγγελος),ⲙⲙⲛⲧⲥⲛⲟⲟⲩⲥ ⲛⲁⲅⲅⲉⲗⲟⲥthe twelve angels (ἄγγελος),4ⲁⲩⲱ ⲡⲟⲩⲁ ⲡⲟⲩⲁ ⲙ̅ⲙⲟⲟⲩ ⲛ̅ⲛ⸌ⲟ⸍ⲩⲁⲓⲱⲛand for each of them (he created) an aeon …

Appendix 6: Bala’izah Fragment 52 (A6BF52)

(656 words)

Contributor(s): Waldstein, Michael | Wisse, Frederik
The following fragment resembles the Apocryphon of John in several respects. Jesus interprets selected passages of Genesis in dialogue with John; the phrase, “seal the five powers” resembles, “I sealed him in the light of the water with five seals” ( Apocryphon of John II 31,23-24) etc. Text and translation following Paul E. Kahle, Bala’izah: Coptic Texts from Deir El-Bala’izah in Upper Egypt (2 vols.; Oxford: Oxford University, 1954) 1.473-477. Fragment firstpublished by W. E. Cram, “A Gnostic Fragment,” JThS 44 (1943) 176-179. One complete parchment leaf with pagination ⲙ̅ⲁ̅=41 (i…

Abbreviations (abbr_II_IV)

(72 words)

Contributor(s): Böhlig, Alexander | Wisse, Frederik
A Achmimic A2 Subachmimic B Bohairic II J The Second Book of Yeu PS The Pistis Sophia S Sahidic sa The Sahidic version of the New Testament U Untitled Treatise from Codex Brucianus

Appendix 1: Two Sets Of Names (A1TSON)

(476 words)

Contributor(s): Waldstein, Michael | Wisse, Frederik
  III and BG: Synopsis 28,13–9,4Translation TranslationII: Synopsis 33,3–12Translation Translationⲟⲩⲛ̅ⲧⲁⲩ ⲙⲉⲛ ⲛ̅ϩⲉⲛⲕⲉⲣⲁⲛOn the one hand (μέν) they have one set of namesⲟⲩⲛ̅ⲧⲟⲩ ϩⲛ̅ⲕⲉⲣⲁⲛ ⲇⲉ ⲧⲏⲣⲟⲩ ⲙⲙⲁⲩAnd (δέ), they all have one set of names2ⲉⲃⲟⲗ ϩ̅ⲛ ⲛⲉⲡⲓⲑⲩⲙⲓⲁ ⲙ̅ⲛ <ⲛ>ⲟⲣⲅⲏfrom the desires (ἐπιθυμία) and the wraths (ὀργή).ⲉⲃⲟⲗ ϩⲛ ⲧⲉⲡⲓⲑⲩⲙⲓⲁ ⲙ̅ⲛ ⲧⲟⲣⲅⲏfrom desire (ἐπιθυμία) and wrath (όργή).ⲛⲁⲓ̈ ⲧⲏⲣⲟⲩ ϩⲁⲡⲗⲱⲥ(On the other hand), to put it simply (ἁπλώς),ⲛⲁⲓ̈ ⲇⲉ ⲧⲏⲣⲟⲩ ⲟⲩⲛ̅ⲧⲟⲩ ϩⲛ̅ⲕⲉⲣⲁⲛ ⲉⲩⲕⲏⲃBut (δέ) they (also) have another set of names,4ⲛⲉⲩⲣⲁⲛ ⲥⲉⲕⲏⲃ· ⲉϣⲁⲩⲙⲟⲩⲧⲉ ⲉⲣⲟⲟⲩ ⲛ̅ϩⲏⲧⲟⲩthe names …

Synopsis of the Apocryphon of John [35–51] (SOTAOJ_3)

(7,330 words)

Contributor(s): Waldstein, Michael | Wisse, Frederik
  Synopsis 35 III ...(19/20)...TranslationBG 45,6—46,7......ⲡⲉⲭ̅ⲥ ⲟⲩ 7ⲡⲉ ⲉⲡⲓⲫⲉⲣⲉ2......ⲛⲧⲟϥ ⲇⲉ ⲁϥⲥⲱ8ⲃⲉ ⲡⲉϫⲁϥ ϫⲉ......ⲉⲕⲙⲉⲉⲩⲉ ϫⲉ 9ⲕⲁⲧⲁ ⲑⲉ ⲛ̅ⲧⲁϥϫⲟⲟⲥ ⲛ̅ϭⲓ ⲙⲱ10ⲩ̈ⲥⲏⲥ ϫⲉ4......ϩⲓ̈ϫⲛ ⲙ̅ⲙⲟⲟⲩ......ⲙⲙⲟⲛ 11ⲁⲗⲗⲁ ⲁⲥⲛⲁⲩ ⲉⲧⲕⲁⲕⲓⲁ6......ⲙ̅ⲛ ⲧⲁ12ⲡⲟⲥⲧⲁⲥⲓⲁ ⲉⲧⲛⲁϣⲱⲡⲉ1 ......8......…

The Presentations of Praise (TPOP)

(4,781 words)

Contributor(s): Böhlig, Alexander | Wisse, Frederik
Presentations of praise and prayers play an important role in the development of the narrative in GEgypt. The same phenomenon can be observed in ApocryJn and the Manichaean literature.1 In these acts of worship the whole pantheon is recounted as far as it has been developed at that point in the narrative. In order to…

Editorial Policy and Sigla (EPAS_II_XXXIII)

(599 words)

Contributor(s): Waldstein, Michael | Wisse, Frederik
Parallel or equivalent Coptic texts of all four manuscripts and of all three English translations are placed, wherever possible, on the same line. Any given Synopsis double page and line number refers thus to seven items simultaneously: to parallel text in the four Coptic manuscripts and to the corresponding English translations. The placement of the English translations is less precise, since English syntax does not always allow a one-to-one alignment of sense-lines with the Coptic. The user sh…

Appendix 3: Synopsis of the Allogenes Parallel (A3SOTAP)

(1,214 words)

Contributor(s): Waldstein, Michael | Wisse, Frederik
  Apocryphon of John, BG 24,9-19TranslationApocryphon of John, III 5,5-14TranslationAllogenes XI 62,27-63,12ⲟⲩⲇⲉ ⲛⲟⲩ10ⲙ̅ⲛ̅ⲧⲧⲉⲗⲓⲟⲥ ⲁⲛ ⲡⲉHe is neither (οὐδέ) 10 perfection (τέλειος),ⲛⲟⲩⲙⲛ]ⲧ̇ⲧⲉⲗⲓⲟⲥ 6[ⲁⲛ ⲡⲉHe is not] perfection (τέλειος); 62

Introduction (intro_II_XXXIII)

(7,160 words)

Contributor(s): Waldstein, Michael | Wisse, Frederik
The four copies of The Apocryphon of John (AJ) presented in this edition in synoptic form represent two independent Coptic translations from the original Greek of a shorter version of AJ, and two copies of a Coptic translation of a longer version of the same tractate. This multiple attestation allows us observe this important Christian-Gnostic text through several stages of redaction and transmission. The relationship between the shorter and longer version and the transmission history as r…

Preface (Preface_II_IV)

(533 words)

Contributor(s): Böhlig, Alexander | Wisse, Frederik
The so-called Gospel of the Egyptians, of which two independent versions are extant among the Nag Hammadi papyri in the Coptic Museum of Old Cairo, is unrelated to the apocryphal Christian Gospel of the same name. The edition had its beginning in the agreement between Alexander Böhlig and Pahor Labib in the fall of 1963. During the spring of 1964 B…

Synopsis of the Apocryphon of John [52–68] (SOTAOJ_4)

(11,768 words)

Contributor(s): Waldstein, Michael | Wisse, Frederik
  Synopsis 52 III 24,3-16TranslationBG 51,11—52,4ⲙ̅]4ⲡⲉⲡⲣⲱⲧⲁⲣⲭⲱⲛof 4 the Chief Ruler (πρωτάρχων).ⲙⲡⲉϩⲟⲩ<ⲉⲓ>ⲧ 12ⲛⲁⲣⲭⲱⲛ2ⲁⲩ[ⲱ ⲛⲉⲩϯ ϣⲁ]5ϫⲛⲉ ⲛⲁϥ ⲡⲉ·And [they 5 advised] himⲁⲩϯ ϣⲟϫⲛⲉ ⲛⲁϥϩⲱⲥⲧⲉ ⲛ̅ⲥⲉⲧⲱⲕ[ⲉso that (ὥστε) they might retrieve 13ϩⲱⲥⲧⲉ ⲛ̅ⲥ<ⲉ>ⲉⲓⲛⲉ {ⲓ} ⲉⲃⲟⲗ4ⲛ]6ⲧⲇⲩⲛⲁⲙⲓⲥ ⲛ̅ⲧⲙⲁⲁⲩ ⲛ̅ⲧⲟⲟⲧ̅ϥ· 6 the power (δύναμις) of the Mother from him.ⲁ[ⲩ]7ⲱ ⲡⲉϫⲁⲩ ⲛⲁϥ                ϫⲉ[And] 7 they said to him,6ⲛⲓϥⲉ ⲉϩⲟⲩⲛ [ϩⲙ] 8ⲡⲉϥϩⲟ       ⲙ̅ⲡⲉⲕⲡ̅ⲛ̅ⲁ·‘Blow 8 your spirit (πνεῦμα) into his face,…

The Manuscript (TM)

(6,817 words)

Contributor(s): Böhlig, Alexander | Wisse, Frederik
Two versions of GEgypt have been preserved in the Coptic Gnostic library from Nag Hammadi. One is the second of the five tractates of Codex III, the other is the second of the two tractates in Codex IV. Codex III, 2 originally comprised pages 40-69, and Codex IV, 2 included pages 50-81. Both versions have suffered considerable loss. Of III, 2, pages 40-44 have lost the inside margin and part of the text, pages 45-48 are completely missing, pages 49-54 lack the inside t…

Bibliography (Bibliography_II_XXXIII)

(7,447 words)

Contributor(s): Waldstein, Michael | Wisse, Frederik
The Manuscripts The Facsimile Edition of the Nag Hammadi Codices, (Leiden) Brill . Introduction, 1984; Codex II 1974; Codex III, 1976; Codex IV, 1975; Cartonnage, 1979.…

Appendix 4: Irenaeus and Theodoret, Latin, Greek, English (A4IATLGE)

(2,205 words)

Contributor(s): Waldstein, Michael | Wisse, Frederik
  Irenaeus, Adv. Haer. 1.29.TranslationTheodoret, Haer. Fab. 13. Text following, with some modifications, Adelin Rousseau and Louis Doutrelau, S.J., Irénéé de Lyons, Contre les Hérésies (2 vols.; SC 263-264; Paris: Éditions du Cerf, 1979) SC 264, 358-64. Text following Rousseau and Doutrelau, Irénéé de Lyons, Contre les Hérésies, SC 263, 328-30. Περὶ Βαρβηλιωτῶν ἤγουν Βορβοριανῶν (1) Super hos autem ex his qui praedicti sunt Simoniani (1) Besides the Simonians already mentioned, Ἐκ τῶν Βαλεντίνου σπερμάτων 2 multitudo Gnosticorum Barbelo a multitude of Gnostics (named afte…

Synopsis of the Apocryphon of John [69–83] (SOTAOJ_5)

(9,800 words)

Contributor(s): Waldstein, Michael | Wisse, Frederik
  Synopsis 69 III 33,12—34,3TranslationBG 65,15—66,17TranslationII 25,31—26,10ⲭⲱ13[ⲣⲓⲥ ⲫⲑⲟⲛⲟⲥ ϩ]ⲓ̣ ⲉⲡⲓⲑⲩⲙⲓⲁ 13 without (χωρίς) jealousy (φθό…

Preface (Preface_II_XXXIII)

(601 words)

Author(s): Wisse, Frederik | Waldstein, Michael
Originally two volumes had been planned for the Apocryphon of John in the Coptic Gnostic Library edition in the Nag Hammadi Studies series. Frederik Wisse was to prepare a synoptic edition of NHC II,1 and IV,1, the two witnesses to the Coptic translation of the longer Greek version. Michael Waldstein took over from Peter Nagel the task of preparing a synoptic edition of NHC III,1 and BG 8502,2, the two independent Coptic translations of the shorter Greek version. In 1992, however, it was decided…

The Concept of Our Great PowerVI,4:36,1–48,15 (TCOOGP)

(6,754 words)

Author(s): Wisse, Frederik | Williams, Francis E.
Böhlig-Labib., Gnostische und hermetische Schriften . Pp. 48-52, 150-65. K. M. Fischer, ‛Der Gedanke unserer grossen Kraft (Noema): Die vierte Schrift aus Nag-Hammadi Codex VI’ ,

The Letter of Peter to Philip (TLOPTP)

(6,667 words)

Author(s): Meyer, Marvin W. | Wisse, Frederik
Bibliography Bethge, “Brief des Petrus an Philippus”; Bethge, “Der sogennante Brief”; Koschorke, “Eine gnostische Paraphrase”; Koschorke, “Eine gnostische Pfingstpredigt”; Koschorke, Die Polemik der Gnostiker; Luttikhuizen, “The Letter of Peter to Philip”; Ménard, La Lettre de Pierre à Philippe; Ménard, “La Lettre de Pierre à Philippe”; Ménard, “Pierre à Philippe: sa structure”; Meyer, The Letter of Peter to Philip; Meyer, “The Light and Voice on the Damascus Road”; Parrott, “Gnostic and Orthodox Disciples”; Tröger, “Doketistische Christologie in Nag-Hammadi-Texten”; Wisse-Meyer, “The Letter of Peter to Philip.” The Letter of Peter to Philip fills most of the concluding nine pages of Codex VIII. Situated immediately after the long tractate Zost…
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