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Cetinje

(495 words)

Author(s): Ursinus, Michael O.H.
Cetinje (Turk. Çetince; in Ottoman orthography, Çetiīne) is a town in present-day Montenegro (Crna Gora; Turk. Karadağ), with a population of 13,991 (2011), which is located at the foot of Mt. Lovćen, roughly 30 kilometres (19 miles) southwest of the country’s capital, Podgorica. It served as the political, cultural, and spiritual centre of the principality of Montenegro (from 1910, a kingdom) until the end of World War I. Cetinje is famous for its Monastery of the Holy Mother of God (Bogorodica), as well as a rich tradition of publishing in Cyrillic, which began in the last decade of the ninth/fifteenth century at the town’s Crnojevići printing house, the first press of its kind in southeastern Europe. After the death of Sultan Mehmed II (Meḥmed II, r. 848–50/1444–6 and 855–86/1451–81), in 886/1481, Ivan Crnojević (d. 1490), the ruler of Zeta (encompassing much of today’s Montenegro), who had previously accepted Ottoman suzerainty, took initiative and established a stronghold at the foot of Mt. Lovćen. A palatium that was…
Date: 2020-02-11

Basiret

(411 words)

Author(s): Ursinus, Michael O.H.
Basiret (Baṣīret) was an Ottoman periodical that was published—with interruptions due to censorship—from 20 Şevval (Shawwāl)1286/23 January 1870 until 20 May 1878, when it was closed by the government. Initially, it consisted of four pages per issue and appeared five days a week (except Fridays and Sundays). Later, it was published every day, with more pages, and its daily circulation rose from roughly 300 to about 1,000. The newspaper was revived again briefly, on 29 September 1908. Basiretçi Ali (Baṣīr…
Date: 2020-02-11