Collected Courses of the Hague Academy of International Law

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La volonté de l’État en droit international (Volume 310)

(159,395 words)

Author(s): Kamto, Maurice
Kamto, Maurice Keywords: States | Will | Public international law | Mots clefs: Etats | Volonté | Droit international public | ABSTRACT In his general course on public international law, Maurice Kamto, Professor at the University of Yaoundé II, presents a detailed study of the will of the State in public international law. After a thorough review of the concepts of State and will in international legal thinking, Professor Kamto observes that, contrary to the claim of the followers of the radical and exclusivist volun…

A Half-Century of Efforts to Substitute Law for War (Volume 99)

(6,701 words)

Author(s): C. Jessup, Philip
C. Jessup, Philip Keywords: Peace | Public international law | Mots clefs: Paix | Droit international public | ABSTRACT Philip C. Jessup devotes this lecture, given on August 2 1960, in the Great Hall of the Peace Palace, The Hague, in commemoration of the fiftieth anniversary of the creation of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in New York, to a Half-Century of Efforts to Substitute Law for War. Philip C. Jessup consacre cette conférence, donnée le 2 août 1960 dans le grand hall du Palais de la Paix, à La Haye, en commémoration du cinquantième anniv…

Le droit international ou la dialectique de la rigueur et de la flexibilité Cours général de droit international public (Volume 337)

(197,199 words)

Author(s): Mahiou, Ahmed
Mahiou, Ahmed Keywords: Public international law | Mots clefs: Droit international public | ABSTRACT Ahmed Mahiou, Honorary Research Director at the National Center for Scientific Research, Aix-en-Provence, notes in the introduction to his course that the structure of international law and the movement that drives it are very different from those of domestic law, to an extent that there is a permanent quest for balance and compromise between contradictory and equally important demands, and a constant adjustme…

Treaties and Custom (Volume 129)

(29,058 words)

Author(s): R. Baxter, R.
R. Baxter, R. Keywords: International customary law | Public international law | Law of treaties | Mots clefs: Droit coutumier international | Droit international public | Droit des traités | ABSTRACT The objective that R. Baxter assigns to his course is to describe how the treaties, whether bilateral or multilateral, serve as evidence of the state of customary international law. First, he examines multilateral treaties as declaratory of customary international law, multilateral treaties as constitutive of customary internati…

Politique intérieure et droit international (Volume 59)

(32,077 words)

Author(s): ,
, Keywords: Political regimes | Public international law | Totalitarian regimes | Dictatorship | Democracy | Mots clefs: Régimes politiques | Droit international public | Régimes totalitaires | Dictature | Démocratie | ABSTRACT Joseph-Barthelemy, who does not conceal the difficulties of his company, intends to study the relationships between domestic policy and international law in this course. In the first chapter, he focuses on the international solidarity of systems or tendencies of domestic policies. He next studies the pro…

The Contribution of the Academy to the Development of the Science and Practice of Public International Law (Volume 271)

(15,743 words)

Author(s): Skubiszewski, Krzysztof
Skubiszewski, Krzysztof Keywords: Hague Academy of International Law | Public international law | Mots clefs: Académie de droit international de La Haye | Droit international public | ABSTRACT Professor Skubiszewski, Member of the Curatorium of the Hague Academy of International Law, focuses in his course on the contribution of the Academy to the development of the science and the practice of private international law. There is no doubt, according to Professor Skubiszewski, that the Academy not only enjoys a solid position…

La règle de droit international (Volume 73)

(11,809 words)

Author(s): Salvioli, Gabriele
Salvioli, Gabriele Keywords: Public international law | Mots clefs: Droit international public | ABSTRACT Gabriele Salvioli begins his course with a presentation of the question of the definition of the rule of international law. He focuses on the element of the application, and then examines the presentation of positive international law on one hand, and natural law on the other hand. Gabriele Salvioli commence son cours par une présentation de la question de la définition de la règle de droit international. Il s'intéresse ensuite à l'élément de l'applic…

Jean Bodin Sa place parmi les fondateurs du droit international (Volume 50)

(67,067 words)

Author(s): Gardot, André
Gardot, André Keywords: Public international law | Legal history | Jean Bodin (1530-1596) | Mots clefs: Droit international public | Histoire du droit | ABSTRACT Andre Gardot states in the introduction of the course that the considerable role of Bodin in the history of legal thinking, if it is better known than formerly, is, however, still insufficiently known. Jean Bodin, continues the author, is far from occupying the place which the author deserves among the lawyers of the Renaissance period and of all times. Andre G…

Le droit international à la veille du vingt et unième siècle : normes, faits et valeurs Cours général de droit international public (Volume )

(111,777 words)

Author(s): Antonio Pastor Ridruejo, José
Antonio Pastor Ridruejo, José Keywords: Public international law | Mots clefs: Droit international public | ABSTRACT Professor Pastor Ridruejo builds his systematic exposé on international law on four fundamental starting points. The first chapter is dedicated to the general character of international law, to its characteristics compared to domestic law, whether this concern its sources, the prevention and/or the sanctioning of violations, or dispute settlement. The second chapter relates to the generic aspects…

Le droit international en quête de son identité (Volume 237)

(127,260 words)

Author(s): Weil, Prosper
Weil, Prosper Keywords: Public international law | Mots clefs: Droit international public | ABSTRACT In this general course of public international law, Prosper Weil, Professor emeritus of the University Paris II, abstains from outlining, chapter after chapter, the substance of the matter, but limits himself to some reflections on international law as a legal system. Professor Weil thus proposes to review the existential problems currently facing international law, and examines the problems of normativity tha…

Acte Et Norme En Droit International Public (Volume 227)

(21,270 words)

Author(s): Jacqué, Jean-Paul
Jacqué, Jean-Paul Keywords: Norms | Public international law | Mots clefs: Normes | Droit international public | ABSTRACT Jean-Paul Jacqué, Professor at the Robert Schuman University in Strasbourg, asks why, if the norm is defined, quite provisionally, as a set of rights and obligations, the relationships established between the Act and the Norm should be examined. He writes, it seems quite obvious to say, that the Act is an instrument for creating Norms, but it does not have the exclusivity of this function whic…

Politics, Law and Force in the Interstate System (Volume 219)

(58,667 words)

Author(s): Tunkin, Grigory
Tunkin, Grigory Keywords: Public international law | Mots clefs: Droit international public | ABSTRACT Grigory Tunkin, Professor at Moscow University, proposes in this article a new theory of the inter-state system considered as an integral system. Professor Tunkin first focuses on international politics and the creation of norms of international law for presenting this new theory. Then, he studies the link between international law and politics and between international law and force. He also devotes a chapt…

India’s Contribution to the Field of International Law Concepts (Volume 93)

(34,673 words)

Author(s): C. Joseph Chacko, Dr.
C. Joseph Chacko, Dr. Keywords: India | Public international law | Mots clefs: Inde | Droit international public | ABSTRACT Joseph Chacko begins his course on India's Contribution to the Field of International Law Concepts with a review of the history of international law in ancient India. He then focuses on international law in India since 1947, the date of independence of that country, based on case studies. Finally, the author examines the situation of Indian States under international law, and then the issue of Kashmir under international law. Joseph Chacko commence son cours su…

International Law, Power, and Policy: A Contemporary Conception (Volume 82)

(39,085 words)

Author(s): S. Mcdougal, Myres
S. Mcdougal, Myres Keywords: Public international law | International relations | Legal theory | Mots clefs: Droit international public | Relations internationales | Théorie du droit | ABSTRACT After an introduction to the tasks of a politically-oriented law in the 1950s, Myres S. McDougal presents the inadequate aspects of contemporary theory about international law. He then discusses public international law as a research framework as it relates to world social and power contexts and processes. Finally, he focuses on the…

The Development and General Trends of International Law in Our Time (Volume 169)

(155,285 words)

Author(s): Lachs, Manfred
Lachs, Manfred Keywords: Public international law | Development of international law | Mots clefs: Droit international public | Développement du droit international | ABSTRACT Manfred Lachs, Judge and Former president of the International Court of Justice, focuses on the study of roots of international law, its fundamental presuppositions, and some of its major questions of particular relevance at the time of writing this course. He aims to define the relationship between the State and nature, the relationship between …

The Progress of International Law during the Past Forty Years (Volume 79)

(24,794 words)

Author(s): G. Fenwick, Charles
G. Fenwick, Charles Keywords: Development of international law | Public international law | Mots clefs: Développement du droit international | Droit international public | ABSTRACT In this course, Charles Fenwick does not intend to apply the standard approach found in the textbooks to the general principles of international law, but to review the progress of international law during the past forty years and to present the benefits of broadening the scope of application and the accompanying progress in defining and clarifying the fundamental principles. Charles Fenwick n'entend …

Cours general de droit international public (Volume 89)

(54,260 words)

Author(s): Morelli, Gaetano
Morelli, Gaetano Keywords: Public international law | Mots clefs: Droit international public | ABSTRACT Gaetano Morelli begins his General Course on public international law with a presentation of the international legal order, and then describes the sources of international law. He discusses the classification of the rules of international law. Finally, he presents the issue of the relationship between international order and state orders, subjects of international law, the legal status of subjects, the orga…

Genèse et structure de la société internationale (Volume 96)

(29,874 words)

Author(s): Truyol Y Serra, Antonio
Truyol Y Serra, Antonio Keywords: Sociology | Public international law | International relations | Mots clefs: Sociologie | Droit international public | Relations internationales | ABSTRACT Antonio Truyol y Serra explains that the study he undertakes in this course confines on the borders of the sociology of international law and the theory of international relations. He begins his research with a presentation of the concept of international society. He then discusses the genesis and evolution of global international soc…

The Legal Position in International Law of Heads of States, Heads of Governments and Foreign Ministers (Volume 247)

(47,735 words)

Author(s): Arthur Watts, KCMG, QC, Sir
Arthur Watts, KCMG, QC, Sir Keywords: Heads of State and Heads of government | Public international law | Mots clefs: Chefs d Etats | Droit international public | ABSTRACT Arthur Watts, barrister and international arbitrator, proposes in this course a systematic study of the legal position of Heads of States, heads of governments and foreign ministers with respect to international law. He draws attention first of all to the status of Heads of States, to different constitutional forms and titles, moving on to talk about the …

Théorie et pratique de la fonction exécutive en droit international (Volume 55)

(35,222 words)

Author(s): Scelle, Georges
Scelle, Georges Keywords: Rule of law | Public international law | Enforcement | Recognition of states | Mots clefs: Règle de droit | Droit international public | Exécution | Reconnaissance des Etats | ABSTRACT Georges Scelle points out in the introduction that the subject of this course is as vast as the international law itself, as it could be called: The effectiveness of the rule of law. At first, the author presents the theory of international legal order and social functions, and particularly the executive function. He then…

L’Organisation des États américains et le droit international (Volume 355)

(79,588 words)

Author(s): Arrighi, Jean-Michel
Arrighi, Jean-Michel Keywords: Organization of American States | Public international law | International law | Institutional law | Institutions and organs | Legal co-operation | Democracy | History | Mots clefs: Organisation des Etats américains | Droit international public | Droit international | Droit institutionnel | Institutions et organes | Coopération juridique | Démocratie | Histoire | ABSTRACT The Organization of American States (OAS), created in 1948, is just a link in a long chain of inter-American institutions that emerged from the first Am…

Principes de droit international public (Volume 103)

(79,435 words)

Author(s): Reuter, Paul
Reuter, Paul Keywords: Legal principles | Public international law | Mots clefs: Principes de droit | Droit international public | ABSTRACT Paul Reuter writes that he chooses a plan as classic as possible for his course, which fits into a tradition lying behind it and fits into the courses of Academy devoted to the general rules of the law of peace and to the general principles of public international law. Chapter I, International Societies and Their Law, and Chapter II, The Systematic Aspects of International Law, …

Le fondement du droit international (Volume 16)

(26,269 words)

Author(s): Verdross, Alfred
Verdross, Alfred Keywords: Public international law | Mots clefs: Droit international public | ABSTRACT Alfred Verdross recalls in the introduction to his course that in the first course taught at the Academy of international law, A. Korff demonstrated that international law is not a relatively recent outcome of modern civilization. On the contrary, historical research, writes Verdross, proves that the Law of nations is as old as civilization in general, and that it really seems to be a necessary and an inevi…

À quelles conditions l’universalité du droit international est-elle possible? Conférence inaugurale, session de droit international public, 2011 (Volume 355)

(10,787 words)

Author(s): Chemillier-Gendreau, Monique
Chemillier-Gendreau, Monique Keywords: Public international law | International law | Universalism | Mots clefs: Droit international public | Droit international | Universalisme | ABSTRACT To reflect on the universality of international law, it is necessary to ask whether its application extends to the entire society concerned, no subject is excluded, and its objectives are achieved for the benefit of all. If the concept of sovereignty appears as a guarantee of the independence and recognition of a group, it is also a …

Contribution a l’histoire des sources du droit des gens (Volume 94)

(31,632 words)

Author(s): Guggenheim, Paul
Guggenheim, Paul Keywords: Sources of law | Public international law | Mots clefs: Sources | Droit international public | ABSTRACT Paul Guggenheim begins his course on the History of the sources of the law of the nations with a presentation of the origins of the concept of the law of the nations, from the Roman law to the practice of the 12th and 13th centuries. He then focuses on the concept of the law of nations in the writings of the founders of international law, then successively to custom, international treaties, and the general principles of law recognized by civilized nations. Paul Gugg…

Jus Cogens beyond the Vienna Convention (Volume 172)

(18,577 words)

Author(s): Gaja, Giorgio
Gaja, Giorgio Keywords: Ius cogens | Public international law | Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (Vienna, 23 May 1969) | State responsibility | Mots clefs: Jus cogens | Droit international public | Convention de Vienne sur le droit des traités (Vienne, 23 mai 1969) | Responsabilité des Etats | ABSTRACT Giorgio Gaja, Professor at the University of Florence, begins an analysis of the role of peremptory norms in contemporary treaty law. He devotes a first chapter of his course to treaty law. After some preliminary remarks on the relevance of…

Fairness in the International Legal and Institutional System General Course on Public International Law (Volume 240)

(183,921 words)

THOMAS M. FRANCK Keywords: Public international law | Mots clefs: Droit international public | ABSTRACT Taking the point of view that public international law is too rich and too complex a subject to be dealt with in its entirety within the framework of a general course on public international law, Thomas Franck, Professor at the University of New York, decides to focus on public international law from the perspective of fairness. In Part I of the course he presents an analytical framework of public internatio…

Principes de droit international public Cours Général (Volume 101)

(82,020 words)

Author(s): Sørensen, Max
Sørensen, Max Keywords: Legal principles | Public international law | Mots clefs: Principes de droit | Droit international public | ABSTRACT According to Max Sorensen, the course explains the interrelation of the two factors of stability and evolution that is, in any legal system, the crux of the problems for doctrine and practice that arise. Stability is the essence of the law. Evolution, on the other hand, is the necessary consequence of the changes taking place in the social conditions at the base of the legal sy…

International Law Problems of Merchant Shipping (Volume 107)

(58,775 words)

Author(s): Singh, Nagendra
Singh, Nagendra Keywords: Carriage of goods by sea | Public international law | Mots clefs: Transport maritime | Droit international public | ABSTRACT Nagendra Singh writes that the principles of the law of merchant shipping partly derive from the domestic law of the States participating in maritime trade, and partly from multilateral treaties and multilateral conventions. First, the author presents the general principles of international law governing merchant shipping. In the second part on public international law …

General Course on Public International Law (Volume 132)

(72,777 words)

Author(s): E. S. Fawcett, J.
E. S. Fawcett, J. Keywords: Public international law | Mots clefs: Droit international public | ABSTRACT J.E.S. Fawcett selects a series of important and interesting themes for his General Course on Public International Law (in 1971) and places them in a legal framework by constructing the discussion around a central theme: jurisdiction. He examines three main areas from the perspective of public international law: the concepts of sovereignty and jurisdiction, the location of jurisdictional objects, and transfers of jurisdiction. J.E.S. Fawcett a sélectionné pour son cours…

La portée et les effets juridiques des attitudes et des actes unilatéraux des états (Volume 112)

(36,209 words)

Author(s): Venturini, G.
Venturini, G. Keywords: Unilateralism | Public international law | Mots clefs: Unilatéralisme | Droit international public | ABSTRACT In the most recent doctrine, Gian Carlo Venturini points out in 1964 that there is a tendency to recognize the eligibility, in the international legal order, of institutions specific to certain systems of domestic law, such as estoppel and acquiescence, which assign legal effects to the attitude of States, while doubts still arise as to the legal value of the unilateral acts themse…

The Juridical Basis of a New International Order (Conference held on 8 July 1986) (Volume 196)

(4,269 words)

Author(s): Caldera, Rafael
Caldera, Rafael Keywords: Public international law | Justice | Mots clefs: Droit international public | Justice | ABSTRACT At the conference given by Rafael Caldera, Former President of Venezuela, in The Hague on 8 July 1896, the author seeks a juridical basis for a new international order which he calls for and which, by promoting social justice, will guarantee peace. Lors de cette conférence que Rafael Caldera, ancien président du Venezuela, a donné à La Haye le 8 juillet 1896, l’auteur recherche le fondement juridique d’un nouvel ordre international q…

Comparative Approaches to International Law (Volume 190)

(26,607 words)

Author(s): E. Butler, W.
E. Butler, W. Keywords: Public international law | Comparative law | Mots clefs: Droit international public | Droit comparé | ABSTRACT In his course, W.E. Butler, Professor at University College London, focuses primarily on four areas of comparative legal studies. The first is the comparative analysis of the international legal system, including subsystems and doctrine. The author then focuses on a comparative analysis of the relations between international law and domestic legal systems and cultures, followed by a …

Les theories de la sociologie contemporaine et le droit international (Volume 92)

(35,219 words)

Author(s): B. Landheer, M.
B. Landheer, M. Keywords: Sociology | Public international law | Mots clefs: Sociologie | Droit international public | ABSTRACT After some remarks on the fundamental concepts of sociology, B. Landheer examines the evolution of sociological thinking on international society and international law. The author next examines the relations between formal and non-formal structures in international society. The author discusses the impact of social change on international society. Finally, the author discusses the likely …

Pouvoir scientifique et droit international (Volume 70)

(21,537 words)

Author(s): Bourquin, Maurice
Bourquin, Maurice Keywords: Science | Public international law | Technical sciences | Mots clefs: Sciences | Droit international public | Sciences techniques | ABSTRACT Maurice Bourquin points out in the introduction to his course that we are now looking at a contradiction. On one hand, the progress of science shows the anarchy of sovereignty as an anachronism incompatible with the needs of modern society; but on the other hand, the establishment of an effective international order is confronted with the resistance of …

Mixed Private and Public International Law Solutions To International Crises (Volume 306)

(84,492 words)

Author(s): Reed, Lucy
Reed, Lucy Keywords: International crises | Public international law | Private international law | International dispute settlement | Iran-United States Claims Tribunal | United Nations Compensation Commission | North Korea | Nuclear energy | Mots clefs: Crises internationales | Droit international public | Droit international privé | Solution des différends internationaux | Tribunal irano-américain de réclamations | Commission de compensation des Nations Unies | Corée du Nord | Energie nucléaire | ABSTRACT Lucy Reed, partner at Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer LLP in…

Techniques of International Law (Volume 246)

(59,268 words)

Author(s): Riphagen, †W.
Riphagen, †W. Keywords: Methodology | Public international law | Mots clefs: Méthodologie | Droit international public | ABSTRACT W. Riphagen, Professor Emeritus of the Erasmus University of Rotterdam, proposes in this course to build up a scientific modelization of the techniques applied in international law. The following topics are dealt with successively: modelization of techniques; similar problems and solutions within domestic law; interpenetration of international law and domestic law; the branches of ius …

International Law in China: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives (Volume 221)

(67,398 words)

Author(s): Tieya, Wang
Tieya, Wang Keywords: China | Public international law | Mots clefs: Chine | Droit international public | ABSTRACT Wang Tieya, Professor at Peking University, notes that Chinese international law has a long history by considering the international law of the Spring and Autumn and Warring states periods during the Zhou Dynasty (722-221 BC). The objective of Professor Wang Tieya’s course is not to make a historical study, but to answer some questions about international law in China: Was there an international law …

International Law: Ensuring the Survival of Mankind on the Eve of a New Century General Course on Public International Law (Volume 281)

(167,440 words)

Author(s): Tomuschat, Christian
Tomuschat, Christian Keywords: Public international law | Mots clefs: Droit international public | ABSTRACT Most of the tasks essential for the survival of humankind have to be performed within domestic contexts. International law has a general function to fulfill, namely to safeguard international peace, security, and justice in relations between States and human rights as well as the rule of law domestically inside States. In this course, the author first highlights the foundation of the international legal…

Le ius cogens international : sa genèse, sa nature, ses fonctions (Volume 172)

(74,058 words)

Author(s): Gómez Robledo, Antonio
Gómez Robledo, Antonio Keywords: Ius cogens | Public international law | Mots clefs: Jus cogens | Droit international public | ABSTRACT In his course, Antonio Gomez Robledo presents a very thorough study of the international ius cogens. After a historical study of the notion of ius cogens (prehistory and legislative history), the author exposes the doctrinal dialectic opposing defenders and deniers of ius cogens. He then presents a theory of ius cogens, and examines the ius cogens superveniens. The author addresses …

Les caractères de l’ordre juridique international (Volume 95)

(49,528 words)

Author(s): Zicgardi, Piero
Zicgardi, Piero Keywords: Public international law | Mots clefs: Droit international public | ABSTRACT The examination of the Elements of the International Legal Order, which is the subject of the Piero Ziccardi’s course, can be approached from different points of view. The author chooses the theoretical perspective and decides to make the examination as the starting point for a revision of the definition of international law, and a revision having the value of an introduction to the systematic exposition of …

Decisions of International Organs as a Source Of International Law (Volume 94)

(36,726 words)

Author(s): Tammes, A.J.P.
Tammes, A.J.P. Keywords: International organizations | Decisions | Public international law | Sources of law | Mots clefs: Organisations internationales | Décisions | Droit international public | Sources | ABSTRACT A.J.P. Tammes devotes a course to the Decisions of International Organs as a Source of International Law. The author begins with a study of the introduction of a new legislative technique, which is not retained as a source of international law by Article 38 of the Statute of the ICJ. The author next focuses on hyb…

The Relationship between Public and Private Law and the Rules of Conflict of Laws (Volume 102)

(41,648 words)

Author(s): Riphagen, W.
Riphagen, W. Keywords: Public order | Private international law | Public international law | Public law | Mots clefs: Ordre public | Droit international privé | Droit international public | Droit public | ABSTRACT W. Riphagen points out in the introduction to his course that the relationship between public international law and private international law is not one of the issues of greatest concern to lawyers in the field; it has given rise to many theoretical debates. The author successively focuses on the technique of conflict …

The General Principles Of International Law Considered from the Standpoint Of the Rule of Law (Volume 92)

(82,793 words)

Author(s): Gerald Fitzmaurice K. C. M. G., Q. C., Sir
Gerald Fitzmaurice K. C. M. G., Q. C., Sir Keywords: Legal principles | Public international law | Rule of law | Mots clefs: Principes de droit | Droit international public | ABSTRACT For his course on the General Principles of International Law, Gerald Fitzmaurice considers international law from the point of view of the rule of law. After an introduction to the themes developed in his course, the author discusses the first theme (automaticity) and asserts that international law is automatically and ipso facto binding upon St…

The 1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties — 40 Years After (Volume 344)

(69,393 words)

Author(s): E. Villiger, Mark
E. Villiger, Mark Keywords: Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (Vienna, 23 May 1969) | Legal history | International customary law | Law of treaties | Public international law | Mots clefs: Convention de Vienne sur le droit des traités (Vienne, 23 mai 1969) | Histoire du droit | Droit coutumier international | Droit des traités | Droit international public | ABSTRACT The 1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, regulating treaties between States, lies at the heart of international law. This course analyses how the Convention has been applied by …

International Law in the Age of Human Rights (Volume 301)

(178,057 words)

Author(s): Meron, Theodor
Meron, Theodor Keywords: Public international law | Mots clefs: Droit international public | ABSTRACT In his course, Theodor Meron, President of the International Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, sets out to study the influence of human rights on general international law. Although human rights are central to this course, this is not a course about human rights, but rather about the reforming effect that human rights have on other fields of public international law. By examining most of the general areas o…

Le fondement du caractere obligatoire du droit international public (Volume 80)

(19,439 words)

Author(s): Quadri, Rolando
Quadri, Rolando Keywords: Legal philosophy | Public international law | Legal theory | Mots clefs: Philosophie du droit | Droit international public | Théorie du droit | ABSTRACT The life of the international community, not less than the life of the state communities, is the object of a system of rules, which are regarded as compulsory by States and have always evoked the idea of law. In this course, Rolando Quadri explains the reasons why the rules of international law are compulsory and the reasons why the rules force St…

The Fundamental Principles of International Law (Volume 87)

(65,910 words)

Author(s): Schwarzenberger, Georg
Schwarzenberger, Georg Keywords: Legal principles | Public international law | Mots clefs: Principes de droit | Droit international public | ABSTRACT Georg Schwarzenberg begins his course on the Fundamental Principles of International Law with a general presentation of the principles: the nature of legal principles, common characteristics of fundamental principles of international law, and the general problems. He then successively analyzes the principle of sovereignty, the principle of recognition, the principle of…

Le droit de société interhumaine et le « jus gentium » Essai sur les origines et le développement des notions jusqu'à Grotius (Volume )

(38,166 words)

Author(s): Moreau-Reibel, Jean
Moreau-Reibel, Jean Keywords: Public international law | Legal history | Hugo Grotius (1583-1645) | Mots clefs: Droit international public | Histoire du droit | Grotius (H.) | ABSTRACT The objective of Jean Moreau-Reibel’s course is to study the two concepts or rather two groups of concepts: the concept of jus gentium and jus humanae societatis, which can be deduced from a long elaboration. After a preamble devoted to the advent of these concepts on the International Forum of Carneades in Cicero, the author shows the devel…

International Law at the Fiftieth Anniversary of the United Nations. General Course on Public International Law (Volume 255)

(72,872 words)

Author(s): Brownlie, Ian
Brownlie, Ian Keywords: Public international law | Mots clefs: Droit international public | ABSTRACT The general outlook adopted by Ian Brownlie, Professor at the University of Oxford, in his General Course on Public International Law, is that of the objective positivist, that is to say that he takes into account the views of States. However, this positivism is supplemented by paying special attention to the significant role of international tribunals in making law. Professor Brownlie's approach is also that …

The Perplexities of Modern International Law General Course on Public International Law (Volume 291)

(190,608 words)

Author(s): Rosenne, Shabtai
Rosenne, Shabtai Keywords: Public international law | Mots clefs: Droit international public | ABSTRACT The title of Shabtai Rosenne's general course on public international law is inspired by the major work of the medieval Jewish philosopher and jurist, Moses Maimonides. These perplexities follow from the conviction that universal peace will become a reality when the world will have a workable, rational, balanced and accepted general system of international law and impartial and appropriate instruments to en…

Règles d’organisation et règles de conduite en droit international Le droit commun et les ordres juridiques (Volume 152)

(106,588 words)

Author(s): Ziccardi, Piero
Ziccardi, Piero Keywords: Public international law | Mots clefs: Droit international public | ABSTRACT In this course, Piero Ziccardi, Professor at the University of Milan, proposes to develop, with regard to the subject of knowledge of international law, the assumptions proposed in the earlier studies on relations between the processes of the legal knowledge and the result of the processes. To do this, the author begins by examining common law and institutional law in international society. He then focuses o…

Codification des principes du droit international des relations amicales et de la coopération entre les Etats (Volume 137)

(24,803 words)

Author(s): Šahović, Milan
Šahović, Milan Keywords: International co-operation | Public international law | Legal principles | Codification | Mot…

Quelle place pour l’État dans le droit international d’aujourd’hui? (Volume 347)

(20,479 words)

Author(s): Salmon, Jean
Salmon, Jean Keywords: States | Sovereignty | Competence | Globalization | Legal personality | Public international law | European Union | Mots clefs: Etats | Souveraineté | …

Les principes de droit international public (Volume 77)

(55,555 words)

Author(s): Rolin, Henri
Rolin, Henri Keywords: Legal principles | Public international law | Mots clefs: …

La crise et les transformations du droit des gens (Volume 88)

(35,235 words)

Author(s): L. Kunz, Josef
L. Kunz, Josef Keywords: Development of international law | Public international law | International organizations | Mot…

Cours général de droit international public (Volume 207)

(166,643 words)

Author(s): Abi-Saab, Georges
Abi-Saab, Georges Keywords: Public international law | Mots clefs: Droit international public | ABSTRACT Georges Abi-Saab, Professor at the Graduate Institute of International Studies in Geneva, chooses a dual-axis investigation in his general course on public international law in order to present a significant overview of the subject: on one hand, to highlight how international law functions …

Engagements parallèles et contradictoires (Volume 206)

(102,600 words)

Author(s): Roucounas, Emmanuel
Roucounas, Emmanuel Keywords: Norms | Public international law | Mots clefs: Normes | Droit international public | ABSTRACT Emmanuel Roucounas, Director of the Department of International Studies (Legal Studies) of the Faculty of Legal, Economic, and Political Sciences of the University of Athens, points out in the introduction to his course that the norms of international law generally realize a parallel development, adapting the law to the needs of the changing international community. However, contradictions, incompatibilities, and conflicts sometimes occur between two or more commitments. Emmanuel Roucounas notes that this aspect of crisis that affects the law invites the lawyer to pronounce on the norm that will prevail and prescribe the fate of contradictory norms. Without underestimating the philosophical, sociological, and political elements underlying this problem, the author explores in his course the technical legal unit that helps to reduce or smoothen contradictions. After presenting some preliminary questions, the author turns his attention to the aspects envisaged by the codification, explains the contribution of international jurisprudence, and studies the coexistence and conflict arising in the context of non-binding legal commitments. Emmanuel Roucounas presents two sectors of polynomy (International Protection of Human Rights and the Law of the Sea) and finally outlines the problems of compatibility within …

Restitution of Works of Art pursuant to Private and Public International Law (Volume 288)

(94,791 words)

Author(s): W. Kowalski, Wojciech
W. Kowalski, Wojciech Keywords: Monuments of architecture, art or history | Restitution | Private international law | Public international law | Cultural heritage | Private international law | Cultural heritage | Mots clefs: Monuments d’architecture, d art ou historiques | Restitution | Droit international privé | Droit international public | ABSTRACT Professor Wojcieh W. Kowalski devotes his course to an analysis of the reasons justifying the distinction between cultural property and other types of property, and to the description of the princi…

International Law In Theory And Practice General Course in Public International Law (Volume 178)

(153,220 words)

Author(s): Schachter, Oscar
Schachter, Oscar Keywords: Public international law | Mots clefs: Droit international public | ABSTRACT In this general course on public international law, Ocar Schachter, Professor at Columbia University in New York, successively addresses fifteen important topics of public international law: the nature and reality of international law; policies, objectives, and rules in a divided world; the quest for objectivity: sources, academics, and judges; general principles and equity; international lex scripta; resol…

Droit international et souveraineté des États Cours général de droit international public (Volume 257)

(63,803 words)

Author(s): Carrillo-Salcedo, Juan-Antonio
Carrillo-Salcedo, Juan-Antonio Keywords: Public international law | Mots clefs: Droit international public | ABSTRACT According to Juan-Antonio Carrillo-Salcedo, Professor at the University of Seville, the general course of The Hague Academy of International Law offers the person to express his personal representation of international law envisaged as a whole and in its fundamental data. Professor Carrillo-Salcedo devotes a preliminary chapter to the functional character of sovereignty. In the first part of t…

Problems Confronting Sociological Enquiries concerning International Law (Volume 89)

(43,711 words)

Author(s): Stone, D.C.L., S.J.D., Julius
Stone, D.C.L., S.J.D., Julius Keywords: Sociology | Public international law | Mots clefs: Sociologie | Droit international public | ABSTRACT Julius Stone studies in this course the relationship between international law and social, political, and economic facts that are relevant to the understanding of its origins, sustainability, changes, and judgments that mark its development. After an introduction to the problem of sociology of international law, the author examines the prerequisites for sociological studies, …

Cours général de droit international public (Volume 248)

(126,427 words)

Author(s): Capotorti, Francesco
Capotorti, Francesco Keywords: Public international law | Mots clefs: Droit international public | ABSTRACT In this course, Francesco Capotorti, Professor of the University of Rome, gives a systematic overview of public international law. He presents the main issues that public international law is facing today. After analyzing the characteristics of the international community and its law, Professor Capotorti elaborates on the following topics: the various subjects of international law; the bodies that make …

Méthodes de recherche de la coutume internationale dans la pratique des États (Volume 192)

(37,016 words)

Author(s): Ferrari Bravo, Luigi
Ferrari Bravo, Luigi Keywords: International customary law | Public international law | Mots clefs: Droit coutumier international | Droit international public | ABSTRACT Luigi Ferrari Bravo, Professor at the University of Rome, examines in his course the manifestations of the practice of States with regard to research methodologies of international custom (diplomatic and legislative practice, jurisprudence of national courts, practice of international negotiations, … ). The author devotes an important place to the pra…

Reactions by Not Directly Affected States to Breaches of Public International Law (Volume 248)

(34,913 words)

Author(s): A. Frowein, Jochen
A. Frowein, Jochen Keywords: Public international law | Ius cogens | Multilateral treaties | Mots clefs: Droit international public | Jus cogens | Traités multilatéraux | ABSTRACT This course by Jochen Frowein, directeur of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law in Heidelberg, is devoted to an issue that has become increasingly prominent in the past decades. Until about 1970 it was agreed that international law, as far as violations and counter-measures were concerned, operated in a bila…

The Relations between International Law and Conflict Law (Volume 105)

(25,696 words)

Author(s): Hambro, Edvard
Hambro, Edvard Keywords: Public international law | Private international law | Mots clefs: Droit international public | Droit international privé | ABSTRACT The purpose of Edvard Hambro's course is to give an introduction to the study of the relations between private international law and public international law. For this study, the author understands all the rules of international law based on treaties, international custom, and general principles of law commonly applied by States, international organizations, and…

Les règles spécifiques du droit international en Amérique latine (Volume 235)

(53,514 words)

Author(s): A. Barberis, Julio
A. Barberis, Julio Keywords: Latin America | Public international law | Mots clefs: Amérique latine | Droit international public | ABSTRACT In this course, Julio A. Barberis addresses the question of whether, within the framework of the international legal order, there are standards applicable only in a particular regional area or whether, on the contrary, all these standards are universal in scope. In the first part of the course, the author provides the necessary elements to identify the various standards that con…

Immunities of Foreign States before National Authorities (Volume 149)

(47,226 words)

Author(s): Sucharitkul, Sompong
Sucharitkul, Sompong Keywords: Sovereign immunities | Mots clefs: Etats | Immunités diplomatiques et consulaires | Droit international public | Juridiction | ABSTRACT The objective of Sompong Sucharitkul’s course on the Immunities of Foreign States Before National Authorities is to examine the exact nature and scope of immunity of States from a purely legal and analytical perspective, with some references to historic developments. To do this, the author presents a legal analysis of immunity of foreign States as well …

Exceptions to the Operation of Choice of Law Rules (Volume 217)

(85,805 words)

Author(s): Mosconi, Franco
Mosconi, Franco Keywords: Public order | Private international law | Mots clefs: Droit international public | Droit international privé | ABSTRACT Franco Mosconi, Professor at the University of Pavia, puts forward a hypothesis that there exists a "general principle of law recognized by civilized nations", which requires States, when situations are not solely governed by their domestic law, to leave a possibility for the application of rules drawn from foreign legal systems. If one accepts the existence of such a pri…

Le domaine réservé L’organisation internationale et le rapport entre droit international et droit interne cours général de droit international public (Volume 225)

(188,840 words)

Author(s): Arangio-Ruiz, Gaetano
Arangio-Ruiz, Gaetano Keywords: United Nations | Judicial competence | International law and domestic law | League of Nations | Public international law | Mots clefs: Droit international public | Nations Unies | Droit international et droit interne | Société des Nations | Compétence étatique | ABSTRACT General Course on Public International Law by Gaetano Arangio-Ruiz, Professor at the University of Rome, focuses on the notion of domestic jurisdiction as a limit to the activity of international legal and political bodies. However, it also t…

Les bases fondamentales de la Communauté des États (Volume 63)

(36,434 words)

Author(s): Bilfinger, Carl
Bilfinger, Carl Keywords: States | Public international law | Mots clefs: Etats | Droit international public | ABSTRACT There is one word of Goethe in an allusion, which refers to the nature of conversation of Madame de Stael, notes Carl Bilfinger: “Philosophizing, in the world, indicates conversing in an animated manner on unresolvable problems”. One can be tempted to affirm the same thing about a conversation on the fundamental bases of human rights. There is, perhaps, a way of getting away, continues the autho…

Changements et continuité du droit international Cours général de droit international public (Volume 195)

(122,928 words)

Author(s): Cahier, Philippe
Cahier, Philippe Keywords: Public international law | Mots clefs: Droit international public | ABSTRACT The subject of Philippe Cahier’s course, Professor at the Graduate Institute of International Studies in Geneva, is to examine whether, following the Second World War and the upheavals it caused, and taking into account the origin of international law, the course has subjected to profound changes or whether, apart from criticisms which are often hasty and which are addressed to him, the course has only been…

General Course in Public International Law (Volume 127)

(73,869 words)

Author(s): Friedmann, W.
Friedmann, W. Keywords: Public international law | Mots clefs: Droit international public | ABSTRACT The growth of the world's population combined with the depletion of mineral resources, deforestation, pollution, and other climate changes creates new challenges to international law. Wolfgang Friedmann builds his course on theme about the emergence of an international law of cooperation, which is added to the international law of coexistence. The author shows in this course that the ability of nations to deve…

Lis Pendens in International Litigation (Volume 336)

(134,657 words)

Author(s): McLachlan, Campbell
McLachlan, Campbell Keywords: Exception de litispendance | International law of procedure | Private international law | Public international law | International arbitration | International commercial arbitration | Mots clefs: Litispendance | Droit international de procédure | Droit international privé | Droit international public | Arbitrage international | Arbitrage commercial international | ABSTRACT Campbell McLachlan, Professor at Victoria University of Wellington, devotes his course to lis pendens in international law. After a detailed intro…

The Principles of International Law in the Light of Islamic Doctrine (Volume 117)

(34,744 words)

Author(s): Mahmassani, Sobhi
Mahmassani, Sobhi Keywords: Islam | Public international law | Mots clefs: Islam | Droit international public | ABSTRACT The objective of Sobhi Mahmassani's course is to show that the main principles of international law are in accordance with a doctrine or philosophy of Islam and are perhaps even a part of the doctrine. After a presentation of general prolegomena, the author focuses on the law of peace from an Islamic perspective, and on the law of war according to Islam (the concept of Jihad or just war, acts of hostility, the treatment of enemy people, and the treatment of enemy property). L…

Considérations sur ce qui est commun Cours général de droit international public (2002) (Volume 334)

(164,819 words)

Author(s): Verhoeven, Joe
Verhoeven, Joe Keywords: Public international law | Mots clefs: Droit international public | ABSTRACT Joe Verhoeven, Professor at the University of Paris II, highlights in the introduction to his general course on public international law, that the substantive or primary rules, which impose on subjects of law of commands with which the rules must comply, are the least legally interesting. In fact, they do not demonstrate in any way the inherent genius of the "legal" normativity to which the rules belong. The …

L’évolution du droit international Cours général de droit international public (Volume 222)

(64,403 words)

Author(s): Thierry, Hubert
Thierry, Hubert Keywords: Public international law | Mots clefs: Droit international public | ABSTRACT International law has become so vast and extensive, Hubert Thierry, Professor at the University of Paris X-Nanterre, emphasizes that it is hardly possible to explain the general rules in the time allotted to the fifteen lessons given in the general course. Therefore, Professor Thierry has chosen to give a dominant theme to his course, that of the evolution and progress of international law. In this context, …

Le développement historique du droit international De l’anarchie internationale a une communauté internationale organisée (Volume 41)

(34,539 words)

Author(s): LE FUR, Louis-Erasme
LE FUR, Louis-Erasme Keywords: Legal history | Public international law | Mots clefs: Histoire du droit | Droit international public | ABSTRACT The history of the international organization essentially consists of retracing a passage of international anarchy to an organized international community which, since 1919, has taken the concrete existence under the form of the League of Nations, notes Louis-Erasme Lefur in the introduction to his course. In the first part, he presents the prohibition of resorting to the force between States, and then a new international law of peace. L'hist…

L’amitié internationale Les phases critiques de son ancienne histoire (Volume 78)

(19,979 words)

Author(s): Paradisi, Bruno
Paradisi, Bruno Keywords: Public international law | International relations | History | Mots clefs: Droit international public | Relations internationales | Histoire | ABSTRACT Bruno Paradisi in 1951 points out that the term "international friendship" has almost completely lost its legal content and significance. Although the States continue to conclude friendship treaties, it should be recognized that their significance for modern legal organization is rather limited. They serve only to emphasize, at the time of a so…

La méthodologie du droit international public (Volume 43)

(23,237 words)

Author(s): Castberg, Frede
Castberg, Frede Keywords: Methodology | Public international law | Mots clefs: Méthodologie | Droit international public | ABSTRACT The task which Frede Castberg assigns to himself in this course is to explain the nature and the method of legal reasoning, by particularly considering the problems posed by reasoning in the domain of public international law. The author thus successively studies: the logical nature of legal proposition; the application of treaty provisions and the customary rules of law; the solutio…

Cours général de droit international public (Volume 125)

(95,897 words)

Author(s): Monaco, Riccardo
Monaco, Riccardo Keywords: Public international law | Mots clefs: Droit international public | ABSTRACT Riccardo Monaco writes in the introduction to his course that his presentation concerns the widest legal framework that one can imagine. He refers, in fact, to public international law as conceived by current scientific and practical traditions, which deals with a matter whose boundaries have never been precisely defined, and with a set of the most difficult and complex problems which may present themselves…

Multilateral Rights and Obligations in International Law (Volume 319)

(59,655 words)

Author(s): Crawford, James
Crawford, James Keywords: Obligations of the state | Public international law | Development of international law | Ius cogens | International Law Commission | State responsibility | United Nations | Charter | International Court of Justice | Mots clefs: Obligations des états | Droit international public | Développement du droit international | Jus cogens | Commission du droit international | Responsabilité des Etats | Nations Unies | Charte | Cour internationale de Justice | ABSTRACT The author, director of the Lauterpacht Center for International Law, examines in this…

Public Law in the International Arena : Conflict of Laws, International Law, and Some Suggestions for Their Interaction (Volume 163)

(56,727 words)

Author(s): F. Lowenfeld, Andreas
F. Lowenfeld, Andreas Keywords: Private international law | Public international law | Mots clefs: Droit international privé | Droit international public | ABSTRACT Andreas Lowenfeld`s thesis is that public international law and private international law have been artificially separated for too long, for reasons which he does not understand, and which in any case no longer seems valid. The author explores the issue using three themes and illustrations: State`s interest in the valuation process, US regulation of securi…

Idealism and the Study of International Law Inaugural Lecture, Public International Law Session, 2010 (Volume 350)

(6,373 words)

Author(s): H. Oxman, Bernard
H. Oxman, Bernard Keywords: Public international law | Legal education | Mots clefs: Droit international public | Enseignement juridique | ABSTRACT In the inaugural lecture of the 2010 Public International Law Session, Mr. Oxam, Professor of Law at Miami University School of Law, examines some characteristics of international law relating to ideals that might, or should, be the ideals of students interested in this field of study. He does not understand the term "ideal" in the pure philosophical sense, but rather in the pursuit of a noble goal. Dans cette conférence inaugurale de l…

Le fondement du caractère obligatoire du droit international (Volume 23)

(31,688 words)

Author(s): Brierly, J.-L.
Brierly, J.-L. Keywords: International obligations | Public international law | Mots clefs: Obligations internationales | Droit international public | ABSTRACT J.-L. Brierly writes that the road to international progress has always been sufficiently obstructed by the multitude of particular national interests, the importance of which it is the duty of Statesmen to weigh up before their countries take the initiative in new experiments in international cooperation; however, the author continues, a reform of the theor…

La succession des États quant aux obligations internationales autres que les dettes publiques (Volume 44)

(37,320 words)

Author(s): Udina, Manlio
Udina, Manlio Keywords: State succession | Obligations | Public international law | Mots clefs: …

L’application du droit international public par les tribunaux nationaux (Volume 91)

(28,895 words)

Author(s): Mosler, H.
Mosler, H. Keywords: Municipal courts | International law and domestic law | Public international law | Mots clefs: Droit international public | Droit international et droit interne | ABSTRACT The relations between the international community and States and, consequently, the relation of international law to domestic law, can be considered from the point of view of international law or from the point of view of domestic law. H. Mosler chooses to adopt the point of view of the courts. After a general presentation of the rela…

La prescription en droit international (Volume 87)

(21,583 words)

Author(s): Roger Pinto, M.
Roger Pinto, M. Keywords: Prescription | Public international law | Mots clefs: Prescription | …

Social Basis of a Law of Nations (Volume 85)

(23,245 words)

Author(s): E. Corbett, P.
E. Corbett, P. Keywords: Sociology | Public international law | Mots clefs: Sociologie | Droit international public | ABSTRACT P. E. Corbett emphasizes in the introduction to his course on the Social Basis of a Law of Nations, we are struck by the extreme rarity of consideration of fixed and precise ones when we examine in detail the mass of materials classified on behalf of international law. The author argues that this lack of precision is certainly inherent in the particular nature of the subject to which international law is intended to apply, which distinguish i…

Some Present Aspects of Sovereignty in International Law (Volume 102)

(39,935 words)

Author(s): Stanislaw Korowicz, Marek
Stanislaw Korowicz, Marek Keywords: Sovereignty | Public international law | Mots clefs: Souveraineté | …

L’humanité en quête de paix et de développement (II) Cours général de droit international public (2004) (Volume 325)

(197,864 words)

Author(s): Bedjaoui, Mohammed
Bedjaoui, Mohammed Keywords: Public international law | Mots clefs: Droit international public | ABSTRACT This article by Mohammed Bedjaoui, Former President of the International Court of Justice, is the second part of his course on Humanity in Search for Peace and Development (published in volumes 324 and 325 of the Collected Courses of the Hague Academy of International Law). This volume includes the end of the first …
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