Collected Courses of the Hague Academy of International Law

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Les effets de la guerre sur les traités (Volume 59)

(18,426 words)

Author(s): D. Mc Nair, Arnold
D. Mc Nair, Arnold Keywords: Wars | Treaties | Mots clefs: Guerres | Traités | ABSTRACT Arnold Mc Nair proposes to dedicate his course to the research and collection of materials in the form of judgments and diplomatic controversies rather than the discussion of theories. After a historical overview and preliminary observations, he thus successively studies the different categories of treaties which can, besides, overlap: the treaties relating to permanent laws, the treaties conferring rights of extraterritoria…

Reservations to Treaties (Volume 103)

(36,513 words)

Author(s): W. Bishop, Jr., William
W. Bishop, Jr., William Keywords: Reservations | Treaties | Mots clefs: Réserves | Traités | ABSTRACT William Bishop devotes his course to Reservations to Treaties. After a definition of the concept of reservations in the introduction, the author examines the practice concerning acceptance of reservations in bilateral treaties and multilateral treaties. He also focuses on the distinction between reservation, interpretation, and declaration. He discusses the question of the reservation clauses, and then presents…

Les accords internationaux concernant la double imposition et l’évasion fiscale (Volume 55)

(22,349 words)

Author(s): Bühler, Ottmar
Bühler, Ottmar Keywords: Double taxation | Treaties | Tax evasion | Mots clefs: Imposition (double) | Traités | Evasion fiscale | ABSTRACT Ottmar Buhler, in the introduction to this course, notes that the problems of tax law are due to a large number of states collecting taxes, multiplicity of the tax systems, and infinitely numerous and complicated economic relationships between countries. After a presentation of the different tax systems of the States of the world and economic relations between States giving rise t…

L’interprétation des traités d’après la Convention de Vienne sur le droit des traités (Volume 151)

(37,149 words)

Author(s): Kamil Yasseen, Mustafa
Kamil Yasseen, Mustafa Keywords: Treaties | Interpretation | Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (Vienna, 23 May 1969) | Mots clefs: Traités | Interprétation | Convention de Vienne sur le droit des traités (Vienne, 23 mai 1969) | ABSTRACT Mustafa Kamil Yasseen begins his course on the Interpretation of Treaties under the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, which has not yet entered into force at the time of writing this course, with a presentation of the general rule of interpretation, Article 31 of the Convention (good wil…

The Evolution of Sustainable Development in International Law : Inception, Meaning and Status (Volume 329)

(68,497 words)

Author(s): Schrijver, Nico
Schrijver, Nico Keywords: Sustainable development | Legal concept | Treaties | Legal principles | Public international law | Mots clefs: Développement durable | ABSTRACT Nico Schrijver, Professor at the VU University Amsterdam, assigns a triple aim to his course. First, he intends to study about the genesis of the law of sustainable development and to clarify the meaning of this concept, while evaluating the status within the public international law. Then, he proceeds to the examination of the legal principles which e…

Le problème des effets des traités a l’égard des États tiers (Volume 143)

(55,671 words)

Author(s): Cahier, Philippe
Cahier, Philippe Keywords: Third states | Treaties | Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (Vienna, 23 May 1969) | Mots clefs: Pays tiers | Traités | Convention de Vienne sur le droit des traités (Vienne, 23 mai 1969) | ABSTRACT In many cases, argues Philippe Cahier, it is only seemingly that a treaty produces the effects with regard to third parties. In reality, the rights and obligations are the result of the application of a norm of general international law or the consent of the State when one examines the root of the problem. T…

The Enforcement of Treaties by a Federal State (Volume 141)

(29,186 words)

Author(s): T. Oliver, Covey
T. Oliver, Covey Keywords: Federal states | Treaties | Enforcement | Mots clefs: Etats fédéraux | Traités | Exécution | ABSTRACT The subject of Covey T. Oliver`s course is the description and analysis of the public law of federal states with regard to the enforcement in domestic law of treaties in the light of the requirements and expectations of public international law and the practice of international relations. The author focuses on the importance of the enforcement of treaties by federal states, the essence of …

Les travaux préparatoires et l’interprétation des traités (Volume 48)

(36,618 words)

Author(s): Lauterpacht, H.
Lauterpacht, H. Keywords: Treaties | Preparatory work | Interpretation | Mots clefs: Traités | Travaux préparatoires | Interprétation | ABSTRACT H. Lauterpacht, in the introduction of his course, writes that the study of the cases of interpretation of treaties by the international and national courts enable proving the utility of the various rules of interpretation, elaborated with care, which we encounter in the treaties of international law; it leads us to conclude on their less practical significance, he notes. …

The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Régime: Assessment and Prospects (Volume 256)

(63,958 words)

Author(s): Goldblat, Jozef
Goldblat, Jozef Keywords: Proliferation | Treaties | Mots clefs: Prolifération et non-prolifération | Traité | ABSTRACT This course of Jozef Goldblat, senior lecturer and research fellow at the Geneva Graduate Institute of International Studies, focuses on the nuclear non-proliferation régime. Josef Glodblat starts his course with an overview of the early efforts to outlaw nuclear weapons. The author then presents the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (the ban on the transfer or the acquisition of nuclear weapon…

Applying the Most Favourable Treaty or Domestic Rules to Facilitate Private International Law Co-Operation (Volume 377)

(78,480 words)

Author(s): Blanca Noodt Taquela, María
Blanca Noodt Taquela, María Keywords: Treaties | Private international law | Judicial cooperation | Jurisdiction | Choice of law | Mots clefs: ABSTRACT There has been an enormous increase in the conclusion of international treaties in recent decades. This is the case of Private International Law treaties in general and those on International Judicial Cooperation in particular. The author analyzes three significant issues in the contents of Private International Law: International Jurisdiction, Applicable Law, and Inte…

United Nations Treaty Practice (Volume 86)

(62,783 words)

Author(s): Rosenne, Shabtai
Rosenne, Shabtai Keywords: United Nations | Treaties | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Traités | ABSTRACT The objective of the Shabtai Rosenne’s course is to study the United Nations Treaty Practice as an international organization with legal personality. The intention of the author is to assess the extent to which it has succeeded in adopting international treaty law despite its specificities and the heterogeneity of its members. The author successively examines the treaties established under the aegis of the Unit…

The Recent Concordats (Volume 104)

(21,186 words)

Author(s): Z. Ehler, Sidney
Z. Ehler, Sidney Keywords: Roman Catholic Church | Treaties | Pope | Mots clefs: Eglise | Traités | Pape | ABSTRACT According to Sidney Z. Ehler, a concordat is an international agreement between the Pope and a State relating to the legal situation of the Catholic Church of that state. The author begins his study with a presentation of the two parties to the concordat: the Pope and the State. He next examines the characteristics of the concordat as an international agreement, later examines the characteristics of th…

Un système de contrôle international: la mise en œuvre des conventions internationales du travail (Volume 123)

(33,843 words)

Author(s): Valticos, Nicolas
Valticos, Nicolas Keywords: International Labour Organization | International labour law | Treaties | International control | Labor | Mots clefs: Organisation internationale du travail | Droit international ouvrier | Traités | Contrôle international | Travail | ABSTRACT Head of the Department of International Labor Standards at the International Labor Office The examination of the system established for the control of application of international labor conventions presents a special interest for a series of reasons, writes Nicolas …

The Interaction between Customary International Law and Treaties (Volume 322)

(72,359 words)

Author(s): Dinstein, Yoram
Dinstein, Yoram Keywords: Treaties | International customary law | Law of treaties | Mots clefs: Traités | Droit coutumier international | Droit des traités | ABSTRACT Yoram Dinstein, Professor emeritus of the University of Tel Aviv, reminds us that Article 38 of the Statute of the International Court of Justice prescribes three strata – often referred to as "sources" – of international law. This study is confined to the interaction between two of those strata, namely treaties and customs, and does not deal with the gene…

Les droits de l’enfant dans les conventions internationales et les solutions retenues dans les pays arabo-musulmans (Volume 268)

(110,247 words)

Author(s): Moulay Rchid, Abderrazak
Moulay Rchid, Abderrazak Keywords: Arab States | Children | Rights | Treaties | Islam | Islamic law | Mots clefs: Pays arabes | Enfants | Droits | Traités | Islam | ABSTRACT This course of Moulay Rchid, Professor at the University of Rabat, deals with the relation, the exchange, the ambiguity or the conflict between authenticity and modernity, between traditional Moslem law and positive law, between the law and the facts. The rights of the child in the international conventions and the solutions that have been adopted in the A…

Maintenance Obligations in the Conflict of Laws (Volume 247)

(58,409 words)

Author(s): Martiny, Dieter
Martiny, Dieter Keywords: Food | Private international law | Treaties | Mots clefs: Alimentation | Droit international privé | Traités | ABSTRACT Dieter Martiny, research associate at the Max Planck Institute in Hamburg, devotes this course to maintenance obligations in private international law. As Dieter Martiny explains in his course, the origins for these obligations can be found in family law. After introducing the system of maintenance obligations and its complexities, the author explains the historical develop…

Bilateral Agreements Concluded by the European Community (Volume 309)

(125,046 words)

Author(s): Maresceau, Marc
Maresceau, Marc Keywords: European Union | Bilateral agreements | Law on conclusion of international treaties | Treaties | Mots clefs: Union européenne | Accords bilatéraux | Droit de conclure des traités | Traités | ABSTRACT Marc Maresceau, professor at Ghent University and the University of Brussels, clarifies that he does not want to provide a theory of European Community treaty-making in his course, but that he aims to offer a basic insight into what is now a well-established but complex practice regarding bilateral agreement…

The Antarctic System (Volume 139)

(27,714 words)

Author(s): E. Guyer, Roberto
E. Guyer, Roberto Keywords: Antarctica | Treaties | Mots clefs: Antarctique | Traité | ABSTRACT Roberto Guyer points out that the Antarctic system has two interesting aspects. First, the era (1973) of rapid change, and second, the ordinary rules of international law, which usually target regions in which the climate allows the settlement of human beings, are difficult to apply to Antarctica. The author, after a presentation of the main legal and scientific aspects of the issues, first examines the Antarctic Tr…

Les formes de cessation de l’état de guerre en droit international (Volume 149)

(21,568 words)

Author(s): Klafkowski, Alfons
Klafkowski, Alfons Keywords: WaPeace | Treaties | Mots clefs: Guerres | Paix | Traités | ABSTRACT In the introduction to his course, Alfons Klafkowski raises the following questions: principle-based technique of organizing peace and international security is increasingly linked to international law, How does the question of the end of the state of war arises in international law, is the question regulated, and if so how and by whom? In order to answer these questions, the author presents the concept of state of…

Settlement of Disputes Relating to the Interpretation and Application of Treaties (Volume 150)

(37,766 words)

Author(s): B. Sohn, Louis
B. Sohn, Louis Keywords: Treaties | Interpretation | Judicial settlement of international disputes | Mots clefs: Traités | Interprétation | Règlement judiciaire des différends internationaux | ABSTRACT Louis Sohn, Professor at Harvard University, devotes his course to the settlement of disputes relating to the treaty interpretation and application. After an introduction in which he addresses, inter alia, the question of the Dispute Settlement Code for the Law of the Sea Convention, the author examines the history of compr…

Constitutional Limitations in the Law of the European Organisations (Volume 108)

(40,720 words)

Author(s): J. Hahn, Hugo
J. Hahn, Hugo Keywords: Europe | International organizations | Competence | European Coal and Steel Community | European Economic Community | European Atomic Energy Community | Treaties | Community law | Mots clefs: Europe | Organisations internationales | Compétence | Communauté européenne du charbon et de l'acier | Communauté économique européenne | Communauté européenne de l'énergie atomique | Traités | Droit communautaire | ABSTRACT Hugo Hahn devotes his course to Constitutional Limitations in the Law of International Organizations. By constitution, it m…

Treaty and Diplomatic Relations between European and South Asian Powers in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries (Volume 100)

(42,329 words)

Author(s): H. Alexandrowicz, Charles
H. Alexandrowicz, Charles Keywords: South Asia | Europe | Diplomacy | Treaties | Mots clefs: Asie du Sud | Europe | Diplomatie | Traités | ABSTRACT Charles Alexandrowicz begins his course on Treaties and Diplomatic Relations Between European and South Asian Powers in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth centuries with a historic overview of the relations between Suzerain States and Vassal States. He then presents the controversy between Grotius and Freitas. He examines the treaties and the contexts in which they were signed. F…

Co-Operative Efforts in Private International Law on Behalf of Children: The Hague Children’s Conventions (Volume 323)

(94,991 words)

Author(s): J. Silberman, Linda
J. Silberman, Linda Keywords: Children | Abduction | Treaties | Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction (The Hague, 25 October 1980) | Convention on Jurisdiction, Applicable Law, Recognition, Enforcement and Co-operation in respect of Parental Responsibility and Measures for the Protection of Children (The Hague, 19 October 1996) | Convention on Protection of Children and Cooperation in respect of Intercountry Adoption [The hague, 29 May 1993] | Adoption | Private international law | Legal co-operation | Parental responsibilities | Mots clefs: Enfants | E…

Legal Dimensions of Arms Control Agreements An Introductory Overview (Volume 377)

(57,506 words)

Author(s): Tuzmukhamedov, Bakhtiyar
Tuzmukhamedov, Bakhtiyar Keywords: Arms control | Weapons of mass destruction | Conventional weapons | International agreements | Treaties | International peace and security | Mots clefs: ABSTRACT In this course, Bakhtiyar Tuzmukhamedov intends to acquaint students with the regulation of arms control and disarmament processes, specificity of development of regulatory norms, and with negotiating bodies and other forums where those norms are deliberated and crafted. After a survey of early attempts to limit armaments and in…

Les conventions conclues entre les pays socialistes sur le droit civil international et le droit international de la famille (Volume 144)

(26,979 words)

Author(s): Sosniak, Mieczyslaw
Sosniak, Mieczyslaw Keywords: Socialist countries | Civil law | International law | Treaties | Family law | Private international law | Mots clefs: Pays socialistes | Droit civil | Droit international | Traités | Droit de la famille | Droit international privé | ABSTRACT Since the objective of the Socialist States is to correlate and harmonize the principles of their legal relations, they have not, however, decided to harmonize all the principles in all the concerned countries, even though, on the ground of the Socialist bloc, many agreement…

Des conflits entre principes abstraits et stipulations conventionnelles (Volume 48)

(25,324 words)

Author(s): Ray, Jean
Ray, Jean Keywords: Treaties | Public international law | Revision | Mots clefs: Traités | Droit international public | Révision | ABSTRACT History and especially the history of our time, presents to us a large number of cases in which certain clauses of treaties have been attacked, by a State related by them, in the name of certain principles of international law. In order to study this issue, Jean Ray starts with a study of certain diplomatic procedures related to the Oriental issue. He then studies a few affairs b…

Les accords régionaux et le droit international (Volume 71)

(35,385 words)

Author(s): M. Yepes, J.
M. Yepes, J. Keywords: Regionalism | Treaties | Mots clefs: Régionalisme | Traités | ABSTRACT When one of the founders of international law, Hugo Grotius, has written that very often the law of nations of one of the parties of the world is not that of others, he has only expressed an axiom which is daily confirmed by history, notes J.M. Yepes. Here is the axiom: there is an international law which is universal, necessary and common to all the civilized people; but besides this universal law, there are specific…

Droit et technique des traités de commerce (Volume 3)

(72,598 words)

Author(s): Bon Boris Nolde, le
Bon Boris Nolde, le Keywords: International trade | Treaties | Mots clefs: Commerce international | Traités | ABSTRACT Boris Nolde begins his course on the Law and the Technique of Commercial Treaties with a history of commercial treaties, from the Middle Ages to Post First World War period. The author then studies the form of commercial treaties and the contracting parties in commercial treaties. The author also focuses on customs territories, the merchant, freedom of trade, conventional customs tariffs, the mos…

La notion de réciprocité dans les traités diplomatiques de droit international privé (Volume 52)

(40,493 words)

Author(s): Niboyet, J.-P.
Niboyet, J.-P. Keywords: Reciprocity | Legal principles | Private international law | Treaties | Mots clefs: Réciprocité | Principes généraux du…

The North Atlantic Treaty of 1949 (Volume 79)

(19,146 words)

Author(s): L. Goodhart, A.
L. Goodhart, A. Keywords: North Atlantic Treaty Organization | Treaties | Mots clefs: Organisation du Traité de l Atlantique Nord | Traité | ABSTRAC…

The Juridical Clauses of the Peace Treaties (Volume 73)

(41,078 words)

Author(s): G. Fitzmaurice, G.
G. Fitzmaurice, G. Keywords: World War II | Peace | Treaties | Mots clefs: Guerre mondiale de 1939 | Paix | Traités | ABSTRACT In his course on the Judicial Clauses of the Peace Treaties, G.G. Fitzmaurice refers to the peace treaties as the treaties signed with Italy, Romania, Bulgaria, Hungary, and Finland and entered into force in 1947. After an introduction devoted to the peace treaties, the author examines the territorial clauses, the political clauses, the military clauses, economic clauses, financial clauses, and commercial clauses of the peace treaties.…

Self-Executing and Non-Self-Executing Treaties in National and International Law (Volume 235)

(36,931 words)

Author(s): Buergenthal, Thomas
Buergenthal, Thomas Keywords: Treaties | Direct effect | International law and domestic law | Mots clefs: Traités | Applicabilité directe | Droit international et droit interne | ABSTRACT In this course, the author focuses on the international law aspect of the concept of self-executing treaties. He does so by analyzing the international law rules that determine what obligations States have to implement treaties on the domestic plane and the extent to which States are required to allow individuals to invoke the specific pr…

Bilateral Treaties and Multilateral Instruments on Investment Protection (Volume 269)

(84,067 words)

Author(s): Sacerdoti, Giorgio
Sacerdoti, Giorgio Keywords: Foreign direct investment | Treaties | Mots clefs: Investissement | Traités | ABSTRACT In this course, Giorgio Sacerdoti examines and assesses the developments in bilateral treaties and recent initiatives as to multilateral instruments dealing with the promotion and protection of international investments. Investments from abroad have diversified in terms of type, sectors, and countries involved. These changes, in particular, have affected the role of developing countries as recipie…

Les traités et le droit interne (Volume 38)

(25,349 words)

Author(s): Mestre, Achille
Mestre, Achille Keywords: Treaties | International law and domestic law | Mots clefs: Traités | Droit internation…

L’interdépendance des conventions internationales du travail (Volume 121)

(36,623 words)

Author(s): Wolf, Francis
Wolf, Francis Keywords: International labour law | Treaties | Labor | Mots clefs: Droit international ouvrier | Traités | Travail | ABSTRACT Using an example of International Labor conventions and the standards based on conventions as an attempt to demonstrate the importance of the principle of the interdependence of international instruments, the author successively examines: how do International Labor Conventions complement and integrate each other; how are other interested international organizations involved in t…

Contribution a l’interprétation des traités (Volume 114)

(15,150 words)

Author(s): Berlia, G.
Berlia, G. Keywords: Interpretation | Treaties | Mots clefs: Interprétation | Traités | ABSTRACT The question of the interpretation of a legal act raises two main types of problems: the authority competent to…

Problems concerning the Validity of Treaties (Volume 134)

(30,951 words)

Author(s): O. Elias, T.
O. Elias, T. Keywords: Treaties | Legality | Mots clefs: Traités | …

L’extinction et la suspension des traités (Volume 134)

(79,358 words)

Author(s): Capotorti, Francesco
Capotorti, Francesco Keywords: Treaties | Extinction | Mots clefs: Traités | Extinction | ABSTRACT In order to examine the subject of Termination and Suspension of Treaties, Francesco Capotorti relies essentially on the rules of the Convention, without neglecting or indicating, gradually, in which relationship they exist with the unwritten ordinary-law arrangement, or taking into considering a few problems shelved by the Vienna invention. The author successively studies the general problems of termination and…
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