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Publilius

(1,664 words)

Author(s): Bartels, Jens (Bonn) | Müller, Christian (Bochum) | Benz, Lore (Kiel) | Eck, Werner (Cologne) | Plotke, Seraina (Basle)
I. Republican Period [German version] [I 1] P. Relative of Cicero's second wife Publilia A close relative (brother?) of Cicero's second wife Publilia; for this reason, he is frequently mentioned in Cicero's letters to T. Pomponius [I 5] Atticus. Bartels, Jens (Bonn) [German version] [I 2] P., Volero People's tribune in 472 and 471 BC People's tribune in 472 and 471 BC (MRR 1, 29 f.). P. is said to have introduced a bill in 472 to have the election of the tribunes of the plebs take place not in the comitia curiata, which were dominated by patricians and their clients, but in the comitia tributa (Co…

Paris

(1,473 words)

Author(s): Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle) | Benz, Lore (Kiel)
[German version] [1] Son of Priamus and Hecabe, abductor of Helena (Πάρις; Páris). Son of the Trojan ruling couple Priamus and Hecabe, abductor of Helena [1]. Also called Aléxandros; how the names came to be used parallel to each other is uncertain, as is the relationship between Aléxandros and the vassal king Alaksandu of Wilusa, who is referred to in the text of a Hittite treaty from the 13th cent. BC. Since it appears to be certain that Wilusa is identical with (W)ilios/Troy [7. 448-456], it may be that behind the name P./Alexandros is a histo…

Mime

(2,861 words)

Author(s): Furley, William D. (Heidelberg) | Benz, Lore (Kiel)
(μῖμος/ mîmos, lat. mimus). I. Greek [German version] A. General remarks Mimos signifies in the first place the actor in the popular theatre, then the play itself in which he - alone or with a small number of others - portrays human types by word and gesture (cf. μιμέομαι , miméomai: imitate) in for the most part comic or coarse scenes. Relying on the Aristotelian concept of mimesis, Diomedes gives the definition (GL I p. 491): Μῖμός ἐστιν μίμησις βίου τά τε συγκεχωρημένα καὶ ἀσυγχώρητα περιέχων, ‘Mimos is an imitation of life encompassing what is allowed and what is forbidden’. Mimoi performe…

Lentulus

(175 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Benz, Lore (Kiel)
Roman cognomen, derived in folk etymology from lens, ‘lentil’ (Plin. HN 18,10), actually the diminutive form of lentus, ‘lethargic’ [1. 249] with a friendly-mocking meaning; non-Etruscan origin [as in 2. 313; 3. 783]; occurs only in the family of the Cornelii: Cornelius [I 31-56]; [II 24-33]. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [1] Mimographer in the early Imperial Period The mimographus L. should be dated to the early Imperial period; he was the author of the lost mime of Catinenses (Tert. De pallio 4,1). Tert. Apol. 15,1 puts L. and the mimographer Hostilius t…

Catullus

(1,460 words)

Author(s): Wiseman, T. P. (Exeter) | Benz, Lore (Kiel)
[German version] [1] Valerius C., C. Roman poet, 1st cent. BC Roman poet of the 1st cent. BC born in Verona ( scriptor lyricus Veronae nascitur, Jer. Chron. a. Abr. 1930). The praenomen is confirmed through Apul. Apol. 10, the nomen gentile by Suet. Iul. 73 and Porph. ad Hor. Sat. 1,10,18. The Valerii Catulli are known from the time of Augustus onwards as a senatorial family. In the later Republic they probably formed equestrian domus nobiles in the Transpadanic ‘Latin colony’ Verona [1. 335-348]. C. refers to himself as a Transpadanus (39,13) and describes Sirmio in the region of Ve…

Pantomime

(1,201 words)

Author(s): Benz, Lore (Kiel)
(παντόμιμος/ pantómimos, Lat. pantomimus). [German version] I. History Pantomimos was initially the name for the actor of a solo dancing performance, and later also for the performance itself (Ath. 1,20d), in which the movement of the body or of its parts, especially of arms and hands, constituted the only means of expression for the performer, who, unlike the mimos (mime), neither spoke nor sang. The first explicit mention of a pantomime appears in an inscription from Priene dating from the 80s BC [9. 114ff.]. The beginnings of the genre go back, in t…