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Termessus

(504 words)

Author(s): Brandt, Hartwin (Chemnitz) | Schuler, Christoph (Tübingen)
(Τερμησσός/ Termēssós). [German version] [1] City in south-west Pisidia This item can be found on the following maps: Theatre | Lycii, Lycia | Pompeius | Education / Culture City in southwest Pisidia, the biggest polis in Pisidia along with Sagalassus and Selge, located at a height of c. 1000 m on Mount Solymos (modern Güllük Dağı, 35 km northwest of Antalya). Mythically, T. was associated with Bellerophontes and the Solymi, and T. based its tradition on the hero Solymos (coins: [1]). In the sources, T. is attested in the context of Alexande…

Selge

(150 words)

Author(s): Brandt, Hartwin (Chemnitz)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Theatre | Byzantium | Education / Culture (Σέλγη; Sélgē). City in southern Pisidia, c. 1000 m above sea-level in a fertile area (wine, olives; styrax for incense, irises for a medicine: 'Selgitic oil') at modern Altınkaya (formerly Zerk) (Str. 12,7,3; Plin. HN 15,31; 23,95). In the Hellenistic period S. was one of the most significant settlements in Pisidia and followed an independent policy against the Seleucids and the Attalids (Attalus) (Pol. 5,72-77; 31…

Xyline

(102 words)

Author(s): von Bredow, Iris (Bietigheim-Bissingen) | Brandt, Hartwin (Chemnitz)
(Ξυλίνη; Xylínē). [German version] [1] Coastal town in Colchis Coastal town in Colchis between the mouths of the Archabis (modern Arhavi) and the Cissa (modern Kise; Ptol. 5,6,6), not locatable more precisely. von Bredow, Iris (Bietigheim-Bissingen) Bibliography H. Treidler, s. v. X., in: RE 9 A, 2163 f. [German version] [2] Settlement in Pisidia to the north of Termessus [1] Settlement in Pisidia to the north of Termessus [1], to the south of Cormasa (not located with certainty: [1. 67]); precise location unclear. Cn. Manlius [I 24] Vulso stayed there in 189 BC (Liv. 38,15,7). Bran…

Vegetius

(529 words)

Author(s): Brandt, Hartwin (Chemnitz)
[German version] P. V. Renatus, Latin author in Late Antiquity. As well as a work on veterinary medicine ( Digesta artis mulomedicinae; cf. Mulomedicina Chironis; Veterinary medicine), V. wrote a technical military text ( Epitoma rei militaris), which in four books covers questions of recruitment and military training (book 1), the organization of Roman legions (book 2; Legio ), strategic and tactical problems (book 3), and besieging cities and warfare at sea (book 4; Naval warfare). After V. had written De dilectu atque exercitatione tironum (= book 1), he received a com…

Sagalassus

(272 words)

Author(s): Brandt, Hartwin (Chemnitz)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Theatre | Alexander | Pompeius (Σαγαλασσός; Sagalassós). A city to the north of modern Ağlasun at an elevation of about 1500 m in the central Taurus and one of the largest settlements in Pisidia. It had a large territory, well provided with water and praised by Liv. 38,15 as being extremely fertile. By conquering S. in 333 BC, Alexander [4] the Great achieved the subjection of Pisidia (Arr. Anab. 1,28). There is still archaeological evidence of subse…

Anonymus de rebus bellicis

(409 words)

Author(s): Brandt, Hartwin (Chemnitz)
[German version] This work, which was written in Latin in late antiquity and is preserved together with the  Notitia Dignitatum, consists of a praefatio and 21 chapters. In chapters 6-19 the Anonymus de rebus bellicis (AdRB) presented novel war equipment, which was already illustrated in the original text and not merely the preserved manuscripts (6,5). Of particular historical interest are chapters 1-5 and 20-21, in which the AdRB, who was perhaps a high-ranking civilian official [1.8 ff.], suggested financial, admini…

Timbriada

(90 words)

Author(s): Brandt, Hartwin (Chemnitz)
[German version] (Τιμβρίαδα/ Timbríada, Τυμβρίαδα/ Tymbríada). Settlement in the northeast of Pisidia at modern Aksu (formerly Mirahor) in the region of the source of the Eurymedon [5], to whom as a river god a large cave sanctuary was dedicated [2]. In the Byzantine period a bishopric [3. 405]. Coin legends exclusively from the Roman Imperial period make the variously spelt place name certain [1. 49]. Brandt, Hartwin (Chemnitz) Bibliography 1 Aulock 2, 47-50 2 D. Kaya, S. Mitchell, The Sanctuary of the God Eurymedon at Tymbriada in Pisidia, in: AS 35, 1985, 39-55 3 Belke/Mersich,…

Solymi

(98 words)

Author(s): Brandt, Hartwin (Chemnitz)
[German version] (Σόλυμοι; Sólymoi). Tribe in eastern Lycia / southwestern Pisidia. Hom. Il. 6,184 and 204 mention the S. as enemies of Bellerophontes. Linguistically there is a relationship with Luwian [1. 4]. In the Hellenistic/Roman period Solymus, a son of Zeus, was worshipped as the ancestor of the S., primarily in Termessus on Mount Solymus. Zeus Solymeus had a cult there. The warrior hero Solymus was depicted on Imperial period coins of the city [2]. Brandt, Hartwin (Chemnitz) Bibliography 1 F. Kolb, B. Kupke, Lykien, 1989 2 E. Kosmetatou, The Hero Solymos on the Coina…

Pisidia

(814 words)

Author(s): Brandt, Hartwin (Chemnitz)
(Πισιδία/ Pisidía). [German version] I. Geography, population, economy Region in southern Asia Minor. While its frontiers can be described only vaguely due to constant shifting over the course of history, it did, however, extend beyond the western Taurus region, the original area of Pisidian settlement (Str. 12,7,1-3) [2. 8f.]: In the north, the mountain chains of Sultan Dağları form a natural frontier with Phrygia (Phryges); the western runs roughly along a line from Apamea [2] to Termessus; the easter…

Seleucia

(1,530 words)

Author(s): Nissen, Hans Jörg (Berlin) | Wagner, Jörg (Tübingen) | Martini, Wolfram (Gießen) | Hild, Friedrich (Vienna) | Brandt, Hartwin (Chemnitz)
(Σελεύκεια/ Seleúkeia, Latin Seleucia). [German version] [1] S. on the Tigris This item can be found on the following maps: Diadochi and Epigoni | Hellenistic states | India, trade with (Σελεύκεια ἡ ἐπὶ τῷ Τίγρει/ Seleúkeia hē epì tôi Tígrei: Str. 16,738; 743; 750 et passim; Latin Seleucia Magna: Plin. HN 6,43, cuneiform Selukuja [1], modern Tall Umar). On the right bank of the Tigris, c. 60 km north-east of Babylon and 35 km south of Baghdad, at the mouth of the Nahr Malkā (connecting canal between the Tigris and Euphrates) and thus very favourably located …