Search

Your search for 'dc_creator:( "Campi, Emidio" ) OR dc_contributor:( "Campi, Emidio" )' returned 35 results. Modify search

Sort Results by Relevance | Newest titles first | Oldest titles first

Turrettini Family

(401 words)

Author(s): Campi, Emidio
[German Version] an ancient family from Lucca, which for religious reasons settled in Zürich in 1587 and Geneva in 1592. It included several significant theologians. 1. Bénédict (Nov 9, 1588, Zürich – Mar 4, 1631, Geneva), pastor and professor at the Académie from 1612 (Geneva: II). He was a conspicuous advocate of Calvinistic theology, especially in defending the Geneva Bible against the Jesuit Pierre Coton. 2. François (Oct 17, 1623, Geneva – Sep 28, 1687, Geneva), son of Bénédict. He became a pastor in 1648 and a professor at the Académie in 1653. He taugh…

Ochino, Bernardino

(384 words)

Author(s): Campi, Emidio
[German Version] (actually Tomasini, Benedetto; 1487, Siena – end of 1564, Slavkov [Austerlitz]), was born in the Oca quarter of Siena, from which his later ¶ name is derived. In 1503 he entered the Order of Franciscan Observants (Franciscans), which he left, however, in 1534 following disputes, in order to join the more ascetic Capuchins. In 1538 and 1541 he was elected their vicar general. From 1536, under the influence of P. Waldo, he came in contact with Reformation ideas, which became increasingly prominent in his p…

Peter Martyr Vermigli

(330 words)

Author(s): Campi, Emidio
[German Version] (Petrus; Sep 8, 1499, Florence – Dec 12, 1562, Zürich), joined the Canons Regular of St. Augustine in Fiesole in 1514, studied from 1518 to 1526 at the University of Padua, and was elected abbot of Spoleto in 1533. In 1537 he moved to the monastery of San Pietro ad Aram in Napels, where he established close ties with the spirituali gathered around J. de Valdés. ¶ There Vermigli became convinced of the Reformers’ teaching, in a Zwinglian vein. In August of 1542 he fled to Strasbourg via Zürich to escape the Inquisition; in Strasbourg he taught as …

Muratori, Ludovico Antonio

(238 words)

Author(s): Campi, Emidio
[German Version] (Oct 21, 1672, Vignola near Modena – Jan 23, 1750, Modena), historian and theologian. By his study in Modena of philosophy, theology and law he laid the ground for universal education. In 1695 he became prefect of the Ambrosiana in Milan, and in 1700 city archivist and librarian in Modena, where his life-long occupation with a wide variety of scholarly activities unfolded. In addition, as provost of S. Maria della Pomposa (1716–1734) he excercised his clerical office with equal de…

Ricci, Scipione de’

(289 words)

Author(s): Campi, Emidio
[German Version] (Jan 9, 1741, Rignana near Florence – Jan 27, 1810, Rignana), bishop of Pistoia and Prato, one of the most important representatives of Italian Jansenism. From 1775 as vicar general in Florence, and especially during his episcopate in Pistoia and Prato (1780–1791), Ricci, who inclined towards Jansenism, tirelessly pursued reforming aims in agreement with the church policy of Grand Duke Peter Leopold of Tuscany, later Emperor LeopoldII. In 1783 Ricci founded a theological academy i…

Giberti, Gian Matteo

(160 words)

Author(s): Campi, Emidio
[German Version] (Sep 20, 1495, Palermo – Dec 30, 1543, Verona). Before he became bishop of Verona in 1524, as secretary and adviser to Clement VII, he supported the pope's anti-Habsburg policy and pushed him to forge an alliance with Franz I. After the Sacco di Roma (1527) and the collapse of the policy he proposed, he withdrew to his diocese. Associated with personalities such as Cajetan of Tiene, G. Contarini, R. Pole and J. Sadoleto, he enacted reforms that made him the most important reform bishop before C. Borromeo. He strengthened ep…

Sarpi, Paolo

(359 words)

Author(s): Campi, Emidio
[German Version] (Aug 24, 1552, Venice – Jan 15, 1623, Venice), theologian and historian. He joined the Servites in 1566 and became the superior of the Venetian province in 1579; from 1585 to 1588 he served as procurator general of his order in Rome, then returned to Venice. Between 1605 and 1607 he was drawn into the bitter conflict between the Holy See and Venice, in the course of which the republic was placed under interdict. As theological counselor to the republic and in the spirit of Gallica…

Gonzaga, Giulia

(175 words)

Author(s): Campi, Emidio
[German Version] (1514, Gazzuolo, Italy – Apr 16, 1566, Naples). Giulia Gonzaga, whose extraordinary beauty was the subject of a poem by Ludovico Ariosto (1474–1533), was married to Vespasiano Colonna, the count of Fondi near Naples. Widowed at the age of 16, she ruled the small territory with discretion and made it a cultural center, frequented by such literati as Francesco Berni (1497–1535) and Francesco Maria Molza (1489–1544) and by reforming spirits like Pietro Carnesecchi (1508–1566) and P.P…

Caracciolo, Galeazzo

(131 words)

Author(s): Campi, Emidio
[German Version] (Jan 1517, Naples – May 7, 1586, Geneva), count of Vico and nephew of Carafa (Paul IV), came into contact with reformation ideas in the circle around J. de Valdés and especially through his encounter with Peter Martyr Vermigli. In 1551, Caracciolo fled to Geneva, where he was instrumental in the establishment of the Italian refugee community. After 1559, he participated in the politics of the republic as a member of parliament, earning universal regard. Calvin, whose friendship Caracciolo enjoyed, dedicated his commentary on 1 Corinthians to him. Emidio Campi Bibliogra…

Tremellius, Immanuel

(183 words)

Author(s): Campi, Emidio
[German Version] (1510, Ferrara – Oct 9, 1580, Sedan), who was born to a Jewish family, studied at Padua, where he converted to Christianity in 1540 in the house of R. Pole. In Lucca he experienced a conversion to Protestantism in the circle of Peter Martyr Vermigli’s followers. In 1542 he fled the Inquisition and taught Hebrew at Strasbourg. From 1548 to 1553 he served as professor of Old Testament at Cambridge. His stay in England ended when the Catholic Mary Stuart of Scotland came to the thron…

Diodati, Giovanni

(193 words)

Author(s): Campi, Emidio
[German Version] (Jun 6, 1576, Geneva – Oct 3, 1649, Geneva). From an old family of the city of Lucca who had settled in Geneva in 1567 for religious reasons, Diodati was the youngest professor in the Academy of ¶ Geneva, first of Hebrew (1597–1606) and later of theology (1599–1645). He participated in a failed attempt to introduce the Reformation in Venice and maintained contact in person and in correspondence with P. Sarpi. He represented…

Curione, Celio Secondo

(160 words)

Author(s): Campi, Emidio
[German Version] (1503, Cirie, Piemont – 1569) accepted Reformation ideas in the course of his study of literature and jurisprudence at the University of Turin. His critique of traditional religion brought him into increasing conflict with the church authorities. In 1536, he was called as professor to the University of Pavia, but was already dismissed three years later under ¶ pressure from the Inquisition. He moved to Venice, Ferrara and Lucca, and enjoyed a friendship with Peter Martyr Vermigli and H. Zanchius until he had to flee …

Prophezei

(324 words)

Author(s): Campi, Emidio
[German Version] (Zürich Theological School). In the older literature called the Prophezei, the theological school at the former Zürich Großmünsterstift (Zürich) underwent various transformations during the 16th century. It was rooted in the biblical-exegetical working group that went back to Zwingli and which – in accordance with his understanding of 1 Cor 14:29 – was called Prophecey in the church order of 1535 [CR 91, 701]. From it grew the lectorium lecture system, which was built on the existing Latin school; this “upper school” (Schola Tigurina) was the prec…

Prophezei

(289 words)

Author(s): Campi, Emidio
[English Version] . Die in der älteren Lit. als »P.« bez. Theologenschule am ehem. Zürcher Großmünsterstift (Zürich) hat während des 16.Jh. verschiedene Wandlungen durchgemacht. Ihre Wurzel bildete die bibl.-exegetische Arbeitsgemeinschaft, die auf Zwingli zurückgeht und die – gemäß seinem Verständnis von 1Kor 14,29 – in der Kirchenordnung von 1535 »Prophecey« genannt wird [CR 91, 701]. Aus ihr erwuchs der auf die bestehende Lateinschule aufbauende Vorlesungsbetrieb im »Lectorium«; diese Hohe Schu…

Vermigli

(285 words)

Author(s): Campi, Emidio
[English Version] Vermigli, Petrus Martyr (8.9.1499 Florenz – 12.12.1562 Zürich), trat 1514 in Fiesole den Augustiner-Chorherren bei, studierte 1518–1526 an der Universität Padua und wirkte seit 1533 als Abt von Spoleto. 1537 siedelte er ins Kloster San Pietro ad Aram in Neapel über, wo er enge Beziehungen mit den um J. de Valdés gescharten »Spirituali« knüpfte. Dort gelangte V. zur reformatorischen Überzeugung zwinglischer Prägung. V. floh im August 1542 vor der Inquisition über Zürich nach Straßbu…

Ricci

(275 words)

Author(s): Campi, Emidio
[English Version] Ricci, Scipione de (9.1.1741 Rignana bei Florenz – 27.1.1810 ebd.), Bf. von Pistoia und Prato, einer der bedeutendsten Vertreter des ital. Jansenismus. Seit 1775 als Generalvikar in Florenz und bes. während seines Episkopats in Pistoia und Prato (1780–1791) verfolgte der jansenistisch gesinnte R. unablässig Reformziele im Einklang mit der Kirchenpolitik des Großherzogs Peter Leopold von Toskana und späteren Kaisers Leopold II. 1783 gründete R. eine theol. Akademie in Prato, setzte …

Zwingli, Ulrich

(5,172 words)

Author(s): Campi, Emidio
[English Version] (Huldrych, Huldreich; 1.1.1484 Wildhaus – 11.10.1531 bei Kappel am Albis) I. Leben und Schriften 1.Jugend und Studienzeit Z.s Biogr. bis zu seiner Wahl als Leutpriester am Großmünster in Zürich (Schweiz) i.J. 1518 ist trotz zahlreicher Arbeiten nur lückenhaft bekannt. Als drittes Kind des vermögenden Bergbauern Ulrich Z. und seiner Frau Margaretha geb. Bruggmann kam er 1489 in die Obhut seines Onkels, des Dekans Bartholomäus Z. in Weesen am Walensee, wo er die dortige Schule besuchte. 1494 we…

Vergerio

(258 words)

Author(s): Campi, Emidio
[English Version] Vergerio, Pier Paolo (d.J.; 1498 Capodistria, Istrien – 4.10.1565 Tübingen). Nach dem Studium der Jurisprudenz in Padua trat er in päpstl. Dienste ein. 1533 wurde er Nuntius in Wien, 1535 warb er als Legat Pauls III. in Deutschland für die Einberufung des Konzils. Im Mai 1536 wurde V. zum Bf. von Modruš, bald darauf von Capodistria ernannt. Durch seinen Einsatz für ein allg. Konzil beim Religionsgespräch von Worms (1540; Religionsgespräche: I.,4., b) sowie wegen der Neuerungen in s…

Tremellius

(146 words)

Author(s): Campi, Emidio
[English Version] Tremellius, Immanuel (1510 Ferrara – 9.10.1580 Sedan), stammte aus jüd. Elternhaus, studierte in Padua, wo er sich 1540 in R. Poles Haus zum Christentum bekehrte. In Lucca, im Kreis von P.M. Vermigli, erlebte er seine Konversion zum Protestantismus. 1542 floh T. vor der Inquisition und wirkte als Hebräischlehrer in Straßburg, 1548–1553 als Prof. des AT in Cambridge. Der engl. Aufenthalt endete mit dem Thronantritt der kath. Maria Stuart. T. amtierte 1554–1558 als Prinzenerzieher i…

Ochino

(356 words)

Author(s): Campi, Emidio
[English Version] Ochino, Bernardino (eigentlich Tomasini, Benedetto; 1487 Siena – Ende 1564 Slavkov [Austerlitz]), wurde in Siena im Stadtteil Oca (von dem sich sein späterer Name herleitet) geboren. Er trat ca.1503 in den Franziskaner-Observanten-Orden (Franziskaner) ein, den er jedoch nach Zwistigkeiten 1534 verließ, um sich den asketischeren Kapuzinern anzuschließen. 1538 und 1541 wurde er zum Generalvikar gewählt. O. geriet seit 1536 unter dem Einfluß von J. de  Valde´s in Kontakt mit den Refo…
▲   Back to top   ▲