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Scripture Union

(149 words)

Author(s): Carter, Grayson
[English Version] . 1867 begann Josiah Spiers in Islington, London, mit Bibelgruppen für Kinder, die bald als »Children's Special Service Mission« (CSSM) bekannt wurden. Ein Jahr später schrieb Spiers »Gott ist Liebe« in den Sand des Strands von Llanduno, Nordwales, und forderte die Kinder dazu auf, die Buchstaben mit Muscheln und Algen zu dekorieren und erzählte ihnen Gesch. von Jesus. So entstand der erste CSSM-Strandgottesdienst. 1879 wurde die CSSM gebeten, einen Plan mit täglichen Bibellesung…

Stillingfleet

(94 words)

Author(s): Carter, Grayson
[English Version] Stillingfleet, Edward (17.4.1635 Cranborne, Dorset – 27.3.1699 Westminster), freidenkerischer Theologe und Altertumsforscher. Nachdem er 1653 Dozent am St. John's College in Cambridge geworden war, veröff. er eine Reihe von Werken, darunter »Irenicum« (1659), »Origines Sacrae« (1662) und »Rational« Account (1664), die seine Reputation als Theologe begründeten und ihm schnelle Beförderung einbrachten. Er wurde in der Folge Archidiakon von London, Dekan von St. Paul's und Bf. von Worcester. Grayson Carter Bibliography Werke: The Works, hg. von R. B…

Ramsey

(136 words)

Author(s): Carter, Grayson
[English Version] Ramsey, Arthur Michael (14.11.1904 Cambridge – 23.4.1988 Oxford), Erzbf. von Canterbury, beliebter und vielbewunderter Priester, Theologe und Bf. mit breiten und doch traditionellen anglokath. Neigungen. Nach dem Studium in Cambridge wurde R. in der Church of England ordiniert und war sowohl im Gemeinde- als auch im Universitätsdienst tätig. 1952 wurde R. Bf. von Durham, 1956 zunächst Erzbf. von York, 1961 dann von Canterbury, wo er sich unermüdlich für Mission und die weitere angl…

Thornton

(124 words)

Author(s): Carter, Grayson
[English Version] Thornton, Henry (10.3.1760 London – 16.1.1815 Kensington Gore), Philanthrop, Bankier, Abgeordneter des Unterhauses und Abolitionist (Abolition). Der jüngere Sohn des wohlhabenden evangelikalen Kaufmanns John Th. war bis zu seiner Wahl zum Parlamentsabgeordneten 1782 als Bankier tätig. Seine Schriften zu wirtschaftlichen Themen waren allg. geschätzt. Im Unterhaus engagierte er sich für humanitäre Fragen und brachte als Mitglied der berühmten Clapham Sect gemeinsam mit W. Wilberforc…

Taylor

(246 words)

Author(s): Carter, Grayson
[English Version] Taylor, Jeremy (15.8.1613 Cambridge – 13.8.1667 Lisburn, Irland), Sohn eines Barbiers, studierte in Cambridge und wurde 1636 Fellow am All Souls College in Oxford. Danach bekleidete er Kaplanstellen bei Erzbf. W. Laud und Charles I.; 1638 wurde er Pfarrer in Uppingham, Rutland. Mit seiner Schrift »The Sacred Order and Offices of Episcopacy« (1642) erlangte er einen theol. Doktortitel. Während des Bürgerkriegs geriet er als Kaplan im Dienst der Krone in Gefangenschaft. Anschließend…

Thompson

(149 words)

Author(s): Carter, Grayson
[English Version] Thompson, Francis (18.12.1859 Preston, Lancashire – 13.11.1907 London), engl., röm.-kath. Dichter. Nach vergeblichen Versuchen, Priester oder Arzt zu werden, verfiel er dem Opium und zog 1885 aus dem heimatlichen Lancashire nach London, wo er in Elend, Verzweiflung und Armut lebte. Hier lernte er Wilfred Meynell kennen, den Kritiker und Hg. des kath. Magazins »Merry England«. Meynell erkannte als Erster Th.s dichterisches Genie, das sowohl aus seiner Not als auch seinem Glauben he…

Sharp

(106 words)

Author(s): Carter, Grayson
[English Version] Sharp,  Granville (10.11.1735 Durham – 6.7.1813 Fulham, heute zu London), Evangelikaler und Gegner der Sklaverei. 1765 begann er sich gegen den Sklavenhandel einzusetzen und trieb in Folge mehrere Rechtsstreitigkeiten im Interesse von in England gehaltenen Sklaven voran. Seine Bemühungen erreichten 1772 ihren Höhepunkt mit dem bekannten »Fall Somerset«, in dessen Folge die gewaltsame Entfernung von Sklaven aus dem Land illegal wurde. Sh. interessierte sich außerdem für afrikanisch…

Sherlock

(157 words)

Author(s): Carter, Grayson
[English Version] Sherlock, Thomas (1678 London – 18.7.1761 ebd.), anglik. Bischof. Er wirkte als Fellow und Magister am St. Catherine's College in Cambridge und (in der Nachfolge seines Vaters) als Magister am Temple in London, wo er für seine Predigten große Berühmtheit erlangte. Als konservativer Vertreter der hochkirchlichen Bewegung stand er während der berühmten »Bangorian Controversy« (1717) an der Spitze der Opposition gegen Bf. Benjamin Hoadly und fiel bei Hof in Ungnade. Doch nach dem Tod…

Underhill

(148 words)

Author(s): Carter, Grayson
[English Version] Underhill, Evelyn (6.12.1875 Wolverhampton – 15.6.1941 London), Vf. spiritueller Werke. U. studierte am King's College, London, und erfuhr 1907 eine rel. Bekehrung myst. Art. Ihre frühen spirituellen Auffassungen beschrieb sie in ihrem ersten Buch »Mysticism« (1911; Mystik). Bald danach traf sie Friedrich v. Hügel, ihren späteren spirituellen Ratgeber. Unter seinem Einfluß entstand ihr Interesse am hist. Christentum, so daß ihre myst., intellektuellen, neuplatonischen Anschauungen…

Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts (SPG)

(277 words)

Author(s): Carter, Grayson
[German Version] The SPG was established under royal charter by T. Bray in 1701 to supply the “want of learned and orthodox ministers” in the plantations, colonies, and “factories beyond the seas.” The rapidly expanding British Empire presented both challenges and opportunities for the Church of England. The SPG set out to “settle the State of Religion” for the colo­nists before undertaking “the conversion of the Natives.” During the 18th century the SPG’s efforts focused on the American colonies,…

Liddon, Henry Parry

(182 words)

Author(s): Carter, Grayson
[German Version] (Aug 20, 1829, North Stoneham, Hampshire – Sep 9, 1890, Weston-super-Mare, Gloucestershire) was an Anglican cleric. Educated at Oxford, he was ordained in 1852. After a succession of church appointments, he became, in 1870, a canon of St. Paul's Cathedral in London, where his able preaching attracted sizable congregations. A leader of the catholic revival (Oxford Movement), Liddon opposed the advance of both its ritualist and liberal-Catholic wings; the publication of Lux Mundi (1889) proved particularly distressing as well as the growing use of criti…

Ramsey, Arthur Michael

(136 words)

Author(s): Carter, Grayson
[German Version] (Nov 14, 1904, Cambridge, UK – Apr 23, 1988, Oxford, UK), archbishop of Canterbury, was a much beloved and admired priest, theologian, and bishop of broad, yet traditional, Anglo-Catholic leanings. After Cambridge Ramsey was ordained in the Church of England and served in both parish and university appointments. In 1952 Ramsey became bishop of Durham, in 1956 archbishop of York, and in 1961 archbishop of Canterbury, where he labored tirelessly in mission work and the wider Anglica…

Sancroft, William

(205 words)

Author(s): Carter, Grayson
[German Version] (Jan 20, 1617, Fressingfield, Suffolk, England – Nov 24, 1693, Fressingfield, Suffolk, England), archbishop of Canterbury and Nonjuror. Fellow of Emmanuel College in Cambridge from 1642 to 1651, he fled to the Continent after being rejected from his Cambridge fellowship by the Puritans. After the Restoration in 1660, he gained rapid preferment in the Church, being elevated to archbishop in 1668. While in office, he labored in various ways to strengthen the spiritual and political …

Law, William

(253 words)

Author(s): Carter, Grayson
[German Version] (1686, King's Cliffe, Northamptonshire – Apr 9, 1761, King's Cliffe), Nonjuror and English theologian. He was educated at Emmanuel College, Cambridge, where he became a fellow in 1711. In 1714, upon the accession of George I, Law refused the Oath of Allegiance, was deprived of his fellowship, and joined the Jacobites (Jacobitism). He later served as private tutor to the Gibbons family in Putney. In 1740, he retired to his birthplace, where he became domestic chaplain to a small ho…

Neale, John Mason

(178 words)

Author(s): Carter, Grayson
[German Version] (Jan 24, 1818, London – Aug 6, 1866, East Grinstead, West Sussex), Anglican author and hymn writer. Having been influenced by the Catholic revival (High Church movement [I]), at Cambridge he helped found the Camden Society. Though ordained in 1841, ill-health prevented his installation into a parish. From 1846 on he served as warden of Sackville College, Sussex. Here, he divided his time between writing and the Sisterhood of St. Margaret, which (in 1855) he founded to educate girl…

Keble, John

(272 words)

Author(s): Carter, Grayson
[German Version] (Apr 25, 1792, Fairford, Gloucestershire – Mar 29, 1866, Bournemouth), scholar, Anglican priest and one of the leaders of the Catholic Revival in England. Born into a clerical family, at Oxford he achieved considerable academic distinction, being elected (at the age of 19) to a much-coveted fellowship at Oriel College; four years later he was ordained into the Church of England. In 1827 he published a collection of poetry, The Christian Year, which brought widespread fame and recognition. In 1831 he was elected professor of poetry at Oxford. Alarmed …

Latitudinarianism

(480 words)

Author(s): Carter, Grayson
[German Version] Latitudinarianism, from Lat. latitudo (“breadth”), a moderate teaching, confessionally tolerant and open to the insights of modern science, introduced in the 17th century by Anglican clergy at Cambridge. It was opposed by both the Puritan (I) teachers at the universities and conservative high-church royalists (High Church movement). The advocates of Latitudinarianism were first identified in a letter written by Simon Patrick, a leading member of the party (later bishop of Chichester, then Ely), published under the title A Brief Account of the New Sect of “…

London, University of

(268 words)

Author(s): Carter, Grayson
[German Version] In 1826 the Scottish poet Thomas Campbell, the progressive politicians Henry Brougham and Joseph Hume, as well as philosopher James Mill founded University College, London, to provide a university education for men who were excluded, on religious grounds, from studying at Oxford and Cambridge universities. Dismissed by its critics as “the godless college in Gower Street,” it was joined two years later by an Anglican rival, King's College. In 1836, the government established the Un…

Moody, Dwight Lyman

(292 words)

Author(s): Carter, Grayson
[German Version] (Feb 5, 1837, Northfield, MA – Dec 22, 1899, Northfield, MA), evangelist. Moody left his birthplace in New England and went to Chicago, where he gave up a promising career in the shoe business to work as a minister (esp. with the YMCA [Young Men's Christian Association: II]). During the Civil War he converted wounded soldiers; thereafter he returned to Chicago, where he organized conferences for Sunday School teachers. There he met I.D. Sankey, whose music contributed greatly to t…

Toplady, Augustus Montague

(103 words)

Author(s): Carter, Grayson
[German Version] (Nov 4, 1740, Farnham, Surrey – Aug 12, 1778, London), Anglican priest and hymn-writer. Though occupying a number of pulpits in the Church of England, Toplady remained mostly in London where he preached and, as a staunch Calvinist, engaged in spirited controversy with the Arminian J. Wesley, among others. He is chiefly remembered as the author of the hymn “Rock of Ages” (c. 1775). Grayson Carter Bibliography Works, ed. W. Row, 1794 On Toplady: T. Wright, The Life of Augustus M. Toplady, 1911 G. Lawton, Within the Rock of Ages, 1983 A. Pollard, Oxford DNB LV, 2004, 37–39.
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