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Ammonides

(101 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
[German version] (Ἀμμωνίδης; Ammōnídēs). Undatable author of a short Greek epigram mocking an unknown Antipatra (Anth. Pal. 11,201): "If Antipatra had been shown to the Parthians naked, they would have fled through the Pillars of Heracles"‘.’ As little is known of the poet as of the addressee. An attempt by Brunck to amend Ἀμμωνίδου (-ον: Planudes) to Ἀμμωνίου, in order to ascribe the couplet to Ammonius [10], the equally unknown author of the epigram Anth. Pal. 9,827, has no basis. Degani, Enzo (Bologna) Bibliography 1 R. F. Ph. Brunck, Analecta veterum poetarum Graecorum, vol.…

Cerealius

(74 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
[German version] Unknown poet of epigrams, two of whose satirical poems survive: one pillories a poetaster (Anth. Pal. 11,129), the other is an interesting literary manifesto against the affectations of the Attic orators, regarded by C. as being as empty as they were abstruse (Anth. Pal. 11,144, cf. Lucillius, Anth. Pal. 11,142). At least chronologically plausible is his identification with Iulius Cerialis, the friend of Martial (Mart. Epigr. 11,52,1). Degani, Enzo (Bologna)

Etruscus

(87 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
[German version] Author of an artistically refined epigram on a fisher that is rich in effective antitheses: his boat helped him to survive yesterday but today it serves as his funeral pyre (Anth. Pal. 7,381, cf. Antiphilus, Anth. Pal. 7,635). It is part of the ‘Garland’ of Philippus. All that is known of its poet is that he was a ‘Messenian’ (Μεσσήνιος; Messḗnios) but it is unclear in the lemma whether he was from Messenia or Messina. Degani, Enzo (Bologna) Bibliography GA II,1, 254f.; 2, 288.

Eugenes

(87 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
[German version] (Εὐγενής; Eugenḗs) Writer of an epigram in iambic trimeters about a work of art that represents the old, drunken  Anacreon (Anth. Plan. 308): a very faithful, ambitious imitation of two poems by Leonidas of Tarentum (Anth. Plan. 16,306f.; the expression ‘swan of Teos’, Τήιον κύκνον, in v. 2 is an allusion to Antipater of Sidon 7,30,1). The epigram may be from the beginning of the Imperial period. About the poet, whose name is very rare, nothing is known. Degani, Enzo (Bologna) Bibliography FGE 110f.

Damocharis

(105 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
[German version] (Δαμοχάρις; Damocháris). Epigrammatic poet of the Justinianic period, grammatikós, friend and student of Agathias (according to the lemma of Anth. Pal. 7,206, a tomb epigram on the partridge loved by the master, cf. Agathias 7,204f.). Born on Cos, as can be seen from the epitaph of Paulus Silentiarius (7,588), he was proconsul and governor of Asia and was especially venerated both in Smyrna (cf. the anonymous poem 16,43) and in Ephesus (cf. SEG 18,474). Four epigrams of average standard from the ‘Cycle’ of Agathias are extant. Degani, Enzo (Bologna) Bibliography Av. un…

Eutolmius Illustrius

(82 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
[German version] (Εὐτόλμιος Ἰλλούστριος; Eutólmios Illoústrios). Epigrammatic poet, honoured with the titles vir illustris and scholastikós. Five of his poems are extant, probably originating from Palladas' Syllogḗ: the epigrammatic epitaphs Anth. Pal. 7,608 and 611 (elegant imitations of Bianor 7,644 and Parmenion 7,184), the anathematic epigram 6,86 (whose lapidary brevity was seemingly parodied by Palladas), and the epideictic epigram 9,587, a single distich, describing a θερμοχύτης; thermochýtēs (‘a vessel, out of which warm beverages were poured’). Degani, Enzo (Bo…

Bassus Lollius

(112 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
[German version] Epigram poet in the early 1st cent. AD (cf. Anth. Pal. 7,391 on the death of Germanicus in AD 19), born perhaps in Smyrna (according to the lemma of Anth. Pal. 11,72; the poem's authorship is, however, not certain). At least nine poems by B. are extant from the ‘Garland’ of Philippus (with the addition of several incerta, cf. Anth. Pal. 9,30 as well), all of which rather mediocre, most of them either epideictic (9,236 is a panegyrical poem about imperial Rome, ‘the home of the entire universe’) or funeral epigrams (7,372 = GVI 1580 is possibly an actual inscription). Degani, Enz…

Archimelus

(117 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
[German version] (Ἀρχίμηλος; Archímēlos) The writer of a long epigram that describes a gigantic ship, which Hieron II had built: according to the testimony of the historian and paradoxographer Moschion (FGrH 575 IIIB p. 677), whom Athenaeus (5,209b-c) quotes directly, the ruler is said to have paid the poet by sending him 1, 000 medimnoi of grain ‘to the Piraeus’. If this correct, then A. is to be dated to the second half of the 3rd cent. BC, however, the unreliable nature of the source leaves room for justifiable doubt. The poem is of poor quality…

Ennoeus

(60 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
[German version] (Έννοιος; Énnoios) Author of an epitaph on a marble block that was rediscovered in Catania (Anth. Pal. append. 2,491 Cougny = GVI 883) and is to be dated in the 3rd-4th cents. AD. The name of the poet, which stands under the three insipid as well as damaged distichs, is not otherwise documented. Degani, Enzo (Bologna)

Barbucallus, Iohannes

(97 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
[German version] with the epithet Γραμματικός ( Grammatikós). Epigram poet of the ‘ kyklos’ of Agathias, lived in the 6th cent. AD, author of 12 reasonable, for the most part ecphrastic and epideictic epigrams (some uncertainty remains, furthermore, concerning Anth. Pal. 7,555-555b and 9, 628f.; the first are titled Ἰωάννου Ποιητοῦ, the others Ἰωάννου Γραμματικοῦ). Noteworthy are the epigrams about the destruction of Berytus (Beirut) by the earthquake of 551 (9,425-427; the influence of Nonnus, Dion. 41 is obvious in 426,1f.). Degani, Enzo (Bologna) Bibliography Av. & A. Cameron, …

Aristocreon

(117 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
[German version] Son of the sister of Chrysippus and his pupil; Chrysippus dedicated a number of works to him (Diog. Laert. 7,185; 196 f.; 202). After the death of his uncle (207 BC) A. honoured his memory with a text Χρυσίππου ταφαί (Ind. Stoic. Herc. 46,3) and -- according to the witness of Plutarch (De Stoicorum repugnantibus 2,1033e) -- with the erecting of a bronze statue: on this he had a distich (= Anth. Pal. append. 1,129 Cougny) engraved (ἐπέγραψε), in which Chrysippus is wittily called ‘…

Besantinus

(135 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
[German version] (Βησαντῖνος; Bēsantînos). Writer in Hadrian's era, possibly from Rhodes (according to the heading in Anth. Pal. 15,27, a poem that in any case belongs not to him but to Simias of Rhodes; also wrongly attributed to him: 9,118 = Thgn. 527f., cf. Stob. 4,50,44). MSS F and Y of the Bucolics attribute a βωμός ( bōmós) to him, a pattern poem in the shape of an altar: 26 verses in different metres forming the eulogizing acrostic Ὀλύμπιε πολλοῖς ἔτεσι θυσείας, that is certainly addressed to Hadrian (cf. ThGL 5,1924A). It is also transmitted a…

Arabius Scholasticus

(98 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
[German version] Epigrammatic poet from the time of Justinian (Anth. Plan. 39 and 314 celebrate the merits of Flavius Longinus, ὕπαρχος in Byzantium in the years 537-539 and 542), writer of seven mannered poems, which probably derive from the ‘Cycle’ of Agathias and which are to a great extent virtuoso descriptions of works of art (the locus amoenus Anth. Pal. 9,667 may relate to the park near Justinian's Ἡραῖον, cf. Paulus Silentiarius, Anth. Pal 9,663 f. and Agathias, Anth. Pal. 9,665). Degani, Enzo (Bologna) Bibliography Av. und A. Cameron, The Cycle of Agathias, in: JHS 86, 1…

Aristodicus

(81 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
[German version] Epigrammatic poet from Rhodes, from whom two colourless epitymbia (Anth. Pal. 7,189; 473) have come down to us, which in all probability derive from the ‘Garland’ of Meleager. In connection with  Anyte (in this way the improbable Ἀνύτης of Planudes is explained), the first poem refers to a cricket. There is no proof that this unknown poet is the A. who is mentioned in the anonymous arithmetical epigram 14,2,6. Degani, Enzo (Bologna) Bibliography GA I 1,42; 2, 107-109.

Aceratus Grammaticus

(113 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
[German version] Author of an epitymbion to Hector, who was for Troy ‘a stronger bulwark than the wall erected by the gods’ and at whose death ‘Meonides’ himself felt he had to close the Iliad (Anth. Pal. 7,138). There is no writer or grammarian known by this name but the theme and style of the epigram are suggestive of the ‘Garland’ of Philippus: the obscure epithet ‘Meonides’ was favoured by writers of epigrams in the 1st cent. and it can be no coincidence that the extremely rare adjective θειόδομος -- to describe the Trojan wall -- is elsewhere to be found only in Alpheius, Anth. Pal. 9,104,4. Deg…

Cornelius Longinos

(68 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
[German version] (or C. Longus). Author of two mediocre epigrams: the dedication, written after a Leonidian model (Anth. Pal. 6.300), of a few modest gifts by a farmer to Aphrodite (6.191) and the description of a painting (Anth. Plan. 117). Nothing is known about the poet, who may have been a contemporary of Gaetulicus (1st half of 1st cent. AD). Degani, Enzo (Bologna) Bibliography FGE 67-70.

Ammianus

(116 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
[German version] Epigrammatic poet from the time of Hadrian, author of 24 satirical poems (the allocation of a further four is disputed), in which he shows himself to be a (seldom faithful) Lucillius imitator. Of interest are the points made against the conceited and bearded philosophers (above all against the Cynics), who do not know that the beard ‘nourishes fleas, and not ideas’ (Anth. Pal. 11,156), and against the orators (11,180-181: these especially have set their sights on Antonius Polemon)…

Eupithius

(69 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
[German version] (Εὐπίθιος; Eupíthios). Writer of an epigram that consists of an expressive curse of Herodian's work ‘The General Pronunciation of Greek’ (Ἡ καθόλου προσῳδία; hē kathólou prosōidía) (Anth. Pal. 9,206). The otherwise unknown poet was, as we gather from the heading, an Athenian; he should either be considered a contemporary of Herodian (2nd half of the 2nd cent. AD) or lived after him. Degani, Enzo (Bologna)

Damagetus

(107 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
[German version] (Δαμάγητος; Damágētos). Mediocre epigrammatic poet of the ‘Garland’ of Meleager (Anth. Pal. 4,1,21), probably to be classified as part of the Peloponnesian School; he lived at the time of the war between the Achaean and the Aetolian Leagues (220-217 BC). Almost all of his 12 epigrams can be traced back directly (7,438; 541) or indirectly (praise of Sparta and its allies: 7,432; 540f., and in doricizing language 7,231; 16,1) to this event (perhaps also 6,277 to Arsinoe, the daughter…

Damostratus

(74 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
[German version] (Δαμόστρατος; Damóstratos). Author of an epigram on Meleager's ‘Garland’ (Anth. Pal. 9,328): a ‘Damostratus, son of Antilas’ (v. 3) dedicates wooden statues and boar skins to the Naiads. The attribution seems questionable as does the very existence of the otherwise unknown author (D. of Apamea, author of Halieutiká (Ἁλιευτικά), dates from a time post-Meleager, i.e. after the first half of the first cent. BC). Degani, Enzo (Bologna) Bibliography GA I,1,80; 2,230f.
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