[German version] Alongside the Helvecones, Manimi, Halisiones and Nahanarvali, the H. are a powerful branch of the Vandali-Lugii tribe (Tac. Germ. 43,2). The identification with the Charini (Plin. HN 4,99)  is uncertain; the old conjecture of reading the hand-written
alii (Tac. Germ. 43,4) as (
arii must be abandoned. Thus, the conclusions related to the supposed
ferialis exercitus (‘army of ghosts’, ‘army of the dead’) of the H. are invalid. . Dietz, Karlheinz (Würzburg) Bibliography
1 G. Neumann, s.v. Charini, RGA 4, 371f.
2 A. A. Lund, Kritischer Forsch.-Ber. zur