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Miasmas

(2,426 words)

Author(s): Gudermann, Rita
1. IntroductionThe term miasma derives from the Greek ( míasma; “stain,” “defilement”) and was used to refer to a pollution of the air originating in vapors arising from the soil, rotting organic material, or human body odor, and believed to be a cause of disease (cf. Smell). Although wrong from the perspective of present-day science, this was an explanatory paradigm for illness, especially epidemics, that remained highly influential for many centuries. The harmful effects attributed to air pollution are…
Date: 2019-10-14