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Cardoso, Mattheus

(399 words)

Author(s): Hastings, Adrian
[German Version] (1584, Lisbon – 1625, São Salvador, Congo) entered the Jesuit novitiate in 1598. Following his studies, ordination, and a number of years as lecturer in the Jesuit college at Evora, he was sent to Angola in 1617 and taught there at the college of Luanda. In the year 1619, Cordoso spent nine months in the Kongo Kingdom in the company of Friar Duarte Vaz. He drew up plans to open a college in the capital, Mbanza Kongo (São Salvador), and translated a stan…

Afonso I

(367 words)

Author(s): Hastings, Adrian
[German Version] (1465 [?] – 1543), Mvemba Nzinga, son of Nzinga Nkuvu, who was king of the Congo (Kongo Kingdom) when the Portuguese first arrived there in the 1480s. At the time Congo was a considerable and prosperous state. Nzinga Nkuvu was baptized in 1491 like many other African kings on encountering the Portuguese. He received the name of João I. His son…

Angola

(840 words)

Author(s): Hastings, Adrian
[German Version] is the seventh largest country of Africa. It occupies a large area of the south-west along the Atlantic coast, stretching eastwards for some 1000 km across highlands to include the upper reaches of rivers flowing, via the Zambezi, into the Indian Ocean. As a continuous political entity, it began with a small Portuguese colony established around the port of …

Kiwanuka, Joseph

(243 words)

Author(s): Hastings, Adrian
[German Version] (Jun 11, 1899, Nnakirebe, Buganda, Uganda – Feb 22, 1966, Rubaga, Uganda) was educated at Katigondo Seminary and was ordained a priest in 1929. After studying in Rome, he became the first African Doctor of Canon Law. He then joined the White Fathers missionary society and made his novitiate in North Africa. In 1939 he became the first vicar apostolic of Masaka, Uganda, and was consecrated bishop by Pope Pius XII. Twenty years later he became archbishop of Kampala and attended Vatican II. Kiwanuka's importance lies in being the first black diocesan bishop in any …

Africa

(8,629 words)

Author(s): Sautter, Hermann | Westerlund, David | Hastings, Adrian
[German Version] I. Geopolitical Survey – II. History of Religion – III. Christianity I. Geopolitical Survey Africa presents a troubled, contradictory picture. Its population is growing faster than that of any other continent. Civil wars and repeated periods of drought force millions to flee. An aggressive Islamism is unsettling the fragile equilibrium of multireligious societies. Political borders dr…